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Agroforum 2009 November

The sound of silence
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Introducing the programme called “Vegetables and fruits, village and town”
(József Molnár)
We wish to launch a new series under the ‘Topic of the month’ with the aim of connecting the vegetable and fruit sectors with rural employment.

FOCUSING ON TILLAGE (continued)

Seeking the way XVIII. Tillage systems
(Dr. István J. Jóri)
In addition to have a brief overview of the energy-saving tillage systems, you may get acquainted with the current minimum tillage techniques together with the implements to apply them and their role in sustainable agriculture.

Seeking the way XVIII. Cropping structure and energy saving
(István Petróczki)
What does the management of the Stud-Farm Estate of Mezőhegyes think about the relation of cropping structure and energy saving? The article answers this question.

Seeking the way XVIII. Energy-saving and soil conservation tillage techniques in a family farm
(Károly Simon)
What are the characteristics and the advantages of energy-saving and soil conservation tillage techniques? The answer can be found from the experience of a young grower.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Seeking the way XVIII. Incentives supporting energy management in agriculture
(Tamás Varga, Gábor Klenovics)
The value of the efficient utilization of energy and the renewable resources will increase in the future. Agriculture takes a prominent role in this process as the set goals cannot be attained without the use of biomass. Several stimulating integrated measures support to reach the targets important for the national economy. The article lets you to have an insight into the details.

Looking back to sunflower diseases in 2009
(Dr. Pál Békési)
Read the article to get to know the diseases occurred in the sunflower fields in the past season.

The results of sunflower growing in the recent season
(Central Agricultural Office)
The article reveals the performance of Hungarian sunflower growing based on the yield data for 2009.

Sunflowers as a crop that cannot be left out from the crop rotation… (x)
(Attila Kovács)
This is a brief summary about the performance of the sunflower hybrids from Syngenta Seeds and the novelties to be released in 2010.

Comments. GMO: battle or dialogue?
(Dr. László Sági)
The article contributes to a talk, published in our number of June 2009, with the head of the Hungarian Biotechnology Evaluation Committee, intended for launching a discussion.

Examining winter wheat flours with extensograph
(Ágnes Pongrácz Barancsi, Zsuzsanna Tarján, Dr. Péter Sipos)
Beside the traditional wheat quality tests, the dough stretching examinations carried out with extensograph are gaining more and more importance. This is why readers are offered an overview about the structure and operation of the extensograph, and last but not least, with the methods approved for the determination of tests performed with this instrument.

Synplus – the new Syngenta hybrids perform well in Zimány also this year! (x)
(Syngenta Seeds
)
Syngenta Seeds publishes the performance of its recent maize hybrids in 2009.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Past and present. Future? Talk with dr. Ottó Pálmai
(Zoltán Molnár)
We talked about the palmy days and the current struggles with dr. Ottó Palmai, head of the Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation of the Agricultural Office of County Fejér on the occasion of the 55th anniversary of establishing the institution.

About the jubilee feast of the Association of Hungarian Plant Breeders
(Dr. István Oláh)
Taking the opportunity of the 20th anniversary of its foundation, the Association of Hungarian Plant Breeders organised a jubilee meeting at the Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Martonvásár on 25 September 2009. The article recalls the most important moments of the event.

Using the means of individual protection against chemicals in agriculture (4)
(Ágoston Tóth)
The final part of the series presenting the personal protective equipment currently applied in agriculture focuses on the aspects of selecting, applying, cleaning and storing the means of individual protection.

A new deadline for submitting applications for paying. Press release
(Hungarian Agricultural and Rural Development Agency)

By public acclamation
(Dr. László Bódis)
The article outlines the topics raised in the key lectures of the conference titled “Drought and getting dry in Hungary” organised at Kecskemét on 7 October.

Beginners in growing can apply for money again. Press release
(Hungarian Agricultural and Rural Development Agency)

A more intensive cooperation of primary producers is needed in the fruit and vegetable sector. Press release
(Hungarian Agricultural and Rural Development Agency)

FOR VEGETABLE GROWERS

Recent results of trials of resistance against western flower thrips in greenhouse peppers
(András Molnár, Dr. István Terbe, Ms K Kiss)
The authors from Budapest Corvinus University, Department of Vegetable and Mushroom Growing and the Department of Entomology give an account of the experiences drawn from a two years’ study conducted on the susceptibility to thrips of certain pepper varieties popular in Hungary.

Ruccola
(Attila Ombódi, Zsuzsanna Tóth Ötvös, András Paksi)
Get to know in details the possible uses and dietetic importance of ruccola, a vegetable crop becoming more and more popular also in our country.

The ‘carrot king”. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with Gyula Birkás, one of the owners of Carota Bt., located at Soponya in the “heart” of Mezőföld, about his experience obtained in carrot growing.

FOR FRUIT GROWERS

Planting fruit trees
(Dr. László Szalay)
The first key thing to be done in an orchard is to professionally plant the grafts into the proper place. This article informs on traditional, manual planting.

A Hungarian specialty, Papp’s umbrella training for apricot trees
(Dr. László Szalay)
In Hungarian apricot orchards, special high-stem trees with bending branches can be seen at more and more places, especially in plains. Their main advantage is that the crown of the trees rises from the zone of ground frosts, mitigating the risk of frost damages. The article summarises the key points and criteria of pruning and training the trees to achieve this shape.

What makes spindle trees slender?
(Dr. László Szalay)
Get acquainted with the training system successfully used for various fruit tree species. Spindle bush trees completely allow growers to reach the goal set in up-to-date orchards to carry out operations of the crop management programme with high labour demand (pruning, fruit thinning and harvesting) standing on the ground.

FOR GRAPEVINE GROWERS

In memoriam Szabolcs Makó– 2009
(László Vukovich)

Blessing and curse – bases of a successful control against grey mould
(Dr. György Sárospataki)
The author lays emphasis on preventing one of the special fungal diseases of grapes, i.e. grey mould and on presenting the methods of indirect protection.

Vineyard as an ecosystem
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Vine-growing obviously involves the decrease of biological diversity. It is hardly feasible to create a fully self-controlling grapevine eco-system not needing any intervention. However, the occurrence of several pests can be reduced below the economic threshold as a result of well-balanced, integrated measures. Read the paper to get to know the details and the alternatives for increasing biodiversity.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters(6) Variations for threshing
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
From this part of our series assisting readers to orientate among the different harvesters you may get acquainted with the different threshing structures and the mode of their operation.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
The review of an article published in a foreign technical journal outlines the relation between agriculture and climate change.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note (not only) for growers. About rural tourism (2)
(Miklós Kurucz)
The previous note emphasised the important role of the guest among the players of rural tourism. However, there are two other participants without whose responsible and co-ordinated work there is no success in rural tourism: the host(s) and the local government.

About agri-culture – in Italy
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is a brief account of experiences from Tuscany about the Italian every-day agriculture.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Rudolf Fleischmann (1879-1950)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month our readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Rudolf Fleischmann in the frame of our series presenting the great personalities of the Hungarian agricultural history.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)