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Agroforum 2007 February

Let’s open the books!
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The position of Hungarian plant breeding and its effect on agriculture
(Dr. János Matuz, Dr. Zoltán Kertész)
The article gives an account of the lectures delivered on the conference titled “Biological bases in agriculture” organised by the National Institute of Agricultural Quality Control (OMMI) on 4 December 2006. It offers details on the number of varieties in the particular groups of field crops, vegetables, medicinal plants, herbs, fruits, ornamentals, forestry crops and grapes. The Hungarian and foreign applications for the registration of varieties are also outlined.

CURRENT ISSUES OF VEGETABLE GROWING

Irrigation water in soilless vegetable growing in the southern part of the Great Plain
(Ms. I Rácz)
The article highlights the importance of hydroponic vegetable growing. The author believes in the prospects of soilless greenhouse growing of peppers, tomatoes and cucumbers in the southern part of the Great Plain. She discusses the key points of making up nutrient solutions, among them water quality and creating the chemical conditions of applying nutrient solutions. In addition, she outlines the process of preparing nutrient solutions. Its first step is the assessment of water quality that can be followed by the preparation of nutrient solutions based on water analysis.

Outdoor growing of lettuce
(Dr. István Terbe)
The author summarises the dietetic importance of leaf vegetables and consumers’ habits. He gives a detailed description of the environmental requirements of lettuce and the main elements of the crop management programme. Therefore the article informs readers on what to pay attention to when choosing the production site, preparing the soil and which morphological traits and biological characteristics determine the success of choosing the variety to grow. Furthermore, we may read about the way of propagating lettuce, cultural operations and harvesting.

Management of green peas
(Dr. Katalin Slezák)
The specialist of the Horticultural Faculty of Budapest Corvinus University summarises the essential elements successful green peas growing. She gives an account of the crop’s demand for environmental conditions, and the criteria that need to be considered when choosing the varieties to grow. She discusses the elements of the crop management programme, such as soil preparation, propagation, cultural operations, harvesting and postharvest works, as well as quality parameters laid down in the Codex Alimentarius Hungaricus .

Enhancing earliness of sweet corn
(Ferenc Orosz)
Before dealing with the options for enhancing earliness, the author informs readers on the key aspects of sweet corn growing in terms of selecting the variety, irrigation, nutrient supply, propagation, cultural operations and harvesting.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

The necessity and possibility of changing varieties in potato growing
(Dr. Zsolt Polgár)
The author begins with pointing out the main reasons why the risk of potato growing has significantly increased, diminishing producers’ incentives. The author is convinced that a change in using varieties and the concept of growing is needed in the sector. He enumerates various arguments and economic calculations supporting the production of domestic potato varieties.

The concept and methods of early potato production, new options
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi, Dr. József Kruppa)
First the authors give the definition of early potatoes and all the data in appearance and chemical composition in which „new” potatoes differ from the conventional „mass” potatoes harvested in autumn. In addition to outlining the history of early potato growing, the article deals with the detailed description of certain elements of the crop management programme and of baby potatoes planted in summer.

Dangerous pests (II/8) Fruit moths (1)
(Tamás Hegyi, Mária Szántó Veszelka)
This part of the series puts oriental peach moth among fruit moths under the magnifying glass. Readers may get to know the economic importance, host plants, taxonomy, geographic distribution, biology and damage of the pest, as well as the possibilities of its mechanical and chemical control.

The effect of certain climatic and agronomic factors on the fungal diseases and Fusarium content of maize hybrids
(Dr. Mihály Sárvári)
The author lets us have an insight into the trials carried out with fungal diseases at the Botanical Department of Debrecen University in 2006. They studied the effect of certain climatic and agronomic factors on the Fusarium toxin content and infestation level in maize hybrids.

Results of fertilizer trials – 2006 (x)
Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. informs on their results of fertilizer application trials in certain crops.

The new Goal Duplo. You may only like it (x)
(István Szabó)
Dow AgroSciences recommends growers its new herbicide Goal duplo for the control of annual broad-leaved weeds in sunflowers, onions, grapes and orchards.

MONSANTO and a major crop of the third millennium, maize (x)
(István Szanyi)
It deals with the past, present and future in Monsanto’s view regarding maize growing.

New challenges for maize growing (x)
(Péter Sipos)
Pioneer’s professional draws the attention to the importance of the problem caused by Fusarium-toxins in maize.

PIONEER Studies – February (x)
(Péter Sipos, Dr. László Piukovics)
PIONEER Studies in February outlines the future prospects of bioethanol, the possibilities for its production and the Express®-tolerant weed control programme in sunflowers.

The revival of Proponit 720 EC (x)
(György Salamon)
Arysta LifeScience Hungary Ltd. recommends growers Proponit 720 EC, a propisochlor herbicide for the control of annual monocot and certain dicot weeds in the registered crops.

Tested and proven maize hybrids from KWS (x)
(Dr. Sándor Nagy)
This is the hybrid offer of KWS for maize growers.

Post-emergence weed control in sunflowers: applying ExpressÒ50 SXÒ in PR63E82 sunflowers (x)
(Dr. Elemér Tóth, Dr. István Molnár, István Rácz)
DuPont Hungary Ltd. presents Express 50 SX (tribenuron-methyl) for post emergence weed control in sunflowers.

Nativo – a fungicide developed for us (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer CropScience recommends rape growers its new, combined fungicide Nativo (tebuconazole + trifloxistrobin).

Rapes, Talstar and Kwizda (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
This is Hungarian Kwizda’s proposal for spring rape production.

How much are GrowHow fertilizers worth? (x)
Kemira GrowHow outlines the advantages of using POWER fertilizers.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
A brief review of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Technical conditions of applying microgranules
(Dr. György Dimitrievits)
The specialist of the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering describes the most important requirements and technical specifications for microgranule distributors. He presents the different machines and adapters designed for applying microgranules, and the conditions of accurate adjusting of microgranule spreaders.

Väderstad-clinic. Väderstad pilot farm programme with László Boris (x)
The benefits of using Väderstad implements from the viewpoint of growers.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note for growers. About the usefulness of agrometeorology
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series focuses on agrometeorology providing essential information for successful crop management and it importance.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural history. Pál Kocsis
(1884-1967)

The first part of the series presenting the outstanding personalities of our agricultural past, deals with the grapevine breeder Pál Kocsis.

Seen heard, read. Overview of the Hungarian research in powdery mildew
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The Phytopathology Section of the Plant Protection Society of the Hungarian Association of Agricultural Sciences (MAE) organised its meeting about Hungarian research in powdery mildew at a workshop held the library of the Plant Protection Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in November 2006. The author gives an overview of the delivered talks.

Portrait. Talk with dr. György Fehér, general director
(Dr. László Bódis)
Read the interview with the general director of the Museum of Agriculture about the situation of the agricultural institution and his own contribution to the history of agriculture.

Seen heard, read. Results and plans of BASF
(Dr. György Demes)
The Agricultural Products Division of BASF informed its partners about the results achieved in 2006 on a commercial meeting held in Balatonalmádi on 1 December.

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)