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Agroforum 2008 December

Gloomy Christmas
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The effect of intervention on the Hungarian cereal sector between 2004 and 2008
(Dr. László Rieger, Dr. Gyula Szőke)
The authors from the Hungarian Agricultural and Rural Development Agency (MVH) analyse the effect of intervention buying-up of cereals on the domestic cereal sector from the country’s EU accession to the present. Cereal intervention in Hungary can be divided basically to two parts. The first two years were characterised by buying up cereals, while in the period between 2006 and 2008, the selling of intervention stocks became predominant. Hungarian cereal intervention had a lasting effect not only on the domestic cereal sector but also on the cereal policy of the European Union. Due to the conspicuously intensive intervention buying up and the increasing intervention stocks between 2004 and 2006, the EU set the goal of restricting interventions. The article finishes with the conclusions about the effect of the definite termination of interventions and the application of the current level of intervention prices on growers.

FOCUSING ON VEGETABLE CROPS

The role and prospects of biotechnology in future vegetable growing and horticulture
(Dr. Miklós Gábor Fári)
The author focuses on two issues in the article. On the one hand he wishes to highlight the key points of the processes in horticulture, vegetable crops in particular, through the development of the biotechnological science, the paradigm shift. On the other hand, he gives a brief introduction of plant biotechnological research conducted with vegetable crops at the Centre for Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, University of Debrecen.

Developmental disorders caused by abiotic factors in vegetables (1)
(Dr. István Terbe)
Diseases that can be attributed to abiotic reasons continue to be rather frequent in vegetable growing. This is why the author presents the abiotic developmental disorders and factors provoking them.

Vegetable seed production situation in Hungary
(Dr. Hanna Némethy Uzoni)
The author provides an overview of the issues of seed production related to vegetable growing. She informs on the positive and negative changes taking place in connection with seed growing areas in the particular vegetable crops.

Using plant resistance in crop growing
(Zoltán Pap, Andrea Tóbiás)
Plant as an organism is not completely defenceless against pathogens, but continuously protects itself with various immune reactions, i.e. plants are capable of self-defence. The general resistance of plants can be used in plant protection, as it can be induced not only by pathogens but also by applying materials of natural origin. The authors from Budapest Corvinus University discuss the topic in details.

Phase III mushroom compost gaining grounds in Hungary
(Dr. Júlia Győrfi)
The management programme of common mushroom growing has undergone substantial changes in the past few decades. This mainly applies to the preparation of the growing medium with the main feature of phase III compost. The latter term means compost interwoven by common mushroom mycelia. The author provides a detailed description of preparing phase III compost, and all that should be taken into consideration during that process. The article explains the benefits and disadvantages of using phase III compost.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Up-to-date plant protection forecasting (1) Possibilities for renewing plant protection forecasting in current practice
(Dr. Pál Benedek)
The first part of the series launched now gives an overview of the history of plant protection forecasting, the present situation and the main elements of forecasting.

Prospects and constraints of zonal pesticide registration
(Dr. Gábor Tőkés)
One of the most significant new features of the forthcoming EU regulation of pesticide registration could be the 3-zonal mutual recognition (3ZMR) system. Read the article to know more about the system that could replace the national registration scheme being applied up to now.

Pesticide withdrawal: A real step forward?
(Dr. Géza Nagy)
The author from Budapest Corvinus University deals with the foreseen adverse effects of the mass withdrawal of pesticides, complete groups of active substances due to the new pesticide regulation planned for the European Union.

What are Hungarian growers searching for in the Internet? (x)
What does the agricultural portal Farmit.hu offer for growers, why is it worth registering to it? The talk with the head of Farmit.hu agro-portal, Tamás Witzl reveals the reasons why.

5-aminolevulinic acid in agricultural crops
The use of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in growing various crops is spreading also in Europe. The product, in addition to increasing crop quality and quantity by enhancing chlorophyll production, is efficient also in protecting the environment. It improves the efficacy of fertilizer absorption and by that, less amounts of the applied fertilizers are accumulated and leached in the soil and waters.

