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Agroforum 2010 July

Dreams washed away
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Our strategic wealth, agricultural land
(Dr. Imre Vajdai)
The author gives an account of the global situation of the agricultural land. He emphasizes the problem that the area suitable for agricultural production can be expanded only to a small extent while the global population continuously increases. He also deals with agricultural land in Hungary, highlighting the decrease having taken place during the past 20 years and the need to protecting it in order to prevent this.

FOCUSING ON RAPES

The elements of up-to-date rape growing (1)
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
It is true for Hungary but also for the global trend of crop production that the area of certain crop groups, oilseeds in particular, has increased and the produced volume of the most important oils has also changed. Rape has been the third most important oil crop in the world. How have the cropping area, yields and marketing of rapes developed in Hungary per county and in certain countries of the world? And what were the reasons? The paper gives the answer to these questions.

A snapshot in rape fields in the middle of June
(József Lukács)
The author from the Central Agricultural Office outlines the situation in rape fields after the adverse weather conditions prevailing from March. He also shares the yield data estimated for the particular counties of Hungary.

Applying Ikarus for chemical weed control in winter rapes (x)
(Zsuzsanna Hoffmann Pathy)
Dow AgroSciences recommends Ikarus for weed control in rapes in autumn.

A big price for small mistakes: missing great prospects
(Miklós Légrádi)
We asked Miklós Légrádi, a grower in county Somogy, a rightly acknowledged rape grower, to briefly summarise his views for Agrofórum readers. The questions he answered were as follows: what are the key things the current year is different from the regular ones? Considering the lessons learned this year, what should we pay more attention to during sowing?

Post-emergence weed control with Ikarus in winter rapes … (x)
(Attila Hornyák)
Dow AgroSciences offers its programme for weed control in rapes in autumn against annual and perennial broadleaf weeds.

Sowing the future – KWS-rapes in county Baranya (x)
(Róbert Mocskonyi)
Growers’ experience with rape hybrids from KWS Hungary Kft. is outlined.

Ikarus + metazachlor for weed control in rapes in autumn (x)
(Dow AgroSciences)
Dow AgroSciences recommends its new weed control programme for rape growers to apply it in autumn.

EURALIS-rapes from EURALIS Seeds Kft. (x)
This is the variety choice of Euralis Seeds Kft. for rape growers in 2010.

Everything about us (x)
News and information from Dow AgroSciences can be found here.

Why is this season different from the others for rapes? Interview
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Tivadar Lánci, a retired crop production manager of the farmers’ cooperative “Naszályvölgye” at Nőtincs is still active and works as agricultural adviser specialised in rape growing. We asked his opinion about the big challenges and problems of rape production in the current year and subsequently, what is to be taken more into consideration during the next season.

Nutrient supply programme for rapes based on Genesis products (x)
This is the nutrient supply offer of Nitrogénművek Zrt. for rape growers.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Green manuring in production sites with adverse conditions
(Dr. Péter Mikó)
The author has carried out 6-year-long trials with various crops (phacelia, mustard, oil radish, spring rapes, buckwheat, common vetch + oat, crimson clover, white lupin and white sweetclover) on brown forest soil established on sand at the experimental sites of the Crop Production and Biomass Utilisation Centrum of Szent István University. Now he outlines the results of the trials with green manure plants grown as second crops.

Intercropping: what species and varieties to choose?
(Translated by: Dr. Ida Nagy)
The article informs Hungarian growers about intercrops.

The importance of flowering stubbles for beekeeping and nature conservation
(Dr. Gyula Pinke)
The article focuses on a special weed association characteristic of the Carpathian basin. Annual hedgenettle, in addition to providing a refuge for the beneficial pollinating fauna reduced in diversity due to the intensive use of chemicals, can also ensure a profitable honey source for bee-keepers by producing nectar and pollen.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Considerations. Talking with Miklós Margittai, president of the Agricultural and Rural Development Agency
(Dr. László Bódis)
After a five-year-long presidency, Miklós Margittai takes leave from the Agricultural and Rural Development Agency. Having heard the news, we asked him to look back to this period and evaluate the achievements of the Office and if possible, of his own work and performance.

