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Agroforum 2011 April

The one who must die
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The future of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) after 2013
(Dr. Athéné Neszmélyi)
The officer of the Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Commission in Brussels gives an account of the communication of the Commission in connection with the CAP. The ideas to reform the CAP for the period between 2013 and 2020 in terms of food supply, natural resources and the challenges are presented.

FOCUSING ON ALTERNATIVE CROPS (continued)

A crop grown from five thousand years: soybean
(Dr. Sándor Balikó, Dr. László Bódis, Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky)
The article does not only inform on the five thousand-year-old history and the present status of the plant but also discusses the details of the agronomic elements of soybean growing.

Soybean growing at advanced level. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with a rightly acknowledged soybean grower of the country, the manager of Margittasziget 92 Kft. in Újmohács about the practice of growing soybeans and the cornerstones of the crop management programme allowing the company to reach yields of 4 tons per hectare.

Processing and using soybean
(Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky)
It has been known for a long time that soybean is a plant to consume in a certain processed form both for human and animal nutrition. This is why the article summarises the methods of processing, the different heat treatment techniques and chemical procedures.

Everything about us (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Comparative trials with soybean varieties – 2010
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The article gives an overview of the results for 2010 of small plot trials with soybean varieties included in the national list and the ones declared for inclusion in that list. The varieties grouped according to ripening time were compared for their quality traits.

The importance and need of growing legume crops with big-size seeds
(Dr. Nóra Mendler Drienyovszki)
We believe it is worth drawing attention to the opportunities and advantages of growing legumes for their role in the protein strategy and crop rotation, as well as for their effect on soil fertility. The investigator of the Research Institute of Nyíregyháza of the University of Debrecen, Faculty of Agricultural Science gives an account of this.

The nutritional value of broad-beans and lupines
(Ms. F. Léder)
The investigator of the Central Food Research Institute presents the key internal quality traits of broad beans and lupines and the importance of these plants in human and animal nutrition.

Grass pea and its growing
(Dr. Éva Babett Ábrahám)
The author wishes to provide an overall view of grass pea, a crop grown from ancient times. She describes, among them the origin of the plant, its distribution, botanical characteristics, ecological requirements and economic importance, as well as the key elements and criteria of the crop management programme.

Jerusalem artichoke, the re-discovered plant (2)
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi, Dr. Zoltán Győri, Dr. László Dudás)
The article focuses on a crop known long ago and suitable for consuming by persons suffering from diabetes. However, Jerusalem artichoke is grown in Hungary only over a little area in our days and represented in human consumption only to an insignificant percent. The options for use and the most important products (concentrate, sugar, alcohol and dried products) to be prepared from the plant are described in the paper.

The industrial crop of the future: Jerusalem artichoke
(Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky)
The article wishes to widen the range of options for processing and using Jerusalem artichoke. This is why the author presents, in addition to the nutritional values, also the possible uses of the plant in the production of medicines, bioenergy and feed.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Precision techniques in crop growing
(Balázs Gyulai, Péter Kemény, Sebestyén Dóra)
We are at an early stage of the practical application of precision crop production but the knowledge and technical conditions are available for that. This is why the authors thought that it was worth taking into account the characteristics and prospects of this technology, showing a kind of breakthrough for growers.

Can maize “see”? (x)
(Szilvia Tóth Csantavéri)
The effect on the growth of maize or the importance of efficient weed control can be read from Syngenta.

Damage and trapping of green cockchafers
(Kitti Sipos et al.)
Green cockchafer larvae damaging roots frequently impose a risk to orchards on sandy soil in the great Hungarian plain, while the adults of certain species cause severe injuries to the foliage of the trees. Now the authors share important information about the possibilities for trapping, among cockchafer species, the Hungarian population of green cockchafer.

Better quality is always the winner (x)
(Dr. Eszter Zsom)
Nutrient supply for winter wheat is recommended for better quality from K+S Kali GmbH.

Agro-biodiversity biological diversity in agriculture
(István Kimmel)
The article reports on the third evening of the series of events titled “Scientific Discussions about Diversity in a Café”. The meeting focused on archeo-botany and the life strategy to be created for the future of the region ‘Ormánság’.

Foliar fertilizers to winter wheat! (x)
(Dr. Erik Czinege)
Yara presents it recommendation for foliar fertilizer application to winter wheat.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

18 years in the management board of an international organisation
(Dr. Katalin Ertsey Peregi)
Dr. Katalin Ertsey Peregi gives an account of her work for almost 20 years at the International Seed Testing Association (ISTA).

SANTANA 1G – asking the user (4) (x)
Arysta LifeScience Hungary Kft. shares the experience of users obtained in 2010 with the new soil insecticide.

Portrait. “The single reward for a well-done job is that we could do it. Talk with dr. Katalin Ertsey Peregi
(Dr. László Bódis)
The talk is with the former head of the Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the Hungarian Agricultural Office.

Maize crop will reciprocate weed control (x)
(A. Gy.)
Chemical weed control in maize with DuPont products as it is seen by professionals working in the practice.

Lannate® story continues (x)
One of the first insecticides of DuPont can be used again from spring of 2011 as a result of the re-registration procedure in the crops registered for using the product.

The way of potato from the field to the tables of fast food restaurants
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
We wish to guide our readers to the world of French potato growing by presenting the importance of potatoes in France, yields harvested in the past few years, the most prestigious professional organisations representing the interests of the sector in France, as well as the major growing districts and last but not least the stability of growing ensured by contracted growing through the example of a local farm.

