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Agroforum 2010 December

…so that souls could meet
(Dr. László Bódis)
TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Short and medium-term effect of restricting financial support on the agricultural sector
(Gábor Kemény)
The author presents the background of the financial crisis and its effect on the liquidity of sole proprietorships and enterprises in Hungarian agriculture. He outlines the magnitude of reduction in commercial bank financing, finance lease, as well as in supplier and integrator crediting. He also briefly summarises the influence of the credit crunch on short and medium run in agriculture.

FOCUSING ON MACHANISATION

Subsidies to purchasing agricultural machines (2007-2009)
(Dr. József Hajdú)
Some 102.6 thousand million Hungarian forints were paid for supporting machine purchases between 2007 and 2009 in the frame of the measures for “Modernizing agricultural holdings”. This allowed carrying out machine investments of about 330 thousand million Hungarian forints in a three-year-cycle in crop production, horticulture, animal husbandry, forestry management, irrigation and food processing. Based on the machine distribution statistics prepared by the Agricultural Economics Research Institute, the article presents the evaluation of the statistical data on machines purchased with support

Tracking the same line … Talk with Géza Búvár, general manager of KITE …
(Dr. György Demes)
We asked the general manager of KITE about the establishment of the Real Time Kinematic (RTK) network, the conditions and prospects of applying the new technology and last but not least about its advantages.

New and renewed Vario 800 and 900 tractors
(Dr. György Demes)
Readers may get to know the new Fendt Vario 828 and Fendt Vario 939 tractors and through them, the recently released models of Vario 800 and 900 series. The technical characteristics possessing real novelties are also presented.

PR-Dow (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Let’s learn combine harvesters… (16) Pick-up
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series gives an account of the history and development of pick-up from the early times before the mechanisation of hay collection to the recent machines.

The new and renewed machines for forage harvesters from CLAAS
(Dr. György Demes)
The article focuses on the green line machines of CLAAS, presenting the recent and renewed mowers, windrowers, swathers and balers.

Köckerling Vector 460 heavy-duty cultivator presented itself (x)
The article summarises the advantages of the heavy-duty cultivator ‘Köckerling Vector 460’ based on practical experience.

How to select… (13). Field cultivators
(Dr. István J. Jóri)
In this part of the series the author publishes useful information and ideas for selecting, purchasing and using field cultivators.

Lemken Kristall 9/300 U cultivator (Key word “Trimix) (x)
Get to know Kristall, Lemken’s new field cultivator.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The Research Institute of Soil Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences launches an online journal. Press release
This is news from the Research Institute of Soil Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in connection with launching the online scientific journal.

Reviewing the active substances used in Hungary …
(Dr. Ágnes Pethő, Éva Somogyi Pálos, Tibor Baranyi)
An EU directive provides for the national review of the particular active substances and products together with legal harmonisation to be carried out to a certain deadline. As a result of the Hungarian review, the number of active substances has decreased in every field of use as more ones have been withdrawn than placed on the market as a new active. The number of acaricides, soil insecticides and bactericides has decreased to a critical level, though their original number was also very low. The second part of the article outlines the foreseen consequences of the reduced range of active substances in plant protection and the options for replacing the missing products.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

I have become a minister…(17) Talk with dr. Sándor Fazekas, minister of rural development
(Dr. László Bódis)
Talk with dr. Sándor Fazekas, minister of rural development about the government measures and agricultural programme envisaged to support rural development. The issues of land rent and property ownership are also covered.

Brief response of Syngenta Seeds to the problems of sunflower growing in 2010
(Attila Kovács, János Bíró)
The representatives of Syngenta Seeds share their experience obtained from the particular trials and knowledge of a country-wide work in connection with problems of sunflower growing by giving fair technical answers and conclusions, as well as by providing some special guidance.

Winner of Junior Prima Prize 2010: Dr. Marietta Horváth Petróczy. Interview
(Zoltán Molnár)
This is a talk with Dr. Marietta Horváth Petróczy awarded by Junior Prima Prize for Education.

Vth Day of Doctors of Plant Medicine – A “full house meeting”. Report
(Eszter Polgár Balogh)
The Hungarian Chamber of Plant Protection Professionals and Doctors of Plant Medicine and the Horticultural Faculty of Budapest Corvinus University jointly organised the Vth Day of Doctors of Plant Medicine. The meeting addressed the issues of the 10-year-history of the Chamber, the system of plant protection public administration, the plant protection aspects of organic farming, the testing of food for pesticide residues, the characteristic components of healthy wine, the plant protection experience from the past season. A presentation was delivered about the classification of plant medicine profession in the national FEOR scheme.

Cargill Hungary Zrt. (x)
Cargill Hungary Zrt. presents itself.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(PN)
The major field crops (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes), and proteins of plant origin in connection with the processes on the major produce markets, prices and crop volumes are outlined.

An extreme year also on the produce market. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We evaluated and drew the conclusions of 2010, a year considered extreme also from the point of view of the produce market with the deputy manager of domestic trade of Goldkern Kft. We also took account of the challenges of next year’s produce trade.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology” (6). Discoveries that based gene technology
(Dr. László Heszky)
In this part of the series we summarise the achievements acknowledged with Nobel-prizes (genetic code, gene regulation, DNA sequencing, restriction enzymes, recombinant DNA, PCR technique) allowing to work out the development of gene technology by the end of the 20th century.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Growing woody energy crops (4) Selecting preceding crops and tillage
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
We continue our series on the production and using of woody energy crops with presenting the first steps of the crop management programme, i.e. the criteria for selecting preceding and the process of good soil preparation.

The situation of biogas production and use in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article provides useful information on the methods of biogas production, ways of its using and future prospects in France.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Special legume crops
(Kitti Nagy)
We wish to make you interested in the production of legume vegetables by providing crop management recommendations for special beans and peas, as well as for peanuts.

FRUIT GROWING

Preserving genes at an advanced level
(Dr. László Szalay)
Great Britain has always been a country where the preservation of values has been a priority. By the way, how does this happen in the case of fruit species and varieties? We get the answer from the article presenting the past and present of the UK National Fruit Collection.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Subsurface network in the vineyard
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
If you are interested in what is there behind the term “arbuscular mycorrhizal connection of grapes” and what advantages may this have for grapevine growing, you should read this paper summarising the information essential in this field.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Brief reviews summarise some interesting articles published in foreign technical journals.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Sámuel Tessedik (1742-1820)
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the series about the most important persons of the agricultural history in Hungary, now you may get to know the life and work of Sámuel Tessedik.

In memoriam. Ernő Bocz (1920-2010)
(Dr. Péter Pepó)

In memoriam. Csaba Scheer (1964-2010)

Note for all our kind readers about a lighter topic
(Miklós Kurucz)
This irregular note is about the topic of blessing and drinking of wine, called the “Love of St. John.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)