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Agroforum 2010 June

In early summer
(Dr. László Bódis )

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The Hungarian situation of irrigation and the need for development, in the horticultural sector in particular
(Dr. Lajos Helyes)
The article draws the attention to the importance of irrigation, because considering the past 100 years, more than the half of them were droughty to and increasing extent. The first part of the paper is summing up a meteorological factor highly influencing the volume of irrigation, i.e. the amount of rainfall recorded in the first decade of the 21st century. It is followed by outlining the share of irrigated areas and crops in Hungary. The second part provides an evaluation of the particular types of irrigation and describes the justified developments in irrigation for the horticultural sectors.

FOCUSING ON YIELD ESTIMATION

Thoughts about yield estimation and the recommended methods
(Dr. László Bódis)
The author informs on the methods of estimating yields, highlighting a quick, relatively less time-consuming technique. It is reasonable to read it because a decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development makes it mandatory for growers to supply data on the estimated yields.

The starting points for developing crop management programmes are status evaluation and yield estimation
(Dr. János Pap, Virág Földesi-Pap)
Status evaluation and yield estimation will soon be considered equal to any agronomic element. For all that it is necessary to monitor and analyse the growing season. It can be achieved by taking the sufficient number of samples in randomised order, as well as with due technical and mathematical assessment. Such knowledge can help growers in assessing the expected yields and to make the necessary modifications for the future in the crop management programme.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Everything about us (x)
News and information about the matters related to Dow AgroSciences.

Recruiting. Report from the meeting titled Seeking the way XX
(Dr. László Bódis)
The Hungarian Maize Club has launched the Maize Yield Competition also this year. The call was announced in the frame of the series Seeking the way managed by Agrofórum in order to make a highest publicity possible to the competition.

Maize Yield Competition 2010
(Dr. Dénes Szieberth)
The article informs on the last year’s experience of Maize Yield Competition organised by the Hungarian Maize Club. Furthermore it briefs the call for the competition in 2011 and the novelties of the current year.

Don-Q Plus: Fusarium head blight and toxin stop (x)
(Ferenc Jáger)
Summi Agro presents its new product for controlling head blight.

Storing and providing up-to-date protection of grains
(Dr. Sándor Bárány, Judit Gerő)
It is a fundamental interest of growers and farmers storing grains to keep the quality and quantity of the stored crop as sometimes a slight difference in quality could involve significant price loss. It is necessary that grain stores meet technical requirements. The article is a useful help to achieve this by outlining the technological conditions to be fulfilled during the storage. It also describes the methods of disinfecting empty storehouses and protecting grains, such as fumigation and preventive, chemical treatment of grains.

Infinito – an unbreakable shield against Phytophthora (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer CropScience’s new fungicide is intended to fight potato blight.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Growers’ May feast in Kunadacs
(Miklós Kurucz)
Growers’ May feast was celebrated also this year in Kunadacs with the aim of conserving the Hungarian traditions and promoting our culture. Furthermore, the event offered a good opportunity for the agricultural players in the region to exchange views and gather information, as well as to give publicity to native animals, the products made of them and wines of the Great Hungarian Plain.

I used to be a minister…(13) Talk with dr Imre Boros
(Dr. László Bódis)
This time our talking partner was the economist dr. Imre Boros, one-time minister of agriculture and rural development.

SAATEN-UNION increase with additional hybrids its remarkable hybrid rape portfolio of the new generation (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
Have a look at the hybrid rape offer of Saaten-Union for growers.

A year full of difficulties for agriculture – 2009 (2)
(Lajos Kaposi, Gábor Valkó)
In the second part of their article, the authors from the Central Agricultural Office summarise the last year’s performance of Hungarian agriculture based on the macro-economic indices, utilisation of agricultural manpower and the balance of our foreign trade.

A novelty from Cheminova – Glyfos® Dakar is available! (x)
(Tibor Rácz)
Get to know the wide range of using Glyfos Dakar.

