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Agroforum 2010 March

Uncle Joe
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Scheme of seed qualification in Hungary
(Gábor Polgár)
The Hungarian Central Agricultural Office, Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture is the authority responsible for seed qualification and covering three fields, such as plant variety testing, being inspectorate of propagating materials for forestry and horticulture, as well as of seeds. The article finishes with informing on field inspection, seed qualification and post-control scheme.

FOCUSING ON SUNFLOWERS

Sunflower stocks quickly running out
(Dr. Norbert Potori)
It turns out from the paper of the author from the Agricultural Economics Research Institute that the volume of global sunflower production for the 2009/2010 economic year is estimated to 30.8 million tons, a figure by 10 lower than the amount harvested the previous season. The use of sunflower seeds considerably increased in the last quarter of 2009, the stocks decreased, therefore global sunflower oil production tends to be lower in 2010. The processes are duly reflected in the prices: sunflower seed and products made from them are likely to have higher prices in the first part of year 2010.

Agronomic conditions influencing the safety of sunflower production
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
Produced quantity, oil content and crop safety of sunflowers are basically determined by three groups of factors: the variety grown, the agri-ecological conditions and the elements of the crop management programme. The author gives a detailed discussion of the topic, paying particular attention to sowing, nutrient supply and plant protection.

Is it worthy to provide intensive nutrient supply for sunflowers? (x)
This is Yara’s recommendation for sunflower growers about nutrient supply.

Comparative trials with sunflower varieties – 2009
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The article presents the small plot trials for comparing sunflower hybrids declared for evaluating varieties to be included in the national list. Special agronomic and quality traits are compared in the particular ripening groups. The results are published for 2009.

Which kind of sunflower varieties to grow? (x)
(Attila Kovács, János Bíró)
This is the sunflower variety offer of Syngenta Seeds.

Controlling grass herbicides in sunflowers with CLEARFIELD® programme (x)
(Gábor Pálfay)
The development engineer of BASF summarises the advantages of using Clearfield technology for weed control in sunflowers.

Current issues of weed control in sunflowers
(Brigitta Hlavács, Jenő Simon)
Weed control in sunflowers mainly targets annual grass and broadleaf weeds. The author draws the attention to that weed management should be carried out very carefully, duly observing the requirements for application with special care. In addition to outlining the key issues of the weed management programmes, the paper deals with the major weeds of sunflowers, as well as the list of the herbicides registered for applying in preemergence and postemergence treatments.

Timely problem again – thoughts about preemergence weed control in sunflowers (x)
(Krisztina Spilák)
Arysta LifeScience Hungary Kft. recommends Proponit 720 EC (propizochlor) for preemergence application in sunflowers.

Sunflower diseases and the crop management programme
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The success of sunflower growing in Hungary has conspicuously increased in the past decade. However, in order to ensure further development, efficacy of all means of protection needs to be increased. Now sowing time as an element of the crop management programme is highlighted.

Crop safety, yield increase, higher oil content (x)
(Imre Máté, György Turóczi, Tivadar Mathiász)
Get to know the beneficial effect of the microbial product Trifender on the crop safety and quality of sunflowers as recommended by Kwizda Agro.

Sunflowers in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article takes the situation of sunflower growing in France under the magnifying glass. The author outlines the changes in the cropping area and yields from the 1980s; then compares the prices of sunflowers and rapes on the stock exchange. He mentions the role of oilseeds in the plant oil industry and feeding. Finally, he informs on the surface of sunflower areas expected for this season.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Efficacy vs. cost-efficiency
(Ágoston Tóth)
The author from the Central Agricultural Office, Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation undertakes to interpret efficacy and efficiency, and to show the difference between the two terms in connection with pesticides.

A successful programme for increasing rape yields (x)
Cheminova recommends Repce Kondi Pack for supporting the growth of rapes in spring.

Experiences from producing seeds of certain spring cereals
(Zoltán Benke)
The author describes the seed production for spring barley, wheat, durum wheat, triticale, oat, millet, buckwheat, foxtail millet and canary grass in terms of the cropping area, the effect of weather, the range of varieties and yields.

National trials with spring barley varieties – 2009
(Dr. András Tomcsányi)
The article gives an account of the trials carried out with 20 spring barley varieties throughout the country in 2009. The most important criteria of the evaluation were as follows: yields, 1000-seed-weight, gradedness, super-gradedness, protein content, time of heading, resistance to powdery mildew, net blotch incidence, rust incidence, tolerance to viruses, plant height and stem fastness.

Still about damages caused by standing water
(Dr. Imre Vajdai)
The author begins with informing on the areas covered with standing water in the past few years and follows with the extent of nutrient losses occurred due to stagnant water and its importance.

Nitrogen fertilizer application in spring (x)
(Rita Vári)
Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. recommends LINZER NAC product for early spring top dressing of rapes and wheat.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

AKG – agri-environment management: what was needed for gaining subsidy? Press release
The press release informs on the criteria of evaluating project proposals, mentioning certain elements that did not influence the outcome of rating at all, and some other ones that highly affected the results of deciding on the applications.

