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Agroforum 2009 April

April down
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The situation of our crop production and the directions of the essential development
(Sándor István, János Nagy, Márton Jolánkai)
The Crop Production Committee of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences completed the discussion paper prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development with its recommendations. The article published in this journal is the edited version of the paper approved by the Committee and lets readers know certain sound proposals for enhancing the success of the agricultural sector, indicating the necessary development trends.

FOCUSING ON PROTEIN CROPS

The importance of growing large-seed legumes in Hungary
(Ferenc Borbély)
In our days the production of legume crops is gaining more and more importance both from agronomic and environmental aspects. They have a dual role in growing: on the one hand they improve soil quality and on the other they are fodder crops rich in protein. Generally, the value of legumes as preceding crops is captured in a 10-20 % extra yield of the subsequent one. Large-seed legumes need to be produced in their respective growing district and not instead of each other.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Leaf spot diseases of winter wheat need to be controlled
(Dr. Pál Békési)
In early April with rainy weather we should not forget about the leaf spot diseases of winter wheat. Therefore it is worth reading an overview of the major pathogens and the means available for their control.

Protecting foliage of cereals (x)
(Sándor Bálint, Elemér Tóth, István Rácz)
DuPont presents its fungicide offer for in-crop protection of cereals in 2009.

KITE’s recommendations to produce quality PANNON wheat
(Zoltán Papp)
KITE Zrt. an agricultural service provider and trading company launched its quality Pannon wheat programme in 2001 with the aim of producing high quality winter wheat. As a result of the development, three varieties are recommended, whose parameters in crop quality and quantity meet the rigorous requirements for different production purposes under different conditions. The article provides information necessary for producing quality wheat in terms of the site, soil cultivation, sowing and nutrient supply.

Trying Colombus (x)
The agricultural service provider and trading company KITE Zrt. shares its experience with Dow AgroSciences’ cereal herbicide Colombus (clopyralid + florasulam + fluroxypyr -meptyl).

Trying Colombus, Genius and Taltos (x)
Try you yourself the herbicides Colombus (clopyralid + florasulam + fluroxypyr -meptyl), Genius (aminopyralid + pyroxsulam + florasulam + chloquintocet-mexyl) and Taltos (potassium aminopyralid + florasulam) in cereal crops.

Trying … (x)
The herbicides Taltos (potassium aminopyralid + florasulam) and Colombus (clopyralid + florasulam + fluroxypyr-meptyl) of Dow AgroSciences gave excellent performance in weed control trials carried out in winter wheat.

Cereal protection for marketable crop quality (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer CropScience released new products for cereal crop protection.

Information on the meeting of the Variety Quality Control Committee
(Dr. László Lázár, Dr. Katalin Ertsey Peregi)
The Field Crop Section of the Variety Quality Control Committee held its recent session in early March 2009. Four spring barley, 28 maize, 17 sugarbeet and 2 sunflower varieties were included in the national list. The article gives a tabulated summary of their most important characteristics.

Cost-saving control of cereal weeds (x)
Cheminova presents its herbicides for use in cereal crops.

Limagrain’s offer for varieties in 2009 (x)
Limagrain Hungary summarises the most important characteristics of its maize hybrids.

Applying starter fertilizers for maize
(Dr. Zoltán Futó)
The author discusses the role, importance and methods of applying starter fertilizers for maize, allowing both vigorous early development and increasing yields.

Efficacy and crop safety = Yara (x)
(Dr. János Térmeg)
Yara recommends its basic fertilizers with some years’ history on the market and the foliar fertilizers to be released this season to support balanced nutrient management.

About the pests of the young maize crop
(Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi)
If environmental and agronomic conditions are favourable for the pests of young maize plants, we have to encounter their increase in population densities and at some places, their spread to other territories. However, bearing in mind the pests’ biology and following the control methods described in the article, we can be confident about the success of treatments to be carried out against them in the fields.

CASPER – overall solution for controlling broadleaf weeds in fodder maize (x)
(Béla Radvány, Szilvia Tóth Csantavéri)
Syngenta Ltd. recommends the newly developed post-emergence herbicide Casper (prosulfuron + dicamba) for maize growers.

