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Agroforum 2010 October

Seed-sower
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Landscape management, landscape growing – only a theory or also a practice?
(Dr. András Binnyei)
In addition to getting to know the principles of landscape management, readers may have the answers to various practical questions in connection with landscape growing. The article outlines the characteristics of fields and the areas suitable for growing grapes, fruits, as well as for grassland and forest management.

FOCUSING ON TILLAGE

Introductory thoughts
(Dr. Márta Birkás)

Let’s assist soil recovery with reasonable tillage!
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
Let’s help our soils to recover from rains causing leaching, sedimentation and floods with reasonable cultivation! In the first part of the article the author lists the effects on the soil of climatic phenomena such as flood, hail, standing water, copious rainfall, and gives various examples to the recovery of soils. She calls for specific tillage methods suited to the circumstances in order to suppress heavy weed infestation on areas affected by standing water. Soil loosening, tillage with cultivators, discs and ploughs can be applied in a way different from the general one, therefore the author also deals with the risks, too besides the expected advantages. Finally she draws the attentions to what is necessary to know about ploughing in autumn, because wet soil needs cultivation performed with more care than the average.

The lessons learned in soil cultivation at Karád this year
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with the manager of crop growing of Karád Agricultural Company about tillage with reduced number of passes and soil loosening. We also discussed the problems and conclusions of this rainy year.

Challenges of rainy August and September in soil cultivation at Pókaszepetk. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Our partner for talking about the experiences and challenges of late summer soil cultivation in 2010 was the managing director of Zalagrár Kft.

Ploughing, sowing
(András Pajlócz)
In our days, ploughing and sowing are carried out quickly, precisely and efficiently thanks to the up-to-date agricultural machinery and crop production programmes. The article takes us back in time with hundred years to recall the memory of the way our peasants did these jobs.

Everything about us (x)
Brief news from Dow AgroSciences.

Focusing on tractors, tillage machines, seeders and fertilizer spreaders
(Dr. György Demes)
In the article about the country-wide series of demonstrations by AXIÁL Kft. we present certain combinations of tractors, tillage, drill and fertilizer spreaders, wishing to draw the attention of growers who manage fields with sizes between 100 and 300 hectares.

The first Big Tillage Show. Report
(Gabriella Demes)
Four recognised European producers of tillage implements, Kverneland, Väderstad, Lemken and Vogel-Noot, together with Austro Diesel company supplying Massey Ferguson machines, presented their power machines and implements at two places and two times in early August. The article outlines the most important technical characteristics of these machines.

Environment-friendly tillage and competitiveness (x)
Get to know the advantages of 3E tillage system!

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Heavy rains in May, devastating summer storms
(Vilmos Vadász)
The author from the Hungarian Meteorological Service gives an overview of the extremities of the spring and summer weather experienced this year.

FarmMet – weather forecasting reaching home (x)
The services recently published on www.farmit.hu agroportal can be seen below this heading.

The history of the Hungarian Plant Protection Organisation (9)
(László Szentgyörgyi, Dr. István Eke)
The final part of the series presenting the Hungarian plant protection organisation follows the history till the establishment of the county plant protection stations in 1954.

YaraMilaTM also for wheat! (x)
This is Yara’s recommendation for nutrient supply for winter wheat growers.

About Cereal Forum XII by Sumi Agro XII. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
While the key topic of last year was agricultural financing, this Sumi Agro meeting focused on the situation of seeds of winter cereals, as well as the issues of wheat quality, wheat growing and sales and last but not least, the challenges of the extreme weather conditions.

Scientific names of weed plants recalling mythological gods
(Dr. Gyula Pinke)
Due to the beauty, medicinal use or even poisonous effects, the name of various weed plants is related to the Greek-Roman mythology. By the way, the non-popular ragweed also belongs to this group of plants …

Decreasing soil erosion, and increasing biodiversity. Report
(Péter Szilágyi Bay)
The Geographic Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Syngenta held a joint meeting at Szentgyörgyvár and Dióskál on 2 September 2010. The event focused on the options to reduce soil erosion by protective belts consisting of legume seed mixtures and the options for increasing biodiversity by establishing legume pastures for nectar and pollen collection at the field margins.

