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Agroforum 2011 Sept

A September night
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Again a National Fair of Agriculture and Food Industry! Talk with dr. Péter Simon, director of Agricultural Marketing Centre (AMC)
(Dr. László Bódis)
The last National Fair of Agriculture and Food Industry (OMÉK) was organised in 2005. Since that time the regional exhibitions in Hódmezővásárhely, Kaposvár, Debrecen and Bábolna have gained more importance and practically have taken over the role of OMÉK. This year with the absence of Bábolna there has become a gap. OMÉK presumably wishes to fill it. Or even more? We have asked the director of Agricultural Marketing Centre (AMC) about this.

FOCUSING ON CEREALS

Wheat research gaining more importance abroad
(Dr. Zoltán Bedő, Dr. László Láng)
Wheat has always been and will be a staple food plant not only in our country but also abroad (of course, its role as a feed crop is not negligible either). This is why more and more attention is drawn to international wheat research and Hungary also takes part therein. This is what the first article of the present cereal block informs on.

Overview of harvesting in 2011
(József Lukács, Ágnes Horpácsi Zsulya)
The authors from the Agricultural Office, Directorate of Agriculture give an analysis of harvest situation in the country.

The results of the comparative small plot trials with winter wheat varieties, 2011 (1)
(Grain Producers’ Association)
Grain Producers’ Association (GOSZ) and Seed Board (VSZT) publish, in a tabulated form, the most important results of the small plot trial comparing varieties for their agronomic characteristics and grain yields.

Information from the ‘Produce round-table’. Winter wheat and barley yields in the light of varieties
(Dr. László Bódis)
This month the meeting of ‘Produce round-table’ (TERKA) focused on cereal yields, market prices and sales.

All about us (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

What has this season’s wheat growing brought and for whom? All-round-inquiry
(Agrofórum)
We asked professionals from the agricultural production to share their opinion about the performance of their wheat growing, and the place, in terms of profitability, of wheat among other crops they grow. They also mentioned what they considered the most important elements of a successful crop management programme.

Preliminary data about the major winter cereal seeds
(Zoltán Benke)
The author from the Directorate of Plant Production and Horticulture of the Agricultural Office (MgSzH) presents the data on the volumes of certified seeds of winter cereals in the light of weather conditions and preliminary data obtained up to now.

Dear Reader (x)
(Attila Galankó)
Saatbau Linz Hungária Kft. and Lajtamag Kft. have signed a close co-operation agreement for the distribution and sales of Saatbau Linz varieties in Hungary.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The importance of seed dressing and the possibilities of chemical control
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)

Thoughts about the seed treatment of cereals. Which pests to control?
(Dr. György Kis, Dr. Gábor Princzinger, János Kendi)
We think it would not be in vain to look around in the archives of Agrofórum and time to time to re-publish a forgotten or one or two-decade old papers. Either because it is timely even in our days, or because that time the author was of completely different opinion than today. At first we offer readers detailed discussions of seed treatment being the most important means of targeted crop protection and cost-saving pesticide use.

Overview of seed dressing products for winter cereal (2011)
(Attila Valovics)
We publish the table of products registered for seed treatment of winter cereals.

Complex seed protection with the products of Chemtura AgroSolutions (x)
(Dr. László Kondár)
Solutions for seed treatment from Chemtura AgroSolutions.

It’s not bad to strive for more! Rape management programme in autumn – striving for completeness (x)
Pest management programme for rapes in autumn from BASF.

From a loft room to factory-made fertilizers with special compound (x)
(AF)
Past, present, future as seen by Fertilia Kft.

A novelty in application technique: BactoFil stubble JET (x)
Get to know the most recent means of applying BactoFil products in the best way!

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

I may be wrong…
(Dr. László Bódis)

Enlarged Top20 Committee focusing GMO
(MKK)

Santana® 1G in the light of trials
(Dr. György Demes)
Arysta LifeScience recommends its new soil insecticide for maize growers.

We are on the right track!
(József Kovács)
A professional of ‘Mezőgazdasági-Ipari-Kereskedelmi Szövetkezet’ (Agricultural-Industry-Trade Cooperative’) shares his experience with readers in growing rapes in 2011.

Honeybees did the job of blossom beetles (x)
(A. Gy.)
DuPont’s proposal for controlling rape pests.

Rapes before sowing. Report (Szekszárdi Növény Zrt.)

