The plant breeders, gardeners and plant protectors monthly magazine

Current issue

Recent special issue

Agroforum 2006 August

Falling star
(Dr. Bódis László)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Vahava project has terminated
(Dr. István Láng)
The article begins with introducing a new term, climate policy, then gives an account of the objectives of VAHAVA project. It comes from the acronym of the Hungarian words for change, effect and reaction and the areas and meteorological events this project has dealt with. Considering the increasing risk of global warming and the subsequent climate change, in order to create the Hungarian climate policy, in 2003 the Ministry of Environment and Water together with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences launched a 3-year-project titled “Effects of the global climate change in Hungary and the response to them”. The project terminated with a conference in March 2006. Several studies, papers and documentaries presented the partial results of the research, but the VAHAVA report will be published in a book in December 2006. In the present article we may read about the most important conclusions and recommendations of the project, referring to the relationship between the adverse weather conditions and agriculture or forestry. Furthermore, we may get information about the efforts to establish the National Agri-insurance Fund and the National Climate Change Strategy.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The impact of energy market, in particular of biodiesel, on plant oil prices
(Zoltán Blum)
The author analyses the effect of biodiesel market on the prices of plant oils, in particular on rape oil. In Europe, rape oil keeps on being the most important raw material of the expanding biodiesel market. Tables show the global market prices of plant oils, the share of EU member states in bio-fuel use and the planned consumption by 2010. In addition to the situation in the European Union, the author lets us have an insight in the trends of global market and the future prospects.

Winter rape varieties: comparative trials and use – 2006
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The specialist of the National Institute for Agricultural Quality Control presents the conclusions of the comparative trials carried out with winter rape varieties, as well as the results for 2004 and 2005 of the evaluation of winter rape hybrids and varieties included in the national list.

Rape growing in Balatonfőkajár
(József Bobek)
This is an interview with Béla Klopp, the crop production manager of Balatonfő Cooperative Service Co. about his experience about rape growing in England and the critical elements of the management programme in Balatonfőkajár.

We asked Géza Búvár, the general director of KITE Co.…Why is it worth growing rape now?
(Dr. György Demes)
KITE invited its partners to a show organised near to Fűzvölgy in county Zala on 20 June. The event dealt with the management programme of crops harvested in summer and included a machinery show. They talked about the effect of energy uses of field crops on the market, the new elements of the rape management programme and the problems of rape harvesting. On the field show following the discussion, participants, divided in two groups, could see the machinery show and visit the trial plots where management programmes were tested. After the demonstration, we talked with Géza Búvár, the general manager of KITE about the criteria of selecting the topics of this year’s shows and asked him about the reason why they focused on cereals and rapes.

Rape management programmes – implemented in practice
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is tabulated information on the management programme of certain farms leading in rape growing.

KWS rape breeding: “Success begins with quality” (x)
(Zsolt Kónya, Csaba Kövér)
KWS RAGT Hybrid Ltd. recommends its rape portfolio for growers.

Special attention to winter rape  (x)
Syngenta Ltd. offers its rape growing partners Brasan 540 EC (dimethachlor + clomazone) providing weed-free field from sowing to harvest.

Perhaps the best offer in autumn (x)
(István Tamás)
This is Hungarian Kwizda Ltd.’s recommendation for safe rape growing.

Saaten-Union hybrid rape breeding – 10 years at the head (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
Hybrid rapes recently released from the breeding programme of Saaten-Union Hungary Ltd.

About crop desiccation – old and new aspects
(dr. Gabriella Benécs Bárdi)
Considering crop management, ripening, environment and trade aspects, the author gives a detailed analysis of the products suitable for desiccation in rapes, sunflowers, maize and soybean. Furthermore, she draws the attention to the key requirements of aerial application of such products.

Sunflower diseases in 2006 – experience obtained and further prospects
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The author shares his experience with readers about the diseases in sunflowers from sowing to early July. Based on last year’s data and the expected weather conditions during this season, he presents a forecast for the possible incidence of the particular diseases. He draws the attention to the importance of preparing and carrying out harvest in order to prevent or decrease damages.

