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Agroforum 2011 July

From the sheaf-binder to Blue Balaton (part one)
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

For the diversity of our crops with plant breeding
(Dr. János Matuz)
The economic interest of each sector of agriculture and forestry related to crop production is to continuously maintain and expand biological bases. The safest and most efficient way to do this is to keep the achievements and go on in Hungarian plant breeding. First of all, domestic plant breeding can produce new varieties suitable for our landscape, climate and the requirements of the Hungarian growers, users and consumers. The author presents various examples for this from the past decades, summing up the biological bases of growing field crops, fruits, grapes, vegetables, medicinal plants, ornamentals, and forestry species, as well as of making wines.

FOCUSING ON NATIONAL RURAL STRATEGY

The “roadshow” is over. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The idea of the rural development strategy has travelled through the country… To be more exact, the creators of the idea, accompanied by high officials of various ministries. Our journal could not miss two sites in order to publish the details of the idea, the relevant comments for a wider audience.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Tillage under extreme weather conditions
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The article is the written version of the lecture titled “Profitable wheat and rape production delivered at Debrecen University on 26 May 2011. The article focuses on the after-effects of climatic phenomena in 2010, the presentation of damages occurred in soil conditions and the chances and options of improving soils this year.

Using every means of controlling Fusarium disease …
(Dr. Pál Békési)
Yes, we are aware that growers have done their best in the recent period against head blight of winter wheat. In optimum time with sufficient spray volume and appropriate nozzle, growers tried to cover the total surface of the ears with spray. Now with this article we wish to draw the attention to that the control programme has not finished with the in-crop treatments with fungicides. In other words, let’s prepare for harvesting the ripe crop as soon as possible, cleaning it thoroughly, loading to stores at an appropriately low (less than 14 %) moisture content and ventilation if necessary.

Everything about us (x)
A brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Scouting the fields in early June 2011
(Compiled by: Lukács József, Ágnes Horpácsi Zsulya)
The authors from the Agricultural Directorate of the Hungarian Agricultural Office give an account of the current state and foreseen yields of winter cereals and rapes, based on inspection data of cereals in spring and the weather conditions prevailing since that time.

Revision of other active substances of pesticides used in Hungary
(Dr. Ágnes Pethő, Dr. Gábor Tőkés, Ágoston Tóth)
In addition to insecticides, acaricides fungicides and herbicides, there are several products on the market that are indispensable for Hungarian plant protection. Similarly to their previous articles, the authors wish to highlight the offer of bactericides, molluscicides, nematicides, rodenticides, as well as growth regulators, lures and repellents since Hungary’s accession to the European Union.

The website of Agrofórum has renewed!
(Tamás Witzl)
This spring the website of Agrofórum regihonlap.agroforum.hu has renewed. It has become much more user friendly with the new appearance and clear paging structure. Click on our site and have a look!

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Portrait. “Someone has always taken my hand during all my life”. Talk with dr. Jenő Szerafin
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is a talk with a holder of diamond diploma in agriculture and retired deputy director of the one-time Hungarian Variety Testing Institute.

Meeting of EU paying agencies in Herceghalom. Report
(DGY-BL)
Hungary hosted the 29th conference for the heads of the paying agencies. The event served for co-ordinating the activities of the over 80 paying agencies managing EU agricultural support in every member state and for exchanging experiences, furthermore, it offered opportunity for discussing the most important issues.

The destination is still far away. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is the third time that the Hungarian Maize Club Association organises the Maize Yield Competition, a programme launched in 2009.

The achievements of our agricultural foreign trade in 2010 (1)
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
In the light of the most recent, preliminary foreign trade data published by the Central Statistical Office it is worthy to sum up the performance of Hungarian foreign trade in agriculture in 2010, the income of exports and imports of products in agriculture and food industry and the key trends in the related market.

