The plant breeders, gardeners and plant protectors monthly magazine

Current issue

Recent special issue

Agroforum 2006 November

Ashes and diamonds
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Intervention market of produces in autumn 2006
(Judit Nógrádi, Dr. László Rieger)
Hungary became the EU member state with the highest volume of cereal stocks by the end of the second year due to the outstanding yields and the buyers’ market. In Hungary, wheat and maize account for almost 98% of cereals bought up as intervention. The volume of intervention buying-up for 2005/2006 was by 10% higher than in the previous year. Yield forecasts for 2006/2007 show average volumes, allowing professionals to suppose that this buying-up season would be much lower than the previous one. In Hungary, on-site buying-up is the most frequent case, however statistical data indicate that the mode is changing for the EU practice of buying-up upon delivery. Furthermore, the article gives information about the volume of cereals marketed from the amount bought up during the two years, and that cereal storage capacities provide suitable conditions for intervention buying-up beginning on 1 November.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Sunflower growing in Hungary – 2006
(József Lukács)
The author begins with presenting the most important data of Hungarian sunflower growing from 2001 on, and follows with the situation of the sector and its share among the other countries of the EU. In addition, he draws the attention to the possibilities and future tasks to increase our competitiveness in sunflower growing and to ensure our role in the EU.

With new DEKALB-hybrids for sunflower growing being on the up-swing (x)
(Dr. Erzsébet Kiss)
Monsanto Trading Ltd. offers its new sunflower hybrids.

Current issues of controlling sunflower diseases
(Rozália Nagy-Kutni, László Pálvölgyi)
The article gives an account of the recent studies conducted in the Cereal Research Non-Profit Company on such diseases as sunflower downy mildew (Plasmopara halstedii), sunflower stem canker (Diaporthe helianthi), black stem (Phoma macdonaldii) and white rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) and their control.

Syngenta sunflowers on 250 thousand hectares: Summa cum laude (x)
(János Bíró)
It tells the performance of Nk hybrids in the light of the results in 2006.

Looking back to sunflower diseases in 2006
(Dr. Pál Békési)
Growers were lucky for head diseases had not challenged them during the past season. However, the incidence of stem diseases was rather high. The author gives a detailed description of the symptoms of the particular diseases (white rot, sunflower stem canker, Alternaria leaf spot, black stem, charcoal rot) and the way growers can confirm the onset of infection. Finally, he discusses the conditions of the diseases that did and of the ones that did not occur in the past season.

Sunflower seeds accompanied by plant passport
(Dr. Levente Tas)
Readers may have an insight into the situation of producing sunflower seeds: the production area, varieties grown and results of evaluating field performance. In addition, the details of issuing certification label by the National Institute of Agricultural Quality Control can also be found.

Cv. Kisvárdai – Unique quality on the market of sunflower for consumption
(Dr. Sándor Vágvölgyi, László Romhány, Dr. László Nagy)
The authors give an account of the importance, use and profitability of cv. Kisvárdai, as well as of implementing a good management programme of sunflower for human consumption (crop rotation, preceding, soil preparation, sowing, plant protection, cultural operations and harvesting).

Novelties in LIMAGRAIN’s sunflower offer (x)
(Dr. Károly Kupi)
LIMAGRAIN Hungary Ltd.’s novelties for sunflower growers.

Seen, heard, read. On the maize-show of Cereal Research Non-Profit Company.
(Dr. Gábor Princzinger)
Cereal Research Non-Profit Company organised a meeting on maize at Táplánszentkereszt on 13 September. László Vadvári began the series of lectures, informing on the sunflower varieties of the Research Company, then dr. Endre Széll delivered a talk about the impact of sowing time on kernel moisture content at harvest and maize yields, depending on seasonal effect (2003-2005). Maize breeder György Balassa spoke about weather conditions during the past few years, and the maize breeding strategy of the Research Company. Finally, director, dr. János Falusi, gave an account of their results of breeding and introducing soybean varieties.

Apple rot by Cylindrocarpon fungus
(Dr. Attila Cs. Tóth, Dr. István Winkler, Mária S Barkóczi, Marietta Petróczy, Dr. Géza Nagy, Dr. László Palkovics)
The article draws the attention to fruit rot by Cylindrocarpon fungus, because in late August, Cylindrocarpon mali, the conidial form of Nectria galligena was found on ripening apples in the northern part of county Pest (to the north of Budapest). The authors describe the conditions of infection by the pathogen, its symptoms and the mode of its control.

Protecting fruit trees in autumn
(Dr. Klára Véghelyi)
The author summarises the jobs to be done in fruit orchards after harvesting in order to prevent the overwintering of the particular pests and diseases and by that, to protect next season’s crop. She gives an overview of the methods of mechanical and chemical control to be carried out in autumn.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Chemistry, mode of action and application of spray adjuvants (1)
(Ágoston Tóth)
The first part of the series on spray adjuvants provides an overall view of adjuvants used during the preparation of the spray, completed with details on the chemical properties, mode of action and application of surfactants (detergents).

Healthy nutrition – safe plant protection
(Dr. Ferenc Hargitai)
The author gives an account of the meeting of the Hungarian Crop Protection Association. A documentary titled “Healthy nutrition – safe plant protection” was presented on the event, showing a realistic picture of the impact of pesticide use on health, counterbalancing the excessive concerns of the general public and the media. Furthermore, the report summarises the talks on the current situation of safe use of pesticides and the collection of containers contaminated with pesticides.

Acanto® – “to the infinity and beyond” (x)
DuPont Hungary Ltd. informs on its picoxystrobin fungicide, AcantoÔ.

New rules on pesticides in the EU
(AF)
Hungarian Crop Protection Association invited the correspondents of daily and weekly papers and technical journals for a press conference in order to inform them about the principles and arguable parts of the new EU legislation under preparation.

