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Agroforum 2008 March

Waiting for spring
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

“The treasure of the Earth”
(Dr. László Bódis, András Pásztóhy, Dr. András Szentirmay, Dr. Zsolt Polgár, Dénes Keresztes, Dr. Erzsébet Koháry)
The article gives an overview about all that was heard on the meeting titled “International year of potatoes”, about global potato growing, Hungarian varieties and achievements of breeding.

FOCUSING ON ECOLOGICAL FARMING

The situation of ecological farming in the world, Europe and the new EU-12 member states
(Dr. László Radics, Péter Pusztai, Izora Gál)
The investigators of Budapest Corvinus University provide a comprehensive picture about the situation of ecological farming in the world, including the Hungarian conditions.

The issues of using ecological seeds and planting material in Hungary
(Anna Divéky-Ertsey, Andrea Tóbiás)
The questions of variety and seed uses rank high in the agricultural sector of the European Union both in conventional and ecological farming. The principles are the same, but special technical and legal knowledge is essential in ecological growing. The main criterion in using ecological propagating material is to implement the whole ecological process to allow sustainability. This is why it is necessary that all the elements of production, including propagating material meet the system requirements.

The system for controlling and certifying ecological farming in Hungary
(Dr. Péter Roszík, Brigitta Bánfi)
The authors present the process how the controlling and certification system of ecological farming developed in Hungary, and how the system is currently operated.

The role of crop rotation in ecological farming
(Dr L. Mándi., Zsolt Bogdányi)
Well-structured crop rotation is a key factor of successful environmental-friendly farming. In addition to maintaining soil fertility and natural weed suppression and management, the reasonable use or eventual omitting of fertilizers and pesticides allow growers to achieve cost-efficient yields. A properly panned crop rotation (inserting N-collecting crops in the scheme, using of green manure, suitable preceding and the careful selection of varieties to grow) enhances the establishment of a crop stand vigorous and healthy enough to resist pests and diseases, basing safety of production.

Ecological farming – a model from the southern part of Hungary – county Baranya
(János Kendi)
This is about the practice of ecological farming implemented at AGRO LIPPÓ Zrt.

Nutrient supply in ecological farming
(Dr. Gábor Solti)
The article outlines the rules and requirements of soil amendment, soil conservation and nutrient supply in ecological farming.

Possibilities and rules of pest management in ecological crop production
(Dr. Péter Roszík)
The author presents the plant protection techniques and products allowed for use in ecological farming in relation with the control scheme established for organic production.

Environmentally friendly plant protection in agriculture (x)
(Dr. András Gulyás)
The advantages of TRIFENDER microbial products are described in the article.

New prospects in chemicals-free weed management methods
(Dr. Péter Reisinger, Orsolya Páli)
The authors give an account of their research and development work carried out in certain chemicals-free weed control techniques.

Biological control of pests in ecological and integrated crop production from Biocont Hungary Ltd.
Biological control techniques are presented here from Biocont Hungary Ltd.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Scotts recipes for success – Cereals (x)
Scotts recommends its foliar fertilizers for cereals.

Dangerous plant diseases. Sugar beet rhizomania
(Dr. Emil Pocsai, Dr. József Horváth)
In the frame of the series of dangerous diseases, we can get read about the causing agent of sugar beet rhizomania, Beet necrotic yellow vein virus. Its geographical distribution, host range, disease symptoms and the control options are discussed.

Comments to cultural operations in early-seeded wheat
(Dr. András Tomcsányi)
There were several articles about the experience and prospects of “Szekszárd-Dalmand wheat growing system” in the September and October numbers of Agrofórum. The key characteristics of the programme are: early and shallow sowing, low crop density, the use of plant growth regulators, and if needed, applying insecticides against the occurring virus vectors. In his remarks, the expert of the Cereal Research Company deals with the relationships that can influence the efficacy of the elements of the crop management programme.

About leaf spots of winter wheat
(Anita Ficsor, Rozália Rátai Vida)
The pathogens causing leaf spots are present every year to a bigger or lesser extent in the winter wheat growing areas of Hungary. The authors deal with the conditions of infection by the necrothrophic pathogens provoking the three main leaf spots (yellow leaf spot- DTR, wheat glume blotch (Septoria nodorum) and Septoria blotch (Septoria tritici).

