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Agroforum 2008 August

The most beautiful country
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Hungary’s agriculture in 2007 (2)
(Lajos Kaposi, Pál Bóday, Gábor Valkó)
An overall time series analysis is given about the performance of the Hungarian agriculture based on macroeconomic indices. The purchase and input prices, labour use, structural frame of land use and the role of foreign trade in the agricultural sector are detailed.

FOCUSING ON SEED TREAMENT

Controlling cereal pests and diseases with seed dressing
(Ágoston Tóth)
The author discusses the role and the effect of seed treatments with fungicides and insecticides in the protection of cereals. He summarises the options of seed dressing against the major fungal and insect damages, outlining the products registered for such uses.

Briefly about seed treatment
(Dr. Sándor Csete)
The author gives a brief overview about seed treatment, its purpose and importance in successful crop production.

Protection from the first day with Bayer seed dressers (x)
(László Farády)
This is what Bayer CropScience offers growers for seed treatment of cereals.

Seed treatment – what will the future bring? Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The author of our permanent column “Written anno” is an acknowledged expert also in seed treatment. We asked him about the Hungarian situation and future challenges in this field.

Spot report about seed treatment at Mezőhegyes Ménesbirtok Plc.
(Attila Kosztolányi)
This is a talk with András Garai, the seed production manager of Mezőhegyes Ménesbirtok Plc. about the practice they follow at the company and the expected development in seed dressing.

Healthy start triggering high yields (x)
(János Kamp)
This is Syngenta Ltd.’s offer in seed dressing products..

Treatment of cereal seeds with insecticides at Lajtamag Ltd. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We asked Gábor Seiwerth, the managing director of Lajtamag Ltd. about the insecticide treatment of cereals, the experience obtained in this field, the advantages of the technique and the incurring expenses not negligible for growers.

Seed treatment as insurance against risks (x)
Chemtura recommends growers the seed dressing product Vitavax 2000 (carboxin+TMTD).

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The Hungarian practice of mulching
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The author first recalls some earlier examples of mulching, indicating the pitfalls of the attempts. In connection with the climate change, she draws the attention to the importance of protecting the soil out of season. She also refers to growers who have 5-6 or even 10-12 years’ experience in mulching. The article mentions examples of the advantages of leaving much in the field, such as saving moisture and better conditions for tillage. The eventual plant protection risks and the means of their elimination are also dealt with.

The bases of profitability: professional soil sampling + reliable fertilizer regime
(Dr. Péter Csathó, Dr. Nándor Fodor, Dr. Tamás Németh, Dr. Tamás Árendás)
The authors present the elements of the new fertilizer advisory system they have developed in order to reduce expenses and environmental risks. One of the main strengths of the system is that it is based on the largest Hungarian database of long-term fertilizer trials, supporting reasonable nutrient supply.

Thoughts about head blight
(Dr. Pál Békési)
In connection with this season’s weather conditions favourable for head blight, the author recalls the experiences of the head blight epidemics occurred ten years ago, also mentioning the made mistakes. In the second part of the article, we may read about the major problems to be solved right now regarding head blight. He also deals with the means of further increasing the efficacy of controlling the disease.

In connection with Pannon wheat growing programme
(Sándor Oravecz)
The author gives a detailed description of the elements of the Canadian quality wheat growing programme as an example for us to follow in various aspects. Finally he makes some recommendations for working out a Hungarian system.

“Pannon wheat” trade mark. Press release
(Grain Producers’ Association)
Grain Producers’ Association informs on the conditions of obtaining the right for using the trade mark of “Pannon wheat” in the frame of a competition. The call covers the scope of “Pannon wheat” as certified basic material and flour, cereal product, bread and other bakery products produced from that.

Is barley not only liquid bread?!
(Ildikó Karsai, Éva Vincze)
Only 2% of the grown barley is used as basic material for food. The lectures delivered at the 10th International Barley Genetics Symposium informed on the favourable physiological effects of the plant and its positive role in healthy nutrition. They also mentioned that barley could be added to wheat flour even at 20-30 %, without leading to a substantial decrease of baking characteristics.

The French Presidency reviews EU’s current GMO policy
(Tímea Vértes)
The debate is continuing between the ones supporting GMOs and others against them. EU’s French Presidency emphasizes the importance of a dialogue that would be useful also for Hungary according to the author’s opinion.

GMO – why “yes” and why “no”?
We give an account of an ad hoc survey carried out to know the opinion of the asked persons about the advantages or disadvantages of growing GM crops. This inquiry intended to trigger thinking about the topic of the 16th “Seeking the way” forum, “GMO moratorium, but how long?” to be held on 25 September.

Idea – courage – steadfastness
(Dr. László Bódis, József Molnár)
It is about a visit to a holding in Slovakia – reporting from “Progres” cooperative in Szelőce (Selice).

Cereal and rape yields – prospects for EU-27
(Sándor Oravecz)
The author informs on the report published by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission on 30 June about the expected yields for the EU in 2008. Data for Hungary are tabulated compared with the similar assessment of the Ministry of Agriculture.

Saaten-Union’s hybrid rape offer for 2008 (x)
Hybrid rapes from Saaten-Union also in 2008 to the attention of growers.

Farmit.hu – the agroportal (x)
What does Farmit.hu agroportal offer for growers?

