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Agroforum 2006 July

Month of Saint Jacob
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Hungarian agriculture, 2005
(Dr. Éva Laczka)
The Hungarian Central Statistical Office made its recent survey on the structure of the agricultural sector in autumn 2005. The report on the preliminary results of the survey is published in this article and informs on the production characteristics of the 7900 economic corporations and nearly 707 thousand private farms, their production purposes, share of the agricultural area and livestock.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

International and Hungarian prospects of rape growing
(Dr. Hajnalka Hingyi)
The article gives an account of the global and EU rape growing, bio-diesel production, and outlines Hungarian growing, as well as forecasts global prices of rape market.

Winter rape varieties for 2006 from KWS (x)
(Dr. Sándor Nagy)
KWS RAGT Hybrid Ltd. recommends TRINGLE hybrid rape and the varieties RODEO, REMY and FORZA for this season to rape growers.

LG novelty in the Hungarian rape market (x)
(Dr. Károly Kupi)
Limagrain Hungary Ltd. draws growers’ attention to the new rape variety ONTARIO released from its breeding programme.

Saaten-Union offer for rape hybrids and varieties in 2006 (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
Saaten-Union Hungary Ltd. presents its offer for rape hybrids and varieties to growers.

Rape-boom is continuing in Europe! (x)
Saatbau Linz Hungary Ltd. comes up with one of the best choice of varieties for rape growers.

Keeping our advanced output by using the most recent breeding technique (x)
It contains Monsanto Ltd.’s recommendation for rape hybrids and varieties for 2006.

“Guinness” rapes from Summit-Agro Hungary Ltd. (x)
(Roland Szabó)
Summit-Agro Hungary Ltd. wishes to contribute to maximize benefits of rape growers by briefly presenting rape hybrids and varieties distributed by the company.

Ripening date, harvesting, risks
(Dr. László Láng, Dr. Zoltán Bedő)
The authors call the attention to the conditions of undisturbed grain development and grain filling necessary for high wheat yields. Furthermore, in connection with wheat quality, they draw the attention to the difference among varieties in terms of falling number stability.

Winter wheat quality, the question of the day again
(Dr. Zoltán Győri)
The author reminds readers to the problems related to wheat quality, referring to the fact that several food industry companies processing considerable amounts of wheat have raised the problem of quality stability. Furthermore, he points out the different quality requirements taken into consideration for the Hungarian Standard and intervention buying up. He shares his experience with readers also in connection with wheat offered for intervention storage. He attributes low values of protein quality to poor nitrogen fertilizer application.

About wheat head blight in the light of the new maximum limits for mycotoxins
(Dr. Gyula Vida, Katalin Puskás, Dr. Ottó Veisz)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 856/2005 applies from 1 July 2006, extending the scope of mycotoxins to toxins produced by certain Fusarium species. The paper presents the highest accepted level of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone content in unprocessed cereals and cereal-based products in a tabulated form. It deals also with two amending regulations (official sampling and analytical methods for determining mycotoxin content and the acceptance of cereals by intervention offices), followed by the factors (disease-resistant variety, preceding, nutrient supply, controlled propagating material, fungicide of increased level of efficacy) that are suitable for reducing Fusarium infection in the field.

New market trends in wheat growing
(Dr. Zoltán Lakatos)
The representative of Hajdú Ceeral Co. believes it is important to find new ways for using cereals in Hungary, as there are no prospects of increasing exports or capacities of intervention storage. In his opinion, the single solution is the use of cereals for energy purposes such as producing bioethanol and iso-sugar, as well as burning the crop for obtaining energy.

Grapevine pest control in summer
(Gabriella Szendrey)
The author gives an account of her experience in the first part of the year about the geographical distribution and damage of grape leaf rust mite, vine leaf blister mite, European red mite, garden spider mite, grape fruit moth, scale insects and grape thrips. Then she discusses the strategy for controlling mites and grape moths in summer, tabulating the list of pesticides registered for their control.

Grapevine disease control in summer
(Ágnes Schmidt)
The article provides information about the onset of the grapevine diseases, such as downy mildew, powdery mildew, rotbrenner, grey mould and white rot during this season and the possibilities for their control in summer.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Gödöllő Farmers’ Days. Current topics in crop production
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
The meeting and variety show focusing on cereals and rapes was organized for the 9th time by the Crop Production Demonstration Farm of Gödöllő Agro Centre Non-profit Company and the Crop Production Institute of Szent István University in Gödöllő on 21 June 2006. It covered the recent knowledge on these crops. In addition to providing up-to-date information for growers, visitors could see the particular cereal and winter rape varieties in the demonstration plots, various pest management programmes and treatments of nutrient supply.