Meteorological instruments – sophisticated achievements of several centuries (2)
(Tamás Tóth)
In his previous article, the specialist of the Hungarian Meteorological Service gave a brief overview of the several years’ history of meteorological measuring instruments and observations. He also described the traditional devices for a key physical parameter, temperature. Continuing the series, now he presents the methodology of measuring the other meteorological elements.

Nativo: our strobilurin (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer CropScience recommends growers its new fungicide Nativo 300 SC, developed especially for cereals.

Applying phosphorous fertilizers (x)
(Gábor Müller)
Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. offers LINZER WARE fertilizers supporting harmonic nutrient supply.

Five years’ experience in the control of western corn rootworm (x)
(Endre Máté)
Syngenta Ltd. recommends Force 1.5 G (tefluthrin) soil insecticide for controlling western corn rootworm.

Pointer® Star – with a really wide spectrum (x)
(Zoltán Kutasi)
This is a new product among the cereal herbicides of DuPont.

We provide rain and sunshine….(x)
(Dr. Anikó Antal)
Hungarian Kwizda draws growers’ attention to its cereal package.

Common pesticides at favourable prices! (x)
(György Kurtz)
The herbicide Lintur (dicamba + triasulfuron) and fungicide Artea (propiconazole + cyproconazole) can be ordered from Syngenta Ltd. under the name Rutin in a real collective package from this year.

The results of an experiment for measuring photosynthesis (x)
(György Kurtz, Endre Máté)
The advantages of the physiological effect of Amistar Xtra are summarised based on the experiments of measuring photosynthesis.

Area increased, income increased, risks increased! White rot outbreak can be eradicated! (x)
(Tivadar Mathiász)
Hungarian Kwizda Ltd. recommends Koni WG for growers to fight white rot in sunflowers and rapes.

MAVRIK® 24 EW – a novel pyrethroid (x)
(Dr. Domonkos Lukács)
Makhteshim Agan Hungary Zrt. outlines the advantages of using Mavrik 24 EW (tau-fluvalinate) for the control of certain pests in rapes, apples and grapes.

Phacelia (x)
Nitrogénművek Zrt. draws the attention to Genezis NPK-fertilizers adjusted to demand of phacelia for nutrient supply.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Direktagro – a new alternative for purchasing pesticides (x)
A new dash of colour will appear on the palette of Hungarian pesticide trade, as a web supermarket of Direktagro Zrt. is expected to open its virtual gates on 10 March.

The atrazine era – and what about the future?
(Ferenc Hartmann)
The paper outlines the history of atrazine with the golden age of the herbicide, the problems of the developed resistance and the requirements that new herbicides should meet.

Beetroot growing and its dietary importance
(dr. Mária Takács Hájos)
The author presents the importance of beetroot, its demand for the environment, crop management programme and the current range of varieties.

Karathane Star – a rescuer in vineyards (x)
(István Szabó)
Dow AgroSciences offers its new fungicide, Karathane Star (meptildinocap) for controlling grapevine powdery mildew.

Special vegetables: the possible plants for widening the choice
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi)
It is conspicuous that Hungarian vegetable consumption is not variable at all. Only 10-12 vegetables account for over 80 % of the annual consumption of about 100-120 kg vegetables per person. Among the potential crops to be included in the range of popular vegetables in Hungary, the author wishes to draw the attention to turnip, celery and fennel. The main reason of supporting their spread is that they could enrich our diet with new tastes and are available at a time when there are less fresh vegetables on the market.

Seen, heard, read. Bayer CropScience’s “Maize symposium”
(Attila Torma)
According to previous years’ practice, Bayer CropScience organised technical meetings titled “Maize symposium” at Sárvár, Orosháza, Bikal and Hortobágy between 14 and 17 January 2008.

10 years in the forefront of weed control in maize (x)
(István Rikk)
Bayer CropScience recommends Merlin (isoxaflutol) for pre- and post-emergence weed control in maize.

