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Agroforum 2011 Januar

What will the future bring?
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The development projects implemented by the support of the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) at half time
(Dr. József Hajdú)
The implementation of the “New Hungary” Rural Development Programme financed by EAFRD has reached its half-time. We believe it is useful to evaluate it, especially as certain measures have been terminated and no new calls are foreseen for them.

FOCUSING ON CULTIVATING MEDICINAL PLANTS

Arguments for the development of cultivating medicinal plants in Hungary
(Dr. Kralovánszky U. Pál)
The author presents the history of cultivating medicinal plants in Hungary. Furthermore, he outlines the global market situation of such plants and the prospects for developing medicinal plant production in Hungary.

Medicines in grass and trees. The past and present of research, quality control and growing of medicinal plants in Hungary
(Attila Kosztolányi)
This is a talk with the director of the Research Institute Company about the past and present of the Hungarian research and growing of medicinal plants, possessing great traditions. The official scheme of the quality control and trade of medicinal plants established for the first time in the world is also presented.

Book review. József Antal: Cultivation of medicinal plants
(Dr László. Bódis)
We recommend our readers the book titled Cultivation of medicinal plants”, presenting the known ones among the medicinal plants with good prospects of growing in Hungary.

Similia similibus curentur (Like cures like)” medicinal plants from the doctrine of signatures
(Dr. Gyula Pinke)
The doctrine of signatures having its roots at the ancient Greeks believes that the Creator assigned the medicinal purpose of certain living organisms according to their similarity in shape or colour. Though our age does not acknowledge this as scientific evidence, the theory played an important role in the research of medicinal plants. Furthermore, various plant names refer to this and among them the most important ones are presented in the article.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

“We need to adjust our goals to the challenges of the present and the future”. Talk with László Jordán
(Zoltán Molnár)
This is a talk with the vice-president of the Agricultural Office (MgSzH) about the public administration of plant protection and soil conservation, as well as about the future challenges.

Book review. Chemical weed and yield control. Ed.: Dr. Aurél Kádár
The manual published in the middle of December does not only deal with the control methods, but also discusses the mode of action of herbicides. In addition to the textual information, the book contains the photos of the major weed plants, presenting the growth stages when the treatments need to be carried out.

Pesticide residues in our food
(Adrienn Vásárhelyi, Dr. Lajos Kadenczki)
You may have an insight into the work of the Hungarian regional pesticide residue analytical laboratories from the edited version of the lecture delivered at the Vth Day of Doctors of Plant Medicine. The studies address the past years’ analytical data for fresh and processed food of plant origin grown in Hungary and other countries, in particular vegetables, fruits, cereals and baby food.

Reviewing the active substances used in Hungary for insect and mite control (2004-2010) from the point of view of using
(Dr. Ágnes Pethő, Tibor Baranyi)
After their previous article in December about overall issues, the authors present the changes in the range of available insecticides since our accession to the European Union.

SANTANA 1G – we have asked the users (x)
The experience obtained in 2010 by users of the new soil insecticide of Arysta LifeScience Hungary Kft. can be read under this title.

Cereal pests
(Dr. Kálmán Szeőke, Balázs Zsolnai)
The article presents the major cereal pests (soil pests, cereal ground beetle, cereal leaf beetles, frit flies, aphids, etc.) and discusses their damages, as well as the methods available for their control.

A new insecticide in the protection of cereals (x)
(Zoltán Lucza, György Kurtz)
Get to know the new insecticide of Syngenta for controlling cereal pests.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Everything about us (x)
Brief news from Dow AgroSciences.

The rainiest season ever since the beginning of the regular meteorological measuring
(Vilmos Vadász)
The author from the Hungarian Meteorological Service gives an overview of the extreme weather conditions experienced in year 2010, as an assessment from the point of view of crop production.

Jumbo Turbo – a new herbicide package for weed control in maize crop (x)
This is a new herbicide package from BASF for weed control in maize.

Phytopathological aspects of cucumber protection
(Dr. Márton Glits)
Cucumber growing has changed in the past few decades; this is why it is worth reviewing the current criteria of variety selection and use, choosing of the site and pest management in young plants and crop for consumption.

About the activity of the International Potassium Institute in Hungary (x)
(Dr. István Terbe)
The efficacy of research work often crops up in the relationship of universities, research institutes, investigators and growers, as well as in connection with technical advice as an important element of the information chain between science and practice. In this respect the cooperation between the International Potassium Institute and the Hungarian agricultural professionals – researchers, academic people and growers – in the past 30 years could be a very good example.

A model growing of vegetables and fruits: The Netherlands
(Katalin Jassó)
Hungarian vegetable and fruit growers need to meet the increasing international demands. Mapping of such requirements and their implementation in the practice are important for maintain the competitive ability. The article may assist this, presenting the main criteria of the Dutch vegetable and fruit growing applying excellent crop management programmes.

Current problems of pest management in public area
(György Zsigó)
In the first part of the article summarising the practical experiences of pest management in public areas, you may get an answer to the question what the double task is what professionals working in this field need to complete. Then the pests causing the most conspicuous damages are presented and the bases of fighting them are outlined.

