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Agroforum 2009 August

Finishing the season and Fusarium
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Water needs sustainable management
(Dr. László Perger)
The current year starting with drought drew the attention again to water management and the important future tasks to protect our waters. The head of department responsible for the implementation of water policy of the European Union expresses his ideas about the above issue, presenting its legal background.

FOCUSING ON SEED TREATMENT

Treating cereal seeds – an element of the crop management programme and to increase marketability
(Ágoston Tóth)
The article deals with seed dressing, providing an overview of products registered for winter cereals and the targeted diseases and summarising the criteria of efficient seed treatment.

Chemicals drops dried after seed treatment
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)
Our editor, in his special way, gives an account of the history of seed treatment products.

Rapeseed dressing: safety from the very beginning (x)
(Csaba Csorba)
Bayer CropScience recommends its seed dressing product Ellado (beta-cyfluthrin + clothianidin) for rape growers.

Lamardor – a new seed dressing product for cereals from Bayer CropScience (x)
(László Farády)
Lamardor (tebuconazole + prothioconazole) is a new seed treatment product from Bayer CropScience for cereals.

Skills to select seed dressing products (x)
Chemtura offers Vitavax 2000 (carboxin + thiram) for fungicide treatment of cereal seeds.

Orius® seed treatment products from Makhteshim (x)
(Dr. Domonkos Lukács)
This is what Makhteshim Agan Hungary Zrt. recommends for the seed treatment of cereals.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

‘Pannon Wheat Quality’ trademark was born
(József Vancsura, Tamás Petőházi)
The associations of growers, traders and seed producers have created ‘Pannon Wheat Quality’ trademark to be acquired by cereal growers, traders and processors. In their joint article, the president and secretary general of the Grain Producers’ Association present the qualification procedure necessary to follow in order to be entitled to use ‘Pannon’ trademark. The authors also discuss the requirements growers need to meet during the qualification procedure.

Four-ton rape yields are not impossible either! (x)
Yara products are described for the optimum nutrient supply of rapes.

Do not put off till spring that you can do today! (x)
(György Kurtz)
Syngenta Kft. recommends Logran 20 WG (triasulfuron) to growers for weed control in cereals in autumn.

Note for a presidential visit
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
The president of Ukraine visited our country in early May. In connection with this news, have a little look inside the agriculture of this neighbouring country, the trends in the Hungarian-Ukrainian agricultural trade and the prospects of building connections.

Bitter and cheerful experiences in rape growing (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
This is the complex pest management offer of Hungarian Kwizda Kft. for rape growers.

What shall we give rapes to launch them? (x)
(Rita Vári)
Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. offers its fertilizers for basic application in rapes.

The match of the year: TRIANGLE vs. TASSILO (x)
(Zsolt Kónya, Zsolt Császár, László Borbély)
KWS offers its current hybrid rapes based on growers’ experience during the past year.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Bayer Meeting – Jászkisér. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Bayer professionals regularly give account of the performance of their new pest management products in various field shows held at several sites. They also present the range of products they offer for growers. This was not in another way this June either when our journal got an invitation to the “Bayer Meeting”.

(Not) used to be a minister (6) Talk with István Szabó
(Dr. László Bódis)
Though he was not a minister but used to be a key personality of agricultural policy and co-operative movement. We close the series by providing the portrait of István Szabó, a man still having an important role in KITE Agricultural Service and Trade Corporation.

The June of hails – or what can weather forecast do?
(Tamás Tóth)
In June severe hails devastated various parts of the country several times. Our readers may rightly raise questions, such as why wild tempests emerge, whether we can forecast them and if we can provide any protection against them or not. The author from the National Meteorological Service wishes to answer all these questions in his article.

The effect of extreme weather conditions on maize growth in spring 2009; Monsanto development projects (x)
(Péter Könczöl)
This is Monsanto’s response to the extreme environmental challenges in the light of its achievements reached so far.

Air parade on earth and sky. Picture report.
(Zoltán Molnár)
The article gives a report illustrated with pictures from the event organized commemorating the 50th anniversary of establishing the Aircraft-assisted Plant Protection Station – the later Air Service of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry.

A fair lady on the farm. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
In late June growers of the region came together in Heller homestead located in the vicinity of Mórahalom for a potato show and meeting. You may get to know from the article what was seen and heard there.

Let’s get to know about the International Potash Institute. Interview
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The International Potash Institute (IPI) and Budapest Corvinus University jointly organised an international conference focusing on the nutrient management and demand of energy crops, inviting recognised speakers to Budapest for 7 July. The event gave a good opportunity for us to ask dr. Thomas Popp, Central East-European coordinator of IPI about the work and objectives of the Institute and the trials undertaken in Hungary.

