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Agroforum 2011 Aug

From Silver Balaton to Soviet combine harvester (Part 2)
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

What has happened – should happen – to you, Hungarian food industry?
(Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky)
Throughout history, there are many examples to that future has been rebuilt at the places on the ruins of destroyed castles, towns, churches and villages. Reading the paper of professor Kralovánszky, we can realize how the one-time thriving Hungarian food industry has collapsed, how the equity interests have done away with it and whether there is any possibility for recovery in this hard situation.

FOCUSING ON RAPES

New elements in the management programme of rapes
(Péter Miskucza, László Páll)
In the past decade rape growing has become the most dynamically developing sector of crop production also in Hungary. In order to better use the increasing genetic potential of the new varieties /hybrids, we should pay more attention to the novel elements of the crop management programme (disease control, prevention of pod shattering), as well as to the preceding crop – as it was explained by the professionals of Mezőhegyes Stud Farm Zrt.

Cabbage root fly as a dangerous rape pest
(István Farkas)
By now cabbage root fly has become a dangerous pest also of rapes, this is why we thought it worthwhile to draw growers’ attention to it, presenting its biology, life cycle, damage, means of forecasting and last but not least, agronomic and chemical control.

Everything about us (x)
This is a small set of news about Dow AgroSciences.

RAPOOL – well-known players unite their resources under a new brand name (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
New generation hybrid rapes offered by RAPOOL for growing in 2011 are introduced here.

If August: then rapes! (x)
(Rita Vári)
Linzer AgroTrade presents its recommendation for nutrient supply in rape growing.

Rapes in a profitable way, using a Yara programme! (x)
(Dr. János Térmeg)
Yara products for the suitable nutrient supply in rapes.

Base your next season’s crop yields in 2011! (x)
K+S Kali GmbH offers the possibility for increasing crop safety of the major field crops by applying potassium fertilizers.

Shall we control weeds after sowing or rather desiccate before harvesting? (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
Kwizda’s offer for the basic weed control in rapes in autumn is below this heading.

Rapes Autumn Pack from Cheminova – a technical package with a free insecticide! (x)
Get to know the recent technical package of Cheminova, containing the most important elements of the crop management programme in autumn for successful rape growing.

It’s not bad to strive for more! A pest management programme in rapes for autumn – aiming at completeness (x)
A programme from BASF to protect rapes in autumn.

Basing crop safety for our winter crops (x)
(György Salamon)
The offer of Nufarm Hungária Kft. covers not only plant protection solutions but also seeds for wheat and rape growers.

Bayer Meeting, 2011. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
This year Bayer invited the interested to three places (Tolna-Mözs, Rum and Nemesbikk) between 7 and 15 June. There were many participants at all the three events. They had the opportunity to hear the explanations of Bayer’s professional staff and to look at the experimental plots arranged as regularly at such meetings. In addition, they were informed about the existing and the most recent products of the company, as well as about their effects in cereals, rapes and maize.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Controlling storage pests
(Hertelendy Péter)
The beginning of summer indicates the time for starting harvest. Crop quality and quantity have been at risk by various pests and diseases in the fields even up to now. This process, unfortunately will not be finished with harvesting and loading-in the crops to storehouses. This is why the article briefly summarises the major storage pests and the means of their control.

Safety of cereal production can be increased with Celest Top (x)
(János Kamp)
An overall protection to control seedling pests and diseases of cereals is recommended by Syngenta.

Future technique within range. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
It was the fifth time this year when Farkas Kft. at Zimány organised a meeting and demonstration. Visitors could not only get acquainted with the precision development trends of the company, but also the technical novelties produced in this field, as well as the recent achievements of precision nutrient supply and weed control.

Dessicash 20 SL – for the programmable, efficient and profitable desiccation of sunflowers (x)
(Dr. László Kondár)
Chemtura AgroSolutions released a new product for the desiccation of sunflowers.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Portrait. “I need to continuously learn and transfer knowledge!” Talk with dr. Márta Birkás university professor
(Dr. László Bódis)
In this part of the ‘Portrait” series, university professor dr. Márta Birkás speaks about the art of soil cultivation and her achievements, allowing to mirror her professional career.

The achievements of our agricultural foreign trade in 2010 (2)
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
In the light of the preliminary data on foreign trade recently published by the Central Statistical Office, it is worth considering the trends of the main market relationships and the prominent markets capable for improving the trade balances.

Production and nutrient management
(Dr. József Horváth)
How can financial resources available for nutrient management be used in the most efficient and professional way, or in other words, successfully and in the most cost-saving manner? Read the article of the professional from Talajerő plusz Kft.

What do Hungarians eat?
(György Zsigó)
What is the role of mistreated plant products in the health status of the Hungarian population? Who is responsible for this process? How to proceed? You can find the answers to all these questions from the article by a professional of the Hungarian Chamber of Plant Protection Professionals and Doctors of Plant Medicine.