Accurate stubble management – a chance for soil renewal
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The author gives a definition of stubble management, its phases and objectives. She points out that the importance of stubble management is increasing due to the unforeseeable climate extremities in the present and future seasons. The stripped surface covered with stubble residues serves as a protecting and damage-mitigating medium. The author identifies five benefits of stubble stripping under dry and average conditions, such as reducing soil moisture loss, thermal and air regulation of soil moisture, increasing workability by improving soil biological activity, leaving mulch and plant protection effect that enhances the emergence of volunteers and weeds, but limits conditions for pests and diseases. In extremely rainy seasons, the expected advantages are the beneficial impact on soil moisture, the protection of soil structure from silting, the regulation of heat and air turnover, protection of soil life from drastic changes of heat and cold stress, the availability of stubble residues and plant protection effect.

Protection of stone fruits after harvesting
(Dr. Klára Véghelyi)
The author points out the major change in concept, saying it is important to control pests and diseases based on knowing their biology not only in spring, at the beginning of the damage, but also after harvesting, in order to prevent their overwintering. Supporting this, she gives tabulated information on the bactericides and fungicides, insecticides and acaricides suitable for treatment after harvesting. Furthermore, she outlines the mechanical and chemical treatments for post-harvest application against pest and diseases.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Rape sowing and its drills
(Dr. József Fűzy)
All crop management operations are important for successful rape growing, however, sowing has the priority among them with its inevitable effect on yields. Rapes are mainly sown with drills designed for cereals, suitable for sowing 40-60 viable germs per square metre, depending on the 1000-seed-weight. The author gives an account of the cereal drills used in Hungary, their structure and operation. In a tabulated form he summarises the characteristics data of the cereal drills distributed in Hungary and the possible technical design of the machines. Finally, the criteria for selecting the machines can are also mentioned.

Sprayer nozzles and tips (2)
(Dr. György Dimitrievics)
In our number of June, the specialist of the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering gave an overview of the principle and design of the most frequently used nozzles and tips applied. Various kinds of such units are available on the market. Therefore it is not easy to choose the solution best suited to the particular conditions. This time the author wishes to advice for selecting and using nozzles and spray tips.

Farmers’ experience about HEKTOR, the flagship of Vogel & Noot (x)
(Zsolt Barabás)
Vogel & Noot recommends HEKTOR to growers among the semi-mounted ploughs, supporting it with users’ experiences.

Väderstad-clinic. Väderstad-country tour with Massey Ferguson tractors
(x)
Väderstad Ltd. managed its road show focusing on implements for stubble stripping.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Book review. Dr. Márta Birkás: Sustainable soil management
The present article reviews the manual “Sustainable soil management” that is a continuation of the book titled “Sustainable and energy-saving soil management” published in 2002.

We were there….Meeting with BAYER
(Dr. György Demes)
It is already the third year for Bayer CropScience to invite its partners for a meeting to a field show. This year it took place at three locations: at Csorvás in county Békés on 14 June, in the Cooperative of Csorvás Farmers, then at Fonó in county Somogy on 20 June, in the territory of Agrofon, and at Nagygombos in county Heves on 22 June in the Gödöllő Demonstration Farm. The series of events addressed the issue of renewing energy resources at present and in the future. On the last meeting at Nagygombos, our correspondent asked Péter Tora, the marketing manager of Bayer CropScience to draw up a balance between the objective and the results of the meetings.

HUNGARY Holding (x)
This is information on the structure of Hungary Holding and the activities of the particular areas.

The Hungarian Federation of Professional Chambers has been established
(Zoltán Molnár)
After more than three years’ preparation, on 6 June 2006, the Hungarian Federation of Professional Chambers was established. The foundation document was signed in the House of Architects, followed by a press conference.

Necrology about Dr. János Sarkadi
(Dr. Imre Kádár)
The author commemorates János Sarkadi who was a chemist, academic doctor in agricultural sciences, retired head of department of the Research Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and a researcher awarded with Eötvös-diploma by the Academy who died at the age of 86 on 26 April 2006 after a short illness.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)