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Agroforum 2011 Marc

Bud burst
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The past 20 years of Hungarian agriculture
(Dr. Gábor Udovecz)
The general director of the Agricultural Economics Research Institute touches an exciting topic. He gives an economic analysis of Hungarian agriculture for the past twenty years, presenting the major changes and problems, as well as the things to be done for the agricultural sector.

FOCUSING ON ALTERNATIVE CROPS

Growing alternative crops
(Dr. Lajos Blaskó)
The profitability of growing alternative crops can be significantly improved by exploiting the opportunities of their special uses. Now we present you certain characteristic examples (expanding food offer, uses by industry, pharmaceutics and cosmetics and bio-energy production) in order to arouse your interest.

The importance of alternative crops in food supply
(Ms F. Léder)
The various food products of cereal bases, in particular wheat, maize and rice have a significant role in our everyday nutrition. However, the use of the so-called alternative crops offers an additional opportunity for producing food of higher nutritional value and for improving the diversity of our foodstuffs. The author summarises the methods of using them by food industry and their nutrition-physiological characteristics.

Buckwheat and its growing
(Dr. István Gondola)
Spring-sown crops can get a higher priority in 2011 than before. The importance of buckwheat in this respect is given by the fact that the plant can be sown at any time from May to mid-July, adjusting to the rate of drying of the soil. Its insertion into the cropping structure increases field diversity and expands the choice of healthy food. We publish the key criteria of growing this crop to allow that these opportunities be materialized.

The nutrient value of buckwheat
(Ms F. Léder)
The special nutritional values of buckwheat are presented in the article. Each part of the plant can be used for different purposes and due to its excellent protein composition and high mineral content the range of food that can be produced from the crop is wide.

Sorghum and its growing
(Dr. Éva Babett Ábrahám)
The author presents the origin, geographical distribution, economic importance and ecological requirements of sorghum. Furthermore, she discusses the corner points of the management programme ensuring the successful growing of this crop (crop rotation aspects, nutrient supply, soil preparation, sowing, cultural operations and harvesting.

The nutrient value of sorghum
(Ms F. Léder)
The investigator of the Central Food Research Institute draws readers’ attention to the nutritional values of the fifth most important cereal of the world, i.e. sorghum. The use of this crop for human consumption has been insignificant in Hungary, though this is a basic material of food suitable for puffing and extruding and can be well used in gluten-free diet.

Jerusalem artichoke, the newly discovered plant (1)
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi, Dr. Zoltán Győri, Dr. László Dudás)
The article focuses on Jerusalem artichoke, a crop known for a long time and suitable for persons suffering from diabetes. However it is grown only on a small surface and has an insignificant share in human diet. Now readers may get to know the past and present situation of growing the crop in Hungary, the options for using it, as well as the chemical composition and nutritional values of the plant.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Everything about us (x)
A brief set of news about Dow AgroSciences.

Landscape rehabilitation after catastrophe
(Gergő Péter Kovács)

“In the forthcoming years, only energy crops can be considered for growing in the area of Kolontár and Devecser suffered from mud catastrophe.” This was the basic idea of the technical forum held at AGRO+MASHEXPO in late January about the landscape rehabilitation after the red mud disaster. Renowned experts outlined the changes taken place in the landscape and further things to do.

Nutrient supply for winter wheat recommended by Yara (x)
(Dr. János Térmeg)
This is the recommendation of Yara for nutrient supply in spring in winter wheat.

Innovative foliar fertilizer + innovative fungicides = higher crop safety (x)
(Lajos Kószó, György Kurtz)
Get to know the fungicide and foliar fertilizer package of Biolchim Hungary Kft. and Syngenta to be put on the market in Hungary this year.

Increasing the efficacy of pesticides with leaf fertilizer
(József Pájtli)
The professional, working in Tamási, calls the attention to the observation that nutrient supply for plants with foliar fertilizers has a favourable effect on the efficacy of plant protection products. He supports this statement with various arguments via the example of cereal production.

Some thoughts about fertilizer application in spring (x)
(Rita Vári)
This is the recommendation of Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. for nutrient supply in spring for winter cereals.

The effect of biofertilizers to plant condition and yield
(Dr. Attila Dobos et al.)
Sustainable agricultural development requires the practical application of the different methods of environmentally friendly nutrient supply. One option for this is the combined application of foliar and soil fertilizers of natural bases with fertilizers. In this article you may read about biofertilizers, the various microorganisms that can be used therein, as well as about the effects of biofertilizers on plant conditions and yields.

Let’s apply fertilizers only to crops and not to weeds! (x)
(Tibor Rácz)
Cheminova Hungary Kft. draws growers’ attention to its microgranulated starter fertilizers Radistart Eco and Radistart Standard.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Wheat market changes in the light of foreign trade statistics
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
The foreign trade statistics follow market events with a delay of three months. However, such information is not useless, because this can help taking a fair position and choosing among the possible scenarios. This is why the recent past of cereal market situation provoking tensions in the market are of increased interest.

Timing of spraying against wheat head blight (x)
(György Kurtz)
This is Syngenta’s fungicide offer in winter wheat.

A good combination of products is a decisive yield factor (x)
(A. Gy.)
The cereal pest management programme developed by Dupont can be found below this heading.

With a new leading product, increased staff and improved marketing in 2011. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
Arysta LifeScience Hungary Kft. gave an account of the new product range offered by the company and the changes expected to take place in the registration of pesticides. The results of the past year and the new products of the current season were also presented on the event.

ATONIK – we have asked users (2.) (x)
Growers speak about their experience in using the biostimulator ATONIK of Arysta LifeScience.

