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Agroforum 2007 May

The editor in chief takes leave
(Dr. Gábor Princzinger, Dr. István Csíbor)

Flowers of forests and meadows
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Twelve years’ experience of Austrian agriculture within the EU
(Dr. Balázs Somogyi)
The deputy director of the Burgenland Agricultural Chamber summarises Austrian experience in the EU in the area of growing field crops and fruits, as well as in animal husbandry. He mentions the achievements and reveals the problems they faced during the 12 years after their accession.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The effect of different levels of ragweed infestation on sunflowers
(Dr. Péter Varga, Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Imre Béres, Dr. Imre Kovács)
Weeds cause difficult problems year by year for sunflower growers. Broadleaf weeds impose a risk in particular because of the herbicide sensitivity of sunflower, allowing hardly any possibility for in-crop application of chemicals. Ragweed, due to its strong competitiveness, may cause significant yield loss both in rainy and dry seasons. The efficacy of chemical weed control is highly influenced by environmental factors. This is why the authors established a trial on plant competition in a sunflower field in spring 2005 and 2006 in order to study the effect of different ragweed populations on the crop height and yield of sunflowers.

We have asked how the flusilazole and carbendazim fungicide Alert® S will be withdrawn from sunflowers (x)
In the information material of DuPont Hungary Ltd., Éva Somogyi Pálos from the Central Agricultural Office, Directorate of Plant Protection, Soil Conservation and Agri-environment gives an account of the procedure of withdrawing Alert S (flusilazole + carbendazim) from sunflowers.

Fungal diseases without winter or saving tonnes of wheat by applying fungicides (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
This is Hungarian Kwizda Ltd.’s fungicide offer for wheat growers.

Study of nectar production by sunflower in 2006 (x)
(Edit Zajácz, János Bíró)
The authors, according to their test results, present the bee-keeping value of seven sunflower hybrids released by Syngenta.

How has winter barley overwintered at Kompolt? Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
This is a talk with dr. István Murányi, the director of the Research Institute Fleischmann Rudolf of Károly Róbert College, Agricultural Faculty about barley breeding, its targets, the most common agronomic mistakes and the conditions of barley after the past winter.

Winter wheat management programme at Dalmand in the light of the past winter. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
In the interview Béla Macháty, deputy-general director of Dalmand Agricultural Plc. speaks about their philosophy in growing winter wheat and this season’s prospects in the mirror of early sowing, the past long and warm autumn, the high number of virus vectors and pathogens.

Fighting perennial weeds with Motivell Turbo D in maize (x)
(Dr. Imre Kovács)
The development engineer of BASF Hungary Ltd. recommends Motivell Turbo D (pentazon+ dicamba + nicosulfuron + maize oil + methyl oleate + methyl palmiate) for the control of perennial weeds in maize.

Valbon, the specialist (x)
(Péter Vitéz, György Salamon)
Arysta LifeScience has widened its range of pesticides for use in vineyards with a new product against downy mildew, Valbon WG (bentiavalicarb isopropyl + mancozeb).

Integrated pest management in asparagus
(András Molnár)
The author summarises all the relevant information needed to implement a good plant protection programme for successful asparagus growing. The provided tables present the products registered for use in the crop and the ones bound to case-by-case permit. The article provides a detailed discussion of the damages by the major pests and diseases, the options for their control, as well as of the nutrient deficiencies whose symptoms are incorrectly attributed to harmful organisms.

Large-scale fruit growing by small-holders’ cooperation. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Fruit growers are talking about their future plans and prospects.

Mass-trapping: Is it feasible to control European goat moth?
(Dr. Erzsébet Voigt, Dr. Miklós Tóth, Szabolcs Makó, Pál Nagy)
The authors begin with informing on European goat moth and its damage recorded at particularly high levels in certain fruit orchards in 2006. They continue with describing mass trapping as a feasible control option and the related research results in apricots and sour cherries.

How to maximize rape yields and the volume of harvested seeds (x)
Agrosol 2000 Ltd. recommends Nu-Film 17 for rape growers in order to obtain higher yields.

