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Agroforum 2010 February

20 years!
(Dr. László Bódis)

Recalling the past. Round-table discussion
(Dr. László Bódis
)
Colophon data of journals are generally run through. At best, readers have a look at them if they wish to contact a member of the journal staff for any reason and need a phone number or an email address. Now, some of the experts listed in the colophon remember certain milestones of the 20-year-old Agrofórum from the beginning to the current date.

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Recommendations for improving cropping structure in agriculture
(Dr.
András Binnyei)
The author presents his proposal for re-introducing certain crops into growing. He also indicates that the regions in Hungary where the so-called major crops included in the current cropping structure can be grown successfully due to the prospective high yields and/or excellent crop quality.

FOCUSING ON ALTERNATIVE CROPS

Sweet sorghum, energy crop of the future
(Mihály Pál
)
This article is to draw the attention to sweet sorghum that could be a cost-efficiently grown raw material of bioethanol production, unfairly neglected up to now and recently launched slowly.

Is it reasonable to grow sorghum in Hungary?
(János Feczák
)
The author outlines the history of growing sorghum in Hungary, the options for using the crop and the varieties and hybrids recommended for growing.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The current and future importance of using navigation systems
(
Tamás Molnár)
This article gives an overview of using the achievements in the development of global positioning systems in agriculture, as well as of the new technologies based on their use.

Using the achievements of plant analysis in improving fertilizer application in winter wheat
(
Dr. Endre Sebestyén, Balázs Gyulai)
The article publishes the conclusions of the trials carried out with winter wheat for dry matter production and nutrient cycle. Being aware of these, a cost-efficient and effective programme for fertilizer application can be developed that allow increasing yields, decreasing chemicals load in the environment and benefits can be optimised by that.

Unrivalled choice of herbicides from Dow AgroSciences for cereal growing (x)
(
Péter Hoffmann)
Dow AgroSciences presents growers its renewed herbicide portfolio.

The consequences of potassium and magnesium deficiency in maize (x)
(
Dr. Eszter Zsom)
K+S Kali GmbH recommends Korn-Kali for the proper potassium supply of maize.

Briefly about damages caused by standing water
(Dr. Imre Vajdai
)
Standing waters produces damages particularly in field crops, and to a lesser extent, in orchards. Considering the characteristics of certain plant species, water standing on an area for longer periods can provoke different kinds of damages. Read the article to get to know them.

Trying Ikarus (x)

Cultural operations in spring
(József Pájtli
)
Roll and weed harrow are cheap and efficient agronomic tools, that supports better cultural operation and mechanical weed control in spring.

Trying Taltos (x)

Quality and innovation in agricultural marketing (x)
This is a talk with Bence Tóth, marketing manager of Szinapszis Kft.

Advantages of using Güttler rolls
(Dr. Zoltán Szabó
)
The use of different kinds of rolls has widespread in crop production, however, the development of applying the technique itself has been rather slow. The various trailed, normal and ring rollers difficult to move are still in use even today, but radical changes took place when Güttler rolls appeared on the market. The article summarises the advantages of its use.

Trying Colombus (x)

Amandha, the reliable partner! (x)
(Imre Pletzer
)
The author outlines growers’ experience with Amandha, the new-generation maize hybrid from KWS.

Taltos – our herbicide! (x)
(
Péter Hoffmann, István Szabó)
Dow AgroSciences recommends its double effect herbicide, Taltos (florasulam + aminopyralid) to growers for safe use in cereals.

Sulphur deficiency in rape growing (x)
(
Dr. Eszter Zsom)
This is what K+S Kali GmbH offers for nutrient supply in rapes.

Efficient and safe weed control in cereals with Dow AgroSciences products (x)
(
Péter Hoffmann)
Dow AgroSciences recommends its new herbicides for cereal growers.

New and important issues in selecting herbicides for cereals (x)
(József Vig)
Kwizda Agro’s cereal herbicides are outlined here.

Puma Komplett – cereal protection striving for perfection (x)
(
László Farády)
Get to know ‘Puma-Komplett’, the cereal management package of Bayer CropScience.

Let’s use wind energy!
(István Csíbor Jr.
)
The article gives an overview of the various uses of wind energy and of the options available in Hungary.

Weed control in herbicide-tolerant sunflowers: is a basic treatment needed or not? (x)
(Béla Radvány, Beáta Vajda
)
Syngenta Kft. draws the attention to the importance of the basic weed control in sunflowers.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

BASF meeting with traders. Report
(Dr. György Demes
)
You can have a look inside the role and activity of BASF Agro division in the world, as well as in the prospects of agriculture in our region.

Keep on learning climate lesson!
(
Dr. Márta Birkás)
Making a critical evaluation of tillage works carried out in summer and autumn of 2009, the author urges on mitigating climate damages. The first lesson of the season was given by the drought in spring. At the places where moisture conservation tillage was applied from the previous year’s summer, the loss for plants was less as well. The second lesson to learn came about after the rainy days of June and July, driving to carry out moisture conservation stubble management. The third major lesson was give by the long dry and warm period from August to the middle (at some places to the end) of October. The chance for successful rape and wheat sowing existed only on soils less dried and cultivated in a water conservation way. The fourth lesson was learnt from November and December rains. The author points out that the exam will take place in the spring and summer of 2010. Passing it or not will depend on whether the soil has been given a chance for fairly absorbing water and the plants for favourably use the stored moisture.