Successful Syngenta “Product-Show” already for the tenth time. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
It is already the tenth time this year that Syngenta organises its „Product-Show” at Enying on 25 May 2011. From technical point of view, the highest interest was aroused by the field show. The participants got information about the results of treatments carried out according to the pest management programmes recommended by Syngenta for growers of the major crops (maize, cereals, sunflowers and rapes). Furthermore, they could have a look at variety demonstrations of Syngenta Seeds in winter rapes, as well as winter and spring cereals. A special part of the demonstration was a show of UV-lamp application technique. Participants could see the importance of even or uneven distribution of spray droplets for the protection of plants in UV-light.

The first results of field trials with nutrient supply
(Mihály Lajos, András Mészáros, Zsolt Babrik)
Agrofil-SZMI Kft. set as an objective to check and correct the fertilizer application programmes of its partners. The nutrient supply schemes of 5 crops on four kinds of soils are studied. Now the authors share their first results and trial experiences with readers.

Rapes Autumn Pack from Cheminova – technical package with a free insecticide! (x)
Get to know the recent package of Cheminova Hungary Kft. offered for rape growers, containing the essential elements of management programme for autumn.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(PN)
The article offers a view of the processes taken place on the global markets of the world in terms of field crops (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes), discussing the prices and product volumes.

The current situation and prospects of the wheat market
(Dr. Zoltán Lakatos)
Considering the foreseen global wheat balance, the professional of Hajdú Gabona Zrt. discusses the market conditions Hungarian cereal growers could count on this year.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology (13) Producing a GM variety developed with original gene technology
(Dr. László Heszky)
In this part we summarise the tasks necessary to be performed in order to obtain a new, original GM-variety candidate and to reach inclusion in the national list of varieties, furthermore to obtain the approval of the Genetic Engineering Authority for involving the listed GM-variety into commercial growing and placing on the market.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Exposition of renewing energy. Report
(Balla István, Péter Gergő Kovács)
RENEXPO Central Europe, the annual energetic exhibition in Hungary was organised for the fifth time this May. This International Trade Fair and Congress is the leading event of the renewing energy and energy efficiency. This year, in addition to the renewing energy resources, the main topics will be the sustainable and decentralised energy production, storage and efficient distribution of energy.

Hungrana Kft changes for using biomass as a fuel. Report
(Péter Gergő Kovács, Zoltán Kakuszi)
The biggest investment of 2011 in energetics will be implemented at the premises of Hungrana Kft. in the frame of the New Hungary Development Plan through a project of over three thousand million forints, with an EU support of one thousand million forints. It will be a safe source of income for the growers of the vicinity, because the biomass furnaces, in addition to using straw as fuel, can be heated also with agricultural wastes and by-products.

International Biogas Conference on RENEXPO. Report
(István Balla, Péter Gergő Kovács)
The International Biogas conference was an outstanding event of this year’s programmes of Budapest RENEXPO that provided up-to-date information for visitors about the situation of the regional biogas market, the related environment of callas for proposals and the National Action Plan.
The conference gives you an overview about the National Action Plans
and the biogas sector in Europe. You can learn through best practice
examples how to produce biogas with new technologies from different sources

VEGETABLE GROWING

Vegetables as decisive raw materials for baby food production
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi, Dr. László Dudás)
Baby food production is a key sector of canning industry, making high value products from special raw materials with using special technology. Among them you may get to know the most important raw materials of vegetable baby food, as well as the conditions of growing such raw materials and the strategic importance of baby food production..

Yara product also for growing with foliar fertilizers! (x)
(András Kovács)
Yara recommends its water soluble complex FerticareTM products for vegetable growers.

The role of predatory mites in the control of western flower thrips in greenhouse pepper
(Péter Farkas, Árpád Szabó, Éva Erdélyi, Ms. K. Kis)
The authors give an account of their research work evaluating the role in the and environmental requirements of an up to now less known and applied predatory mite, Amblyseius swirskii and a predatory bug, Orius laevigatus for use in the biological control of phytophagous thrips the most important pests affecting greenhouse peppers.