3F for protecting cereals (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer CropScience presents its cereal protection programme called 3F.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Bending the straight line. Information about a nutrient supply advisory system (2)
(Mária Regős, Dr. Erik Czinege)
In the second part of their article, the authors present their paper prepared about the results of analyses of soils submitted by their partners in the frame of the Agri-environment Management Programme. They present the data according to the nutrient supply categories once identified in the scheme of the Plant Protection and Agrochemistry Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food (MÉM NAK). They also add their conclusion drawn from these results.

Straight-out about curve
(Dr. Árendás Tamás)
You may read the comments written by the expert of the Agricultural Research Centre of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences to the article titled “Bending the straight line”, published in the April number of Agrofórum.

Crop quality needs nitrogen fertilizers! (x)
(Roland Dudda)
The professional of Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. emphasises the importance of nitrogen fertilizers applied to improve wheat quality.

LOOKOUT

Current state and future prospects of Romanian agriculture
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
The agri-economist lets us have an insight into the main features of Romanian agriculture, the characteristics of farm structure and the agricultural supports from the time prior to their EU accession to the present date.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
The article published in a foreign journal and reviewed this time deals with the question whether energy crop production imposes a risk to food safety or not by using land, designated for food growing, for producing energy.

SIMA 2007 – international fair of agricultural machines
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
This year SIMA, the international fair of agricultural machines in France opened its gates for the 72nd time to display products by 1250 exhibitors from 40 countries on 220 thousand square metres. The article presents the novelties shown in all kinds of implements, drills, sprayers, power machines and harvesters.

Integrated tillage practice in Czinagro Agri Ltd (x)
The experience of integrated soil cultivation by using Väderstad implements are presented from the point of view of a grower.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Wider range of machines and an increasing interest on AXIÁL Days
(Dr. György Demes)
This was already the sixth time in late March to organise AXIÁL Days in Lajosmizse. Accorditing to the traditions of the event, the complete range of new and used machines and spare-parts for agriculture and building industry were displayed. It allowed visitors to get acquainted with the different kinds of AXIÁL’s servicing activity from the conventional machinery to the recent one, AXIÁL Financial Services launched last year and continuously expanding. At the time of opening the exhibition, two persons from the management of AXIÁL Ltd., the owner Zsolt Harsányi, and a manager, Zsolt Pintér held a press conference, providing information on their achievements, plans and ideas. Our correspondent talked with the company leaders about them.

Experience with self-propelled FMC combines for peas at Orosfarm Cooperative
(László K. Tóth)
The preparation of harvesters for the peas season requires significant efforts and professional skills. The used, old machines provide high operational safety only after mechanical, hydraulic and electric inputs. The professionals of Orosfarm cooperative share their experience in repairing, maintenance and operation of such machines with readers.

Sprayers for field crops
(Dr. György Dimitrievits)
One of the essential conditions and requirements of successful plant protection is to apply a suitable sprayer and application technique. Recently, the demands regarding machines have become more stringent, therefore the expert of the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering outlines the criteria for selecting machines and the major accessories of sprayers.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Information on the Society of Hungarian Land Stewards
(Dr. István Fésüs)
It provides an overview of the objectives of the Society of Hungarian Land Stewards, the main targets and the scope of activity of the organisation.

Portrait. Interview with Gergely Márk, rose breeder
(Dr. László Bódis)
Gergely Márk rose breeder speaks about his life work, philosophy and future plans.

Visit to Vojvodina …
(Dr. László Bódis)
The Cereal Research Non-Profit Company, Szeged invited Agrofórum to visit Vojvodina, Serbia in the frame of a cross-border education and information programme. Our correspondent concluded his experience about the trip in this article.

Legal page. About supporting growers’ sales organisations
(Dr. Lajos Szabó)
The legal advisor gives an overview of a recently published decree, enacted in order to support Producers’ marketing organisations (TÉSZ).

Note for growers. The agricultural effects of climate change
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series highlights climate change, the increase of weather extremities and their effects on agriculture.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural history: Ferenc Entz
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month the life and activity of Ferenc Entz is in the focus of the series on the outstanding persons of the Hungarian agricultural history.

Written anno
(Péter Inczédy)