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Agroforum 2011 November

November
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

“And yet the Earth moves”. Summary of a conference organised by Agrofórum
(L. B.)
Agrofórum organised a conference on land policy at the National Agriculture and Food Exhibition (OMÉK) under this title, taken from the late middle ages, on 1 October 2011. The topics on the agenda were as follows: the long-term land policy of the Ministry of Rural Development, fertile land, land size and FHB Agricultural Land Price Index.

The long-term land policy of the ministry of agriculture
(Dr. József Ángyán)
The article contains the information delivered at the conference about land policy as the core point of the agricultural strategy.

Land: the treasure of our country
(Dr. Tamás Németh)
The paper refers to certain parts of the lecture held on our conference by the secretary of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Prof. Tamás Németh. He drew the attention to our national treasure, the land and to its reasonable use.

Land size, equipment and efficacy
(Dr. István Kapronczai)
In his lecture the director-general of the Agricultural Economics Research Institute analyzed how the structural change in agricultural holdings affects the performance of national economy,
employment, food supply, profit production and the preservation of values of the existing instruments.

Dear Mr. Secretary of State! Written comments to the conference
(Zoltán Szerényi)
The article is a written contribution to the conference on land policy, discussing the related issues at several points.

Everything about us (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Cooperatives: the day before yesterday, yesterday, today and tomorrow …
(Dr. Gábor G. Szabó)
The author from the Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences points out the economic and social advantages of cooperation, considering not only the past and the present but the future as well.

Book review. Gábor G. Szabó: Cooperatives in the food industry
(AF)

New electronic customer information system
(AF)
We present the new electronic customer information system planned to be introduced gradually by the Agricultural and Rural Development Agency.

The payment of area-based agricultural subsidies has started
(AF)
Sándor Fazekas, minister of rural development and Péter Palkovics, president of the Agricultural and Rural Development Agency launched the advance payment of Single Area Payment Scheme in a joint press conference on 17 October.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

The importance of sunflowers in the world and our country
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
The author from Debrecen University gives an overview of the role of sunflowers in the world and Hungary in the light of the data from the past decade.

Sunflowers and sustainable agriculture
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article informs on the event dealing with sunflowers, organised by the National Agricultural Research Institute of France (INRA) in Toulouse in summer. The programme focused on the application of certain weed management techniques and the diversity of the particular solutions, trials on soil cultivation and plant density, as well as on the genetic diversity of sunflowers and the use of wild species in breeding practice.

The adaptability of western corn rootworm
(Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi)
The recently released news in the scientific journals hit the agricultural headlines by disseminating that such western corn rootworm larvae were found in the major state of the American corn belt, Iowa that proved to be resistant to Bt-maize plants developed in order to overcome the pest. The author from Kaposvár University summarises the background and the possible means to solve the problem.

Past and future have connected (x)
The investigators of the Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry (RISSAC) of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA TAKI) launched the technical journal Agrochemistry and Soil Science online (ATON) at the beginning of this year.

Portrait. “Mórahalom was born from farmsteads …” Talk with László Csányi
Agrofórum has prepared interviews with growers, scientists and even ministers, but not with the leaders of the local government. Now we undertake to do this with the deputy mayor of Mórahalom, recalling two earlier events accomplished in the frame of a Serbia-Hungary project at Heller homestead and at Rozsmalom in Mórahalom.

 

Education of horticulturists at the foot of Gellért Hill. Report (B. L.)

The Campus in Buda of Budapest Corvinus University remembered the hundred and fifty years of horticultural education in the frame of the “Autumn Horticultural Days” on 14 October.

 

The itinerary congress of Hungarian Plant Breeders in Tihany. Report
(Dr. István Oláh)
This year the itinerary congress of the Association of Hungarian Plant Breeders focused on water, in particular the ecology of our waters and the role of water in plant production.

I may be wrong …
(B. L.)
It is about homestead programme from the point of view of our correspondent.

Working for 20 years or a mature company in a new form (x)
(Katalin Horváth Szigedi)
Print Copy Kft. has had a key role in the office technique market for two decades.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(MZs – PN)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (17) Technical terms III
(Dr. László Heszky)
The previous parts of the series (11-16) presented the alternative methods of breeding transgenic (GM) varieties. Similarly to the earlier chapters (I-II), this one (III) is also finished with describing technical terms.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Energy maize growing
(István Balla, Ákos Tarnawa)
The Crop Production Institute of Szent István University started a series of field trials in 2004 in order to find the agronomic methods for the most successful growing of maize varieties bred for bio-ethanol production. As selecting the hybrid to grow and nutrient supply are two decisive elements of the maize production programme, the authors focus on them when presenting the trials.

VEGETABLE GROWING ZÖLDSÉGTERMESZTÉS

Experience of growing water melon in 2011
(Gábor Balázs)
In addition to outlining the watermelon growing and market during the past season in Hungary, the article lets us have an insight into the elements of the crop management programme followed by growers.

FRUIT GROWING

My experience with fruit growing in Italy
(Dr. László Szalay)
Our columnist made various study-tours in Italy, a country having possessed a high reputation for fruit growing in the past few years. Last time he went to the region of Emilia-Romagna, organised by FruitVeB in June this year. In the current article he shares his experience with readers, obtained there in connection with apricot growing, and within it, training systems and variety use.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Organic grape growers “and other animals
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The ones interested in “Nature conservation by ecological grapevine growing” can read the report on an event organised in the frame of ECOWIN-project in September, presenting the harmony of environmentally friendly grape growing, agriculture and nature protection in Pannonhalma wine region.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

We show the direction – KITE Show, 2011
(Dr. Jóri J. István)
Various technical journals report on the large-scale fixed and mobile field shows organised by the sub-centre of KITE in Sárbogárd. Here in this article, in addition to exact details, we share certain thoughts as well with our readers about the activities and achievements of KITE in the past 15-20 years.

Let’s learn about harvesters …(23) Machine combinations for sugar beet
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series presenting combine harvesters outlines the changes in the technology of harvesting sugar beet and the particular combinations of implements in the order of time, from 3-pass through 2-pass to 1-pass harvesting.

“This is the machine for applying pesticides and fertilizers …” Report (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Professionals from the practice speak about Berthoud Raptor sprayer distributed by Axiál Kft..

New generation Bobcat telehandlers at the National Agriculture and Food Exhibition
Considering the changing demand of users, Bobcat presented a brand new telescopic handler at the National Fair of Agriculture (OMÉK). The new development could be the first sign of renewing the brand.

Inauguration of a factory siding at CLAAS Hungary Kft. Report
(dgy)
A factory siding was inaugurated and the foundation stone of a Development Centre to be established were celebrated in the factory of CLAAS Hungária Kft. at Törökszentmiklós with the participation of the board of directors of CLAAS group in October 2011.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals)
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This time you may read about an article on sweet chestnut, published in a foreign journal.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note (not only) for growers. About a special chance for competitiveness
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series deals with the system of origin protection and quality assurance as options for competitiveness.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Count Sándor Károlyi (1831-1906)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of count Sándor Károlyi in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary

In memoriam József Nyikos (1960-2011)
We remember the trade representative of Makhteshim Agan Hungary Zrt.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)