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Agroforum 2006 June

Month of June
(
Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Monitoring damage of gipsy moth by using remote sensing technique in counties Veszprém, Somogy and Nógrád during 2005
(Dr. György Csóka, Gizella Nádor)
The article reflects the possibilities of remote sensing in the detection of gipsy moth damages by using novel, medium-resolution satellite imagery. It is a rapid and effective tool compared to the conventional survey requiring immense field work. Damage maps derived from satellite imagery of counties Veszprém, Somogy and Nógrád, shown here in colour pictures, were compared pixel-by-pixel to the map of feeding damage by the pest, prepared by the State Forest Service and the Hungarian Forest Research Institute. The comparison shows a fair matching between the imageries deriving from two independent sources. Therefore it can be concluded that medium-resolution satellite imagery technique is suitable for monitoring damage by the pest.

Studying high increase of population density of gipsy moth in county Veszprém
(Krisztina Nagy)
The author gives an account of the experience of the Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Veszprém about the spread of gipsy moth in the forests, agricultural lands and home gardens throughout the county. In addition, she mentions the means of control applied in municipal public areas (roadside trees, ornamental trees, parks) in 2005 and the possible causes of the decrease of the recently high gipsy moth populations.

Lessons learned for practice from gipsy moth “boom” in 2003-2005 at Bakonyerdő Co.
(Zoltán Stubán
)
The forests of Bakonyerdő Co., due to the large forest areas and the concentrated presence of host plants (Turkey oak, pedunculate /English/ oak), are optimal places for gipsy moth, one of the most dangerous pests of our forests. Therefore forestry professionals monitor gipsy moth population dynamics based on counting egg masses in autumn. They have been sharing their observations with our readers since 2003, when mass reproduction of the moth began. They give a detailed discussion of the applied control methods and summarise their experience obtained in the past three years.

Seen, heard, read. Meeting about gipsy moth control
(Dr. Gábor Princzinger)
The article reports on a meeting, titled “Gipsy moth is round the corner again”, held on 4 May 2006. The event, organized by the Forest Protection Department of the Hungarian Forest Research Institute, the Forest Protection Section of the Hungarian Forestry Association and the Hungarian subsidiary of Crompton Europe Ltd. provided a forum for discussing last year’s high population densities of the pest and the jobs to be done this season.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Winter barley infections by powdery mildew and net blotch (Pyrenophora teres) in 2003-2005
(Dr. András Palágyi, Dr. András Tomcsányi)
The authors compared the three years’ results of resistance trials with winter barley varieties included in the national list by completing disease data of experiments conducted by the National Institute for Agricultural Quality Control in 2005 with the results obtained in the two previous years. The early and mid-season varieties were evaluated for resistance to powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis) and net blotch (Drechslera teres), annually and in the average of three years. The results are shown in tables.

Dithane DG NeoTec – the new formulation with the smallest particle size (x)
(Lajos Balogh)
Dow AgroSciences calls the attention of plant protection professionals to the developed version of the fungicide Dithane, Dithane DG NeoTec (mancozeb).

What was the reason of free fatty acid (FFA) increase in sunflower?
(Zoltán Papp)
It is a widespread opinion that the high free fatty acid (FFA) values of sunflower could only be attributed to white rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum). The article, intending to launch a debate, informs on studies where, in addition to the disease, other factors may also be among the causes. Year 2005 was conspicuous not only for the severe white rot of sunflower heads but there were big problems also with FFA after harvesting. The FFA value of the produce was by 25.5% higher on an average than the maximum limit (2 %). The objective of the author and his colleagues was to find out the reason why enzyme activity increased and oxidation processes accelerated, involving the increase of FFA. In the light of this, they evaluated the following issues: disease incidence by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Botrytis cinerea, chemical treatments, varieties, desiccation, sowing date, saprophyte and parasitic pathogens colonizing the seed surfaces, harvesting dates, as well as the conditions of harvesting, transport, desiccation and the effect of weather conditions during those times on the changes of FFA content.

