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Agroforum 2005 August

August
(Dr. László Bódis)

FARMERS’ DAYS IN GÖDÖLLŐ

Current issues in crop production
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
It was the eights time that a workshop and variety show titled “Topicalities in crop production”, dealing with the recent knowledge on cereals and rapes were organized in Gödöllő by the Crop Production Demonstration Farm of the Gödöllő Agricultural Centre Ltd. and the Crop Production Institute of Szent István University. After listening to the lectures, the participants could have a look at several varieties of cereal plants grown in Hungary and various winter rape varieties, too. On the nutrient management field show, the visitors could be informed about the possibilities of applying compost, mixed fertilizers and green manures. The organizers will hold another large-scale meeting and show in September, focusing on sunflower and maize growing. They invite all the farmers, students and interested persons to that event.

Rural development subsidies in 2005
(Dr. Miklós Maácz)
The paper gives a detailed account of the different rural development programmes. First, the author discusses the SAPARD pre-accession programme, in the frame of which paying is already taking place. The number and subsidy value of the submitted project proposals mounted up to several times of the available SAPARD resources, also indicated by the statistical data. In Hungary five Operative Programmes will be implemented in the programming Period of 2004-2006, one of them is the Operative Programme of Agricultural and Rural Development (AVOP). The aims and resources of the programme, the proposals called for are outlined in the article, and we may also get to know the sub-measures to which the submission of proposals has been suspended in order to allow the evaluation of the high number of arrived proposals. Finally, the author gives an account of the National Rural Development Plan programme, and analyses the means of reaching the objectives set in the Plan and their current state.

Prospects for crop production after the EU accession
(Dr. István Fehér)
After the brief introduction of reforming of the Common Agricultural Policy, the author outlines the market prospects of Hungarian cereals and oilseed crops. He expresses that, in spite of the deficiencies and other problems in cereal growing, there may be good chances for profitability in the forthcoming years. Among oilseed crops, a bigger step forward is expected for sunflowers compared to rapes, but at the same time, their cropping area is gradually decreasing. Our exports to EU Member Countries seem to be prospective for both crops. The further part of the study discusses marketing control of cereals, oil-, protein- and fibre plants in the European Union, going through the three pillars of control: direct subsidies, intervention buy-ups and foreign market measures.

Soil protecting and cost saving tillage in cereals
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The author calls the attention to all the soil cultivation guidelines, of which keeping in mind, fairly good yields and crop safety can be ensured at less costs. The article helps growers in properly carry out stubble management and to make the good decision when selecting the type of basic tillage. The answer can also be found to the question how the good seedbed looks like. In addition, the author presents the cereal growing system with and without ploughing. She also recommends to carry out trials which can support us in finding proper and profitable tillage methods.

Current disease problems in cereals
(Dr. Attila Cs. Tóth)
The author informs on a survey for the incidence of diseases, which he made on the cereal fields (wheat, barley, rye and triticale) in county Pest in the last decade of May. He found powdery mildew and leaf spot in almost all the twelve scouted fields in wheat, though the levels of infection were different. He did not see the symptoms of head blight, however, considered necessary to include it in the list of topicalities due to the big importance of the disease. In addition to all these, he observed the sporadic occurrence of leaf rust and leaf blotch. Visiting barley fields, he found leaf spot, barley leaf stripe, spot blotch and net blotch. The author illustrated all the mentioned diseases with pictures. The causing agents (life cycle, time and place of infection, environmental conditions and the symptoms) are also discussed and means of their control are outlined.

Chances and prospects for crop growing – with a farmer’s eye
(György Bene)
A grower from the town Hatvan gives an account of the conditions of their crop production (land use, machinery and grown crops), their strengths and problems. Based on his experience, he summarises his ideas about the key points of growing winter wheat, sunflowers and maize. He shares his ideas with readers about managing the enterprise with due foresight.

