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Agroforum 2011 October

The most beautiful month
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Seventy-two-year-old lessons
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)
We have set about the land issue several times in the past few years, but somehow we always failed. Every time we were seeking an author to set forth the issues of land ownership, rent, land use and to present the practice of the European countries, no one has undertaken to give an overview of the topic. Now we publish this article in order to launch a discussion and we are waiting for your comments. This may also help the work of the decision-makers by possibly clarifying certain topics. We also hope that it could help avoiding pitfalls that, lacking the due knowledge, later turn out to be a dead-end.

FOCUSING ON TILLAGE

How far have we got to in mitigating soil damages?
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The author, referring to the injuries observed in the soils in the rainy year of 2010, discusses the options for soil remediation. First she takes, one after the other the jobs to do in summer and criticizes mistakes made in accomplishing them. She presents the injuries occurred during the operations in autumn and spring and indicates their consequences during the special, mainly dry weather conditions prevailing in spring and summer. At the end of the article she stresses that the conservation tillage operations need to be continued also in 2012.

Scouting fields in the vicinity of Józsefmajor
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
Growers in the vicinity of the town Hatvan – guided and headed by dr. Márta Birkás – decided that three times a year they would dig and check those among each others’ fields that are either nicer or more problematic than the regional average. Such examinations of the soil conditions will allow them to obtain a better knowledge of the soils, a comprehensive evaluation of plants’ growth conditions and to discuss disease problems. Now this article lets us have a look insight the experience they have gathered up to now.

Everything about us (x)
This is the brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Where theory meets with practice. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We have asked an ambitious young grower, having the reputation of an excellent maize producer, to outline the tillage practice they follow and his knowledge in this topic.

The situation and prospects of soil cultivation
(Dr. Márta Birkás et al.)
Soil conservation tillage started in the European countries in various ways and influenced by national characteristics. The special features come from the different ecological conditions, the adoption of scientific achievements, as well as from the outcome of the conflict of the traditions and external effects. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the regional status of soil cultivation and to present the future of soil conservation systems.

How to select … (16/1) Surface levelling and compacting implement
(Dr. István J. Jóri)
This part of the series gives an overall view of surface levelling and compacting implements, their intended uses and structures.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Results of trials carried out for response to diseases in 2011 with winter wheat varieties included in the national list
(Péter Hertelendy, Zsuzsanna Birta Vas)
The Agricultural Office, requested by the Hungarian Association of Cereal Producers (GOSZ) and the Seed Board, established trials with winter wheat varieties, included in the national list, at 12 experimental stations in the season 2010/2011. The authors publish the results in the present article. They wish to give some hints for producers to prepare for the protection of the varieties eventually susceptible to certain diseases.

The results of the comparative small plot trials with winter wheat varieties in 2011 (2)
(Hungarian Association of Cereal Producers)
A Hungarian Association of Cereal Producers (GOSZ) and the Seed Board (VSZT) give tabulated information on the results of the small plot trials carried out in winter wheat.

Loss or gain? Establishing bordering plants (x)
(Rozália Pecze)
The efforts of Syngenta Kft. made for soil and water conservation and biological diversity.

Suppressing storage pests with using earth silicon
(Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi, Dr. Ferenc Pál-Fám, Dr. Izabella Csöndes)
In their earlier paper published in Agrofórum, the authors gave an account of the possibilities for using earth silicon for drying grains. Then they finished the article by expressing their wish to outline other positive effects of this inorganic material of natural origin in agriculture, grain storage in particular. Now they study the eventual devastating effect of the Hungarian earth silicon on storage pests. The article outlines these results.

The first member of the pesticide group containing pyrazole has been registered. Report (x)
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Syngenta has developed a brand new active substance as the recent step of renewing the portfolio to control fungal diseases of cereals under the name ‘isopyrazam’. This is the first member of the most recent group of fungicides, i.e. pyrazoles. We asked the product manager of Syngenta, György Kurtz about isopyrazam and his plans for introducing the product into the Hungarian market.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Structural and operational changes at the Agricultural Office…
(Agricultural Office)
The Act No. 126 of 2010 on the metropolitan and county government offices and on the amendment of the act on the establishment and regional integration of the metropolitan and county government offices was created in order to make the operation of the regional state administration system more uniform and effective and by that to develop the regional performance of tasks of the state administration, as well as to carry into affect the customer-oriented regional state administration. Now you may have a closer view of the question.

Portrait. “Our optimism lies in the confidence of our members” Talk with Béla Molnár
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is a talk with the head of the cooperative ‘Dunakanyar Szövetkezet’.

A seventy-year-old self-invited guest: Fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea)
(Dr. Kálmán Szeőke)
Sometimes it is said that fall webworm belongs to the almost forgotten pests. How can it be explained? Is it a species that can be actually forgotten? Is the one-time threatening invasive moth really disappearing? In addition to actually answering the raised questions we believe that it is worth refreshing our knowledge not only about the biology and life cycle of the pests but also on the available means of its control.

With a double mode of action to control the pests of cereals in autumn (x)
(Zoltán Lucza)
Get to know the new insecticide, of Syngenta Kft. released for sales in 2011, Eforia 65 ZC (thiametoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin), recommended for in-crop treatment in cereals.

Cereals in the focus of interest. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Sumi Agro Kft. organised the 13th Cereal Forum at Hotel Silvanus in Visegrád on 5-6 September. After last year’s event focusing on, among others, the challenges of the extreme weather conditions, this year the key issues were the strategic questions of Hungarian agriculture, the prospects of the cereal market, the situation of winter cereal seeds and last but not least, the possibilities of tillage, improving soil structure, after last year’s damages affecting soils.

Winter wheat – by using Linzer Agro Trade management programme (x)
(Rita Vári)
Linzer Agro Trade Hungary Kft. presents is offer for nutrient supply in winter cereals.

