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Agroforum 2007 December

We are on the way!
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Satellite infrastructure in the service of precision agriculture in Hungary
(Dr. István Fejes, Tamás Horváth, Dr. Sándor Frey)
The authors from the Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing (FÖMI) present the high-accuracy systems for satellite-assisted global positioning (Egnos, OmniSTAR, Eupos). They draw the attention to a country-wide correction service already put in place in Hungary. GNSSnet.hu (GNSS: Global Navigation Satellite Systems) is suitable for efficient use in precision agriculture as well. In addition to be cost-efficient, its application allows to make navigation more simple and precise.

FOCUSING ON APPLE PRODUCTION

Global apple market
(Ms. F. Erdész dr.)
The specialist of the Agricultural Economics Research Institute analyses the trends of apple growing in the world and Hungary, going back to several years. It is followed with an outlook to global prospects. The author draws the attention to the necessity of renewing Hungarian apple production and to increase competitiveness of our apples. Though there have been significant developments in the sector during the past few years, orchards need to be further renewed, storage capacities still expanded and grading and packing lines to be refurbished.

Apples in 2007 – facts and prospects
(Dr. István Gonda, Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
This is a review about regulations for supporting new plantations, as well as about the factors to be considered for ensuring crop safety and about the prospects for apple market.

Data on the changing use of apple varieties in Hungary
(Áron Nagy, Zsolt Szani)
A key issue of selecting varieties for establishing an orchard is to satisfy consumers’ demand. The authors give an account of producing propagating materials in the near past in order to speed up the rate of changing the grown varieties.

Experiences of apple growing in Nagykálló. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
This article reports on the talk with the manager of Family-Gyeimpex Ltd. about the critical elements of the apple management programme: cultural operations in the season, nutrient supply, pest management and compensation of losses from frost damage.

Decline of young apple trees
(Dr. Klára Véghelyi)
The protection against frequent and dangerous target organisms generally prevent the high increase of populations of several pathogens causing other foliar diseases and of pests that may provoke significant damages to crop quality and quantity, as well reduce the strength of trees for overwintering. This is why the author presents the pests and diseases causing the decline of young trees. She shares her knowledge with readers about the possibilities for their control and timing of the treatments.

Post-harvest fruit protection in an environmentally-friendly way
(Dr. Imre Holb)
The application of environmentally-friendly pest management programmes involves new challenges also after harvest. Considering its importance and the elements of crop production, it can be concluded that the success of next years’ plant protection depends on the efficient performance of post-harvest works.

Quarantine rust fungi of juniper and apples
(Dr. Klára Véghelyi)
The plant pathologist deals with the details of Gymnosporangium species causing apple rust and not having been detected in Europe. She concludes that the eventual entry of such quarantine pests – due also to the wide range of alternate hosts – imposes a potential risk to Hungarian apple orchards, too. The paper discusses the biology of the pathogens, the susceptibility of the apple varieties and the means of cultural, mechanical and chemical control of the main pathogen.

Apple growing for juice. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We asked Sándor Király, plant protection professional about apple growing in a family enterprise. He spoke about his experience with resistant varieties, the consequences of spring frosts and summer drought, as well as outlined the prospects for the next season.

Weed management in apple orchards and new challenges
(Roland Szabó)
The author addresses the options for weed control in apple orchards. Based on the results of the weed surveys conducted in the past few years, he gives tabulated information on the major weed plants infesting apple orchards. He sums up the range of active substances of herbicides according to their effect on the target weed and the mode of their application. Finally, he outlines the principles of selecting herbicides.

Occurrence of animal pests and experience of their control in apple orchards in the Nógrád region in 2007
(Mária Szántó Veszelka)
The entomologist of the Directorate pf Plant Protection and Soil Conservation of the Agricultural Office of County Nógrád gives an overall view of animal pests occurred in the county in 2007, the magnitude of the damages they caused and the experience of the treatments carried out against them.