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Tulipomania: rise, fall and revival (3)
(Dr. Horváth József)
Continuing his series, the author gives an overall view of the morphology, chemical and physical characteristics and pathogenicity of Tulip Breaking Virus. He also lets readers have an insight in the prospects of using Potyviruses in genetic engineering, taking the recent molecular studies into consideration.

State of emergency in Szekszárd vineyards
(Zsuzsa Györök)
What can we do against powdery mildew being so aggressive this season and the hailstorms increasing damages?

Temporary plant cover in vineyards
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Maintaining overwintering weeds involves various advantages, such as saving costs, vineyards can be scouted even in wet weather, vintage and pruning can be carried out more easily with less trampling damage, furthermore nutrient loss can also be reduced.

Granulated or mixed fertilizer? (x)
(Rita Vári)
A Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. draws growers’ attention to Linzer Ware granulated fertilizers.

Combined fruit trees
(Dr. László Szalay)
The article tells readers how to create combined fruit trees and which method to use for the particular varieties.

Scotts recipes for success – Establishing orchards and vineyards (x)
Scotts now reveals the advantages of applying Agroblen, their coated slow release fertilizers for successful establishment of orchards and vineyards.

Seen heard, read. Summit-Agro June-festival in Keszthely
(AF)
Summit-Agro held its traditional technical show and buyers’ meeting called June-festival followed again with great interest.

FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

Lettuces deserve more attention (4)
(Dr. István Terbe)
The author gives an account of a crop popular already among the ancient Greeks and Romans and considered as a delicacy for the majority of the European consumers: lettuce chicory. The crop management programme, outdoor and indoor growing and the range of commercial varieties are outlined.

The theory of functional food and the practice of producing it
(Éva Domokos-Szabolcsy)
The author from the Agricultural Faculty of Debrecen University offers a brief overview of the concept of functional food not duly known by the general public, their origin and the way of producing them.

Replacing chemical disinfestation of soils with soil-less growing
(Dr. Katalin Slezák, András Molnár, Ferenc Orosz)
Hungarian greenhouse growers of vegetables are facing more and more difficult problems as a consequence of the efforts to reduce environmental load. The use of methyl-bromide for soil disinfestation was banned as of 1 January 2007. The authors give a detailed discussion of a possible technique to replace the substance, i.e. the various options of soil-less growing, presenting the main advantages and also the drawbacks of the system.

Competition or possibility …
(dr. Hajnalka Ledó Darázsi)
The author reports on the International Symposium on “Strategies Towards Sustainability of Protected Cultivation in Mild Winter Climate” held in Turkey. The topics focused on sustainable vegetable and ornamental growing, highlighting the modernisation of greenhouses, with special attention to decrease their environmental load, full utilization of the natural resources and the decrease of using chemicals to the minimum quantity possible.

LOOKOUT

Current challenges for field crop growing in France …
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
Information is provided about the environmental event ‘AgroSources 2008’, the international exhibition showing the non-food use of agricultural products called ‘Sinal’ and the construction of the world’s first factory to produce bio-fuel.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
The reviewing article lets readers have an insight into the production of bio-fuels, the increased consumer demand and the investment plans to increase production in the Czech Republic, Russia and Belarus.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about tractors! (9) The brake systems of universal tractors
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
In the previous number of the journal we dealt with the drawing equipments and three-point linkage of universal tractors. This part wishes to draw the attention to an important structural element of universal tractors essential also from the point of view of traffic safety, i.e. brake systems.

How to select ?… … (2) General aspects
(Dr. István J. Jóri)
The second part of the series is an overview of the current situation of machine trade in Hungary and the decision-making system of investors and machine purchasers. The author calls readers’ attention to certain general aspects of selecting a machine, analysing the financial, professional and technological conditions.

A visit in HORSCH factory of agricultural machines (2)
(Dr. György Demes)
In the previous number of the journal, information was given about the visit to the factory in Schwandorf of Horsch Maschinen GmbH and in connection with it, the field cultivators of HORSCH. This article describes HORSCH drills and combined HORSCH solutions for soil cultivation and seeding.

Güttler – tillage management (2) (x)
(Norbert Páska)
Seedbed preparation in autumn is under the magnifying glass from the point of view of the Güttler-technology.

Application technique advice for growers (7)
(Jenő Huszár, Miklós Pánczél)
The authors of Farmcenter Ltd. finish their series with discussing the issues of operating sprayers and washing packaging material.

STROM Finisher FE disk share harrow machine for mulching (x)
(József Bruszi)
Kite Plc. recommends Strom Finisher FE mulch cultivator to growers.

The Hungarian Association of Ploughing Competition held a press conference
(Dr. György Demes)
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development hosted the press conference held to inform on the events of this season’s ploughing competition.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Portrait. Talking with dr. Csaba Gyuricza
(Dr. László Bódis )
Our correspondent was talking with the assistant director of Plant Protection Institute of Szent István University about profession and mission.

Note for growers. About subsidy for restructuring vine growing
(Miklós Kurucz)
Get to know the provisions for subsidies granted for restructuring vine growing.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Béla Bartók Sr. (1855-1888)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month the column presents you the life and work of Béla Bartók Sr. among the persons who contributed to Hungarian agricultural in the past.

Written anno …
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)

Annex: Rape management programmes in practice