Agroforum 2006 February
Month of Lent, February
(Dr. László Bódis)
TOPIC OF THE MONTH
Prospects in the global market for the major products and produces
(Dr. Gábor Udovecz, Dr. Norbert Potori, Dr. Hajnalka Hingyi, Teréz Radócz-Kocsis)
Hungarian agro-economy cannot be cut free from global agriculture, especially not from those of EU countries. Persons involved in agriculture may need to have an overview of the processes and analyse market prospects in order to be able think over their possibilities. This is why the investigators of the Agricultural Research Institute let readers have an insight in the global market prospects of the most important products and produces. In their paper illustrated with figures, the authors inform on the major exporting and importing countries of the most important cereals, oil-crops and sugar today and forecasted for 2014, as well as on the expected global market prices of the those products and produces.
The effect of biological, ecological and cultural factors on quality and quantity of potatoes
(Dr. József Kruppa)
Quality requirements for potato growers have been increased in the fierce competition after the EU accession. The most important quality traits (use value) of potatoes are genetically determined. Environment has a significant impact on the manifestation of the inherited characteristics. Therefore the genetic traits (biological factor) and environment (ecological and agronomic factors) jointly create potato quality. The author gives an account of the ecological factors influencing quality (the volume and distribution of rainfall, temperature, soil characteristics) and agronomic factors (tillage, nutrient supply, planting, ridging, plant protection, irrigation, harvesting), as well as of how they affect crop quality.
Outstanding sunflower hybrids from KWS (x)
(Dr. Sándor Nagy)
A KWS RAGT Hybrid Ltd. calls growers’ attention to the sunflower hybrids Barolo RM and Tellia RM that well proved also in 2005.
Facts and expectations for spring barley production
(József Lukács, Dr. István Murányi)
The authors provide a general overview of spring barley growing in Hungary. They give account of the cropping area, crop volume and yields and Hungarian malting barley market based on various years’ data. Of course, they also deal with varieties, tabulating the share of spring barley varieties according to the declared production areas and the other decisive factor of safe growing, the production of certified seeds. Finally, readers are informed on the barley trials carried out in Kompolt and their results.
Weed control in spring barley
(Balázs Gyulai, József Pardi)
Considering profitability, the production of spring barley for brewing has a significant role within cereal growing in Hungary. Success of growing this crop highly depends on weed infestation and the efficacy of weed control. Weed infestation in spring barley is determined by sowing time, rainfall after sowing, variety, preceding, soil type and last but not least, the applied herbicides. The specialists of the Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Fejér outline the system of weed control methods. Among cultivation techniques, the preventive, cultural and mechanical methods are discussed in details, as well as the active substances registered for use in spring barley together with the controlled weeds are mentioned.
Sekator –successful scissors in cereal fields (x)
Bayer CropScience recommends Sekator (amidosulfuron + iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium + mefenpyr-diethyl) for weed control in cereals.
Saaten-Union, a profitable decision also in 2006! (x)
Saaten-Union’s recommendation in hybrid maize, spring cereals, as well as in protein and oilseed crops for 2006.
Rapes in spring with conspicuous weed control (x)
Dow AgroSciences calls the attention to its Galera (clopyralid + picloram) for successful weed control in rapes.
Plant protection situation in orchards in 2005
(Miklós Tóth, Sándor Kobza)
The specialists of the Central Service for Plant Protection and Soil Conservation provide an overview of plant protection in fruit-tree crops during the past year, in particular in apples, pears, sweet and sour cherries, peaches and plums. The article recalls the occurrence and incidence of the major pests and diseases.
Late-winter and early-spring spraying in stone fruits and nuts
In our days, was-off sprays applying higher spray volumes have regained importance, because the spreading of integrated management programmes and the withdrawal of various active substances from the market makes it inevitable. Under the separate heading of the main crop groups of stone fruits (sweet and sour cherries, apricots, peaches and plums) and nuts (walnuts, almonds and hazelnuts), the author deals with wash-off spraying in spring for the different fruits individually, due to the different kinds of pests, phenological stages and the registered pesticides.
Balanced nutrient supply from planting to harvest, applying Scotts-programmes (x)
The Hungarian representative of Scotts International B. V. informs on Scotts-programmes for balanced nutrient supply.
Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
The brief articles summarise certain interesting papers published in foreign journals.
Väderstad- clinic Hand in hand with science for soil conservation (x)
This time the Plótár family from Dióskál speaks about their experience with Väderstad implements used in the frame of the SOWAP programme (Soil and Water Protection applying conservation tillage).
About PROFI, from professionals to professionals or VN SÄPAK PROFI compactor from the point of view of users (x)
Users’ experience with VN SäPAK compactor from Vogel & Noot.
Meeting in Szekszárd. Marketing and storing maize.
In connection with the national maize growing conference, on 18 January 2006, Szekszárd Crop Co. held the third session of its series, titled “Marketing and storing maize”. Read the article to know more about the event.
Seen heard, read. BASF is waiting for its grower partners with an increasing product choice and new storage facilities in 2006
(Dr. György Demes)
On 9 December 2005, the managers of BASF Hungary Ltd.’s Agrodivision invited the representatives of agricultural journals to give them an account of the most important events and results of the past year and of the plans and ideas for 2006. Our correspondent summarises the most important topics heard there.
Christmas greetings, in another way (x)
(László Vecsei, Zsuzsanna Göncz)
This is a brief report about Hungarian Kwizda’s Christmas offer for the Hand in Hand Foundation in order to help mentally retarded and cumulatively handicapped people.
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)
Annex: Thematic table of contents of volume 16 of Practical AGROFÓRUM (2005)