I used to be a minister…(10) Talk with dr. László Lakos
(Dr. László Bódis)
This time we talked with veterinarian dr. László Lakos, manager of Kőröstetétlen Árpád Kft. who was the first minister of agriculture in the second parliamentary cycle.

Hungarian farmers’ habits of reading technical journals and evaluating technical journals (x)
Szinapszis Market Research Kft. carried out a quest in late 2009, wishing to reveal which are the technical journals Hungarian farmers know, which ones they read and what kind of expectations they have towards technical journals, and finally how they evaluate them according to these criteria.

The history of the Hungarian Plant Protection Organisation (3)
(László Szentgyörgyi, Dr. István Eke)
This part of the series about the history of the Hungarian plant protection organisation informs on the legislation highly influencing the development of plant health administration in Hungary. The author lays particular emphasis on the act 12 of 1894 on agriculture and field police, a piece of legislation that was the first one to give detailed provisions for protection against pests.

Seeking the way XIX. Mid-term prospects for global markets of the major crops in a nutshell
(Dr. Norbert Potori)
The author from the Agricultural Economics Research Institute briefly outlines the mid-term prospects for such major crops as wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes on the global market based mainly on the 10-year-analyses prepared by OECD-FAO, USDA and Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) until the year 2018/2019.

Trying Ikarus (x)
Growers’ experiences are published here about using the herbicide Ikarus (clopyralid + picloram + aminopyralid) of Dow AgroSciences.

Fungi attacking seed production of grasses (1)
(Dr. Zsolt Varga)
We have a rather poor knowledge about diseases of grasses and the pathogens affecting the different grass species, we even do not pay any attention to them in connection with the practice. This is why the author presents the fungal diseases of the major grass species that may have a decisive role during the production of grass seeds. The options of controlling such diseases cannot be omitted from the end of the article either.

Trying Taltos (x)
This covers growers’ experience with Taltos (aminopyralid + florasulam), the herbicide of Dow AgroSciences.

Trying Genius (x)
Growers’ experiences are published here to share them with growers about using the herbicide Genius (aminopyralid + pyroxsulam + florasulam + chloquintocet-mexyl) by Dow AgroSciences.

Ecological seed production in Hungary
(Andrea Tóbiás, Anna Divéky-Ertsey)
The legislation for ecological farming and criteria of supporting are outlined in the article. Furthermore, it informs on the conditions of producing seeds and propagating materials of ecological quality.

Colombus in maize (x)
(Zoltán Papp)
A professional from KITE Agricultural Service and Trade Corporation shares experiences with cereal herbicide Colombus EC (clopyralid + florasulam + fluroxypyr-meptyl) by Dow AgroSciences.

Paladin instead of Perenal – silver medal for herbicides fighting stolons (x)
(István Szabó)
Dow AgroSciences recommends its herbicide Paladin (propaquizafop) for hard-to-control stolon and rhizome-forming grass weeds.

Delayed deadline for advance payment. Press release
According to the information from the Managing Authority of the New Hungary Rural Development Programme, the time-frame open for submitting applications for advance payment was modified for various support titles in agriculture.

Mustang Forte – stronger and faster in weed control (x)
(István Szabó)
Dow AgroSciences recommends its new mixture, Mustang Forte (2,4-D 2-ethylhexyl ester + aminopyralid + florasulam) for controlling annual and perennial broadleaf weeds in cereals.

Experience with Dow-MTI hybrid maize in 2009 (x)
Have a look at the experience of growers obtained in growing Dow-MTI maize hybrids.

Call for harvesting with us in rapes (x)
A call for project proposals to crop management programmes with fabulous prizes – a joint action of Bayer CropScience, Dow AgroSciences, FitoHorm and Saaten-Union is presented here for the attention of rape growers.

Cherokee – A new option for fighting head blight and decreasing mycotoxin content (x)
(György Kurtz)
Get to know the new fungicide, Cherokee (cyproconazole + propiconazole + chlorothalonil) developed by Syngenta Kft. for targeted ear protection.

Attack by grass weeds in maize
(László Szabó)
The article informs on the results of the Fifth National Field Weed Survey for maize, confirming that the infestation by annual grass weeds has been conspicuously increased in the past few years. In addition, the causes of the changed weed composition are also revealed.

Data supply mandatory from the middle of February! Press release
The press release draws the attention of growers, involved in the New Hungary Rural Development Programme (ÚMVP) and Operational Programme for Fisheries (HOP), to the regular mandatory data supply for monitoring.

Sixty years of potato research in Keszthely
(Dr. István Oláh)
The Potato Sector’s Forum was organised under the title “Permanent up-to-dateness” in Keszthely this January. The report summarises the contents of the major lectures, drawing the attention to the problems of the Hungarian potato sector and the efforts made for its survival.

A new product under a new name! DON-Q-PLUSZ Report
(Gabriella Demes)
The renewed Sumi Agro Hungary Kft. has recently held its year-launching meeting. The article presents Don-Q Plusz fungicide, the novelty of the season 2010.