Applying green manure for increasing soil fertility
(Zoltán Nagy, Gábor Seiwerth)
The authors begin with making us aware of the need to adapt the green manure application techniques proved in the crop production and tillage practice of western countries with advanced agriculture to Hungarian conditions, because its good effect justifies that it is a very good investment from the point of view of maintaining soil fertility and organic matter content and of providing good soil structure. To confirm this, they deal with the system of “Good Agricultural Practice” that indirectly forces growers to follow a cost-saving green manure application practice. Then the plants (oil radish, white mustard, fodder rapes, phacelia, buckwheat and red clover), recommended for the launched green manure programme, mulching and further advantages and techniques of green manure application are outlined.

Alternatives to drawing income in agriculture
(Dr. Péter Póti)
The problem of soils with poor quality and water regime, less suitable for field crop growing can be solved by creating alternative activities. A possible means of it is grassing and mass fodder production in larger-scale. The author expresses his ideas about this topic, drawing the attention to the outstanding role of grassing in sheep keeping and the indirect effect on the market position of lamb and goat’s meat. He believes that utilisation of grassland for grazing has become necessary as it allows applying animal welfare and environmentally friendly husbandry techniques instead of intensive milk production based on monodiet programmes. They result in producing less volume of milk but of higher biological and consumption value (richer in taste, aroma and bioactive substances) at lower production costs. The alternative use of land is worth considering also from the point of view of significantly reducing risks of crop production and improving cultural conditions of the environment.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The future of rapes – environmentally friendly rapes
(Dr. Teréz Eőry)
In the 20th century development speeded up, but involved uneven wasting of natural resources. In order to ensure pure air, clean water and bread also for the 9 billionth human being in 2050, agricultural production needs to be transformed to an environmentally friendly one – says the author. For that, in addition to other energy resources, the renewable energies such as biomass and alternative plants must also be used and produced. The author points out the potential role of rape in this process among alternative plants by giving a detailed description of the advantages of rape growing.

A reliable energy source: Dekalb® rapes also in 2005! (x)
(Balázs Szeidl, István Riczu)
This is Monsanto Ltd.’s recommendation for rape growers from the Dekalb varieties (Catonic, Bristol, Cando and Californium) and hybrid rapes (Colombo, Explus, Externo and Exagone.

Saaten-Union’s hybrids and varieties for 2005 (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
In 2005 Saaten-Union Hungary Ltd. offers its hybrids Artus, Baldur, Kapitan, Elektra, Tenno, Titan MSLs and the varieties Dante, Viking and Rasmus for rape growers.

Let’s grow rapes profitably! (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
Hungarian Kwizda Ltd. recommends Command 48 EC (clomazone) in mixture with Devrinolt (napropamide) for basic weed control in rapes after sowing.

Weed control in autumn – a guarantee for successful rape growing (x)
(Dr. Imre Kovács)
BASF Hungary Ltd. calls the attention to its Butisan Start (metazachlor + quinmerac) for the pre-emergence weed control in rapes.

Caramba SL for crop safety (x)
(Gábor Pálfay)
Information on Caramba SL (metconazole) for increasing winter hardiness of rapes and the production of side shoots from BASF Hungary Ltd.

Saatbau Linz Hungary Ltd.’s offer in rapes (x)
(Péter Kiss)
Saatbau Linz Hungary Ltd.’s rape varieties for growers (Labrador, Mohican, Tissot, Aviso, Navajo and Winnetou).

Tricky skills to control western corn rootworm. We have asked Ms. Halvaksz
(Zsuzsanna Györök)
This is an interview with the plant protection manager of Dalmand Agri Co. about the importance of reducing volunteers in controlling western corn rootworm.

Reglone AIR – a good solution for desiccating sunflowers (x)
(Béla Radvány, Endre Máté)
Syngenta’s specialists outline the advantages of using Reglone AIR (diquat-dibromide) for harvesting of sunflowers without losses.

Our product range for autumn in the field (x)
(Dr. Erik Czinege)
Information on Kemira GrowHow POWER fertilizers for autumn.

Fertilizer application in a simple way – useful services for reaching high yields (2) (x)
AMI Hungary Ltd. presents NPK-calculator among its services, allowing the comparison of prices of the particular complex fertilizers and thus supporting growers in making economic decision.

