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Agroforum 2009 March

Passing time
(Dr. Bódis László)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Challenges of crop production and plant breeding at the beginning of the 21st century
(Dr. László Heszky)
In our days we can hear more and more about the eventual ecological disasters to come true. They can be prevented only if we know their causes and consequences to agriculture, crop production in particular, and their biological bases, the plant varieties.

FOCUSING ON WEED CONTROL

Weed control in sunflowers
(Béla Radvány)
The article gives an account of weed control in fields of conventional and herbicide-resistant sunflower hybrids, discussing the use of the registered active substances.

Chemical weed control in maize
(László Szabó)
The preliminary data of the Vth National Weed Survey confirm that the composition of weed population in maize is continuously changing. In the recent years annual monocot weeds have been quickly spreading. This is why post-emergence application in itself cannot provide sufficient control in maize, and it is necessary to carry out pre-emergence treatments in larger areas. The author presents the options for pre- and post-emergence weed control in the crop, highlighting the registered herbicides.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Trying Genius (x)
Try herbicide Genius (aminopyralid + pyroxsulam + florasulam + chloquintocet-mexyl) in cereals against annual and perennial dicot weeds and annual monocot weeds.

Trying Taltos (x)
This is a new, wide-spectrum herbicide from Dow AgroSciences for cereal growers.

I tried… Experiences of a grower from Abony with Ikarus
Experiences are outlined from Abony with Dow AgroSciences’s Ikarus (clopyralid + picloram+ aminopyralid) controlling annual and perennial dicot weeds in winter rapes.

Calaris – a new herbicide in maize (x)
(Szilvia Tóth Csantavéri)
Syngenta Ltd. recommends Calaris (mesotrione+terbuthylazine) to control weeds in maize.

A novelty for weed control in cereals
(Márta Goda Biczó)
Various novelties have been registered for weed control in cereals. We can find herbicides with brand-new active substances and other actives with long and proven history, applied in new management programmes. This is why the specialist of the Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Directorate of the Agricultural Office of County Győr-Moson-Sopron summarises, without targeting completeness, the range of herbicides released for weed control in cereals in the last three years, commercially used or growers are just getting acquainted with their application.

Solar System – a brand new weed control option (x)
(György Salamon)
Nufarm Hungária Ltd. offers Solar System (cynidonethyl +dichloroprop-P + tribenuron-methyl) collective package for weed control in cereals.

Colombus after Granstar Star
(Zoltán Papp)
Experiences are outlined here with Colombus EC (clopyralid + fluroxypir + florasulam) from the Pannon wheat programme of the agricultural servicing and trading company KITE.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Recommendations for tillage in spring
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The article wishes to assist growers in preparing for soil cultivation in spring. The author gives an overview of tillage works in connection with climate change (milder winters with more precipitation, warmer and dryer summers). She evaluates the quality of basic tillage carried out in summer and autumn of 2008, highlighting the risks growers may encounter during soil preparation in spring. She gives advice on how to avoid and mitigate tillage mistakes. The article also draws the attention to the fact that it is not the quantity but due timing of soil operations that makes work successful – even with less input.

Improving efficacy of sunflower growing with EPSO Top® foliar fertilizer (x)
(Dr. Eszter Zsom)
The professional of K+S Kali GmbH recommends sunflower growers EPSO Top® magnesium and sulphur fertilizer for foliar application in order to reach good yields and oil content of the crop.

Fine-tuning cost-saving fertilizer application in sunflowers
(Dr. István Mihály Petróczi)
Sunflowers are known as a soil demanding crop, aggressively utilizing natural nutrient resources in the soil. A cost-saving fertilizer application strategy can be based on this remarkable characteristic. The results of long-term trials carried out at the Cereal Research Institute in Szeged support this work.

Possibilities for improving economic characteristics (x)
(Dr. Szilárd Tóth)
Mikro-Vital is a novel, highly effective bacterium product for sunflowers.

Preparing for the control of sunflower diseases
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The author takes into account the whole range of means for controlling sunflower diseases (genetic, agronomic, biological and chemical).

Urea or CAN? (x)
(Rita Vári)
The professional of Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Ltd. draws the attention to the benefits of using LINZER NAC fertilizer.

Successful protection of sunflowers (x)
(István Rácz)
In 2008 DuPont released a new fungicide AlertÒSun for controlling foliar diseases of sunflowers.

