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Agroforum 2006 October

The taste of bread
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Winter wheat nutrient supply tailored to varieties
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
Fertilizer application is a decisive element of increasing crop quality and quantity and improving cropping stability of winter wheat. Proving this, the author presents the history of fertilizer use, then outlines the results of his trials and practical experience with the nutrient supply of winter wheat. He takes the factors, one after the other, influencing the efficacy of fertilization. He pays special attention to variety-specific fertilizer application. It has an important role in professional nutrient supply of wheat, allowing fertilization suited to the requirements and response to fertilizers of the particular varieties. By this, higher yields, better cropping stability, improved crop quality can be reached, the applied fertilizers can be better utilised. Therefore, in addition to improving agronomic efficacy, profitability of growing can also be increased.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Thoughts in connection with an unusual hot pepper show
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article lets us have an insight in the thoughts of an official of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in connection with a hot pepper meeting. Having visited the event, he is seeking the answer to the question whether greenhouse growing based on hot pepper hybrids is justified or not. After giving an overview of the Hungarian situation, the author discusses hot pepper management programmes, revealing the differences between protected and conventional growing and the reasons why the former can be an alternative for growers and processing industry. The article finishes with indicating the possible solutions for managing the difficulties of the sector.

About winter wheat yields – 2006
(Sándor Kovács)
The author from the National Institute of Agricultural Quality Control gives a comprehensive picture of winter wheat yields for 2006. He presents the results of trials with the standard varieties and third-year variety candidates in a tabulated form. He summarises the questions arising from studying the data with drawing the conclusions.

Information for choosing winter barley varieties
(Dr. György Matók)
The representative of the National Institute of Agricultural Quality Control wishes to help growers in choosing the varieties to be grown by publishing the results of the comparative trials with winter barley varieties registered in Hungary, according to maturity groups.

How much seed to sow?
(Dr. László Bódis)
The author gathered old-time and current literature data in order to answer questions of wheat sowing such as: What is the recommended seeding rate? What is the guiding rule for determining optimal germ number? Should we dare to seed a low germ number?

“Sow certified seeds to harvest good yields” (x)
This is the position paper of the Hungarian Seed Association, the Hungarian Association of Cereal Producers and the Hungarian Cereals and Feeds Association regarding the use of certified seeds.

Descriptive Variety List of Vegetable Crops. Sweet corn
(Zsuzsanna Füstös, Ferenc Kovács)
The National Institute of Agricultural Quality Control regularly publishes the Descriptive Variety List of Vegetable Crops. Earlier such lists were released in printed form, but the recent volumes can be accessed only electronically, on the website of the Institute. Agrofórum wishes to make known, as much as possible, the abstracts of the particular chapters for the main vegetable crops from the Descriptive Variety List to enhance information flow. In the first part, the author summarises information on one of the crops grown on the largest areas in Hungary: sweet corn. He deals with the varieties and provides data on agronomic characteristics, appearance and chemical composition of the crop that may help producers and consumers in getting acquainted with varieties.

Seen, heard, read. Sweet corn varieties shown by Syngenta Seeds
(Dr. Gábor Princzinger)
Syngenta Seeds held its ever-frequented meeting on sweet corn varieties in Hajdúszoboszló in August 2006. The field show took place in the territory of Tonavar Ltd. at the outskirts of Hajdúszoboszló. The special importance of the topic in the area is conspicuous from the fact that professionals arrived to the event from eight countries. The 18 varieties were sown in a super-sweet field of the farm. The leading professionals of Syngenta Seeds delivered some lectures in the second part of the meeting

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Situation of private farms according to the assessment of the Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AKI)
(Dr. Lajos Gockler)
In June 2006, the Agricultural Economics Research Institute (AKI) released a publication titled “The capacity of private farms and their role in subsistence”, giving a detailed analysis of the situation of private farms. The author deals with the comprehensive study of this topic. He highlights the questions of the actual position of private farms, their economic output and their ideas about the future.

Dangerous pests (II/5) Eight-legged mites
(Dr. Júlia Győrffy Molnár)
This part of the series on dangerous pests presents phytophagous eight-legged mites. You may get to know the importance and damage of mite pests, taxonomy of the major species, their geographic distribution, morphology and biology. Of course, the alternatives of cultural, biological and chemical control are not missing either.