Field trials, 2010 (x)
(Rita Vári)
Linzer Ware products in the centre of nutrient supply experiments

PRODUCE MARKET

Produce round-table information
(Dr. László Bódis)
Produce market as seen by growers.

Summary of the produce market
(PN)
The article gives an account of the processes taken place in the produce markets of the world of the main field crops such as wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes. The trends in prices and product volumes are also highlighted.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology” (4) Genetic control
(Dr. László Heszky)
This part of the series gives useful information on the main point of genetic control and about that the genetic programme contains.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Growing woody energy plants (3) Species and varieties suitable for establishing energy tree plantation (2)
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
In the frame of our series presenting the growing of woody energy plants, in the September number of the journal we gave a detailed discussion of the aspects of selecting plants, the legal background and the genus of willows (Salix) in connection with the establishment of energy plantations. Now we deal with the plant species suitable for black locust, poplar and other energy forests.

The situation of renewable energy resources in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article lets us have an insight into the use and prospects of renewing energy resources (water, wind, sun and geothermic) in France in connection with the ENERPESSE conference organised in Paris.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Up-to-date nutrient supply for medicinal plants
(Dr. Éva Zámbori Németh)
The author from the Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants publishes the results of extensive fertilizer application trials carried out to optimise the nutrient supply for medicinal and herb plant species that are the most commonly grown in Hungary.

FRUIT GROWING

Nutrient balance in the soil and fruit trees
(Dr. Szalay László)
All fruit growers know that the shortage in any nutrients retards the development of trees, while a long-term deficiency may cause irreversible changes. However, it is less known that not only the quantity of nutrient elements but also their proportion compared to each other is also a very important factor in fruit production. What does the term” ion antagonism” mean? The brief article gives the answer and also reveals why it is important to know it by summarising the essential information about the topic.

Pledge – only if depressing … Ephedra! (x)
(Roland Szabó)
This is the recommendation of SumiAgro for controlling horseweed (Conyza canadensis) in autumn in orchards and vineyards.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

The achievements of breeding by clonal selection in Badacsony
(Dr. János Májer, Dr. Gizella Györffy Jahnke)
The paper outlines the history of breeding with using clonal selection in Badacsony (Lake Balaton), and the recent results of the breeding programme.

Márton Németh’s works in the field of identification and classification of grapevines
(Dr. Edit Hajdu)
We commemorate Márton Németh and his life work in the classification, identification and description of our grapevine varieties on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of his birth.

Grapevine pest management and mechanisation at high standards
(Dr. György Demes
)
Readers may get acquainted with the recent pest management solutions and technologies offered by Syngenta Kft. and KITE Zrt. for use in vine growing in connection with the event held at Thummerer winery in the wine region of Eger.

Wine and bread. Report and interview
Dr. László Bódis, Péter Szilágyi Bay
)
The conference on bread, grapes and wine of the Great Hungarian Plain was held on the site of the internationally recognised grape variety collection at Kecskemét-Katonatelep on 18 August and was organised by Corvinus University of Budapest, Institute of Viticulture and Oenology, Research Station Kecskemét. We talked with the director of the research station Dr. Ferenc Nádosy after the meeting.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters(15) Windrowing machines
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series informs on windrowing machines, the particular models, their structure and operational principles.

Coulter loading continuously increasing up to 200 kg … (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Practical experiences are found under the heading about the drill Tume Nova Combi distributed by Axiál Kft.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Bittera Gyula (1893-1970)
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the frame of the series about the great persons of the history of Hungarian agriculture this month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Gyula Bittera.

Note(not only) for growers. Thoughts about rural development (1)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series of notes draws the attention to the importance of rural development.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)