Agri-foreign trade, 2009
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
In addition to the negative effects of the financial and economic crisis reducing market prospects and effective demand, as well as making it more difficult to access to credit, it had an adverse effect on foreign market environment. This is why it is worth getting an overview of agri-foreign trade in 2009, export and import incomes from the products of agriculture and food industry and the trends of the key market relationships.

Profitable sunflowers in the long run (x)
This is about protecting sunflowers with the disease management programme of DuPont.

About the activity of the Association of Hungarian Plant Breeders in 2009
(Dr. István Oláh)
The Association of Hungarian Plant Breeders, being in its 21st year of operation, has recently held its annual meeting. The article lets us have an insight into the most important moments of the event.

International technical meeting in Budapest
(AF)
Organised by Nufarm, distributors, final consumers and professionals from 25 countries came together in Budapest on 11-12 March 2010 to discuss the role of phenoxy herbicides (hormone-based herbicides) in agriculture.

4 tons in oilseed rape is not impossible! (x)
(Dr. Czinege Erik)
This is Yara’s nutrient supply recommendation for rape growers to allow that the 4-ton yield per hectare should not remain a dream.

“Time bomb” in agricultural subsidies. Talk with dr. Attila Rózsás
(Dr. Attila Szalay)
The reports on agriculture and rural development mainly deal with the nature of Common Agricultural Policy after 2013, and its planned or estimated changes. However, very little is spoken about what will be till that time. This is why we asked dr. Attila Rózsás, the owner of an acknowledged and thriving company in county Veszprém, the president of the Agricultural Chamber, Budapest about the chances and prospects of agricultural enterprises.

What is the secret of successful rape harvesting?
(AF)
The staff of the Hungarian branch establishment of Chemtura Europe Ltd. is seeking the answer to the above question as the company pays increased attention to harvesting rapes without losses.

BIOENERGY

Growing woody energy crops (1) Selecting and examining the site before planting
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
The first part of our series dealing with the planting of woody energy crops describes the types of plantations, the key criteria of the replanting and rising from root suckers. The author also informs on the most important aspects of selecting the production site.

Encouraging biogas production in (x) Hungary
Information is given here about the EU project FARMGAS to encourage biogas production in Hungary.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Growing aubergine in up-to-date greenhouses
(Dr. István Terbe, Ms K. Kis, Helga Danyi)
The article gives a detailed discussion of the greenhouse growing of aubergines, the elements of the crop management programme, the different shapes of the fruit and the environmental requirements of this vegetable crop.

FRUIT GROWING S

The situation of Hungarian fruit growing and our prospects
(Dr. Z. László Kiss)
The author summarises the changes taken place during the past decade in fruit production in terms of fruit exports, imports and yields. In addition, he indicates various things to do in order to make it possible that Hungarian fruit production and export could increase again.

An insecticide with a novel mode of action against codling moth:  Madex® (x)
(István Ujvári)
Biocont Hungary Kft. recommends its new product against codling moth for apple growers.

The factors determining calcium content of apples and options for calcium supply (x)
(Imre Barkaszi)
Get to know the benefits of using the calcium foliar fertilizer offered by Arysta LifeScience Hungary Kft.

VINE-GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Wandering in the West-European vineyards
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The author shares his experiences of a study tour to get acquainted with the integrated, organic and biodynamic practice of vine-growing in Austria, Germany and Alsace, the applied agro-techniques and tillage based on environmental awareness.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s know harvesters… (12) Special combines
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
In the last part of our series about harvesting machines you may get acquainted with special combines, interesting achievements of development.

“Though the machine was not cheap at all, if you wish to buy a good and reliable machine….” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
The experience of using Monosem Super Crop cultivator is described here.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Kálmán Kerpely (1864-1940
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month our readers may get to know the life and work of Kálmán Kerpely, one of the personalities influencing the history of agriculture in Hungary

Notes (not) only for growers. About the blessed fields
(Miklós Kurucz)
The current notes draw the attention to an ancient custom, i.e. rogation as a revived tradition.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)