The Day of Fields organised by BASF. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
It is the eight time this year when the field demonstration was taken place in four regions of Hungary (in order of time-scale at Kondoros, Hajdúböszörmény, Győr and Szekszárd). Visitors could get acquainted on the spot with the efficacy of pest management programmes recommended by BASF, think about and discuss the problems of this year’s challenging season.

“Success is not other than the result of a good decision. Experience is in the background of a good decision.” (x)
KWS informs on its new generation maize hybrids.

“Good neighbours for a common future” (1) Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The above title was the motto of the two cross-border events hosted at Mórahalom by Heller homestead and Rozsmalom Kft. on 24 June and 6 July, respectively. A fair number of visitors arrived, not only from Hungary but also from the neighbouring Vojvodina, to both events co-financed by the EU-Co-operation programme for Hungary and Serbia.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(MZs – PN)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crops (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology (14) Producing a GM-variety with buying a patent
(Dr László. Heszky)
Most of the countries and breeding companies do not have billions of dollars, which could compete with global companies in the development of novel transgenic (GM) varieties and seed markets. Buying of patents is an alternative for them. In this part of the series we present the production of a GM variety whose development is based on the use of a patent(s) of an original GM-variety.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Biogas production with dry fermentation technology
(Dr. László Aleksza)
The professional of Profikomp Zrt. outlines the general relationships in connection with biogas production. Furthermore, he presents dry fermentation technology, almost unknown in Hungary but gaining more and more importance and being innovative from every aspect.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Studying the profitability of onions
(Dr. Pál Deme, Dr. Sándor Marselek, Dóra Rábaközi)
You can have an insight into the results of several years’ trials with onion growing, presenting particular yields, production costs, average sales prices and profitability in the example of a Hungarian onion grower.

FRUIT GROWING

Iron deficiency may risk profitability of the vineyard
(Dr. László Szalay)
Among micronutrients, it is iron that fruit trees use the most. Unfortunately, we often encounter iron deficiency in Hungarian orchards. Its elimination is not always an easy task. Therefore this article deals not only with the role of iron, the reasons of iron deficiency but also with the possibilities of its remediation.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Withering of bunches
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Till the beginning of ripening, vine growers are full of optimism over the sight of the developing healthy bunches. However, the joy over ripening fruits will immediately fade away when, walking in the vineyard, they see that bunches start withering before its due time. But it is reasonable to prevent or at least mitigate withering of bunches not only to avoid psychological trauma! The expected income will also reduce dramatically with the shrivelling of the berries!

Experience obtained up to now and risks likely to come in vineyards
(Terézia Dula, Dr. Sándor Brózik)
The authors present, from a practical point of view, the effects on the season of year 2011 caused by the plant protection problems of the extremely rainy year of 2010, experienced especially in the northern wine-region. The article deals also with the risks to be encountered this year even before harvest.

Four Champion awards out of six won by Hungarian wines. Press release
The biggest and the only accredited international wine competition, considered the wine compass of Central Europe, 12th VinAgora was organised in Pécs on 15-19 June, 2011.

Thunderclouds above Újbuda (a quarter in Budapest). Report
(Dr. László Bódis)

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Machines of harvesting and conserving roughage displayed on the exhibition EIMA 2010 (2)
(Dr. Zoltán Bellus)
This article presents balers with variable and fixed chambers suitable for making round bales, as well as small and big balers designed to prepare square bales seen at the international fair of agricultural machines EIMA 2010. Furthermore, the author gives an account of methods for conserving bales, using wrapping, plastic bag filling and drying.

VOGEL-NOOT TerraTop field cultivators with 5 bars (x)
Get to know the recently developed 5-bar trailed TerraTop cultivator from VOGEL-NOOT.

FENDT novelties, 2011
(Dr. György Demes)
One hundred and sixty-six professional representatives from 23 countries took part at the international press conference of the holding company AGCO held at the headquarters of Fendt factory in Marktoberdorf on 14-15 June 2011. The event provided an opportunity to inform the public for the first time about important achievements of development, investment and acquisitions. Among them, now we present the new Fendt 700 Vario tractor models.

Ready, Steady, GO! Let ploughing get started!
(Gabriella Demes)
The Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering of the Ministry of Rural Development, located in Gödöllő hosted the press conference of the recently created Hungarian Association of Ploughing Competition. A brief summary can be found about the event.

“I do not regret that I decided to buy a TUME drill seven years ago!” Report (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Several years’ practical experience with seeder TUME Nova Combi distributed by Axiál Kft.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is the regular review of interesting articles published in foreign journals.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note (not only) for growers. About innovation
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the Note series explores the term “innovation”.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Sámuel Szentannay (1876-1956)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Sámuel Szentannay in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)