How has Limagrain become one of the leading seed companies of the world? (x)
Everything that is worth to know about Limagrain can be found below this title.

A promising future after a ten-year-long successful past. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of establishing Syngenta in Hungary, the management of Syngenta Plant Protection Kft. and Syngenta Seeds Kft. invited the representatives of the Hungarian technical journals for a meeting on 25 November 2010. The conversation gave an opportunity to discuss the challenges Hungarian agriculture encountered in 2010, the market situation, the foreseen trends in Hungary and abroad in 2011 and to outline how Syngenta will be able to meet all these challenges in the future.

Weed control experience in sunflowers (x)
(Szilvia Tóth Csantavéri, Béla Radvány)
Preemergence basic weed control in sunflowers with Syngenta products is presented.

Agricultural balance – 2009 (1)
(Miklós Kurucz)
The author gives a brief summary of the performance of the agricultural sector in 2009 and outlines the main trends.

Up-to-date tools and devices, up-to-date control
(Dr. László Bódis)
The Agricultural and Rural Development Agency and the Agricultural Office held a joint press conference in the headquarters of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences on 14 December 2010. The meeting focused on the recently developed information system across various offices with a uniform and common registration of producers and the special system supporting the control of clients.

Genetics has proved it… (x)
(Attila Kovács, János Bíró)
The performance of sunflower hybrids of Syngenta Seeds in the registration trials carried out in 2010 is presented.

PRIMUS SEED® – innovative seed treatment on the seeds of SAATEN-UNION’s new generation maize hybrids! (x)
Bioactive materials of natural origin are used for the new generation maize hybrids of SAATEN-UNION.

The Field Crop Section of the Quality Control Committee held a meeting
(dr. Katalin Ertsey Peregi, József Csapó)
The Field Crop Section of the Quality Control Committee held its meeting in November 2010 and included certain winter barley, winter wheat and triticale varieties in the national list. The authors publish the most important characteristics of these varieties in a tabulated form.

The maize breeding programme of KWS (x)
(Barnabás Nagypál)
Get to know the maize breeding programme of KWS Hungary Kft. and the most important goals set therein.

PRODUCE MARKET

You may have an overview of the main processes taken place on the global produce markets of the major field crops (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) and proteins of plant origin. The prices and crop volumes are also indicated in the article.

Cargill Hungary Zrt. announced… (x)
News and information from Cargill.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology” (7) Transgene and its functions
(Dr. László Heszky)
This part of the series gives an account of the techniques of producing GM crops and varieties.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Struggling with the red mud
(Dr. László Bódis)
The representatives of the technical journals were invited to a meeting to Szent István University, Gödöllő on 19 November 2010. The speakers from scientific institutions establishing a consortium for investigators’ collaboration gave an account of their work and future plans to eliminate red mud catastrophe.

Growing energy plants on fields flooded by red mud
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza, Dr. Péter László, Dr. László Aleksza)
We publish the most important conclusions drawn up to now from the surveys and studies related to the rehabilitation of outskirts areas affected by the red mud catastrophe. The solutions recommended for the remediation of fields are also presented here.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Calculating profitability in common mushroom growing
(Dr. Pál Deme, Éva Herédi, Dóra Rábaközi)
You may have an insight into the results of a several year-long study on the cropping area of common mushroom, yields, production costs, average market prices and profitability through the example of a Hungarian company producing common mushroom.

FRUIT GROWING

Apples – 2020
(Dr. László Szalay)
In connection with a recent conference held in Chicago you may have information about how various professionals in the USA forecast global apple production and trade ten years after.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Wine masters’ meeting on St. Andrew’s Day. Report
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The last day of the month of Saint Andrew was an outstanding date for celebrating the by now traditional meeting of masters of wine in Tornai Winery. The article reports on this meeting and the wine feast.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

The European tractor manufacturing company of AGCO has prepared for meeting the increasing market
(Dr. György Demes)
The factory in the French Beauvais of AGCO, the biggest manufacturer and distributor of agricultural machines celebrated the 50th anniversary of producing Massey Ferguson tractors. Four thousand employees and their families attended the festive event held on 21 November in the headquarters of the factory. It gave an opportunity to look back to the most important century.

Let’s learn about harvesters …(17) The preparation and collection of square bales
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
You may get to know the principle of operating balers and the mechanical methods of picking up bales.

Launching the season of 2011 with AGRO+MASHEXPO (x)
One of the most outstanding Hungarian exhibitions of agriculture is open to receive the players of the sector on 26-29 January 2011.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Reviews summarising certain interesting articles published in foreign journals.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. József Decrett (1774-1841)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month the article of the series presents the life and work of József Decrett.

Note (not only) for growers. About our EU Presidency
(Miklós Kurucz)
From 1 January 2011 Hungary will hold the rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union for half a year. However, quite a few news deal with the details what this actually means. And there is almost nothing about its impact on Hungarian agriculture and whether its prospects are improved by this honourable task. This Note makes an attempt to give a snapshot to this.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)