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Agroforum 2010 August

Sound of bells
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Thoughts about agricultural policy (1)
(Miklós Kurucz)
The author expresses his ideas about agricultural policy in a critical but moderate paper.

“With the due care” (1)
(Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky)
The one-time director of the Protein and Biotechnology Office of the National Committee of Technical Development (OMFB), based on his several decade-long experiences, prepared a summarising analysis about the situation of the Hungarian food production. He draws the attention to the tasks to perform and new trends necessary to be aware in order to step forward.

Exclusive report with József Ángyán, under-secretary of the Ministry of Rural Development
(Péter Szilágyi Bay)
The paper is about the talk with the under-secretary for the Parliament of the Ministry of Rural Development, recorded on the 18th Szatymaz Peach Festival.

FOCUSING ON RAPES (continued)

The elements of up-to-date rape growing (2)
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
The second part of the article reveals that the success of rape growing lies in carrying out the particular operations at optimum time and quality. In various cases earlier knowledge in the rape management programme needs to be fully thought over and revised in order to properly increase the efficacy of growing. Among the agronomic elements of rape production the critical ones are pest management, nutrient supply and the use of regulators. The author studies certain important agronomic elements of up-to-date rape growing based on the results of his own experiments.

EURALIS presenting itself (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
The Hungarian subsidiary company of EURALIS breeding house, EURALIS Seeds Kft. presented itself in a season-launching event for Hungarian rape growers and dealers.

Everything about us (x)
Brief news about Dow AgroSciences.

Profitable rape growing by using Yara-programme! (x)
(Dr. Erik Czinege, Dr. János Térmeg)
This is Yara’s nutrient supply recommendation for rape growers.

Hybrid rapes – Why is their cropping area growing? (x)
(RK, BK, BZ)
New generation rape hybrids from Saaten Union are described here.

Important knowledge about the basic fertilizers of rapes (x)
(Rita Vári)
The professional of Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. recommends LINZER WARE products for the basic fertilizer application to rapes.

Rape pests in autumn
(István Farkas)
The population of cabbage stem flea beetle and other flea beetles has been continuously growing in the past few years. The author stresses the importance of the daily observation of germinating rape plants, because quite a high number of immigrating beetles are expected in autumn. In addition, he presents the list of products registered for control pests in rape fields in autumn.

The success of rape growing is foreseen already in autumn! (x)
(Csaba Csorba)
This is what Bayer CropScience recommends for pest management in rapes for autumn 2010.

Rapes, intensive rapes and Kwizda-rapes… (x)
(Tamás Fehér, István Tamás)
Kwizda Agro’s offer for rape growers is found here.

Rancona® 15 ME: a new, micro emulsion seed dressing compound from Chemtura
Rancona 15 ME (ipconazole), the first micro emulsion seed dressing compound of the world will be put also on the Hungarian market this autumn.

Protecting rape canopy (x)
(Dr. Elemér Tóth, István Rácz)
DuPont offers its solution for the protection of rape canopy.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The experience of weed control in sunflowers and maize under the extreme weather conditions of the current year
(Dr. Gabriella Benécs Bárdi)
Considering this year’s experience of weed control in sunflowers and maize, the author from the Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation of the Agricultural Office of Budapest and County Pest draws the attention to the importance of preemergence applications. It should not be forgotten and active substances enhancing efficacy and preventing the need for an after treatment, suitable for soil application shall be taken into consideration on the long run in post-emergence treatments as well.

The effect of abiotic and agronomic factors on the expansion of ragweed in the fields
(Dr. Pinke Gyula et al.)
The paper lets readers have an insight into an interesting study on ragweed. The aim of the investigation was to explore the ecological and agronomic conditions that were in positive or negative correlation with the expansion of ragweed in the fields. Such relationships can provide new knowledge on the ecological behaviour of ragweed and a basis for optimizing control strategy.

Drought Management Centre for Southeastern Europe
(Zita Bihari)
According to the foreseen trends of climate change, Hungary and the southeastern part of Europe will become more vulnerable also from the point of view of drought. Several meetings of the interested parties concluded the need for launching the Drought Management Centre for Southeastern Europe (DMCSEE) project to be implemented from the co-financing of the European Union and the participating countries. The main characteristics of the project are outlined in the article.

Calculating and mapping drought index in Hungary in the frame of Drought Management Centre for Southeastern Europe (DMCSEE)
(Dr. Mónika Lakatos, Dr. Sándor Szalai)
One of the most difficult but without doubt, the most spectacular part of the Drought Management Centre for Southeastern Europe project deals with calculating and spatially representing drought indices serving for the measurement of drought. The authors present the Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) for readers.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

I used to be a minister…(13) Talk with András Vonza
(Dr. László Bódis)
This part of the series presents the talk with the veterinarian dr. András Vonza about his work as minister of agriculture, his most remarkable tasks and last but not least, about the current situation of Hungarian agriculture.