Granstar® SuperStar (x)
(István Rácz)
This is a new herbicide from DuPont for use in cereals.

Fitohorm – Looking for an effective sulphur fertilizer for a reasonable price? Choose Turbo Sulphur! (x)
FitoHorm Kft. recommends its newly developed sulphur solution, Turbo Sulphur for fertilizer application in cereals.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Genetically modified potato varieties
(Ferenc Antal, Dr. Zsófia Bánfalvy)
The authors give a brief summary of the diverse approach to genetic modifications by which researchers undertake to improve the most important crop production and eating quality of potatoes in Hungary and all over the world.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Pruning peppers
(Orsolya Császár)
The article outlines the characteristics of growing peppers in trellis systems, and gives a detailed discussion of the applied pruning techniques.

Success may depend on fertilizers! (x)
This is Yara’s recommendation for nutrient supply in peppers.

Adviser’s view about small-scale growing of young plants for peppers
(Tamás Kassai)
The author shares the secrets of successful growing of young plants with readers. He emphasizes the importance of strictly observing the rules of the crop management programme, properly selecting the growing medium for young plants, as well as of putting into practice of the principles of plant protection hygiene and precise pest management, based on the prevention of pest damage.

FRUIT GROWING

Setting the height of fruit tree stems
(Dr. László Szalay)
The first spring pruning of fruit tree grafts planted in the previous autumn or the current spring is an operation that cannot be omitted in order to set proper stem height. We wish to draw the attention to the different methods available.

Mating disruption as the basis of cost-efficient fruit growing (x)
(István Ujvári)
Biocont Hungary Kft. distributes the recent tool of environmentally-friendly and efficient control of codling moth, available in addition to mating disruption by pheromones, an insecticide with granulosis virus basis.

“Apple, the queen of fruits”. Browsing from interesting information about apples
(Géza Kertész)
What do you thing the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans or even the Germans thought about the medicinal effects of apples? And what about the role of apples in the mythology and literature, furthermore, what is the relation of the fruit to computers? The interesting article will give the answers to all these questions.

VINE-GROWING AND WINEMAKING

How to time pruning?
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
In principle, vines can be pruned from leaf fall to bud burst, allowing as long as 5 months for this operation. The question is rightly raised: which is the best time for pruning? The article analyses this issue, taking questions, such as variety, location of the site, weather conditions and moon phases into consideration.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Changes in the costs of buying agricultural machines and operating them in 2010
(Dr. Lajos Gockler)
More and more information is needed for improving the success of farming also in operating machines. This is why the paper by the Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering (MGI) may be useful for you. It starts from the numbers generated at the monitored basis holdings, and publishes, for the current year, the expected performance and costs of power machines and implements (groups of machines) in agriculture, calculated with the expected prices and wages, as well as with other costs.

Let’s learn about harvesters… (10) Transmission in combines
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series presenting harvester combines outlines the progress, made in the transmission of power, through their mechanism.

Spirit: Väderstad technology and Swedish quality for a different soil type (x)
Get to know the new cereal drill offer of Väderstad.

Trading and servicing centre in Üllő for machine and spare-part supply. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
AXIÁL Kft. opened a new centre for machine and spare-part trading and servicing in Üllő, close to Budapest and highway M0. The owner and manager, Zsolt Harsányi informed the participants of the opening event about the achievements and plans of the company.

Agro+Mashexpo 2010. Special prize given to Framest Reptill soil cultivation implement. Report
(Dr. Demes György)
After awarded by the product prize of the Debrecen Farmer-Expo, Framest Reptill tillage implement, manufactured by the Hungarian Framest Kft. and distributed by Axiál Kft., received the special prize of Agro+Mashexpo.

Triple agricultural fair – before the season. Report
(Kurucz Miklós)
We report on the 28th International Fair of Agriculture and Agricultural Machinery completed, already for the third time, with an exposition of Hungarian Gardens and Vine-growing and Winemaking.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Information is reviewed from certain interesting articles published in foreign technical journals.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Agricultural Book Month 2010. A celebration of technical literature in agriculture – with clouds. Report
(Miklós Kurucz)
The representatives of agricultural literature, authors of textbooks and journal articles came together to a traditional event held in the Museum of Agriculture on 1 February 2010 on the occasion of opening the Agricultural Book Month.

Celebrating the 20-year-old Agroforum
(AF)

Tribute to Béla Győrffy. Ceremonial session in Martonvásár
(Dr. István Oláh)
The Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Martonvásár year by year commemorates its one-time investigator and director, Béla Győrffy.

Note (not only) for growers. About forests
(Miklós Kurucz)
The author describes forests as a habitat and community of plants and animals. Furthermore, he gives an account of the share of forest areas in Hungary, the tasks of forestry management and a Hungarian initiation in the declaration about the multiple functions of forests.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Vera Csapody (1890-1985)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month our readers may get to know the life and work of Vera Csapody, one of the personalities influencing the history of agriculture in Hungary.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)