XXI. Plant Protection Forum in Keszthely – From agricultural strategy to disease resistance of plants… Report
(Zoltán Molnár)
The article reports on the preconference event of the XXIth Plant Protection Forum, outlining the most important thoughts delivered there.

It is worth growing rape only successfully (x)
(A. Gy.)
The pest management programme of DuPont as seen from the practical side.

Conference about value creating partnership. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
The Agro Division of BASF Hungária Kft. held its traditional meeting on 13 January. The aim of the event was to present the international strategy and the one for Hungary of the BASF Agro-branch. Furthermore those new trends and selected ways were also shown that place their relations with partners to a new dimension in terms of cooperation, partnership, adding values and joint business development.

III. Maize yield Competition (2011)
(MKK)
The Hungarian Maize Club announces a call for Maize Yield Competition also in 2011. It will be organised at regional and national levels in the dry growing category, while in the irrigation one it will be only of category level.

Forging success – Szuro-Trade Kft. (x)
(Balázs Pálovics, Krisztián Kántor)
The information that is worth knowing about the cooperation of KWS Hungary Kft. and Szuro-Trade Kft. is shared with readers below this heading.

What does Dow Seeds recommend for 2011? (x)
The offer of Dow Seeds for this season to maize growers.

Prize-winner “Tillage manual”
(AF)
In her new book, dr. Márta Birkás, honoured with the prize “The author of the year”, describes the tillage systems for cereals, legume crops, root vegetables, oilseed crops and field vegetables step by step. At the end of the book the author lines up the various tillage implements.

No doubt, SY Flovita is with us! (x)
(Tivadar Boncsarovszky)
The new maize hybrid candidate NPLUS from Syngenta at the end of the ripening group FAO 300 is described.

Environmental cooperation. Report
(Szilágyi Bay Péter)
An agreement for environmental cooperation between the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Rural Development was signed at the headquarters of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Budapest on 14 February 2011. The aim of the agreement was to support Hungarian investigations and to enhance that scientific information could be directly used in the government sector in the field of environment.

Lumax®, the basic herbicide in maize (x)
(Béla Radvány, Szilvia Csantavéri Tóth)
The professionals of Syngenta recommend Lumax (S-metolachlor + mesotrione + terbuthylazine) for pre- and early post-emergence weed control in maize.

SANTANA 1G – we asked users (3) (x)
Growers’ experiences with using the new soil insecticide of Arysta LifeScience Hungary Kft. in 2010 are summarised.

PRODUCE MARKET

Produce market summary
(PN)
The article gives an account of the processes taken place on the global produce markets of the major field crops (wheat, maize, sunflower and rapes) and plant proteins, indicating prices and yields.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn “biotechnology” (9) Transgenic (GM) plant regeneration
(Dr. László Heszky)
Today we possess direct and indirect gene transfer techniques that are suitable for introducing transgenes to the nucleus DNA of plant cells. The current part of the series describes the alternative ways of in vitro morphogenesis allowing us to produce GM plants from the cells containing the transgene.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Growing woody energy plants (5) Nutrient supply in energy crops
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
This part of the series about woody energy plantations outlines the methods of nutrient supply and its options by livestock manure and compost, green manure and fertilizers.

Practical experience of growing energy crops
(Norbert Rácz)
The article describes the management programme of producing energy willow and poplar from the step of selecting production site through harvesting to using wood chips by Dunarét Kft. at Fadd. It gives an example in particular for those who wish to produce wood chips for their own uses and not for heat power stations.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Study of energy demand of annual caraway
(Júlia Noémi Valkovszki)
In order to prevent causing adverse environmental load during the production of annual caraway by applying high rates of fertilizers, we should know the actual need of the plant for nutrients. The results of plant analysis experiments achieved by the support of Deák Ferenc grant may help growers in obtaining this.

FRUIT GROWING

Bud examination before pruning
(Dr. László Szalay)
In late winter before starting pruning we need to know the amount and quality of buds on our fruit trees. The examination of the buds at the end of the winter is, at the same time, the first step of assessing yields. Fruit buds are of primary importance from the point of view of the current year’s yields and are more susceptible to frost damages than leaf buds as well. This is why the article focuses on the formation and development of fruit buds, as well as on the method of examining buds of pome and stone fruit plants.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Nesting box in the vineyard
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
After having seen the title of this article, you might have wondered whether it is possible to establish birds in an intensive vineyard. We wish to give an answer to the question by presenting the types of nesting boxes of natural raw materials , supported by the agri-environment programme (AKG), the criteria of creating habitat and the experience of the German and Hungarian practice.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

How to choose?…(14) Seedbed preparatory

(Dr. István J. Jóri)
After having discussed the general issues and the particular aspects of the implements such as plough, disks and mid-deep subsoilers in the series “How to choose”, we wish to provide information and ideas for choosing, purchasing and using seedbed preparators.

All what is worth knowing about Framest Reptill (x)
(Dr. György Demes)

Get to know the novel tillage implement, Reptill manufactured by FRAMEST and distributed by AXIÁL.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Reviews of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals can be found below this heading.

OTHER COMMUNICATION

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Gyula Mezey (1861-1922)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month our readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Gyula Mezey in the series presenting the remarkable personalities of Hungarian agriculture.

The pictures of an exhibition…
(Dr. István Oláh)
A tapestry and wall hangings exhibition was organised in the National Agricultural Library to commemorate the painter and textile artist István Pekáry on the 30th anniversary of his death.

Note (not only) for growers. About the term ’logistics’
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the “Notes” draws the attention to an internationally used word affecting also the agricultural sector: logistics. It deals with the meaning, content, objectives and principles of this term.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)