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Agroforum 2009 May

Together or by no means
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Hidden values of our soils
(Dr. Borbála Biró, Péter Pacsuta)
The article draws the attention to the importance of the soil-plant-micro-organism system in order to achieve more healthy soil, and by that, more healthy food production.

The importance of microelements (x)
(Rita Vári)
Linzer Agro Trade Kft. recommends Linzer Ware and YaraVita fertilizers for growers to ensure optimum micronutrient supply.

FOCUSING ON CROSS-COMPLIANCE

Environmental requirements of cross-compliance
(Tamás Harangozó, Gábor Várszegi)
The authors discuss the environmental requirements to be introduced in 2009 and the most affecting growers possessing lands. They create one of the pillars of the cross compliance scheme and cover the protection of natural habitats, birds and other animals and plants living in the wild, as well as of subsurface waters, furthermore the agricultural use of sewage sludge and the protection of waters against nitrate pollution. In addition, the article provides information regarding the other pillar, sustaining the good agricultural and environmental conditions of agricultural lands.

The Society of Agricultural Sciences of County Csongrád held its session. Report
(Péter Szilágyi Bay)
The article gives a brief summary of what was discussed on the members’ meeting in 2009 of the Society of Agricultural Sciences of County Csongrád. The key issues on the agenda were the current topics of the Common Agriculture Policy and the Cross compliance scheme, including the related control mechanisms.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Professional asks professional. Wheat in an intensive way, but how?
(Dr. Pál Békési)
Dr. Pál Békési, member of the editorial board of Agrofórum asked certain recognized persons, professionally managing holdings, to answer crucial questions inevitable in intensive wheat growing and highly affected by financial conditions.

Efficient foliage and ear protection as a precondition of successful cereal production (x)
(Sándor Bálint, Dr. Elemér Tóth, István Rácz)
DuPont Hungary Kft. recommends its fungicide programme for cereal growers.

Decis plus Tagló = Decis Mega (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer CropScience informs on its new deltamethrin insecticide Decis Mega available for a wide range of uses.

Why is it worthy choosing YaraVitaTM foliar fertilizers? (x)
The question is answered in the article presenting YaraVita foliar fertilizers.

Briefly about Fusarium diseases
(Péter Hertelendy)
The incidence of various Fusarium species affecting cereals is not low in nature at all. However, the species damaging winter wheat are not saprophyte nor cellulose-decomposing organisms or wound parasites, as they infect plants at a susceptible growth stage without any weakness or wound. The paper describes the Fusarium species most frequently affecting cereals, the infection process and the key points of their control.

Overall protection of ears and leaves – in another cost-saving way! (x)
(Dr. László Magyar)
Summit-Agro Hungary Kft. recommends its new programme offering a complex solution for cereal growers.

Skills for protecting ears (x)
Cheminova skills are outlined in the pest management programme of cereals.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

I used to be a minister (3) Talk with Dr. Pál  Romány
(Dr. László Bódis)
This talk is with dr. Pál Romány, professor emeritus of Szent István University, a one-time minister.

Using the means of individual protection against chemicals in agriculture (1)
(Ágoston Tóth)
In the first part of the series launched with this article, readers get an overview of introducing, developing and applying protective equipment linked to the use of agrochemicals.

The effect of weather on flower development and pollen shredding
(Dr. Miklós Juhász)
The article explains that in the temperate zone, autumn and winter weather conditions determine the growth of plants, and therefore the development of species causing pollen allergy, influence flowering in the next season and yields as well. In addition, weather during flowering affects pollen shedding and dispersal, as well as pollen concentration.

Recent research results are waiting for practical application in agriculture. Report
(Péter Szilágyi Bay)
It seems to be an administrative mistake that AGROFÓRUM did not receive an invitation to the Scientific Days of Plant Breeding. However, as readers are important for us above all, they may be informed about this prestigious event from a “guest correspondent”.

Only electronic applications are accepted. Press release
The electronic filling-in and submission of the uniform applications have started for 2009 for area-based and various other, direct and rural development subsidies.

FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

Science in crop production. Physiological bases of frost sensitivity and resistance in crop production
(Krisztián Halász)
The article gives an answer, among them to the changes that take place in plant cells and tissues in the cold season. It reveals why certain plant organs would better tolerate frost damages and how we can enhance the frost resistance of plants.

The possibilities of turnip growing in Hungary
(Dr. Hajnalka Ledó Darázsi, Dr. László Dudás, Attila Rajki, Dr. Sándor Hodossi)
Turnip, a biannual crop belonging to the family of Brassicaceae, can be easily mixed up with radish. Its dietetic importance is primarily given by the fact that it is available in early summer and wintertime, the period critical regarding fresh vegetable supply. The authors describe the particular variety types and the crop management alternatives from early spring growing in cold greenhouses to outdoor production.

Early cabbages to the market!
(Zoltán Pap)
It is worth paying attention to the fresh market growing of cabbage, and within this to early production promising more profit. This requires a large-scale knowledge, on the one hand of crop management and on the other, of varieties the basis of which is outlined in the article.

Yara solutions for foliar fertilizer application with FerticareTM (x)
Yara presents its Ferticare fertilizers, describing their advantages.

FOR FRUIT GROWERS

The principles of integrated fruit production (3) Selecting the varieties
(Dr. László Szalay)
The varieties are selected for planting in high standard orchards after carefully considering various aspects, as the success of fruit growing, competitiveness is basically determined by the planted varieties. Readers may get to know the most important criteria for such considerations.

The current status and future prospects of sour cherry growing in the light of profitability (4)
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
In the last article of his series the author compares German and Hungarian sour-cherry production in terms of economic efficiency. Finally he concludes the major advantages and disadvantages of sour cherry growing in Hungary and gives relevant indications to support the development of the sector.

Mitigating rainfall-induced fruit splitting of sour cherries
(Dr. Gergely Simon)
According to recent opinions, rainfall during harvesting time may cause fruit splitting of certain sour-cherry varieties. The author from Budapest Corvinus University summarises the causes of rainfall-induced fruit splitting, and gives an account of testing the susceptibility of Hungarian sour cherry varieties to splitting, furthermore of applying a fruit splitting mitigation method by spraying products containing calcium.

FOR GRAPEVINE GROWERS

Recommendations for creating grapevine canopy
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The author draws the attention to the importance of cultural operations and their effects on photosynthesis, shoot growth, lignifications, as well as crop quality and quantity.

Quadris awards granted for this year. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
Syngenta Kft. invited vine growers and winemakers for a technical meeting held in Siófok in March 2009. The main attraction of the technical programme was the ceremonial announcement of the results of Syngenta Wine Competition when the Hungarian winemakers outstanding with their wines were awarded prestigious prizes.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters… (1) The combine story
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
In the first part of a new series the authors from the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of Szent István University provide an overview of the history of cereal harvesters.

“It is only the service-based growth that has a real chance”. Talk with Zsolt Pintér
(Dr. György Demes)
We asked the managing director of AXIÁL Kft., Zsolt Pintér how AXIÁL can meet the demands of agricultural sector for more up-to-date machines and technologies under the conditions of the new, changed global economy.

Let’s be familiar with John Deere 8000 tractors
(Dr. György Demes)
KITE Zrt. granted a top-technology John Deere 8030 tractor for training purposes a Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of Szent István University. On this event we briefly present the universal tractors series 8000 of John Deere.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Ede Kühne (1839-1903)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get to know the life and work of Ede Kühne in the frame of the series about the remarkable personalities of Hungary’s agriculture.

Note for growers. About an important decision in Brussels
(Miklós Kurucz)
The ministers of environment of the EU member states rejected, by qualified majority, the committee motion for lifting the moratorium on growing GM maize. But does it mean that Hungary is GM-free with this or irrespective of this outcome? Probably even professionals do not have enough knowledge about the issue to allow objective answering to this question. This is why it is worth reading the article to be more familiar with the facts.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)