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Agroforum 2006 May

Month of Whitsuntide
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Can Hungarian fruit growing be made competitive and if yes, under what conditions?
(Dr. Róbert Lux)
The author, a member of FruitVeB, the Hungarian Vegetable and Fruit Interprofessional Board summarises the competitive ability of Hungarian fruit growing and its conditions. The article begins with a comprehensive overview of the history of the sector during one and a half decade from the social change to the present. The author points out two factors of successful fruit growing, focusing on quality and market access. Effective improvements of the crop management programme satisfying the requirements of company-neutral, environmentally friendly and sustainable agriculture also need to be speeded up. Irrigation facilities should be developed to increase crop safety. Quality control is a problem because the current method cheques only commodities placed on the shelves.  The other part of the article deals with marketing prospects and how to enlarge them.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

New development, new composition of Fitohorm products (x)
The range of Fitohorm solution fertilizers has been widened since 2006 by products developed with a new technical concept.

Target treatment of millet in maize
(Ferenc Hartmann)
The first part of the article informs on the millet species and their distribution in Hungary, as well as the survival strategy of the plants as weeds. It is followed with describing the options of cultural and chemical control for managing millet infestations and by that supporting the mandatory control of ragweed.

Diamond or sand-clock? (x)
(István Tamás)
The professional of Hungarian Kwizda presents the programme of “Supplying nutrients and protecting the crop” tailored to wheat.

Don’t panic – no panic(um)! (x)
(Lajos Nagy)
Bayer CropScience recommends its herbicides registered for the control of wild millet.

Predatory mites in grapevine protection
(Gabriella Szendrey)
Vineyard owners consider mites and grape moths the key pests of vine growing. Mites impose high risks to the leaves, while moth larvae to the fruits. The specialist of the Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Heves draws the attention to the less known but also important beneficial organisms, predatory mites, whose role may be decisive in the control of mites and grape moths in vineyards.

Apple protection from petal fall to ripening
(Zoltán Simon, Lajos Szabolcs Földes)
In his article titled “Apple protection from bud burst to flowering” in the April number of Agrofórum, Pál Sallai gave a detailed description of the conditions favouring to diseases (scab, powdery mildew, fireblight) and increase in population density of insect pests. This time the specialists of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg wish to call the attention of readers to the key points of the period from petal fall to fruit ripening, describing the strategies to control the major diseases.

NUTRI-PHITE ULTRA –improved rooting and nutrient, increased stress tolerance (x)
Agrosol 2000 Ltd. recommends Nutri-Phite Ultra for improving nutrient uptake capacity of plants and satisfying phosphorous–demand during the time of increased energy-requirements.

Variety susceptibility can be neglected with intensive winter wheat protection (x)
(Dr. István Füzi)
The development engineer of BASF Hungary Ltd. informs on the efficacy and cost-efficiency of their pest management programme in winter wheat based on the treatment with Tango Star (epoxiconazole + fenpropimorph) and Juwel (epoxiconazole +kresoxim-methyl).

Environmentally friendly nitrogen supply of winter wheat
(Dr. Ottó Pálmai, Dr. József Horváth)
The use of N-fertilizers without losses is an important issue not only from the point of view of environment but also of cost efficiency. Among cereals, it is winter wheat that has the most sensitive response to nitrogen supply. The amount of the available nitrogen forms in the soil, the efficacy of the used nitrogen highly depends on weather conditions; therefore the weakest point in the chain of advising according to soil analysis is the recommendation for nitrogen fertilizer application based on measuring humus content. It can be replaced by measuring mineral N-content of soils in late winter, early spring, by using the so-called Nmin-method. It is based on realizing the relation between the amount of mineral nitrogen in the soil in early spring (late winter) and the quantity of nitrogen necessary for reaching optimum yields. The article informs on the results of trials using Nmin-method, the importance of plant analysis, and the answers to the questions of when and how to apply top dressing.

Land use after flood and stagnant water
(Dr. László Bódis)
Water-related problems occur time to time and more and more frequently. A part of the agricultural sector is under constant threatening and the prevention of damages imposes an enormous burden on it. In addition, subsequent utilization of the areas also needs to be managed. This is why the author takes into account the crop groups (grown for food, fodder and green manure) that can be sown after the disappearance of flood, and within the groups, deals with the particular plants.

Management programme of crops grown in fields affected by stagnant water
(Dr. László Gocs, Ms. L. Mándi, Dr. László Romhány, Ferenc Borbély)
As a consequence of the significant volume of precipitation in Hungary and the catchment areas of our main rivers during the past winter, as well as of the long winter, rapid thawing of the snow, the share of areas covered with stagnant water is quite high. The group of plants that can be grown is very small due to water damage; furthermore, such crops need to be early season varieties. The authors give an account of the management programme for the alternative crops bred at the Research Centre DE ATC (buckwheat, millet, Italian millet, sunflowers and leafy oil radish) that can be grown even on areas affected with stagnant water as functional crop. The alternative plants presented in the article can be easily included in the National Agri-environment Programme, therefore their importance is expected to grow in the near future.