Foliar fertilizer application in vineyards to prevent peduncle abscission and death (x)
(Dr. Eszter Zsom)
K+S Kali GmbH offers its soil and foliar fertilizers for use in vineyards.

Potassium – is it worth? (x)
(Rita Vári)
Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. draws growers’ attention to LINZER WARE fertilizers.

Book review. Géza Ripka: Plant protection acarology. Harmful and beneficial mites
The book illustrated with drawings and photos presents the morphology, biology, distribution and importance of beneficial, harmful and indifferent mites living on plants. The author describes and shows the symptoms provoked by the phytophagous species and gives a detailed discussion of the different means of their control.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

I used to be a minister. ..(2) Dr. Imre Dimény
(Dr. László Bódis)
The first person invited to talk in the series “I used to be a minister” is dr. Imre Dimény, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and professor emeritus of Budapest Corvinus University.

Prospects and hopes in agriculture
(Dr. György Demes)
The talk titled “Future trends in agriculture” delivered by Dr. Manfred Kern (head of International Business Relations of Bayer CropScience AG) gave a special emphasis to this year’s meeting of Bayer CropScience with traders. The lecture gave a comprehensive overview of the future prospects of agriculture and the foreseen trends. Now we publish the key issues addressed by the speaker with the aim that on the long run, there may be more potential to get out of the current critical situation earlier in agriculture.

Risk management in American and Hungarian ways
(Compiled by: Jenő Szabó)
Readers may get acquainted with the structure and operation of the American risk management scheme, and in parallel with this, with the rearranged Hungarian system of mitigating damages.

How to make a good business from selling plant products?
(István Kovács)
The answer to the question indicated in the title is given by a professional of the Cereal Production Group of the Procurement and Sales Partnership ABA-BÉSz based on their sales practice.

Genetically modified plants: global cropping areas in 2008
(Compiled by: Sándor Oravecz)
Clive James, the founder and chairman of ISAAA, International Service for Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications published an overview of the global areas covered by genetically modified plants also this year. According to the surveys of ISAAA, in 2008 the cropping area of GM plant varieties introduced into commercial growing reached 125 million hectares, showing a 9.4 % (10.7 million ha) increase compared to the previous year’s data.

Once upon a time there was an “agricultural experimentation” (2)
(Dr. László Bódis)
In the February issue of our journal, Pál U. Kralovánszky gave an overview of the establishment of the Hungarian agricultural experimentation. The first site of our series of reports launched with the aim of saving values is the Fruit Research Institute, non-profit co., Cegléd., where the author talked with the director Zoltán Erdős about the past, present and the future of the Institute filled with various uncertainties.

Damages of billions can be prevented! (x)
(Gyula Bakodi)
This can be achieved by Forester EW game repellent product from Hungarian Kwizda.

Payment of national subsidies is making a good progress at the Hungarian Agricultural and Rural Development Agency. Press release
The press release of the Hungarian Agricultural and Rural Development Agency provides information on the national contribution of the area-based subsidy payments having done to the date.

FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

Special carrots
(Ms. I. Hraskó dr., Zsuzsanna Tóth Taskovics)
As a result of the recent years’ breeding work, certain novel carrot varieties with colours different from the conventional orange one have been released. In addition to making the fresh commodity choice more colourful and varying, these vegetables possess good nutritional values and can be equally used for fresh consumption and processing.

Thoughts and experience about the grafting of muscat melon
(Gábor Balázs)
The advantages of grafting muscat melons and the techniques suitable for doing this, as well as planting and growing grafted young plants can be learned from the paper of the author from Budapest Corvinus University.

FOR FRUIT GROWERS

The problems of neglected orchards in the Hungarian apple sector
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti, Dr. István Gonda)
The Hungarian apple sector faces various difficulties and problems. One of the primary reasons for that is the extremely high proportion of not properly managed, neglected orchards. This is why the authors wish to express their thoughts about such problems.

Principles of integrated fruit growing (2) Orchard planning
(Dr. László Szalay)
In integrated fruit production well-established and properly managed orchards are needed in order to produce fruits and fruit products of excellent quality and guaranteed health status. This is why during the planning process – a rather sophisticated task requiring due skills – the criteria of integrated production need to be taken into consideration. The article summarises the details for production site, species and varieties to grow, soil analysis, soil preparation, soil cover and training system.

