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Agroforum 2011 February

February glooming
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Report about the dinner of ministers of agriculture
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Remediation of soils affected by water damage
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The study first gives an account of the lessons learned from the excessive volume of water, such as the vulnerability of soils of land less taken care of and the increased resistance to adverse climatic phenomena of lands having been managed with soil conservation techniques for a long time. The author discusses the soil remediation methods according to the seasons and the extent of damages. The most important ones are preventing the increase of the existing damages, increasing the bearing capacity of soils and of the resistance against silting and sedimentation. The success of the programme lies in the knowledge of soil conditions, due care, as well as the proper and step-by-step implementation.

Timely about nutrient supply (x)
(Rita Vári)
Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. recommends this for nutrient supply.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Everything about us (x)
This is a small collection of news about Dow AgroSciences.

Portrait. “It is necessary to realize the importance of the agricultural sector!” Talk with dr. László Gazdag
(Dr. László Bódis)
Our correspondent talked with the agri-economist dr. László Gazdag about the situation of the Hungarian agricultural sector.

DuPont Plant Protection Conference – 2011 (x)
Practical experience and recent developments were in the centre of the series of DuPont meetings on plant protection.

Agricultural balance – 2009 (2)
(Miklós Kurucz)
The author published the brief summary of the performance of the agricultural sector in 2009 and the main trends observed in that year. The topic is finished now, without striving for completeness, with a subjective selection of the key criteria.

“Vaccination” for plants (x)
(Dr. Endre Sebestyén)
Plantaco Kft. offers the mentioned products suitable for stimulating the plant immune system.

Looking back to diseases of winter wheat in 2010
(Dr. Pál Békési, Péter Hertelendy)
Our most important bread crop, winter wheat left a rather difficult year behind. This is why the authors considered it important to summarise the events of the past season from the point of view of diseases, the major pathogens and the provoked damages.

2011 –the fifth year of success (x)
(László Farády)
This is Bayer’s Jubilee package for the protection of cereals.

Country-wide trial of spring barley varieties, 2010
(Dr. András Tomcsányi)
Similarly to the previous years, in 2010 too, the investigators of the Cereal Research Non-profit Company Kft. undertook to organise national variety trials in spring barley. They publish their outcome in this article.

No compromise in weed control! (x)
(József Vig)
This is the recommendation of Kwizda Agro for weed control in cereals.

Barley diseases in 2010
(Péter Hertelendy)
Year 2010 was extremely difficult for winter barley in terms of the pathogens affecting the crop. This is why it is worth looking back and tracing the major diseases occurred during the season, depending on weather conditions.

Introducing cross compliance scheme in Hungary – renewing information technology
(Dávid Mezőszentgyörgyi)
The article lets readers have an insight into the new information technology system implemented in the frame of the Operative Programme of Electronic Government (EKOP), using HUF 2,700 million from EU sources supporting cross compliance of agricultural aids in Hungary

Tried-and-true solutions for weed control in wheat fields infested with different dangerous weeds (x)
(György Salamon)
The weed control solutions in wheat by Nufarm can be found under this heading.

About the awarding ceremony of the maize yield competition
(Dr. László Bódis)
To write in February about an event taken place in December – you may say – is a bit outdated. This could be true if the results shown at the maize yield competition and recalled now would not be lasting and could not give inspiration to growers for the season in 2011.

With a step ahead with DEKALB. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
This article reports on the traditional meeting of Monsanto Hungária Kft. with its distributors held on 9 December in Budapest.

Santana 1G – we have asked users (2) (x)
Users speak about their experience in 2010 with the new soil disinfectant by Arysta LifeScience Hungary Kft.

A sustainable model for homestead farming. Report
(István Tóth Szeles)
The Cereal Research Non-profit Company Kft. launched an EU supported cross-border cooperation programme with its partner in Vojvodina, the Horticultural Association at Zenta. They held the opening conference of the project titled “Sustainable model for homestead farming in the area along the Hungarian-Serbian border” at the Cereal Research Company in December.

Advantages of early maize hybrids of KWS (x)
(Zsolt Kónya)
This is the range of varieties recommended by KWS for maize growers.

Current problems of pest management in public area (2)
(György Zsigó)
The second part of the article summarising the practical experience of plant protection in public areas gives an account of the diseases and weeds causing problems not less than the ones provoked by pests. The bases of their control are not missing from the paper either.