What can rape yields and the volume of harvested grains be maximized? (x)
The specialists of Agrosol 200 Ltd. find the answer to this question in using Nu-Film 17.

About damages affecting crop quality of sunflowers in 2005
(Mihály Perczel)
The author reviews the damages in 2005 affecting sunflowers regarding crop quantity (lodging, fall-off, falling down of rotten heads to the ground) and crop quality (decrease in protein content of sunflower groats and the increase of free fatty acid content of the oil). The author explains the latter with the increased lipase enzyme activity in the achenes.

PIONEER – focusing on the grower (x)
(Dr. László Piukovics, Péter Sipos)
The product managers of Pionner Hi-Bred Hungary Ltd. give an account of the HTF hybrids selected for ethanol use, the company’s weed control programme for Express herbicide tolerant hybrids and of the results of studies on Fusarium tolerance of maize hybrids.

Taking care of lawns and turfs
(József Szendrői)
The share of lawns and turfs reaches 60-70 % of the public green areas in the particular localities. In most of the cases, the gardens of the institutions, the areas of open-air baths and home gardens are covered with lawns and turfs, not to speak of the “evergreen” sports grounds and golf-courses. The horticulturist author draws the attention to the techniques that, if applied professionally, allow advanced-level maintenance of lawns and turfs (mowing, nutrient supply, aeration, disease control, prevention of weed- and moss infestation). In addition, we may get to know the difference between lawns and turfs, as well as the causes of the various intermediate “grasses” in practice.

Spraying pattern and efficacy of fertilizer application (x)
LINZER AGRO TRADE Hungary Ltd. provides an alternative for growers in seeking the way out in fertilizer application under conditions of increasing fertilizer- and decreasing cereal prices.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Reforming pesticide registration from the point of view of the industry
(Dr. Ferenc Hargitai)
The article is a contribution to the paper of dr. Gábor Tőkés, published in our number of March 2006, discussing the main elements of the planned system of pesticide registration in the European Union. On behalf of the Hungarian Plant Protection Association, the author points out that they agree with the technical conclusions of the referred article. The pesticide industry and the Hungarian and international business federations consider the same ones as decisive among the planned changes. He stresses that a joint and more definite intervention is possible only by recognizing common interests. Based on industry experience and completing the article of dr. Tőkés, the author of the present paper casts light on the problems of the main elements of the new system (termination of temporary registration, introduction of the zone-system, the effect of mandatory sharing of data on small crops and the operation of the substitution system).

Studies on nectar production of certain sunflower hybrids
(Edit Zajácz)
The Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition carried out trials to determine the apiarian value and bee visiting characteristics of certain sunflower hybrids in a particular area for various years. In the paper the author gives an account of their study conducted in summer 2005, comparing nectar production, nectar sugar content, and sugar value of 8 hybrids in the average of 6 days. The author, specialist of the research institute points out that when choosing sunflower hybrids to be grown, in addition to economic values, their apiarian value is also worthy of attention in order to achieve safer fertilisation and by that, higher yields.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Sprayer nozzles and tips (1)
(Dr. György Dimitrievics)
The efficacy of spraying is primarily determined by the applied nozzles and tips. Therefore, users need to know their structure, the key factors determining their operation and the basic requirements of their application to achieve successful control. The spray has to be applied at the required volume, with high accuracy, producing proper droplet size and ensuring the most even distribution possible on the target surface. Nozzles and tips of various systems and design have been developed to meet these requirements that are outlined here by a specialist of the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering.

TECHAGRO 2006. The Czech have shown us!
(Dr. István Jóri J.)
The article summarises the events of TECHAGRO, the International Fair of Agricultural Technology organized in Brno in April 2006.

Väderstad clinic. Nine criteria of shallow tillage
Väderstad Ltd. specialists answer to ten questions arising in connection with shallow tillage.