The history of the Hungarian Plant Protection Organisation (6)
(László Szentgyörgyi, Dr. István Eke)
The International Plant Protection Convention concluded in Rome in 1929, in addition to declaring its basic aim, stated that the contracting countries should establish an official plant protection organisation in their country. This part of the series presents the setup and the scope of activity of the plant protection organisation established by an order of the Ministry of Agriculture in 1932.

The key factors of the professional nutrient supply for cereals
(Szilveszter Benedek)
The author highlights the importance, besides nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium, also of good magnesium and sulphur supply of cereals. He also gives some practical advice for their application.

More innovation, professional skills, yield and profit
(Dr. György Demes)
The slogan indicated in the title was the motto of the series of events of “Bayer meeting” organised already for the seventh time. This year it took place at three venues (Szarvas, Hajdúszoboszló and Lajoskomárom) between 27 May and 3 June. The staff of Bayer CropScience gave an account of the results of trials with the management programmes of cereals, maize, sunflowers and rapes on the expositions organised on a revolving stage.

Cereal show – Szekszárd-Palánk
(Andrea Sárosdy)
Minerág Kft. organised a cereal show at Szekszárd-Palánk on 8 June. The invited guests could see a variety demonstration and get information about the prospects of cereal growing for 2010 and the activity of the Agricultural Chamber of County Tolna.

The winter wheat of SAATEN-UNION: MULAN, the leading wheat variety in Europe
SAATEN-UNION has launched its new database system to trace the share of cropping area of the particular varieties in all cereal species. It has shown that the first one in this rank of winter wheat varieties in Europe is Mulan.

Theory should be followed by practice! Press release
Syngenta Hungary Kft. held its traditional field show at Enying on 26 May. The event called “Szer-Show” (“Product Show”) was organised to present the interested partners and growers the pesticides recently developed by the company and how to put apply them into practice.

The conference of small, medium and agricultural entrepreneurs. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The article reports on the event held in early June by the National Association of Service Providing Small, Medium and Agricultural Entrepreneurs. The break allowed us to talk with the deputy president of the Association, dr. Károly Szőllősi.

Long-term and field trials at world standards. Press release

Agro M Zrt. is 60 years old. Interview
(Attila Kosztolányi)
At the time of the July deadline of our journal, Agro-M Zrt., Orosháza celebrated its 60 years’ existence in the frame of a 2-day-long meeting. We believe the jubilee event is worthy of presenting Agro-M Zrt. within a talk with the general manager Sándor Rozsnyai.

Book review. Márta Birkás: Tillage manual
Adjusted to the beginning of soil cultivation jobs in early summer, Mezőgazda Kiadó Publishing company released a book by professor Márta Birkás titled “Tillage manual”.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(PN)
The time of harvesting the major field crops (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) is approaching. This is why it is reasonable to provide an overview of the processes taken place on the global produce markets and the situation of prices and crop volumes, based on the forecasts and expectations of analysts.

TERKA-info
(BL, KA)
Prospects and situations in the produce market from the point of view growers themselves.

Hungarian prospects for produce market from traders’ point of view. Interview
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We asked two members of the Cefetra Hungary Kft. staff about the prospects of the produce market for this year and the expected trends.

Produce market and trade at our western neighbours. Interview
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with the Hungarian representative of Glatz GmbH & Co KG about the characteristics of the Austrian product trade and the prospects for the Hungarian produce market.

XIIIth Conference on the Prospects of the International Agricultural Market. Report and interview
(Péter Szilágyi Bay)
The XIIIth Conference on the Prospects of the International Agricultural Market was organised in May. Dr. József Popp, the deputy general director of the Research Institute for Agricultural Economics (AKI) talked about the situation of Hungarian products of animal origin, while dr. Norbert Potori analysed the prospects of the major plant products in the global market. We talked with general director dr. Gábor Udovecz after the session of the presentations.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology (1) The substance of life in the Earth
(Dr. László Heszky)
The aim of launching the series “Let’s learn gene technology” is to guide readers step by step in the molecular world of gene technology, partly filling up the educational gaps occurred in the past decades..