PRIMUS SEED® – a step ahead with the new generation hybrids of SAATEN-UNION (x)
The reasons why it is worth growing the new generation maize hybrids of SAATEN-UNION are listed here.

About biodiversity
(István Kimmel)
The author from the Ministry of Agriculture summarises the opinions of the investigators working in this field based on the internet article titled “2010 – the International Year of Biodiversity”.

The 8-year-long experience of applying Force (x)
(Katalin Vereczkey, Zoltán Lucza)
The professionals from Syngenta Kft. describe the advantages of the soil insecticide Force.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(PN)
The article outlines the main trends in terms of prices and yields in the global produce markets of the major field crops (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) and of plant proteins.

With a step ahead with DEKALB. Report (x)
Have a look at the table summarising the quality parameters of DEKALB maize hybrids.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology” (8) Gene transfer techniques
(Dr. László Heszky)
One of the major obstacles for the practical use of gene technology is to enter the transgene into the plant, in particular to cells. The paper describes the techniques (gene transfer) allowing this.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Sweet sorghum – a prospective plant for renewing energy production
(Péter Gergő Kovács)
The Hungarian research and academic institutes draw more and more attention to energy crops in particular sweet sorghum. The characteristics of the growing and options for using this plant so potential for producing bio-ethanol and biogas are presented in the paper.

Biogas production in every-day farming in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
A French energy agency association organised a two-day-workshop on biogas production. This article lets readers have an insight into the everyday life in different kinds of biogas factories operating in the county Ardennes.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Quality early potato production by using organic manure
(Zoltán Pap)
The new methods of applying organic manure are outlined to give priority over fertilizers in the nutrient supply of early potatoes. This could facilitate the healthy growing of plants and in addition to providing a more valuable crop, a cleaner environment can be ensured by reducing the volume of nitrogen leaching in the soil.

The position of the Hungarian Seed Association
The position of the Hungarian Seed Association is expressed here in connection with the illegal distribution and use of vegetable seeds planting material.

FRUIT GROWING

European pear production between 2001 and 2010
(Dr. László Szalay)
Pear is a major crop among the temperate fruit species. Yield data provide important information for decision making of professionals in the production and trade of fruit crops. The World Apple and Pear Association (WAPA) may help them as they regularly monitor the changes in the volume of pear production. The article outlines European pear production and the major varieties grown during the past 10 years based on the data from this organisation.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Vine-shoot maturing
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Pruning is influenced, in addition to, among them, fertility and health state of buds, also by the ripening of canes. As year 2010 with abundant rainfall was not favourable for the lignifications of canes either, and the pruning season is approaching, the author focuses on this topic, in particular on estimating the maturity of canes.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Bargam (Gambetti) Elios and Fox trailed sprayers with hydraulic booms (x)
Get to know the wide range of BARGAM sprayers distributed by INTERAT Zrt.

Let’s learn about harvesters …(18) Round balers
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series is about the structure and operation principle of round balers, describing the machines differing in the process of pressing the crop.

“Those looking for a solution…won’t be disappointed by the sprayer BERTHOUD RAPTOR”. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
There has been a special interest for the high clearance, mainly mobile sprayers in the past few years. They are suitable for in-crop protection of high plant stands such as sunflowers, maize and rapes, allowing growers to replace the costly aerial spraying that may be also inferior in working quality. The recent mobile sprayer, RAPTOR by BERTHOUD cannot be omitted from the row of such machines either.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Certain interesting articles published in foreign journals are reviewed also this month.

Sugarbeet and French agriculture
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article lets us have an insight into the annual conference of the national association of French sugarbeet growers (CGB) held at the end of the last year in Paris. In addition to the topical issues of the sector the situation and future of bioethanol gained special attention.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Dr.Jenő Czettler (1879-1953)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get to know the life and work of dr. Jenő Czettler in the series about the great persons of the Hungarian agricultural history.

Note (not only) for growers. About integration
(Miklós Kurucz)
In the Note published in the November 2010 number of our journal the author drew the attention of growers not to count only on government support as a single means of their strengthening. They also need to do their best in completing it with own resources. Thinking of the approaching spring, the author takes integration among various methods. He presents the term and the mutual benefits behind it.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)