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Agroforum 2010 September

On the vine hill
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

A way out: a model of integrated agricultural production
(Dr. László Gazdag
)

Is it feasible to ensure appropriate quality and quantity, as well as cost effectiveness in an environmentally friendly way in agriculture at the same time? And what about the production of healthy food for consumers? Is it possible to find an agricultural model that ensures quality of life for rural population, the preservation and improvement of environmental quality, maintaining fair landscape, keeping, even increasing soil fertility? And finally, will Hungarian land remain in the hands of Hungarians? The article is seeking the answer to all these questions.

Thoughts about estates and land use. Round table discussion
(recorded by: Dr. László Bódis)

A forum for growers was organised in Pellérd before the parliamentary elections this March. Now we publish its short summary where in particular company professionals tell their opinions, expressing their concerns about the issue of land.

FOCUSING ON CEREALS

Situation report about the harvesting of winter cereals in early August
(József Lukács, Emese Galbavy)
This is a brief situation analysis about harvesting winter cereals.

The advantages of certified seeds compared to farm-saved ones
(Zoltán Benke, György Hankó)
The use of certified seeds for cereals has dramatically decreased in the past few years. The authors emphasise that its reason is not the low selling price of cereal crops that is always said by farmers. Instead, being economical with certified cereal seeds has become an automatic decision for growers. The authors present their own experience and that of breeder Béla Beke, and express what can a grower loose if does not undertake to buy certified seeds.

Cereal head blight – this year for the second time
(Dr. Pál Békési)
This year an amount of rainfall as never before poured down the fields at a time critical for cereals, i.e. between April and early June. It was a big challenge for cereal growers. Now, as cereals have been loaded into storehouses and are waiting for sales, we believe it is worthy having a brief overview of the performance of head blight control throughout the country in the middle of enormous difficulties.

Weed control in cereals in autumn without constraints (x)
(György Kurtz)
Syngenta outlines its solutions for weed control in cereals in autumn.

Fertilizers – which one to choose? (x)
(Rita Vári)
This is the fertilizer offer of Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. for the appropriate nutrient supply for winter wheat.

Everything about us (x)
A brief set of news about Dow AgroSciences appear under this heading.

Against pests and diseases on germinating seeds
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)
The article outlines the past and present of seed dressing, the golden rules of its application. The author describes the bases of selecting seed treatment products, highlighting the protection of cereals.

Six practical arguments for Vitavax 2000 … (x)
(Dr. László Kondár)
Chemtura recommends Vitavax 2000 for seed treatment of winter wheat.

The effect of water shortage and excessive water on the dry matter production of winter wheat
(Dr. Endre Sebestyén, Balázs Gyulai)
It was concluded from the small plot and field trials that both the shortage of rainfall and, less frequently, its abundance had a negative effect on winter wheat yields. The key target is to significantly reduce drought injuries by certain agronomic procedures to maximise the volume of available water in the soil by tillage operations and to minimise the specific water uptake of plants by fertilizer application.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

I used to be a minister…(14) Talk with dr. Imre Németh
(Dr. László Bódis)
This time we talked with dr. Imre Németh among the ministers of agriculture about his work, his most remarkable tasks and last but not least, about the current situation in agriculture.

“With the due care” (1)
(Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky)
The second part of the study about the situation of Hungarian food production focuses on the main tasks to perform in producing vegetables, fruits, grapes, medicinal plants and volatile oil-plants, as well as the goals in ecological growing, and their development.

Thoughts about agricultural policy (2)
(Miklós Kurucz)
The author expresses his moderate but critical opinion about agricultural policy.

The history of the Hungarian Plant Protection Organisation (8)
(László Szentgyörgyi, Dr. István Eke)
This part of the series presenting the history of the Hungarian Plant Protection Organisation recalls the situation of plant protection and the structural changes from the beginning of world war II to the years after finishing it.

Cost-saving rape production successfully
(József Kovács)
A professional of a co-operative at Hernádkércs shares his experience and conclusions about the corner points of the crop management programme for successful rape growing.

PRODUCE MARKET

Commodity exchanges (2) – Volatility of prices can be reduced
(Dr. Norbert Potori)
The second part of the article reveals the kinds of risks the option commodity markets offer tools for.