More side shoots for higher rape yields! (x)
(József Horváth)
Cheminova recommends growers its rape package ‘Repce Kondi Pack’ in order to obtain higher yields.

Rape growing experience in the light of weather conditions in county Győr-Moson-Sopron during 2010
(Márta Goda Biczó)
The author gives a general overview of rape growing in county Győr-Moson-Sopron in 2010 with special remarks to the effect of weather conditions different from the average of the past years. At the end of the article she also deals with winter rape fields, the area sown in autumn 2010, the conditions they are in at the moment and expectations for 2011.

Book review. The concept of sustainable field crop growing 1. Ed.: László Radics
(L.B.)
The patient agronomist and Pantera (x)
(Mihály Weszp)
Chemtura recommends the herbicide Pantera® 40 EC (quizalofopPtefuryl) for efficient use in various broadleaf crops in post-emergence treatments against monocot weeds.

Trade meeting at BAYER for launching the season. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
Bayer CropScience informed the participants of its traditional meeting at the beginning of the season about the business results and plans of the company, the changes taken place in the portfolio of BCS and the changes foreseen for the upcoming years.

Protio – more than an “azole” (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer recommends Prosaro (prothiconazole + tebuconazole) for wheat growers as a milestone in controlling head blight and reducing mycotoxin.

ATONIK – asking users (3) (x)
Growers speak about using the biostimulator ATONIK of Arysta LifeScience.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(PN)
Readers get an overview of the processes taken place in the global produce markets of the major field crops (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes), as well as of proteins of plant origin. Prices and product volumes are also indicated.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology” (10) Technical terms
(Dr. László Heszky)
In parts 1-4 of chapter II titled ‘The theory and methodology of gene technology’ in the series “Let’s learn gene technology” we tried to give a rationale of the idea about the kinds of knowledge and methods needed to be applied at the beginning of the 21st century to change the genetic programme of plants. Similarly to chapter I, chapter II is also closed with a brief glossary of terms.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Woody energy plants in Slovakia
(András Fazekas)
The author from the Department of Sustainable Development of the Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra outlines the results of experimental growing of woody energy plants obtained up to now.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Developmental disorders of root vegetables
(Dr. István Terbe)
Yield losses and defects of quality caused by physiological disorders, to a certain extent, also contribute to the fluctuating yields of root vegetables. This is why we have thought it is worth taking into account the abiotic factors that, in the opinion of many, cause bigger damages in quality and quantity than fungal, bacterial and viral diseases, as well as pests together.

Affirm – a versatile, novel insecticide for the protection of horticultural crops (x)
Get to know the new wide spectrum insecticide with an active substance of natural origin, developed by Syngenta to act against lepidopteran pests of horticultural crops.

FRUIT GROWING

The role of honeybees in the pollination of fruit trees
(Dr. László Szalay)
The greater part of our fruit crops is pollinated by insects. It means that during flowering they need the activity of insects by all means in order to have a fair production of fruits. This is why it is worthy to sum up the role of honeybees in the pollination of the major fruit species.

Boron, an important microelement of flowering and fruit-setting
(Dr. László Szalay)
Boron is one of the essential micro-elements. It means that fruit crops need it in small quantities but if it is not available for them it causes disorders. Therefore it is important to regularly check, together with other nutrients, boron content in the plants and soil of the orchard. It is necessary to recognize boron deficiency in time and to manage it appropriately if needed. This article helps in doing this.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Plant protection and nutrient supply of ecological grape growing (1)
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The management programme of ecological vine-growing differs from conventional farming mainly in the practice of plant protection, soil management and nutrient supply. Therefore it is not by chance that questions related just to these operations were on the agenda of the eco-grape meeting organized already for the third time. The most important conclusions are published in this article.

A new and chemicals-free plant protection in fruit and grapevine growing with the products of Biocont Kft. (x)
(Gyula László)
This is a new plant protection offer by Biocont Hungary Kft. for grapevine and fruit growers.

Unprecedented and hopefully not repeated in the future!
(Dr. István Füzi)
What was the year of 2010 like in the protection of vineyards? To say it was very difficult is far from true to duly express the conditions prevailing that time. If any of the major fungal diseases (powdery mildew, downy mildew or grey mould) reaches the level of an epidemic, it involves serious difficulties. If it happens with all the three ones in the same year, that requires extraordinary efforts. But what can we say if moreover, two of the three ones come up with the most powerful epidemics experienced in recent decades?

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters …(19) From chopping to the field chopper
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series give an account of the way how the chopping structure has become a mighty field machine from a hand-driven feed-preparing tool of animal keepers. In addition, of course, the setup and operational principle of field choppers is also dealt with.

Gaspardo pneumatic maize drills (x)
GASPARDO pneumatic precision drill – over 10 years in the offer of INTERAT Zrt.

“I would recommend this seed drill to everybody using tillage with turning” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Growers’ experience with the precision drill Monosem NG Plus Pro.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Reviews of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals can be found below this heading.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. János Paczelt (1851-1937)
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the frame of the series presenting the most significant persons of the history of Hungarian agriculture, this month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of János Paczelt.

Note (not only) for growers. About agri-logistics
(Miklós Kurucz)
Last month the ‘Note’ mentioned macro- and micro-logistics separated according to size in the frame of the general discussion of logistics. This topic may directly or indirectly affect many among the operators in the agricultural sector. Therefore we deal specifically with agricultural logistics.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)