Cost-benefit relations of apple growing in up-to-date Hungarian and German holdings
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
The paper provides an overview of the cost-benefit balance of growing fresh-market apples in Hungary and Germany. It concludes that we cannot keep our competitiveness without a sound information infrastructure around production, marketing and R+D activity, as well as supports for investments. Our advantages in farm management compared to Germany are mainly attributed to lower wages, higher investment subsidies and the relatively low frequency of hails. However, we should be aware of that they are mere accidental benefits, completely independent from the grower, therefore we should prepare for the increase of production costs on the longer run.

Apple growing and sales at Nyírbátor. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Our correspondent talked with Imre Fülep, horticulturist about apple growing and storing managed in a family farm. He outlined the performance of trees observed this year and yield prospects for the next season, and also spoke about his experience in selling apples in 2007.

From the tree of life to Christmas tree – Contribution to cultural history
(Dr. Dezső Surányi)
The paper presents the role of apple in cultural history, its mythical meaning and the plant as a symbol of a feast.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

About the quality of wheat in 2007
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The author gives an account of the quality of Hungarian wheat, the methods and results of wheat testing performed during the year. It can be concluded from the article that the quantity of wheat harvested in the past summer was not conspicuous but its quality was outstanding.

Flour production for diabetic use restarts in the Cereal Research Institute
(TSZI)
The production of bakery raw materials for diabetic consumers restarted from strictly controlled basic materials in the Cereal Research Institute at Szeged.

SYNPLUS – if you want more (x)
(Tivadar Boncsarovszky)
Syngenta presents new maize hybrids for growers.

Report from the fields in autumn of 2007
(József Lukács, Ágnes Horpácsi Zsulya)
The authors from the Central Agricultural Office give a status report on harvesting in 2007, as well as on sowing and soil preparation as it could be seen when visiting the fields.

Comments on the use of triasulfuron products (Logran 20 WG, Triastar)
(Zsuzsanna Hoffmann Pathy)
The risk involved in the carry-over effect of herbicides was on the agenda in the September number of Agrofórum. Unfortunately, there was a certain inaccuracy in the article regarding the use of the triasulfuron herbicide 20 WG (triasulfuron + dicamba). The weed control specialist of the Directorate pf Plant Protection and Soil Conservation of the Agricultural Office of County Somogy makes the necessary correction in the present article.

A new era of DEKALB sunflowers – leading genetics also in sunflowers! (x)
(Dr. Erzsébet Kiss, József Wágner)
A new-generation of DEKALB sunflower hybrids is recommended by Monsanto.

Alimentary value, growing and storage of celery
(Dr. Zsuzsanna Füstös, Dr. Marianna Fehér, Rita Szabó)
The authors outline the uses of the three types of celery (Anethum graveolens convar. dulce, convar. secalinum and convar. rapeceum), the key elements of the crop management programme and the issues of storage. They discuss the characteristic traits of the involved varieties as measured and observed in the description trials of the Agricultural Office and the storage experiments carried out by Budapest Corvinus University.

Silage maize hybrids from KWS (x)
(Dr. Sándor Nagy)
KWS recommends its new-generation silage maize hybrids for growers.

GM-maize in the neighbourhood
(AF)
The representative of our journal assisted a GM-maize show in Slovakia. Our correspondent summarises what he has seen and heard there.

Significant changes in the global breeding of maize (x)
(Benő Kökény, Balázs Szeidl)
Monsanto maize hybrids keep on in the service of growers.

End-of-the-year party at MAKHTESHIM AGAN
(Dr. György Demes)
MAKHTESHIM-AGAN Hungary Plc. held its traditional sales meeting to finish the season in Parádsasvár on 25-26 October. In his opening speech, the general director of the company, Rami A. Samash discussed the changes taken place in the sector and their effects. The sales manager dr. Tamás Sélley gave an account of the results and plans of MAKHTESHIM-AGAN.

Healthy grapes, higher sugar content also in drought with Agroleaf (x)
It is about the advantages of using Agroleaf foliar fertilizers based on the experiences obtained in 2007.

The results of survey for “The best workplaces” among large enterprises. Press release
Syngenta Ltd. was ranked high in a survey conducted among big companies by Hewitt Human Consulting and the daily paper ‘Világgazdaság’ (“Global market”) in 2007.