Healthy soil, cost-saving farming by using green manure
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
Green manuring is aimed at growing plants of rapid development and high biomass production in order to incorporate green plant parts in the soil deeply by ploughs or close to the surface by e.g. disk or cultivator. Such plant can be grown as main or secondary crop. Use as a main crop is not spread in Hungarian and international practice either. In Hungary, the production of secondary green manures has quite a long history. Practical Agrofórum has published various articles in the past few years about the beneficial effects of green manuring. In the present paper, the author gives an account mainly of the results of trials carried out at Szent István University.

Bio-waste composts, important substances for soil amendment and fertilizer application
(Dr. László Alexa)
We may get to know from the article what is meant by the term “bio-waste” and the process of composting, as well as the beneficial chemical, physical and biological effects of applying composts. In addition, the author deals with the agricultural use of composts (effects and application). He points out that, according to the recent calculations, the use of composts may contribute to reducing CO2-emission of agricultural origin by more than 8% at European level.

Environmentally friendly use of fertilizers in crop production
(Péter Simon)
Environmental protection in crop production means appropriate distribution of fertilizers in space and time. There are three main tasks of nutrient supply: gathering information for decision-making, design of a reasonable nutrient supply programme and its implementation in practice. The principle of the programme launched by Fertilia Ltd. last year is to use only that type and amount of fertilizers that are obviously needed. Environmentally friendly fertilizer application and growing lie in the decision-making process that allows reducing mistakes derived from negligence or incompetence.

Chances and prospects in nutrient management – from the farmer’s point of view
(György Bene)
The article includes the experience in nutrient supply and the practice of nutrient management written by a farmer in county Heves.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is a brief collection of interesting articles published in foreign technical journals.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Under the magnifying glass… (37.) C-M RG-2 trailed tree shaker
(Dr. László Némethy)
This part of the series puts the C-M RG-2 trailed tree shaker under the magnifying glass. The specialist of the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering, in addition to giving a technical description of the machine, informs on the results of the tests carried out in the institute, characteristics for performance, working quality, energetics, operation and maintenance. Finally, the author presents the conclusions drawn from the tests and his proposals for users of the machine.

Seen, heard, read. Laying the foundation-stone of the new logistic centre of spare parts of Axiál Ltd.
(Attila Kosztolányi)
On the last day of May, Axiál Ltd. invited all its partners and correspondents of the technical journals to Baja for the ceremony of laying the foundation-stone of the new logistic centre of spare parts. The event was preceded by a press conference held in the training centre of Axiál Ltd. After laying the foundation-stone, during the tour in the premises, the visitors could have an insight in the range of machines offered by Axiál Ltd. Participants were also informed about the works done at the particular units of the company.

Standing by with VOGEL & NOOT machines for stubble works after harvesting (x)
VOGEL & NOOT informs on the advantages of using their implements (stem choppers, field cultivators, disks) in stubbles after harvesting.

Use Väderstad machines for successful stubble operations! (x)
The benefits of using Väderstad machines in stubble-work are outlined.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

AMI Agrolinz Melamine International Hungary Ltd. becomes Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. (x)
AMI Hungary Ltd. gives the reason of changing its name to Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. and outlines future plans.

Portrait…”To improve peasants’ life”. Talk with János Boda
(Dr. László Bódis)
Talk with the chief executive of Siómente Co., Mr. János Boda.

Correspondents of technical journals from East-Central Europe meet in Prague
(Dr. György Demes, Zoltán Molnár)
It was the seventh time that the meeting of agricultural journalists took place in Prague on 31 May and 1 July 2006. It is organized by the international Club of Agro Communicators (C. A. C.) established and operated by BASF. Invited by BASF Hungary Ltd, our journal was also represented on the event. We report you on the meeting based on the press release.

Idea receiving sound support
(Dr. László Bódis)
The Local Government of County Csongrád organized a scientific and investment conference and exposition titled “Alternative energy resources” in Szeged on 24-25 May. Our correspondent reports on the most important lectures and presentations delivered during the two-day meeting.

Note for growers. About the lessons learned from a forgotten regulation
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series recalls the decision made thirty years ago by the council of Hungarian ministers on supporting the development of production in household gardens and complementary farms, and outlines its impacts on Hungarian agriculture.

Legal page
(Dr. Lajos Szabó)
The author describes criteria determining liability for damages regarding plant protection and, in connection with to legal cases, presents the consequences of spraying with pesticides harmful to bees.

Lived 12 years
(Dr. László Bódis)
The author calls readers’ attention with this “morbid” title stressing that urgent measures are needed to save the system of trials carried out with varieties included in the national list, to create the necessary objective and personal conditions for carrying out trials and publishing the List of recommended varieties.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)