Risk of buying a bearing vineyard
(Csaba Horváth)
Based on his experience, the author presents and summarises the plant health problem he faced after buying a bearing vineyard. The article not only reveals the causes of the damages but also the lessons learned.

Fertilizer application in meadows and pastures, possibilities for improving grassland management in the area between the rivers Duna and Tisza
(István Harmati)
The article deals with the issues of improving natural grasslands of different plant composition on meadow soil and of increasing their yields in the area between the rivers Duna and Tisza. Furthermore the author discusses the programme of establishing and professionally managing the cultivated grassland on these areas. The key point of grassland management is nutrient and water supply, therefore the author focuses on these two factors. The results of fertilizer application are the experience of long-term trials studying the effect of different rates of N-, P- and K-fertilizers and their combination on the plant composition of grasslands.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is a brief compilation of interesting articles published in foreign technical journals.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Seed treatment machines
(Dr. György Dimitrievits)
The expert of the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering presents the implements of careful seed dressing and the necessary knowledge for their use. He groups the different seed treatment machines according to the formulation of the seed dressing product and the operation system and design of the machines, dealing also with the control of seed and product flow. Finally there are recommendations for choosing and operating the machines.

Turbo TeeJet® Duo provides excellent coverage and minimal drift (x)
The distributing Farmcenter Ltd. recommends the nozzle Turbo Teejet® Duo in order to reach more even spraying.

The advantage of home ground or what does the manufacture background of VOGEL&NOOT mean? (x)
The advantages of VOGEL&NOOT implements based on growers’ experience.

Väderstad-clinic. Waiting for the new-generation Cultus cultivators from Väderstad paid off
Väderstad Ltd. recommends its renewed, second-generation Cultus cultivators for growers.

Changes in agriculture and agri-machinery in the years of the EU accession (1)
(Dr. Lajos Gockler)
The Central Statistical Office carried out a survey on the economic structure in November 2005. It released its preliminary data in a publication presenting the structural changes having taken place in Hungarian agriculture in the past 5 years. Based on the survey results, the author provides an analysis on a longer run about the general economic data, the number of farms and the average cultivated area and the share of holdings and cultivated land according to sizes. In addition, he evaluates the distribution of holdings according to production type, the changes in private farms and the number of farms with animal husbandry and the size of livestock. Comparing the annual data of the Central Statistical Office, he concluded that the concentration of agricultural production has begun in the past five years, but further important changes are necessary for more successful and competitive farming.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Portrait… Talk with János Pócs, the chief executive of Agárd Agro-economy Co.
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is an interview about farming and growers’ cooperation in the Agárd Agro-economy Co.

Rendezvous with Bayer 2006 – Demjén. The secret of success: quality
(Zoltán Molnár)
This August Bayer CropScience held its grapevine meeting in Eger Wine Region near to the village Demjén, hosted by Egri Korona Wine House. Information was provided to visitors at various places. Bayer’s management programme of grapevine pests was demonstrated in the vineyard, evaluating a trial. Teréz Dula, phytopathologist of the Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Heves presented this year’s pests and diseases characteristic of the region in a “spot-training”. Perhaps the most popular stage of the event was the winery where, in addition to looking around in the up-to-date facility, visitors could also taste wines. The highlight of the meeting for vine-growers and winemakers was the announcement of results of the Third Bayer Wine Competition.

Seen, heard, read. 4M-ECO, an agricultural advisory system
(AF)
The XV. Farmer-Expo gave the opportunity to the University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Land Use and Rural Development and the Land Use and Rural Development Research Team of the Academy of Sciences and the Debrecen University to organise a conference where they presented the complex decision-support system for crop production developed based on several decades’ research results of the university Department. They wish to support agricultural entrepreneurs of the northern part of the Great Plain to increase their proficiency and profitability.

Note for growers: About the improving chances of rape growers
(Miklós Kurucz )
The note summarises aspects of growing, economics and marketing of rape growing, highlighting the prospects of the sector in Hungary.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)