The one who grew into agriculture
(Miklós Kurucz)
This is a talk with an agricultural advisor, Ferenc Kézsmárki.

Work started in the fields – with a sound financial background (x)
Raiffeisen Bank offers a scheme for the preliminary financing of agricultural supports.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled by: Eszter Polgár Balogh Éva Pataki, István Farkas)
Certain interesting articles published in foreign journals are reviewed also in this number of Agrofórum.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about tractors (4)
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
The versatile application of universal tractors highly depends on their transmission devices. Its function is to couple the engine with the running gear, to transmit and if needed, to increase the torque of the engine, as well as to adjust the speed of the tractor and machine group to working conditions.

A new machine for targeting sprays only to infected spots, suited to wind conditions
(Dr. György Dimitrievits)
The specialist of the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering gives an account of the results of the research-development project whose objectives were to create a wind- and spot-specific spraying technique, as well as to develop a circulation system suitable for homogeneous spraying and to design a novel sprayer for material-saving, environmentally friendly technique.

Prize-winning machines of the last exhibition of AGRO+MASHEXPO
(Dr. György Demes)
This report gives an account of the power engines and implements awarded this year with the highest prizes of AGRO+MASHEXPO, also acknowledged by the professional jury.

Vision 95 tractors of the Landini-fleet in Damonya (x)
(Ottó Fehér)
The experience of growers with the new Landini tractors can be read from this article.

Väderstad-clinic. “Technical development for high-standard performance must be undertaken even at higher risks” (x)
The advantages of working with Väderstad implements as told by growers are summarised here.

VOGEL-NOOT season-launching promotion with 25-30 % discount! (x)
VOGEL-NOOT Mezőgépgyár Ltd. launches NettoLine promotion also this year, where the involved implements represent the majority of the VOGEL-NOOT product range.

Increasing yields – in winter?(x)
(Norbert Páska)
Güttler Ltd. recommends Güttler Standard cylinder for rolling in winter cereals in order to enhance tillering.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Portrait. Talking with Michael Muncey, the chief executive of BAYER CropScience for Hungary
(Dr. László Bódis, Dr. György Demes)
In this portrait we asked Mr Michael Muncey, leading the Hungarian office of Bayer CropScience for the past 4 years, about the position of Hungarian agriculture. He also spoke about the farm-structure in our country, about his experience obtained during the years spent in Hungary, as well as about the EU subsidy policy and environmentally concerned farming.

Seen, heard, read. We were at the trade meeting of Bayer CropScience
(AF)
Bayer CropScience invited its trading partners to Siófok on 8 February for the traditional season-launching event. In his opening speech, the chief executive of Bayer CropScience in Hungary, Michael Muncey gave an account of the achievements of the company in the first five years. He was followed by György Otrok, manager of Concordia Közraktár (Warehouse) Zrt., informing the participants about the stirring prospects of the grain market for 2008. Péter Tora, sales manager of Bayer CropScience presented the cost structure of extensive and intensive crop management programmes in the mirror of the high grain prices.

Unveiling of a commemorative plaque in honour of Dr. András Takács in Keszthely
(Zoltán Molnár )
Dr. András Takács assistant university professor and a member of the editorial board of Agrofórum lost his life in a tragic car accident on 28 April 2004. A commemorative plaque was unveiled in his honour by the Plant Protection Institute of Pannon University and Agrofórum in the frame of a pre-conference event of the 17th Plan Protection Forum in Keszthely on 3 January 2008.

Book moth in 2008
(Dr. László Bódis)
In early February Vajdahunyad castle was again the prestigious venue of launching the Book month.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Vilmos Westsik (1883-1976)
(Miklós Kurucz)
Readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Vilmos Westsik who is among the remarkable persons of our agricultural history.

Note (not only) for growers. On the occasion of the “World Day for Water”
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series draws the attention to the importance of this vital element and to the reasonable use of water on the occasion of the World Day for Water.

Legal page. About the amendment of Act on Land
(Dr. Lajos Szabó)
The Hungarian Parliament amended various provisions of the Act No. 95 on Land of 1994 with Act No. 124 of 2007. The legal expert summarises the main new requirements that the above amendment integrated in the Act on Land.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)