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Agroforum 2009 February

Memories and letters
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH: SOIL CULTIVATION

Traditions and changes. Lessons learned during the tillage season in autumn 2008
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The author sums up the lessons learned during the tillage season in autumn 2008, pointing out the time and cause of the mistakes. She also mentions when and how they could have been avoided. Then she evaluates the crops sown in late summer and autumn, together with the performance of preparing the soil before them. She draws the attention to that the distribution and volume of the rainfall could help those growers to achieve good crop quality who really cared for the soil. The examination of sunflower and maize fields revealed mistakes made during seedbed preparation. Maize stands responded with rapid drying in the drought of August. Weather conditions fairly favoured basic tillage operations in autumn. The author objected the quality of ploughing carried out in July and late August, while she was satisfied with such operations made at favourable moisture conditions. She called the attention again to the levelling of ploughing in order to prevent moisture losses in winter.

FOCUSING ON ALTERNATIVE CROPS

Alternatives for field crop growing
(Dr. István Gondola, Dr. László Gocs, Dr. Nagy László)
Growing of alternative crops seems to be insignificant at the moment, but in the future and already in these days they can get a growing importance in human nutrition, animal feeding and/or in the maintenance or increase of soil fertility. Market demand has been continuously stable for them. Their importance is increasing without stop because they can be grown in a sustainable way and their production do not or only slightly increase chemical load of industrial origin for the environment. In addition to increasing biological diversity, such crops make food production even more versatile, widening the range of healthy food. This is why the investigators of the Nyíregyháza Research Centre of the Centre for Agricultural Sciences and Engineering of the University of Debrecen present the options for growing buckwheat, oats, millet and canary grass, and the outline the key points of their growing.

The importance and growing of fodder sorghum in ecological production
(Mihály Pál, Dr. Erzsébet Rajki)
The authors give an account of using grain and silage sorghum and of Sudan grass, and summarise the management programme of growing sorghum.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Trying Genius (x)
Try the herbicide Genius (aminopyralid + pyroxsulam + florasulam + chloquintocet-mexyl) in cereals against annual and perennial dicot weeds and annual monocot weeds.

Tivadar Lánci about Ikarus (x)
Tivadar Lánci recommends Dow AgroSciences’s Ikarus (clopyralid + picloram+ aminopyralid) for controlling annual and perennial dicot weeds in winter rapes.

Trying Taltos (x)
This is a new, wide-spectrum herbicide from Dow AgroSciences for cereal growers.

The results of national trials with spring barley varieties, 2008 (2)
(Dr. András Tomcsányi)
The professional of the Cereal Research Non-profit Company considers the results of trials with spring barely varieties established by themselves and their partner institutions at the particular production sites in order to identify the varieties the most suitable for them. He also draws the attention to the eventual differences among the results and explains their background.

Certain techniques and agrochemicals of environmentally friendly field crop growing (2) (x)
Plantaco Ltd. recommends its sulphur fertilizers, micro-granulated starter fertilizers, special foliar fertilizers and microbial soil amending substances to support environmentally concerned crop production.

When does fertilizer market get going?
(translated by Attila Kosztolányi)
Prices have broken records since the drastic increase in Asian and South American demand for fertilizers. The article is seeking the answer to the global trends in this field for the near future.

The importance of phosphorous fertilizer application (x)
(Rita Vári)
The professional of Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. draws the attention to the importance of the optimal phosphorous supply of plants.

Basic fertilizer application: where can we save money and where we can’t
(translated by Attila Kosztolányi)
The highly increasing prices of basic fertilizers force many growers all over the world to develop strategies in using phosphorous and potassium fertilizers. Let’s see, what kind of options are available for this in Germany?

EPSO Top® foliar fertilizerThe importance of magnesium in cereal growing (x)
(Dr. Eszter Zsom)
K+S Kali GmbH recommends its foliar fertilizers enriched with magnesium.

Plant nutrition is a smart, different way (x)
Cheminova reveals some of its plant nutrition “tricks”.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

The main reasons of upgrading agricultural produces
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
The article gives an account of the most important reasons why the value of agricultural products has risen so conspicuously in the past few years (limited possibilities for expanding arable lands, the increase of global population, etc.). He outlines the importance of reasonable fertilizer use in order to reach the goals of sustainable and more efficient crop production.

Controlling the lodging of cereals (x)
(György Kurtz)
Moddus is a growth regulator from Syngenta Ltd. that enhances the growth of cereal roots and strengthens the vigour together with the diameter and thickness of the stem, decreasing the risk of lodging by that.

Studying the disease resistance of sunflower diseases in variety trials, 2008
(Dr. László Gergely et al.)
Readers may get to know the most important results of the small plot trials for disease resistance of sunflower genotypes carried out in the Variety Testing Station of the Central Agricultural Office and certain outside areas.

Where the top sunflower hybrids were grown together (x)
(Roland Szabó)
A Summit-Agro Hungary Ltd. informs sunflower growers about its hybrids ES Artimis and ES Florimis.

Monsanto agronomic experiments – for your safety. (x)
How do Monsanto’s new Dekalb hybrids perform in farm trials in terms of agronomic characteristics?

Once upon a time there was an “agricultural experimentation” (1)
(Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky)
This is the first article of a new series, where the author presents the history of experimentation from the beginnings to the date.

Controlling Jimson weed in sunflowers – Gardoprim Plus Gold (x)
(Béla Radvány)
Syngenta Ltd. recommends sunflower growers its Gardoprim Plus Gold (S-metolachlor + terbuthylazine) to suppress hard-to-control thornapple.