Recent results of apricot breeding in Cegléd
(Dr. Mária Magdolna Kerek, Dr. Zoltán Erdős)
The authors briefly present the trends and results of apricot breeding in Cegléd.

LOOKOUT

FORTUNE Names BASF the World’s Most Admired Chemical Company
After being ranked the second on the list of the most recognised chemical companies, BASF has become number one for 2009 on the current list of Fortune Magazine.

Innovation and research-development in Hungarian production of agricultural machines and in farming – conclusions drawn from SIA and SIMA
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
In late February the International Agricultural Show (SIA) and International Agri-business Show (SIMA) were organised in Paris. The first exhibition is targeted to the general public, while the second one is addressed to professionals in the sector. On both events environmental protection and the increasing use of renewing energy resources gained more importance than ever before. On the International Agricultural Show the increasing share of the technologies developed and already produced for the household use of solar energy and biomass was conspicuous. In the case of SIMA, the exhibitors showed sophisticated technologies, sometimes being at the experimental stage of development.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is a review of certain interesting articles published in foreign technical journals.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

How to select (7) Motor oil for tractors?
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
In this part of the series we wish to give an overview of the some basic knowledge of motor oils essential for the operator. This will allow the user to make a reasonable choice from the wide range of motor oils.

Do you surely spray with the best method? (x)
A rich choice of Caffini sprayers is offered from Szegána Kft.

RTK accuracy of 2 cm without an own basic station (x)
(Bence Nagy)
Agromatic Automation Kft. offers GNSSnet correction services.

Costs of operating agricultural machinery in 2009
(Dr. Lajos Gockler)
Year by year the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering (MGI) works out and publishes for the current year the expected performance and costs of power machines and implements (groups of machines) in agriculture, in order to support decision-making of farmers and to inform professionals dealing with mechanisation in agriculture. They start from the numbers generated at the monitored basis holdings and calculate with the expected prices and wages, as well as with other costs to show the cost of a particular operation performed with different types of machines. These average guiding numbers can be considered as a starting point for calculating the cost of mechanical operations.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

60+30=90. We celebrated two outstanding anniversaries
(Dr. László Bódis)
Friends and colleagues congratulated to Professor Márton Jolánkai, director of the Plant Production Institute of the Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences of Szent István University on his 60th birthday and József Antal, professor emeritus on his 90th birthday.

(Irregular) Portrait. Talk with Dr. László Bódis
(Zoltán Molnár)
This is an irregular talk with Dr. László Bódis, manager of Agrofórum about his life and work and the family background playing an important part in achieving all these.

Gyula Sáringer (1928-2009). Obituary
(Dr. Károly Dublecz, Dr. Éva Lehoczky)
Pannon University, the management, teaching staff and students of Georgikon Faculty of Agriculture gave farewell to Professor Gyula Sáringer.

The greatest Hungarian weed biologist in the 20th century, Dr. Miklós Újvárosi
(Dr. Károly Horváth)
The article outlines the life and work of the weed biologist dr. Miklós Újvárosi.

Farmers’ Day in Mezőtúr mirrored in the call “European Year of Creativity and Innovation 2009”
(Ágnes Pongrácz Barancsi)
The faculty of Engineering and Agriculture of Szolnok College won the call for proposals titled “European Year of Creativity and Innovation 2009” with the programme of Farmers’ Day in Mezőtúr to be held on 13 May. The article lets us have an insight into the draft programme of the event.

A brief summary of the opening ceremony of “European Year of Creativity and Innovation 2009” held on 25 February
(Ágnes Pongrácz Barancsi)
This is a summary of the most remarkable thoughts of the talks delivered on the opening ceremony of the series of events “European Year of Creativity and Innovation 2009”.

Note for growers. About grower groups
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series presents the conditions and advantages of establishing and recognising growers’ groups.

Hungarian Agricultural Quality Award in 2009
(Erzsébet Szulyák)
In the middle of March, Hungarian Agricultural Quality Awards were given in the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The aim of the award is to recognize and award a national prize to those domestic organizations that in the course of their work are verifiably committed to quality issues, and attach great importance to quality work, are eager to produce good-quality products steadily and provide top-quality services

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)