Options for controlling white mould of sunflowers in a narrow crop rotation (x)
(Imre Máté, György Turóczi)
Hungarian Kwizda offers Koni® WG containing spores of fungus Coniothyrium minitans to control white mould.

Szeged University works on solving Hungary’s energy supply problems. Press release
The technology, worked out by the investigators of Szeged University, may be suitable for mitigating problems of energy supply on the long run, and allows using a new bio-fuel. The method facilitates converting valueless plant waste containing carbohydrates into cheap and environmentally-riendly energy.

After the battle – about the situation of pesticides
(Dr. Gábor Tőkés)
The discussion of the institutions of the European Union has come to an end about the new registration regulation of pesticides and the directive on pesticide use. Let’s have a look at the decision made and the changes it involves for Hungarian growers.

ODesi – Sekator and Huszár in a new form (x)
(László Farády)
From 2009 on, Bayer CropScience offers its old products under the names ‘Sekator OD’ and ‘Huszár OD’ in a new formulation and with various advantages for professionals in practice.

Atonik: the legal drug for rapes! (x)
(Péter Vitéz)
Arysta LifeScience Hungary Ltd. recommends Atonik biostimulator for rape growers.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Alternatives for early potato growing in Hungary (2)
(Dr. József Kruppa, Márta Heller Szabó Molnár, Dr. Sándor Hodossi)
In the second part of the series, the authors sum up our ecological conditions and biological bases from the point of view of outdoor growing of early potatoes, furthermore discuss the methods of producing early potatoes in the field (early production, summer planting out and double cropping).

Nutrient management jobs in the field (x)
This is Yara’s offer for nutrient supply in field crops.

Five years’ experience of Hungarian seed potato production
(Dénes Keresztes)
The author sums up the areas planted for seed potato production in the particular counties with the indicated Hungarian and foreign varieties. He also presents the changes in harvested crop yields since our accession to the EU. Finally he draws the conclusions.

What are Hungarian growers searching for in the Internet? (x)
We put the question to Tamás Witzl, manager of Farmit.hu agroportal.

Certain techniques and agrochemicals of environmentally friendly field crop growing (3) (x)
Plantaco Ltd. recommends its plant protection programme containing special phosphorous compounds, copper and micronutrients for wheat growing.

Finale – International Year of the Potato closed
(Dr. László Bódis)
The Potato Research Centre of Pannon University, Georgicon Faculty organised Potato Sector Forum at Keszthely in January as usually. This time this was the closing event of the International Year of the Potato.

Super triple HUNGEXPO exposition – successfully ended
(Dr. György Demes)
It was the second time between 28 and 31 January that Hungexpo Co. organised an exposition to display agricultural machinery and the products of horticulture, the grapes and wine sector in one place, at the renewed Budapest Fair Centre. AGRO+MASHEXPO representing three sectors, Hungarian Garden, Viticulture and Winemaking expositions offered visitors more novelties than ever, and the professional programme was rich in topical issues.

The first part of subsidizing vineyard uprooting has closed. Press release
(MVH)
Referring to the Ministerial Decree 100/2008. (VIII. 6.) FVM on the conditions of subsidizing vineyard uprooting, 5420 applications were submitted to the Agricultural and Rural Development Office. The aim of the support measure was to allow old people to finish their vine growing activity under fair conditions. At the same time, the scheme contributes to decrease overproduction of wine in the member states of the European Union.

Intervention buy-up of maize continues. Press release
(MVH)
Last year the volume of maize offered for intervention buying up did not reach the maximum limit of 700 thousand tonnes, therefore a new buying-up period has been opened up to the capacity of 172.377 tons.

EU Food Aid Programme. Press release
(MVH)
EU Food Aid Programme is the biggest one in this field in Hungary. In this frame the country may spend HUF 3 billion for food support in 2009.

FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

Protection against spring frosts in vegetable growing
(Dr. Katalin Slezák, Ferenc Orosz)
In the past few years the extreme weather conditions in spring caused damages both in the fields and unheated greenhouses. Frosts can provoke various kinds of injuries. Various methods are available for mitigating frost injuries with different feasibility for the particular vegetable crops. The authors discuss such techniques from temporary plant cover, through frost irrigation to indirect frost protection systems.

What will happen to you, hot pepper of Szeged? Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The conference titled “Tradition, quality, pepper of Szeged – what will be with you?” focused on the situation of hot pepper growing in Hungary. The issues of the sector’s prospects for growing and regaining the lost role in the Hungarian and international markets were also addressed. The most important elements of the crop management programme (pruning, regulating yields and air conditioning, water and nutrient supply), as well as methods of young plant growing were discussed.