Respecting grapes, wine, wheat (rye and triticale) and bread. Report
(Dr. István Oláh)
People, loving their profession, respecting bread, grapes and vine, were invited to a conference and demonstration in the past August held just before the release of the new vines and starting vintage, around the feast of Saint István and the new bread.

Let’s apply only that product at that dosage which is necessary! (x)
Gramix NPK fertilizers tailored to individual uses are recommended by Fertilia Kft.

We are insignificant in the EU without collaboration and representation
(Agricultural Chamber)
The key topic at the first official talks of the recently elected deputy president of COPA (Committee of Professional Agricultural Organisations) was the closer co-operation between the Polish and Hungarian chambers to achieve more efficient and joint representation of interests.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(MZs – PP)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology” (16) Producing GM-varieties by transforming chloroplasts
(Dr. László Heszky)
We presented the alternatives and main steps of breeding transgenic (GM) varieties in the previous parts 13, 14 and 15 of the series. The initial plants of GM-breeding in these cases contained transgenes in their nuclei, therefore we have modified the DNA (genomic) information. The article presents an approach that is based not on the DNA genome but on the genetic engineering of a DNA of a cell organ, i.e. chloroplast.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Trade in carbon-dioxide emission
(Dr. Csaba Fogarassy, Mária Bakos Böröcz, Ákos Lukács)
The experience of the recent years has shown that we need to use renewing energy resources instead of fossil fuels like crude oil or natural gas if our long-term goal is to protect environment. However, the question is raised whether the extra costs born in order to achieve positive environmental impacts can be satisfactorily expressed in market value. The firstly appeared new market tool related to the Hungarian economic processes can be emission trade. This attaches plus income and supplementary resources on market basis to environmentally friendly energy use and extra economic achievements related to the reduction of adverse emissions.

Biogas factory in Bicsérd
(KGP, BA)
The fever, related to renewing energy resources started some years ago in Hungary, seems to have fallen down by now. This is why the opening of new factories of renewing energy resources, such as the biogas works at Bicsérd established from 800 million forints, is an important event.

VEGETABLE GROWING

An edible hibiscus: okra (lady’s fingers)
(Gábor Molnár)
In Hungary, the awareness of more healthy food is more and more conspicuous. We can see many television programmes popularizing reform cuisine and there has been an increasing interest for the novelties and tastes of other countries among young generations. One of such new tastes is given by okra, a vegetable crop whose means of propagation, cultural operations and intended uses are dealt with in the article.

FRUIT GROWING

My experience with fruit growing in Italy (1)
(Dr. László Szalay)
Our columnist made various study-tours in Italy, a country having possessed a high reputation for fruit growing in the past few years. Last time he went to the region of Emilia-Romagna, organised by FruitVeB in June this year. In the current article he shares his experience with readers, obtained there in connection with peach-growing, and within it, training systems, crown forms, variety use and sales.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Grapevine varieties used in Hungary between 1973 and 2008
(Imre Tóth, György Pernesz)
It is time to reconsider the place of the grape and wine sector in agriculture. The key issue is the size of the production site, i.e. how big a vineyard could be we actually need. Hungarian wine used to be known, even recognised in the closer and remote past in Europe. We believe, time to time it is worth raising the problem, thinking over how the sector’s position can be improved under the changed conditions (e.g. expansion of wines of the New World, different rules for support and winemaking).

Grapevine growers are optimists: the vintage in 2011 seems to be a good one. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
After the extremely low yields in 2010, vine growers expect much more this year in terms of both crop quality and quantity. This was concluded at the meeting organised by Syngenta Kft. and KITE Zrt. held at Thummerer Winery on 17 August 2011. Accordingly, the presentation delivered by Terézia Dula, a mycologist aroused high interest. She wished to reveal that the experiences of the seemingly easy year of 2011 without special events can yield certain conclusions for growers to be used in the future.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters …(22) Sugarbeet harvest. Second pass
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
In this part of the series on harvesting machines you can have an overview of the second pass of sugar beet harvesting. The technical background of lifting sugarbeet, the structure and operation principle of the particular kinds of such machines are outlined.

SULKY POLYVRAC multifunctional trailed spreaders (x)
(Péter Lisz, Péter Zrubecz)
Get to know SULKY Polyvrac machines that are designed for applying fertilizers and soil conditioners in various formulations (powders, granules, etc.).

CLAAS novelties – 2011 (2)
(Dr. György Demes)
In the previous number of the journal we gave an account of the recent development of CLAAS related mainly to the machines of harvesting cereals and of green forage, as well as to balers. Now we have a closer look at the new and modernized machines of the green line, DISCO mowers and LINER swathers.

Farmcenter – a “supplier of solutions” in application technique (x)
(Jenő Huszár)
Farmcenter Kft. offers a wide range of machines and spare parts from sprayers and nozzles to any piece necessary for the appropriate application of agrochemicals.

Swift cultivator presented itself
(Dr. György Demes)
Väderstad Kft., together with Austro Diesel GmbH, distributor of Massey Ferguson tractors and AGRO.bio Hungary Kft., marketing soil bacterium products organised the traditional country-wide series of field shows also this year. The novelty of the event was a versatile tillage implement, Swift cultivator that can be used from spring to late autumn.

Austro Diesel and Massey Ferguson prepared even for the biggest challenges (x)
Austro Diesel recommends Massey Ferguson combine harvesters for crop producers.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Certain interesting articles published in foreign journals are reviewed under this title.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note (not only) for growers. World Food Day
(Miklós Kurucz)
This year it is the 31st time we think of food supply on the occasion of World Food Day.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Dr. Imre Babos (1901-1979)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Dr. Imre Babos in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)