Wholesaler expectations on the produce market. Interview
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We asked the manager of Glencore Grain Hungary Kft. about the prospects on the produce market of wheat, maize and oilseed crops in the middle of August and the foreseen trends of prices.

Summary of the produce market
(PN)
It is worth summarising the processes taken place on the global produce markets of the major field crops, such as wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes, the trends in prices and product volumes from moth to month, based on the forecasts of analysts and the expectations.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology” (3) Storing and implementing the genetic programme
(Dr. László Heszky)
This part of the series provides useful information about storing information for life in Earth in eukariote organisms with nucleus in the cells. Furthermore the author discusses the way cells implement the genetic programme stored in DNA.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Growing woody energy plants (2) Species and varieties suitable for establishing energy tree plantation (1)
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
In the frame of the series on the management of woody energy crops, this month we present the criteria of selecting the plants to grow, the legal requirements and the range of plants available for establishing woody energy plantations. By this, the author wishes to advise on one of the most important issues related to the topic, to choose species and variety (clone) suitable for the particular production site and environmental conditions.

Certain issues of biomass use and the importance of R+D
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
In France biofuels have a high potential. Burning of biomass in thermal power stations and the related secondary utilisation of heat and biomass-based heating of collective purpose are very prospective. Companies and co-operatives have a remarkable experimental activity in utilizing biomass – in particular for energy. In south-western France there are two excellent ideas for that, i.e. VIVADOUR and RAGT.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Phytopathological aspects of tomato protection
(Dr. Márton Glits)
It is worth being aware of tolerance to certain pests of tomato varieties when selecting them for growing or planning the pest management programme. The article describes the diseases, indicating the ones the particular tomato varieties are susceptible to and also those against which they are tolerant or resistant. The author also mentions the pathogens of tomatoes grown indoors and outdoors, as well as the means of their control.

FRUIT GROWING

The role of soil chemical reaction in the nutrient management of fruit crops
(Dr. László Szalay)
The article gives the answer to the question on the role of soil chemical reaction (pH) in nutrient balance and the changes in the availability of the particular nutrient elements depending on soil pH.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

South Africa, the land of multi-colour terroir
(Péter Bodor, Erika Tóth, Dr. Gyula Váradi)
The authors visited Stellenbosch University in April 2010, invited by its Department of Viticulture and Oenology. They could get acquainted with the characteristics of vine-growing and winemaking in South Africa and got a picture of experiments and education followed at the University. The article gives an account of the knowledge in climate, agronomy and wine technology heard there.

Possibilities for creating an inter-branch organisation in the Hungarian Vine-growing and winemaking sector (1)
(Dr. Zoltán Kator, Dr. Diána Sidlovits)
In the second part of their article, the authors present the operation principles of inter-branch organisations participating in the European vine-growing and winemaking sectors. They also discuss the topics they believe needed to be changed in the operation of the Hungarian vine-growing communities in order to be able to duly play the role of an inter-branch organisation also in our country.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters(14) Windrowing machines
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series presents windrowers, its different kinds, their structure and mechanism.

“I recommend this machine to big maize producers like us … Report (x)
(Dr. Demes György)
The report is on the practical experience with one of the implements for reduced pass tillage, Condisc disk distributed by Axiál Kft.

Thoughts and conclusions in connection with several year’s observations in the reference holdings
(Dr. Lajos Gockler)
The Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering annually carries out studies on the key operation data of machines in certain reference holdings that are bigger and at higher standards than the average ones. The author from the institute draws the attention to the conclusions from data of several years’ observations. He also highlights the reasons why it is worthy for growers to get to know the operation data recorded in reference holdings.

Introduced itself. DAL-BO MaxiCut 600 roller (x)
(Gabriella Demes)
DAL-BO MaxiCut 600 roller, distributed by Szegána Kft appeared for the first time in a field show.

The advantages of basic tillage with cultivators (x)
Have a look at the advantages of field cultivators VÄDERSTAD Cultus and TopDown.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Árpád Balás (of Sipek) (1840-1905)
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the frame of the series presenting the great persons of our agriculture , this month readers may get to know the life and work of Árpád Balás (of Sipek).

In memoriam György Balikó, aircraft pilote
(Dr. Árpád Szász)

In memoriam Dr. Zsolt Szüle (1936-2010)
(DGy)

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy
)