Ecological young plant growing mirrored by practice and research
(Zoltán Pap, Andrea Tóbiás)
The authors deal with growing young plants in an ecological way to reveal the differences of ecological and conventional ways of production. They also inform about the recent research in growing media for young plants allowing producers to reach the best results.

FOR FRUIT GROWERS

Principles of integrated fruit growing (1)
(Dr. László Szalay)
In his new series launched now, the author wishes to present the details of the most accepted methods in integrated fruit production. Readers may get the answer to the following questions: How did integrated fruit growing develop? What is integrated fruit growing? What are the principles of integrated fruit growing?

Controlling white peach scale in our peach orchards
(Szabolcs Makó, Eleonóra Makó Buzás, László Makó)
Experience can be found here from the practice and the eventual constraints of controlling white peach scale.

Current situation and future prospects of sour-cherry growing in terms of cost-efficiency (3)
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
The third part of the series deals with the cost-benefit balance and profitability of sour-cherry growing in Germany.

Complete Yara management programme and product range both in agricultural and horticultural crops (x)
This is Yara’s comprehensive nutrient supply recommendation for growers.

Visiting Bayer’s apple symposium. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Bayer CropScience invited apple growers to the “Apple symposium” having arisen great interest for many years. This time it was organised in the conference room of Hotel Pagony in Nyíregyháza on 27 January 2009.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
You may read a compilation of certain interesting articles published in foreign technical journals.

Does environmentally-friendly crop production need to pay for?
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
In our days the need for a cleaner environment, a more healthy food containing the least pesticide possible has been increased. If the society preferred that growers of food (and already fuel-bases) would follow a more environmentally friendly way of production than before, it shall be accepted that consumers should also make certain sacrifice in a way. The investigators of INRA at Dijon are also seeking the answer to the above question. Readers may have a look inside their work from this article.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

CLAAS XERION, a “system” tractor with implements
(Dr. György Demes)
CLAAS XERION 3800 got to the centre of interest also in Hungary due to this year’s AGRO+MASHEXPO. The article reveals all the information on the difference between this power machine and the conventional universal tractors.

New, heavy-duty Massey Ferguson tractors
(Dr. György Demes)
After that Massey Ferguson MF 8690, the most powerful of the MF 8600 tractors won the prizes “The tractor of 2009” and “Golden Tractor” selected to be the nicest tractor on the EIMA competition of agricultural machines in Bologna, the machine was awarded by a new, innovation grand prize at the Budapest fair of AGRO+MASHEXPO. The article presents the MF 8600 series tractors in connection with the obtained prize.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Message to Authors and Readers
(AF)

“Partnership and innovation” strategy, also in the changed economic environment
(Dr. György Demes)
The Agrodivision of BASF Hungary Ltd. held its meeting titled “Directions 2009 – Conference about partnership” for trading partners at VAM Design Center in Budapest on 21 January 2009. The participants could get acquainted with the BASF strategy tailored to the present economic situation, with the selected way basing the common development and the new innovative solutions of BASF.

Note for growers. About the technical requirements of cross-compliance
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the frame of the series, now you may get to know the basis of the scheme called cross compliance, the direct goals and the requirements to be satisfied.

Expertise recommended (Month of Agricultural Books 2009)
(Miklós Kurucz)
The Month of Agricultural Books is the celebration of publishing technical literature in this field. This relates to the authors of far-reaching textbooks, journals and technical articles containing essential daily information and to editors of journals. At the same time, this is a call for growers: present-day knowledge is not enough for tomorrow. February offers the possibility and time of self-education for the managers of enterprises, private growers and even for employees.

Legal page. Act on food chain and its official control and the related changes in legislation (3.)
(Dr. Orsolya Vercseg)
In the frame of the legal page, the author from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development presents three government decree in the field of plant protection enacted with the authorisation of the Act on food chain and its official control (On the rules of the compilation and publication of Plant Protection Methodology, on the rules of control of public interest against ragweed, on the ways and degree of calculating penalties).

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. István Ambrózy-Migazzi (1869-1933)
(Miklós Kurucz)
Readers may get to know the life and work of István Ambrózy-Migazzi in the frame of our series presenting the remarkable persons of the Hungarian agricultural past.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)