The history of the Hungarian Plant Protection Organisation (7)
(László Szentgyörgyi, Dr. István Eke)
This part of the series presenting the history of the national plant protection organisation recalls the measures taken for the improvement of the phytosanitary organisation till the middle of the last century.

Book review. Encyclopaedia of plant names
(Dr. István Oláh)
The 19th volume of the handbooks of Hungarian language has been recently released by Tinta Publisher. The book titled ‘Encyclopaedia of plant names’ written by János Rácz is an exceptionally thorough work reflecting versatile knowledge of facts, briefly reviewed in the article.

A man of experimentation. Talk with László Schweighardt
(Dr. Békési Pál)
This is a talk with the crop production and plant protection manager of Aranykocsi Zrt. holding.

Even the minister has come. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The Karcag Research Institute of Debrecen University held a meeting with a limited number of participants on 23 June. The event was focusing on the situation of plant breeding and seed production, technical evaluation and analysis.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(NP)
It is time to have an overview of the processes taken place on the global produce markets, prices and product volumes in connection with the major field crops (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) according to the forecasts and expectations of the analysts.

Commodity exchanges (1) – Risk management on market bases
(Dr. Norbert Potori)
Information technology allows the participation in the trade on the commodity exchange for the widest range of people. However, market players in Hungary still refrain from the use of derivatives market instruments. We wish to change this by launching a series on commodity exchanges. The first part of the article deals with the risk management options offered by the derivatives markets (futures market hedging transactions) allowing agricultural producers, processors and traders to compensate the adverse consequences of unforeseen changes of prices.

Our wheat market from the point of view of processing. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with the managing director of the cereal processor Júlia Mill Kft. about the market prospects of durum wheat. We also asked his opinion about the current need of the market for wheat and the varieties meeting this demand.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology” (2) Genes and their function
(Dr. László Heszky)
This part of the series provides useful information about the genes, units of the genetic programme under independent control, their structure, function, operation and control.

BIOENERGY

Stubble residues as organic matter sources under extreme climatic conditions
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
Stubble residues are currently the most important sources of soil organic matter. The use of residues for heating is against the requirements for the sustainable development of agriculture. The problem is bigger if, in addition to removing the source of organic matter, tillage is also carbon-wasting. The author emphasises that the damages caused by extreme climate can be mitigated on soil with good organic matter balance and structure and active biology.

Producing and using renewable energy resources in south-western France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
Both the increasing energy costs and social expectations against agriculture make French farmers to change their mind and cropping structure. The article shows various examples suited to the local conditions.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Studying profitability in a hot pepper growing farm
(Dr. Pál Deme, Éva Herédi)
The authors let readers have an insight into their study conducted at a company in county Bács-Kiskun about the cropping area, yields, production costs and benefits of hot pepper growing.

FRUIT GROWING

Soil analysis before planting orchards
(Dr. László Szalay)
The article gives an account of the soil analysis, a key step to determine the suitability of the production site before planting orchards, the procedure of the analysis, the soil parameters and the criteria to examine.

About the importance of applying potassium sulphate fertilizer in quality fruit growing (x)
(Szilveszter Benedek)
The role of potassium supply in fruit growing and the selection of the appropriate potassium fertilizer are outlined in the article.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

What does DMR stand for?
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Wineries need to try newer and newer techniques of vine-growing and winemaking in order to satisfy consumers’ demand and widen choice. Now you may get acquainted with a special method of cultural operations in vineyards, its advantages and disadvantages.

Possibilities for creating an inter-branch organisation in the Hungarian Vine-growing and winemaking sector (1)
(Dr. Zoltán Kator, Dr. Diána Sidlovits)
The authors begin with presenting the creation of the inter-branch organisations operating in the European vine-growing and winemaking sectors as examples. It is followed by the description of the role and tasks, as well as the characteristics of the inter-branch organisations.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

“I was so satisfied with the performance of the machine …” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Practical experience is shared with readers about the new, home-developed and manufactured Framest Reptill combined tillage machine, filling the gap of implements for reduced pass tillage.

Let’s learn about harvesters … (13) Mowers
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series allows readers to get acquainted with mowers among the harvesters of roughage crops, the so-called “green line”. The principles of their operation and the accessories to be mounted to these machines are outlined.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Briefly about bread
(István Kimmel)

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Adolf Stark (1834-1910)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month our readers may get to know the life and work of Adolf Stark, one of the personalities influencing the history of agriculture in Hungary

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)