Management programme for Phacelia and mustard
(Gábor Seiwerth)
The professional of Lajtamag (“Lajtaseed”) Ltd. presents the elements of the management programme of phacelia and mustard, allowing readers to get acquainted with the factors to be taken into consideration for the preceding, soil preparation, sowing, seed rate, emergence, nutrient supply plant protection and harvesting. The described recommendations refer to seed production, while green manuring has another target with a different crop management programme.

Reports with growers producing on lands affected by stagnant water
(Dr. László Bódis, Attila Kosztolányi)
The article reports on the talks with the professionals of Törökszentmiklósi Mezőgazdasági Rt. (“Törökszentmiklós Agro Co.”), Hód-Mezőgazda Rt. (“Hód-Farmer Co.”), Hódmezővásárhely and Arany János Mezőgazdasági Szövetkezet (“Arany János Agriculural Cooperative”), Alap about stagnant water, its causes, the possible means of solving the problems and the prospects to manage the difficult situation.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Stubble stripping with VOGEL & NOOT field cultivators I. (x)
VOGEL & NOOT recommends its whole range of field cultivators to growers.

Vineyard sprayers
(Dr. György Dimitrievics)
At present, the same types of sprayers are used in orchards and vineyards. However, the requirements for application technique in the former one are different from those of the latter one. In grapes, the key task is to reach proper penetration in the foliage and to protect the underside of leaves. The operated sprayers are often not optimal for treating vineyards, and proper working quality may be expected only if operated professionally. Therefore the author takes the machines suitable for vineyard spraying into account together with the advantages and drawbacks of their use.

Väderstad-clinic. Carrier, the original! Or the machine that revolutionizes tillage practice (x)
Väderstad informs on all that is necessary to know about the versatile implement, Carrier.

Show of agricultural machines and tractors in Lajosmizse
(Dr. György Demes)
There was a great interest for the fifth AXIÁL Days organized in Lajosmizse on 16-18 March where AXIÁL Ltd. showed the wide range of tractors and implements in 16 brands distributed by the company. In addition to looking at the displayed machines, visitors could be informed on a technical meeting about the CLAAS offer, the CLAAS Tech products and the access to CLAAS spare parts. At the same time, the event was the 15th an anniversary of AXIÁL Ltd. The article also mentions the early times of the company and the results obtained from that to the moment.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Reaction. About a misunderstood study
(Dr. István Kapronczai)
This is an author’s remark and comment to the article written by Lajos Gockler and published in the April number of Agrofórum about a study prepared by the specialists of the Agricultural Research Institute (AKI).

Potato, the versatile crop. Report from Keszthely about the press conference on potatoes
(Dr. László Bódis)
The report is on a meeting and press conference in the spirit of gastronomy, focusing on potatoes.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Legal page. Obstacles of contracting
(Dr. Zoltán Szabó)
The official of the Ministry of Justice lets readers have an insight, among legal cases, into the obstacles of a contract of agency.

Seen, heard, read. Climate conference at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
(Gyula Kettinger)
A final conference titled “Global climate change: Hungarian effects and responses” was held at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences on 9 March 2006. The meeting jointly organized by the Ministry of Environment and Water and the Academy was a 3-year conclusion of the so-called “VAHAVA project”.

Seen, heard, read. Europe Day in Mosonmagyaróvár
(Gyula Kettinger)
The Institute of Economics of the University Faculty organized an international conference titled “European Day” in Mosonmagyaróvár on 6 April 2006. The opening lecture on the “Current issues of our EU membership” was delivered by dr. Ferenc Nyújtó, the deputy under-secretary of state of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. He gave a detailed analysis of the preparations for the planning cycle of 2007-2013. In his lecture titled “A new approach to the cereal issue”, dr. István Fehér, professor of the Szent István University, Gödöllő outlined the effects preventing the long-term maintenance of the cereal intervention in its current form.

Portrait. Talk with Gábor Antal, the general manager of Hódmezőgazda Co.
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is a talk about the seed market and the problems of Hungarian agriculture, as well as about the possible core points of a sound agricultural strategy.

Note for growers. About the linked anniversaries
(Miklós Kurucz)
Readers may get to know the life-work of the Hungarian path-finder of the cooperative movement, Sándor Károlyi from this “Note”.

Kemira GrowHow is Europe’s second main fertilizer manufacturer
(Dr. György Demes)
The Finnish Kemira GrowHow has been an active player in the Hungarian fertilizer market for over 10 years. The date 16 January 2006 was a turning point in the history of the company, when it established its own factory in Hungary by acquiring the earlier Transcenter Fertilizer Factory Ltd., aiming at supplying not only the Hungarian but the whole South-European area with Kemira fertilizers. The managers of Kemira GrowHow gave an account of the results obtained to the present, the changes taken place in the life of the new company and the technical concept in a press conference on 28 March 2006. Our correspondent asked István Zajácz, the leader of the Hungarian branch of business of Kemira GrowHow about the past, present and future plans of Kemira GrowHow.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)