BIOENERGY

The experience of growing Chinese silver grass (Miscanthus sinensis) in Hungary
(Dr. Attila Percze)
Chinese silver grass can be one of the biomass crops that, due to its good adaptability, would help greatly increase the share of renewing energy use in Hungary. This is why it is worth getting to know the details of the energy plant and the experience obtained by the research consortium BIOWATT in growing the crop.

Chinese silver grass as an alternative crop in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
Under the more and more uncertain economic conditions, three years ago seven growers decided to create an association to the southeast of Paris. Their aim was to grow, process and distribute Chinese silver grass in order to stimulate stagnant local economy and to increase employment. This year already 25 farmers are involved in the association and next year their number will increase to 32. The reason why this formerly unknown plant is becoming more and more popular in France will turn out from the article.

VEGETABLE GROWING

The current practice of processing tomato production
(Dr. László Dudás et al.)
This article is to correct the former one titled “Processing tomato production” published in the February 2010 number of Agrofórum. The earlier crop production programme outlined in that paper has been updated with the contribution of the professionals of Csárda-Agro Cooperative, growing processing tomatoes on about 400 hectares at Mezőberény.

Green peas growing and its profitability
(Dr. Pál Deme, Éva Herédi)
The authors give an account of the current situation of green pea growing. They present the conditions of profitability on the example of an undertaking, analysing cropping area, yields, production costs and income of growing the crop based on the data of 2006-2008.

FRUIT GROWING

Injuries by hails and the possibilities for their control in the orchard
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
In the future, due to the more frequent and intensive hails, it is expected that more and more orchards in Hungary will encounter the need for protection against them. In connection with it, two methods are outlined in the article to meet the challenge by using hail-net and hail-canon. Their cost-benefit balances and criteria of cost-efficiency are also indicated.

VINE-GROWING AND WINEMAKING

What is verjuice?
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy, Dr. György Lukácsy)
What is verjuice good for and why has its use been forgotten? What is the reason why we can hear about it again more and more frequently? Read the article to get the answers!

In Memoriam dr. Károly Bakonyi (1921-2010)
(Dr. László Kocsis)
We commemorate vine breeder dr. Károly Bakonyi.

Models speak about climate change and its effects
(Dr. Márta Ladányi, Edit Hlaszny)
The so-called climate models describe sophisticated and interrelated physical processes with a high number of mathematical formulae. Without striving for completeness, the article gives an account of certain models that deal with the response of grapes to climate change questions.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

How to choose… (12) Baler
(Dr. Zoltán Bellus)
This part of the series wishes to give advice for purchasing bale wrapping machines, presenting growers the main criteria to be taken into consideration for a proper management programme and the available models.

“I have purchased these machines so that I should plough the less frequently possible” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
This is about the experience of using SIMBA ST-Bar soil loosener distributed by Axiál Kft.

We asked… How does a Hungarian manufacturer of plant protection machines prepare for the challenges of the 21st century? (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
The only existing Hungarian company making plant protection machines, FARMGÉP has always been keen on applying environmentally friendly techniques, allowing reduced chemical load. This is the idea they are inspired by during the implementation of their machine development projects both in field and orchard sprayers. We asked the marketing director of the company about their plans and achievements.

Gehl loaders also take part in the competition in addition to Manitou at the VIIIth Olympics for Machine Operators
(AF)
Keeping its new tradition, AXIAL Kft. organised Olympics for machine operators in early July also this year. In addition to drivers of Manitou loaders, those of Gehl compact excavators and loaders could also took the field to win the challenge cup and the other valuable prizes.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Ernő Kemenesy (1891-1985)
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the frame of the series about the great persons of the Hungarian agricultural history, this month we present the life and work of Ernő Kemenesy.

Notes (not) only for growers. About lessons learned from the flood
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the notes summarises the lessons learned from the flood occurred in May and its provoking factors. At the same time it draws the attention to the practice of growing in inundation areas as a possible means of mitigating losses in agriculture.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)