Tools needed for cultural operations and possibilities of mechanisation in vineyards
(László Némethy)
It is the partial or full mechanisation of certain operations, such as shoot direction and binding, green pruning (trimming) and trunk cleaning that can solve the problems of reducing the labour-intensity of cultural operations and increasing work performance. The Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering carried out detailed experiments with the mechanisation of the above cultural operations, evaluating the technology of green pruning, trimming used with different tools, furthermore, the possibilities for the mechanisation of cleaning, lifting-directing and binding of shoots. The specialist of the Institute lets us have an insight into the details.

New VÄDERSTAD subsidiary office in Kápolnásnyék
(Dr. György Demes)
Väderstad Ltd. invited its guests for the inauguration ceremony of the Hungarian subsidiary office at Kápolnásnyék on 10 May 2006. Several distinguished representatives of the head office, the Swedish VÄDERSTAD-Verken glanced the meeting with their presence, among them Mrs. Siw Stark, who, together with her husband the director Mr. Crister Stark, founded the company in 1962. In her opening speech, Crister Stark briefly spoke about the nine years passed since the first appearance of the company in Hungary. It was followed by the speech of the manager Tibor Kalmár who gave an account of the events of the nine years; finally, commemorative plaques were handed over. After the celebration, we asked the manager of the subsidiary office about the past, the present and the future plans.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is a brief collection of interesting articles published in foreign technical journals.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

International Farmers’ Days will be organized again in Bábolna (x)
The agro-economic exhibition with the longest history in Hungary, the Bábolna International Farmers’ Days will be held on 14-17 September 2006.

Memory of our great professionals – unveiling of the statue of Dr. Gábor Fülöp (1928-1988) in Gödöllő.
(Dr. György Demes)
The unveiling ceremony of the bust of dr. Gábor Fülöp took place in the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Gödöllő on 25 April 2006. The late head of department of the institute was an outstanding representative of agro-machinery sciences, in particular, of tillage mechanisation. The memorial was placed in the assembly hall of the institute. In addition to the family, relatives and friends, colleagues, disciples and all those who knew and appreciated him were present on the event.

SYNGENTA is five years old
(Dr. György Demes)
Syngenta remembered its fifth anniversary in more than 90 countries of the world, planting as many trees in a country as are employed there. In Hungary this event took place at Syngenta Seeds in Mezőtúr on 24 April 2006. Planting 165 trees in the presence of the representatives of technical journals expresses the deep commitment of each Syngenta employees for the future, continuous development and common success with partners. After planting, journal correspondents could visit the upgraded hybrid maize seed processing plant. Finally, we asked the head of Syngenta Seeds Ltd., Mr. Tamás Velky about the story of building the facility, its operation and the performed activity.

Report from an exhibition
(Dr. László Bódis)

Hódmezőgazda Co. organised Animal Husbandry Days in the Great Hungarian Plain for the 13th time, supported by several partners, and for the second time the satellite event, the Farmer expo, a show of crop production and horticulture.

Portrait. “Look for a task for yourself!” Imaginary report with university professor Pál U. Kralovánszky
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is a fictive interview with the university professor.

Book review. Started as a book show, ended as a celebration
(AF)
The book titled “Soyabean production” was introduced in the council-room of the National Agricultural Library and Documentation Centre on 16 May. The authors and the publisher thanked the organisations for supporting the release of the book by buying it in advance. Bóly Agriculural Co., Szekszárd Plant Co. and Ormánság Soyabean Cooperative bought several copies of the book

Gyula Kettinger (1947-2006)
(Zoltán Molnár)
Agrofórum lost a true friend and a great supporter on Easter Monday when the “voluntary” correspondent of the journal, Gyula Kettinger died in a tragic traffic accident.

Seen, heard, read. Two great-gold and 33 gold medals were granted on the eighth National Wine Competition of the Cooperative Savings Bank
It was the eight time for the Cooperative Savings Bank to organise the National Wine Competition that, at the same time, was the first in the series of similar events in Hungary this year. Almost all the Hungarian wine-regions and the Hungarian wineries along the border were present in the competition held in April.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)