I used to be a minister … (9) Talk with dr. János Szabó
(Dr. László Bódis
)
We were talking with the lawyer Dr. János Szabó, a one-time minister of agriculture about the time when he was on duty.

The history of the Hungarian Plant Protection Organisation until the establishment of the county plant protection stations in 1954 (2)
(László Szentgyörgyi, Dr. István Eke
)
This part of the series presenting the history of plant protection administration sums up the effects of the appearance in Hungary of Phylloxera vastatrix.

The plant protection overview of 2009. Field crops (2)
(
Miklós Tóth)
The author from the Central Agricultural Office, Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation gives an overview on the occurrence of the major pests and diseases of sunflowers, potatoes and sugarbeet and the damages they caused in the past season.

The effect of extreme seasons on the pathogens causing leaf spots of winter wheat
(Ms L. Csősz)
In this article the author shares her various years’ experience about the yearly incidence of fungi, provoking leaf spots.

Controlling leaf spot diseases (x)
(György Kurtz
)
Syngenta Kft. recommends Amistar Xtra (azoxistrobin +cyproconazole) for fighting fungi causing leaf spots, powdery mildew and rusts in cereals.

DuPont Plant Protection Conference – 2010
DuPont Plant Protection Conference allowed professionals at seven places – instead of the former five ones to participate and get to know the offer of the company for 2010. The theoretical and practical recommendations and pest management programmes delivered in 15 presentations, were addressed in particular to growers of cereals, maize, sunflowers and rapes.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Past, present and future of biotechnology
(Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky
)
The author from the National Commission for Technological Development (OMFB) initiated and directed the first Hungarian biotechnological research programme in the 1980s. The article recalls the time when science rediscovered biotechnology and its importance in the history of civilization from the beginning to the present day. The article is an excellent proof to the fact that biotechnology is present not only in agriculture but in many other parts of our lives.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Capia sweet pepper growing in polytunnel
(
Dr. László Dudás, Dr. Sándor Hodossi)
The article deals with growing capia sweet pepper in polytunnel. You will know about the advantages of the producing under such structure and the key elements of the crop management programme (crop rotation, soil preparation, nutrient supply, young plant growing, planting, cultural operations and harvesting).

Growing tomatoes for canning industry
(
Dr. Sándor Hodossi, Dr. László Dudás)
The authors present the criteria of successful growing of tomatoes for canning industry, summing up the major elements of the crop management programme (variety use, crop rotation, soil preparation, nutrient supply, young plant growing, planting, cultural operations and pest management), and last but not least the options for developing processing.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Browsing from the lectures and posters of presented on the viticultural section of Symposium “Lippay János – Ormos Imre – Vas Károly”
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy
)
In the Viticultural sector of the Scientific Session “Lippay János – Ormos Imre – Vas Károly” held by Budapest Corvinus University on 29 October 2009, participants could listen to 13 speakers and observe 15 posters. We give an account of the research results related to vine growing practise following the sequence of the lectures and the numbering of the posters.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

The impact of aging and modernity of tractors on performance and operation costs
(
Dr. Lajos Gockler)
The Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering keeps track of the changes of data on operating machines recorded in agricultural “basis” holdings. Analysing performance and cost data recently published about tractors, the differences in operation among up-to-date and less modern machines are revealed.

Periodical revision of sprayers in Hungary
(
Zoltán Gulyás, László Kovács)
The authors from the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering give a detailed discussion of the key elements of the system planned for the periodical revision of sprayers.

Let’s learn about harvesters (9) Combine harvester and logistics
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy
)
This part of the series outlines the principle of material transport within combine harvesters, their structure and operation, as well as the issues of the related logistics.

Spraying orchard with Caffini (x)
(
Márk Nagy)
The article summarises the experience of growers with Caffini sprayers distributed by Szegána Kft.

TECHAGRO International Fair of Agricultural Technology opens its gates in Brno on 21 March 2010. Press release (x)
The preparations for the TECHAGRO International Fair of Agricultural Technology of European importance have started. The details are outlined from the press conference.

LOOKOUT

Charcoal rot of beet in Serbia and its phytopathological background
(Dr. Ferenc Bagi
)
Serbian sugarbeet growing, having obtained good marketing prospects with EU’s sugar imports, faced a big challenge in 2009 presented by charcoal lot. The paper draws the attention to the extent of geographical distribution, symptoms and the most important pathogens provoking the disease.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Awards ceremony
(
AF)
The winners of the second round of the game “Play with us”, launched by Agrofórum in 2007, could take over the prizes on 5 January 2010. The event was held at the meeting of the editorial board celebrating the new year in the office of the journal in Budapest.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Adolf G. Manninger Sr. (1880-1954))
(Miklós Kurucz
In the frame of the series about the great persons of the Hungarian agricultural history, this month we present the life and work of Adolf G. Manninger Sr.

Note (not only) for growers. About farmsteads
(Miklós Kurucz
)
This part of the series gives an overview of farmsteads as a form of a dwelling place and way of life, its types, history and the current challenges to be met in order to ensure survival.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy
)