About controlling potato late blight
(Dr. László Gergely)
The author presents an old pathogen of potatoes Phytophthora infestans and the new challenges of its control. Last time the disease caused devastation throughout the continent in the 1990s that was in connection with the so-called second global spread of the disease. The said migration has lead to significant changes in the genetic structure of the local populations of the pathogen, also in Hungary. After the detailed description of the most important changes, the author discusses the key elements of potato late blight control with an IPM approach. Regarding control with genetic means, he outlines the non-race specific resistance to the disease of registered potato varieties in a tabulated form. He also deals with the most important techniques of cultural control and the aspects of chemical treatments.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Fliegl Group’s recommendation for applying organic and liquid manure (x)
Fliegl Group briefly informs on its manure broadcasting adapter and screw type liquid manure spreading unit.

Economical spraying in orchards
(Dr. György Dimitrievits)
There can be significant losses of 15-40 %, in certain cases even 80-90 %, during spraying in orchards. It is mainly attributed to the practice of continuously and uniformly spraying between the rows, irrespective of that the canopy is in spraying direction or not. Sprayers equipped with plant recognising system have been developed to reduce such losses. Readers may get to know the setup of infrared plant sensors mounted to Kertitox Bora 2000 axial fan sprayers developed by Farmgép (“Farm machines) ”Ltd. and the results of working quality and spray recovery tests, written by a specialist of the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering. At the end of the article, a summarised evaluation completes the presentation of testing the equipment.

Seen heard, read. VOGEL & NOOT has shown again its complete range of tillage implements
(Dr. György Demes)
VOGEL & NOOT Agri-machine Factory Ltd. organised its two-day meeting titled ‘Open Day’ also this year, on 10-11 June, allowing growers to visit the manufacturer in Mosonmagyaróvár. They could see the recent developments (MasterDrill, TerraFlex field cultivator, TerraCult exact cultivator, Heros reversible plough) and participate at the field show.

Seen heard, read. Ploughing competitions in 2005 in Hungary and abroad
(Dr. György Demes)
The representatives of the Hungarian Plough Competition Association announced the programme of the national events at the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering in Gödöllő on 6 June 2005. They also informed participants about the venues and dates of the European championship in Sweden and the world championship in the Czech Republic.

Väderstad clinic. Väderstad-touring: respect of traditions, devotion to profession (x)
This is information on the country-wide touring of Väderstad Ltd. and on the implements displayed on field shows organised in the frame of this programme.

Massey Ferguson’s flagship: MF 6400 tractor (x)
Raiffeisen Agrihouse Ltd. as the leading Hungarian distributor of Massey Ferguson machines recommends MF 6400 tractors to farmers.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Continuous upgrading at Szekszárd Plant Protection Ltd.
(Angéla Vesztergombi)

Doctors of Plant Medicine awarded in 2005
The Hungarian Chamber of Plant Protection Professionals and Doctors of Plant Medicine awarded the title ‘Excellent Doctor of Plant Medicine’ to its members in Budapest and counties Csongrád, Hajdú-Bihar, Heves, Békés and Vas.

Consultancy workshop organized by the Hungarian Association of Agricultural Sciences (MAE)
A press release about the international workshop organised by the Hungarian Association of Agricultural Sciences focusing on the role of civil organisation in agricultural advisory system.

Hungarian Chamber of Engineers – Agricultural and food industry expertise is under reorganisation

Note for growers. About the principles of co-operation
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series deals with the International Principles of Co-operation providing the basis even today for all kinds of voluntary collaboration, laid down in Rochdale in 1844.

Seen heard, read. Unveiling a statue in Mosonmagyaróvár
(Gyula Kettinger)
The first director of the legal predecessor of the university in Mosonmagyaróvár, Antal Wittmann was commemorated by unveiling his statue.

Seen heard, read. Exhibition and fair at the university
(Gyula Kettinger)
The Faculty of Agriculture and Food Science of the West-Hungarian University in Mosonmagyaróvár organised an EU Regional Agricultural and Food Industry Exhibition on 16-18 June 2005.

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)