Briefly about big results (x)
(Szabó Roland)
You can read the main criteria of the sunflower hybrids from Summit-Agro Hungary Ltd.

The results of comparative trials with ammonium-nitrate and LINZER NAC in rapes and application of P fertilizers in wheat (x)
(Gábor Müller)
This is what Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. recommends in fertilizers for rape and wheat growers.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Short reviews of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals are not missing from this number of Agrofórum either.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s get to know the tractors (1)
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
The basic machine of agriculture is the tractor. Since its creation, it has undergone a significant development, and this process is still continuing. The authors, invited to the launched series, wish to inform readers regularly and in an easy-to-understand way about the changes taken place in tractor techniques. In addition to outlining technical solutions, they want to help growers with ready-to-use advice, as well.

Launching VOGEL-NOOT season with 25-30 % discount! (x)
Vogel-Noot Mezőgépgyár Ltd. draws growers’ attention to its NettoLine promotion.

Novelties from FENDT (1)
(Dr. György Demes)
The professionals of FENDT company – a member of AGCO group – gave an account of their development results for 150 journalists from 28 countries on 10 October. This event had been organised before the exhibition AGRITECHNICA 2007, still known for its tractor show, was opened.

Under the magnifying glass (42) KERTITOX BORA 2000 orchard sprayer equipped with plant sensor
(Dr. György Dimitrievits)
This part of the series puts the trailed orchard sprayer KERTITOX BORA 2000 under the magnifying glass. The article presents the main characteristics of the machine, its structure, operation, giving tabulated information on the main technical data. The objective, conditions, the methods and results of testing carried out in the fields and the laboratory by the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering are indicated. The major characteristics of output, working quality, energy-consumption and operation are also described. Finally, you may read about the experiences and the recommendations for users.

Advising on application techniques for growers (1) (x)
(Jenő Huszár, Miklós Pánczél)
The authors from Farmcenter Ltd. outline the requirements for sprayers and nozzles.

Belarus Tractor Ltd. extends its activity in Hungary (x)
In addition to the distribution of power machines, Belarus Tractor Ltd. will be at buyers’ disposal in the future also with the sales of the original spare parts from the manufacturer.

Seen, heard, read. DAMMANN-TRACK DT 2000 H mobile sprayer on show
(Dr. Demes György)
STARCZ Ltd. representing DAMMANN sprayers in Hungary introduced DAMMANN-TRACK DT 2000 H mobile sprayer for the first time. The high-clearance (1.9 m) sprayer was released for AGRITECHNICA exhibition held in Hannover. The Hungarian requirements were also taken into consideration during the development of the machine. The jury of AGRITECHNICA awarded a silver medal for this characteristic as an outstanding novelty.

Väderstad-clinic. Convincing experience with the first Cultus model (x)
Growers share their experience with readers about the work done by Väderstad Cultus cultivator.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

MAG golden pen in 2007 was awarded to dr. Pál Békési, member of our editorial board
(Dr. Bódis László)
Dr. Pál Békési received MAG golden pen in recognition of his 40-year-long work.

Note for growers. Self-evaluation of entrepreneurs
(Miklós Kurucz)
The end of the year is the time for accounts. Individuals, families, society look back to the months left behind. They evaluate success, analyse failures, and draw conclusions. Growers cannot do in another way either.

Beginning after the end…
(Dr. László Bódis)
Agrofórum was invited to Óbecse in Vojvodina (Serbia) for a ceremony of handing over the certificates for farmers having participated in a cross-border training programme.

Book review. Methodology of precision agriculture. Edited by Tamás Németh, Miklós Neményi and Zsolt Harnos
(Dr. Imre Kádár)
This book is a real stop-gap with providing methodology and a general overview about the current situation and future prospects of precision agriculture. It summarises the theory and practice, and also offers an outlook to global trends.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Ábrahám Ganz
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month we may get to know the life and work of Ábrahám Ganz in the frame of the series presenting the persons who greatly contributed to Hungarian agriculture.

Portrait. Talk with Tamás Németh, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is a talk with Professor Dr. Tamás Németh about our planet, research, family and scale of values.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)