The alternatives for increasing competitiveness: seeking the way on the European forum of growers of medicinal plants
(Dr. Anita Kozak)
The article gives an overview of the situation in Germany, compared to Hungary, regarding the international trade of medicinal plants and the new prospects of using such plants, providing sound bases to the continuous demand for such raw materials. In addition, the paper deals with the important role of medicinal plants both as grown crops and collected in the wild. Quality requirements for plant sources are becoming more and more rigorous; this is why on the long run quality assurance of collected medicinal plants cannot be neglected in internal and external markets.

The factors influencing the quality of annual caraway seeds
(Noémi Júlia Valkovszki, Adrienn Kerekes, Péter Németh)
The authors from the Water and Environment Management Faculty of Szent István University inform on their experiments with the germination ability of caraway seeds. They study the effect of row spacing, nutrient supply and the age of seed lots on germination.

FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

The characteristics of controlling pepper diseases
(Dr. Márton Glits)
The author summarises the major issues of selecting and using varieties, selecting production site, young plant growing, as well as indoor and outdoor pest management for successful pepper growing.

Science in crop production. Knowing potassium-fixing capacity of soils is essential for efficient nutrient management
(Dr. Katalin Sárdi)
In addition to crop quantity, crop quality becomes more and more important. This can be achieved only by the regular supply according to the demand of the particular crop and the soil nutrient content. A key question of this is potassium fertilizer application. Its importance in plant nutrient supply is dealt with by the author from Pannon University. She publishes the results of her trials with the K-fixing capacity of soils.

FOR FRUIT GROWERS

The principles of integrated fruit production (5) Tillage
(Dr. László Szalay)
This part of the series on the principles of integrated fruit production provides guidance for appropriate soil cultivation techniques, presenting the key criteria that growers must bear in mind.

Dangerous plant diseases (9/10) Apple scab
(Dr. Imre Holb)
The present paper about dangerous plant diseases gives an overview of the pathogen of apple scab, its geographical distribution, host range, life cycle, disease symptoms, as well as the options for forecasting and control.

The effect of pre-harvest irrigation on the size and quality of quince fruits
(Zoltán Bodor, Péter Bodor)
The authors summarise the experience of three years’ studies on the supplementary irrigation in quince orchards before harvesting – its effect on ripening time, fruit size and weight, as well as on juice recovery.

FOR GRAPEVINE GROWERS

Viticultural means of preventing grey mould
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Technical articles about the control of grey mould generally contain a pest management programme and guidance on how to use the particular active substances and products. The editor of our grapevine column however, highlights the role of preventing the disease. There are various options to reduce the risk of infection by establishing a good orchard structure and crop management programme.

Let’s apply foliar fertilizers also to grapes! (x)
Yara describes its offer for foliar fertilizers to grapevine growers.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters(3) Harvesting unit
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of our series providing guidance on harvesters gives a detailed description of the general structure of the harvesting unit, its elements and the principles of the operation.

Machine operators’ Olympics for the seventh time
(Dr. György Demes)
In 2009 the Machine operators’ Olympics returned to its original venue, Baja where competitors had to tackle new problems, go along new pathways and manage different designs of machines.

We do need ploughing – ploughing competitions – 2009
(Zoltán Molnár)
The brief article reports on the press conference about this year’s ploughing competitions.

LOOKOUT

The first meeting of agricultural press in the Carpathian basin at Kishomok
(István Ternovácz)
The first meeting of correspondents of agricultural journals in the Carpathian basin took place on the Bata farmstead in the vicinity of Kishomok (Serbia) close to the Hungarian border.

A Hungarian delegation in Spain. Report
(Péter Szilágyi Bay)
A delegation of Hungarian professionals visited the agricultural fair EXPOVICAMAN in Albacete, Spain in order to map local conditions and prospects allowing them to establish new relations between the Hungarian and the hosting Spanish organisations.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is a set of brief reviews of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Szabolcs Makó (1938-2009) – the doctor of plants
(Dr. Géza Fischl)

The editorial board takes leave from one of its founders
We take leave from Szabolcs Makó, one of the founding members of our editorial board.

In memoriam Sándor Oravecz (1943-2009)
(Dr. József Tarjányi)
Remembrance to Sándor Oravecz.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Ágoston Haraszthy (1812-1869)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month our readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Ágoston Haraszthy in the frame of our series presenting the great personalities of the Hungarian agricultural history.

Note (not only) for growers. About the village and countryside
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series focuses on the villages, highlighting their past and role in our hurrying world.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)