FRUIT GROWING

The role of water in the life of fruit trees
(Dr László. Szalay)
The driest seasons in Hungary are July and August. However, our fruit trees demand more water during this time. We have written about the irrigation systems, now we would like to draws the attention again to the importance of irrigation in the up-to-date orchard.

Frost followed by ice – what comes next?
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked to the fruit growers of Nyírség (north-eastern Hungary) about the frost and ice damages affecting apple orchards in May, the extent of yield loss. We also discussed the possibility – if exists at all – of eventually saving inputs.

Visiting a strawberry variety exhibition in Nagyvenyim. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Our journal was invited to a strawberry show at the reference site of Venyim Fruit Garden in Nagyvenyim on 26 May. The event focused on strawberry varieties and the related crop management systems (growing in plastic tunnels, spunbonded fleece, using soil and growing media, carpet on frame, irrigation systems).

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Girdling
(Dr. György Lukácsy, Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Table grape growers do their best to produce fancy bunches on the vines. Several operations contribute to increasing the size of bunches and berries: among them now we summarise the method of girdling, known for various centuries.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Machines of harvesting and conserving roughage displayed on the exhibition EIMA 2010 (1)
(Dr. Zoltán Bellus)
EIMA 2010 international fair of agricultural machines was organised on the territory of the market hall of Bologna last year on 10-14 November. Based on the leading manufacturers of agricultural machines in the world and small and medium enterprises, the biennial event provided a complete overview of the technologies covering soil cultivation and nutrient supply, sowing and harvesting, irrigation and plant protection, loading and transport, animal husbandry and feeding, as well as biomass and energy production of agricultural and forestry production. The present article reports, without ranking, on the machines for harvesting and conserving roughage displayed on the exhibition.

Machines and combination of machines for animal husbandry (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
The recent models of Annaburger factory for transporting, reloading and manure distributing machines and “MultiLandPlus” headers and adapters distributed by Axiál Kft. can be found here.

A new Axiál works to be built in a greenfield project in 2011
(dgy)
At the beginning of 2011, AXIÁL Kft., as a part of its long-term strategy, worked out and adopted a two-year-programme for developing premises in order to allow a machine supply as good as possible for agriculture and building industry, as well as to ensure professional servicing and spare part supply for undisturbed operation of the machines. The first step of the far-reaching development programme the foundation stone of the new premises was laid down on the outskirts of Dombóvár on 12 May, 2011.

MF 5445 – a 100 HP tractor, basic equipment with Power Control lever (x)
A close view of MASSEY FERGUSON MF 5445 tractor.

Technical parameters of VOGEL-NOOT looseners (x)
Get to know the TerraDig looseners offered by VOGEL-NOOT!

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is the regular review of interesting articles published in foreign journals.

Is the pasture of the Belgian greener?
(Dr. Ozorai László)
This is the opportunity to learn more about one of the provinces of Belgium, often mentioned in connection with Brussels and our profession. Our “special and accredited reporter”, dr. László Ozorai having lived in Belgium for 54 years, a retired veterinarian presented one of his client’s farm upon our request.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Memories of harvesting
(András Pajlócz, László Ékes, István Kimmel)
Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. János Di Gléria (1899-1976)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of János Di Gléria in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

View from eighty.
(Dr. István Oláh)
We congratulate to Prof. Dr. János Németh, awarded by State Prize for maize breeding achievements, on his birthday in Szeged.

Note (not only) for growers. About cooperatives
(Miklós Kurucz)
The ones following the topics of the “Notes” now be surprised saying “again?” Seemingly they are right as in 2005 they could read about the advantages and prospects of cooperating and two years ago about the cooperation forms supported by the EU and possessing increasing power also in Hungary. However, the issue not only continues to be an integral part of economic life, but is an essential element of competitiveness topic of the current year.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)