A series of novelties in the spring hybrid and variety offer of Saaten (x)
This is Saaten-Union’s hybrid and variety offer for crops to be sown in spring.

SAATEN-UNION, Dow AgroSciences’s new maize distributor partner. Press release
Saaten-Union and Dow AgroSciences announced their cooperation agreement concluded for the distribution of maize seeds.

Force 1.5 G – six years’ experience (x)
(Zoltán Lucza)
Syngenta Ltd. keeps on recommending Force 1.5 G (tefluthrin) for soil disinfestations to control western corn rootworm larvae.

Crop stability in every season –with KWS maize hybrids (x)
(Kolozs Bősze)
New-generation hybrids for maize growers from KWS

Teaching botany for veterinary students
(Dr. János Vetter)
The author invites us for a walk in the past, present and future focusing on the role of botany in veterinary education.

Crop protection and nutrient supply in rapes (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
Hungarian Kwizda recommends its rape package for winter rape growers.

Alternatives for early potato growing in Hungary (1)
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi, Dr. József Kruppa, Dr. Györgyi Csontos
The first part of the series outlines a management programme of early potato growing. This comprises growing in polytunnels followed by temporarily covering the crop with a plastic foil. It refers either to protecting ridges and the air space above them or to directly covering the plants.

FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

Developmental disorders caused by abiotic factors in vegetables (3)
(Dr. István Terbe)
Diseases that can be attributed to abiotic causes are still quite frequent in vegetable growing. This is why the author presents such developmental disorders and the factors provoking them (adverse nutrient supply, climatic conditions, etc.).

Sweet pepper growing practice. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We asked Lajos Novák a primary producer at the village Bugyi about his experience with sweet pepper production, the management programmes he follows, their key points and the varieties he grows.

FOR FRUIT GROWERS

The present and prospects of sour cherry growing (2)
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
The author dealt with the cost-benefit aspects of Hungarian sour-cherry growing in the first part of the series. This time he is seeking the answer to the question: “What marketing prices or yields are to be achieved in order to achieve cost-efficient production under the current financial conditions of growing?

Timing the pruning of fruit trees
(Dr. László Szalay)
Pruning is one of the most labour-intensive elements of bearing orchards, requiring much professional skills. Profitability of the crop highly depends on how this operation is carried out but its timing is not less important either. Now the author wishes to draw the attention to the latter issue.

FOR GRAPEVINE GROWERS

The conclusions of year 2000’s grapevine powdery mildew in the Szekszárd wine region
(Dr. István Füzi)
In 2001, 2004 and 2008 weather conditions were different but powdery mildew highly affected vineyards in all the three years. The primary reason for that was the early and severe infection by ascospores. The professional of BASF Hungary Ltd. outlines the elements that jointly contributed to these epidemics. Finally, he estimates the probability of powdery mildew outbreaks in 2009.

Overview of 2007-2008 from plant protection aspects (3) Grapes
(Miklós Tóth)
The author from the Directorate of Plant Protection, Soil Conservation and Agri-environment of the Central Agricultural Service gives an overview of the grapevine protection in the past year according to the main groups of pests and diseases.

News from Szekszárd. Grapevine powdery mildew in 2008. Report
(Mihály Vikman)
Szekszárd Növény Ltd., together with the Wine-growing Community of Villány organised a meeting titled “Grapevine powdery mildew in 2008”. The article lets you have an insight into the most important presentations delivered there.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
The review of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals focuses on the protection of honey bees.

INRA –atop the agricultural research
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
Get to know the objectives of establishing INRA, the national agricultural research institute in France and all the tasks this institution is entitled to perform in our days.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

How to select … (7) Precision drill for maize (2)
(Zsolt Kelemen)
The article provides information and recommendations about the preparation, adjusting and operation of precision drills most widely used currently in maize production.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Portrait. Talk with dr. János Németh maize breeder
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is a talk with one of the most successful Hungarian maize breeders who is a co-breeder of various domestic hybrids. He has introduced certain foreign hybrids and carried out outstanding breeding work also in international co-operation.

About the cooperation of Agrofórum and farmit.hu
(Tamás Witzl)
This is about Agrofórum as seen by the webmasters of farmit.hu website.

I used to be a minister. Talk with the ministers of the past decades
(Dr. László Bódis)
With this series launched in this issue we wish to present the particular periods of our agriculture through the eyes of that-time ministers of agriculture.

CHEMTURA is meeting partners at a jubilee Christmas party
(Dr. György Demes)
The Hungarian Branch of Chemtura Europe Ltd. held its traditional partner meeting before Christmas. The event provided an excellent opportunity for giving a brief overview to the 20-year-long history of the company.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. János Nagyváthy (1755-1819)
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the frame of the series presenting the great persons in our agriculture, this month readers may get to know the life and work of János Nagyváthy.

Legal page. Act on food chain and its official control and the related changes in legislation (2)
(Dr. Orsolya Vercseg)
This time the lawyer of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development informs readers about the new legal institutions introduced by Act on food chain, affecting plant protection.

Note for growers. About a new scheme of requirements
(Miklós Kurucz)
From this part of the series “Note for growers” you may be familiar with the term, legal background and objectives of the criteria scheme called “cross compliance”.

Two prize-winners of the game launched in 2007
(AF)
Agrofórum launched a professional game in 2007. Its first round terminated in November 2008.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)