Ecotoxicological aspects of pesticide registration
(Attila Csató)
Ecotoxicological assessment is an important part of the pesticide registration procedure. In the European Union, regulations and directives provide for the requirements and evaluation methods necessary for carrying out ecotoxicological risk assessment. The article outlines risk assessment procedure and deals also with the options of mitigating the risks to an acceptable level by slightly modifying the pest management programme and thus allowing the authorisation of a particular pesticide.

About farming logbook
(Dr. Attila Lucskai)
In order to apply for subsidy in compliance with the Single Area Payment Scheme (SAPS) and the rural development programme, growers need to keep records in the farming logbook according to “Good Agricultural and Environmental Condition”, and “Good Farming Practice”. Its legal background has been recently amended in Hungary. Based on the new provisions in force from the farming year of 2006/07, participants of the related subsidy programme need to enter their records into the new farming logbook. The official of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural development gives guidance for filling in that farming logbook.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is the regular review of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Changes in agriculture and agro-machinery during the years of the EU accession (2)
(Dr. Lajos Gockler)
The Hungarian Central Statistical Office took an inventory of economy structure in November 2005. The institution published its preliminary data, presenting the structural changes taken place in Hungarian agriculture during the past five years. Based on the results of that survey, the author gives a detailed analysis of the data on the agricultural machinery, completing them with his conclusions.

A further CLAAS tractor to study on for students in the Faculty of Engineering of Gödöllő University
(Dr. György Demes)
The lucky ones invited to Szent István University Agricultural Tool and Machine Development Museum witnessed a special event, where a CLAAS Ares 567 tractor of 114 HP capacity was delivered to the University in a ceremonial act as a result of the cooperation among the University’s Faculty of Engineering, CLAAS and AXIÁL Ltd.

Machines and practice of seeding sunflowers
(Dr. József Füzy)
The author presents the pneumatic drills suitable for sunflowers, adding his recommendations for preparing, adjusting, calibrating and operating such machines.

Plans and results at companies ‘Hód-Mezőgazda’ and Axiál
(Dr. György Demes)
It was the second time that the management of Hód-Mezőgazda Co. invited the correspondents of technical journals for a “Media Adventure Day” to the exhibition centre of the company. In the frame of a press conference, Gábor Antal, general director of Hód-Mezőgazda Co. informed participants on the draft programme of the XIVth Animal Husbandry Days in the Great Hungarian Plain to be held in April 2007, and Zsolt Harsányi, a manager of AXIÁL Ltd. gave an account of the recent results of their company. The event gave an opportunity to organize the fourth MANITOU operators’ Olympics.

Väderstad-clinic. Options for applying Väderstad-technology with maize as preceding (x)
The article informs on the advantages of using Väderstad the tillage implements Carrier, Cultus, TopDown and Rapid drill in crop rotation after maize.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Legal page. Changes in data supply in the vine-growing and wine-making sector
(Dr. Szabó Lajos)
The author summarises the major changes occurred in the system of supplying data in the sectors of grapes and wines.

Legal page. About the itemised plant protection penalties
(Dr. Lajos Szabó)
The legal expert describes the typical cases of imposing plant protection penalties. He presents the itemised penalties based on the Government Decree 187/2006. (IX. 5.) Korm.

Portrait… Talk with József Jordán and his son, Attila
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is an interview with the chief executive and his son about the Palotabozsok Agro Co., the future plans and the family.

József Gráf, minister about current positions and future prospects of Hungarian agriculture
(Dr. György Demes)
József Gráf, minister of agriculture and rural development, invited to Bábolna Farmers’ Days in the past September, in his opening speech and the subsequent press conference, spoke about the situation of Hungarian agriculture, challenges in the agricultural sector future tasks.

IVth ENERGOexpo, International Exposition and Conference for Energy. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
ENERGOexpo was organised for the fourth time in Debrecen, followed with great interest. Our correspondent asked the director of the event, László Vaszkó, manager of V-Trade Exhibitions Ltd. about the aim and the programme of ENERGOexpo, as well as about the most frequent topics.

A new nutrient management system available for growers
(Dr. György Demes)
The exhibition hall of Nitrogénművek Co. was the venue of an important event in the frame of the Bábolna Farmers’ Days: an agreement of cooperation in research and development between the Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Nitrogénművek Co. was signed in the presence of József Gráf, minister of agriculture and rural development and dr. Sándor Magda, chairman of the Agricultural Committee of the Parliament. This document will support the common understanding of operators in science, higher education, manufacturing and growing.

Seen, heard, read. “We have had better days in terms of nutrient management” Report
(Zoltán Molnár)
The Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Fejér held a meeting titled “Current issues in nutrient management” in Velence in late September. Director dr. Ottó Pálmai welcomed participants, giving an overview of the almost 25 years’ history of nutrient management at the Service. He was followed by dr. István Terbe, professor and head of department in the Horticultural Faculty of Corvinus University, speaking about the principles and practice of nutrient supply of vegetable plants. Dr. József Horváth, leader of the company ‘Talajerőgazdálkodás Kkt.’, Kaposvár dealt with advisory service in applying nutrients for field crops. In the second part of the meeting the representatives of certain fertilizer manufacturers and distributors could present their activities and products.

Note for growers. About energy-producing fields
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the 22nd Bábolna International Farmers’ Days, a conference titled “Crop land as source of energy” aroused great interest. It was the first time for many participants to hear about the foundation of the National Bioenergy Association in 2006 with the aim of developing a national programme for producing energy in agriculture by crop production. The objectives have been set in three areas: to reduce energy imports, to decrease environmental load and to open safe and new prospects for agricultural production.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)