The best investment: Genezis fertilizer also for rapes! (x)
This is what Nitrogénművek Zrt. recommends for nutrient supply in rapes.

10 useful pieces of advice from Yara! (x)
Yara products for the appropriate nutrient supply in rapes and wheat.

“Good neighbours” continued (2) Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
Cereal Research Non-Profit Company, Szeged, Horticultural Association, Senta (Serbia), Rozsmalom Kft., Mórahalom and Heller farmstead have invited the interested ones to Mórahalom again. This time the event focused on rye and triticale growing in the frame of the Hungarian-Serbian Cooperation Programme.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(MZs – PP)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

Oilseed overview (x)
(Gergő Boros)
Oilseed market as seen at Cargill Hungary Zrt.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology (15) Producing multi-gene transgenic (GM) varieties
(Dr. László Heszky)
In this part of the series on learning biotechnology we present the production of multi-gene varieties and hybrids. This approach (stockpiling of genes), among them gives an opportunity for triggering the biosynthesis of special molecules by the transfer of genes taking part in biosynthesis even in such plant species that have been unable for that.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Renewing energy resources at the Western Hungarian University. Report
(István Balla, Péter Gergő Kovács)
This June the interested could visit Mosonmagyaróvár to take part in a TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design) event titled ‘Forestry and Agricultural Production, as well as Technologies for renewing energy resources and climate change’. The topic of the lectures was crop production as a resource of bio-energy and climate change. The report lets us have an insight into the most important ideas expressed at the meeting.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Splitting of nutrients and timing of fertilizer application in outdoor vegetable growing
(Dr. István Terbe)
The importance of timing of fertilizer application and the criteria of splitting fertilizer rates are negligible compared to the quantity and quality of the applied fertilizers. However, they would require much higher attention, considering the nature of vegetable crops where the different nutrient demands of almost fifty vegetable species, season length, production targets and production system require different application of fertilizers. This is why we believe it is worth having a closer look at this topic. The article gives a good opportunity for doing that.

FRUIT GROWING

Why do apples need calcium spraying?
(Dr. László Szalay)
Spraying fertilizers to fruits in addition to foliar fertilizer application has a long history in fruit crop production. However, in up-to-date orchards, in certain crops, this is not an additional technique but an integral part of the crop production programme. An example for this is calcium treatment of apples at an early stage of fruit development. Why is it needed? We study the question, considering its physiological background and the advantages of spraying with fertilizers containing calcium.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Phenolic maturity of grapes in terms of the site
(Dr. Zsolt Zsófi et al.)
The investigators of the Research Institute of Viticulture and Enology, Eger give an account of their research results. They studied the quantity and quality of phenolic components in blue-berried grapes. Based on these experiments, growers may expect to receive a methodology that they can use for determining the optimum time of harvesting more easily with higher accuracy.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters …(21) Sugarbeet harvest. First part
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series on harvesters lets readers have an insight into mechanisation background of the first step of harvesting sugar beet, i.e. heading, as well as the structure and operational principles of machines doing that job.

“Each structural element of the machine serves for quality harvest”. Report (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Get to know the practical experience obtained during the use of Mososem NG Plus Pro drill.

Tillage implements serving for site protection. Report
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza)
An excellent initiative was launched in Hungary in 2010: the biggest companies manufacturing and distributing tillage implements joined their forces to show the interested their recently developed machines at the same time.

CLAAS novelties – 2011
(Dr. György Demes)
This year the international press conference was held in France in late July where the novelties by the company CLAAS were shown. The majority of the developments have contributed to the developments serving for the product range and the improvement of the existing models in harvesting cereals and green manure crops, as well as of baling.

A Hungarian development Tornádó 5TM for fertilizer distribution (x)
Tornádó International Kft. recommends growers, among its broadcast spreaders, the tractor-trailed Tornádó 5TM.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Certain interesting articles published in foreign journals are reviewed under this title.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

In memoriam László Szentgyörgyi (1929-2011)
(Dr. István Oláh)
We remember one of the acknowledged witnesses, participants and active contributors to the golden age of plant protection in the 20th century.

Note (not only) for growers. On the pretexts of special Hungarian products
(Miklós Kurucz)
It is difficult to accurately define the concept of “hungaricum”. This part of the series still undertakes to do that by bringing physical or intellectual products into the focus that, made in our country or by Hungarians, are recognized as Hungarian characteristics.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Sándor Jávorka (1883-1961)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Sándor Jávorka in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)