Enhanced photosynthesis, more resistant plants (x)
PENTAKEEP-V, a new foliar fertilizer containing 5-aminolevulinic acid, is recommended for growers to use in order to increase chlorophyll content of leaves and enhance nutrient uptake of plants.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION  to

Measuring air-permeability of soils and how to put the results into practice
(Dr. András Makó, Attila Dunai)
The authors give a brief overview about the soil-air regime and the air-permeability of soils, referring not only the air conditions of soils but also to compactness and structure stability. In addition, it can give useful indirect information about the susceptibility of soils to erosion, standing water and drought.

What and how much did we sow in autumn 2008?
(József Lukács)
The author from the Central Agricultural Office informs on the situation of the particular crops sown in autumn 2008 and observed during the inspection of the fields.

The characteristics of cereal diseases in 2008
(Péter Hertelendy)
The specialist of the Central Agricultural Office provides an overall view of diseases affecting cereals in 2008, the magnitude of the damages they caused and the conclusions of their control.

KWS maize – We sow the future also in dry and rainy years! (x)
(Zsolt Kónya)
The article informs on experiences with hybrids from KWS Hungary Ltd.

Book review. A manual for growing cereals
(István Szabó)
The editor of the book presents its chapters and outlines the discussed topics.

The results of field trials – 2008 (x)
(Rita Vári)
This is a summary of growers’ experience in supplying LINZER fertilizers to maize and sunflowers.

Monsanto’s global commitment (x)
(Péter Könczöl)
DEKALB hybrids, fully meeting Hungarian requirements for maize growers, are presented here.

To the margin of a technical textbook. Hofmann – Köpfer – Werner: Ecological grapevine growing
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy, Dr. Sándor Kurtán)
The book wishes to give an insight into the world of ecological grapevine growing.

LOOKOUT

Biofuels and car-manufacturing trends – and all behind it
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article looks out to year 2008’s Paris motor show (Mondial de l’automobile). According to the events of the past few years, special attention was paid to the issue of energy saving and environmental protection, focusing on bioethanol-production. With this in mind, exhibitors wished to show the role of bioethanol in fuel production and the benefits of using it from the point of view of environmental protection.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is a set of brief reviews of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about tractors (12) universal tractor – the place of work of the tractor driver
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
A good design of the working place for a tractor driver highly increases the value of the tractor and the efficient use. This is why the author finishes the series with such issues.

How to select?…… (6) Plough, and what kind of plough should we use for ploughing?
(Dr. István J. Jóri)
This time we wish to give you some technical background and ideas for selecting and purchasing a plough, the basic tillage equipment.

JCB Fastrac 7000 “rapid tractors” introduced
(Dr. György Demes)
Get acquainted with JCB Fastrac programme, the structure and operation of the recently developed 7000 series tractors.

Axiál Ltd. selected to be the “Company of the year“ for 2008
(AF)
It was the 11th time that the Hungarian Venture Capital Association (MKME) gave out the “Company of the Year” prize, expressing the recognition of the venture industry to Hungarian companies of outstanding economic performance. Axiál Ltd. proved to be the best in the big company category in 2008.

How accurate is GPS? (x)
(Bence Nagy)
The manager of Agromatic Automatizálási (Automation) Ltd. gives an account of the basis of GPS-operation and the prospects of measuring accuracy.

Increasing yields – rolling in winter cereals to enhance tillering (x)
(Páska Norbert)
Güttler Ltd. recommends growers to use Güttler Standard rolls for rolling in winter cereals to enhance tillering in order to increase yields.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Portrait. Talking with the artist photographer István Tóth
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is an interview with the artist photographer, the first one in the world to be awarded with the ‘Oscar’ for photographers.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Gyula Pálinkás (1883-1957)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Gyula Pálinkás in the frame of the series presenting the remarkable persons in Hungarian agriculture.

Note for growers. About the changes in the system of agricultural subsidies (1)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series informs about the principles and requirements of the Single Payment Scheme (SPS), the agricultural subsidy system to be introduced in 2009.

Written anno …
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)