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Agroforum 2012 April

To the feast of feasts
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

“For the Hungarian field”
(Dr. Pál U. Kralovánszky)
In our days of rushing times we cannot omit to recall, from time to time, the memory of the most famous creative persons of our history: to evaluate their activity and confronting with our times. Ignác Darányi can be considered the most famous minister, by all means, during the 123-year-long history of the ministry of agriculture having become independent by virtue of the law 17 of 1889. The succeeding generations are obliged to remember him on the 85th anniversary of his death.

FOCUSING ON SOYABEANS

Key elements of soya bean growing
(Katalin Fülöp Kuszák)
The aim of the author is not to present all the details of the crop management programme of growing soya beans, only to draw the attention to certain relationships, important facts in terms of the crop management programme.

The results of comparative trials with soya bean varieties, 2011
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The article provides an overview of the soya bean varieties included in the national list and the ones declared for inclusion in the national list of varieties. You may have an overview of the results of small plot comparative trials with registered soya bean varieties and others declared for inclusion, carried out according to the particular maturity groups and quality parameters.

Everything about us (x)
A brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Soya bean seed situation
(Zoltán Benke)
The article discusses the seed production situation of soya bean, a species very important from the point of view of precedings and feeds. The author gives an overview of the trends observed in the past few years in the certification scheme, yields and the cropping areas of soya bean seeds.

Developing precisely and neatly… Report
(Dr. István Oláh)
The project proposal of Lajtamag Kft. and its partners has been approved under the title “Research for the development of crop management programmes to establish the GMO-free protein base in Hungary and extend soya bean growing and processing in the southern and northern Hungarian regions”.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

The results of survey for the incidence of Fusarium diseases in Hungarian winter wheat lots in 2011
(Ágnes Halász, Attila Valovics)
The directorates of plant protection and soil conservation of the county government offices and their predecessors have surveyed wheat fields for the presence of Fusarium species since the early 1970s. Now the authors provide an overview of the survey carried out in 2011 and the weather conditions playing an important part in the occurrence of head blight, comparing the season with the similar period of the extremely rainy year 2010.

Bayer’s cereal fungicides: the universal, the complete and the specialist (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer recommends its cereal protection programme for growers.

What do rape stubbles tell us?
(Dr. Zsolt Varga, Dr. Géza Fischl)
Among the risks of diseases involved in rape growing having become intensive recently, the article draws the attention to the high importance of blackleg. At the same time the author publishes practical experience with this disease.

Kentaur 5 G, the new soil insecticide micro granules (x)
(Dr. Zsolt Varga)
Get acquainted with the new soil insecticide micro-granulate from Cheminova Hungary Kft.

The overwintering of pests
(Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi)
Considering the extreme weather conditions in winter of 2011-12, various growers may have asked themselves what kind of pest situation could occur in the coming spring. In order to get an as objective and clear view as possible about pests likely to be found in the season of 2012, it is worth having an overview of the overwintering strategy of insect pests.

Controlling insect pests in cereals (x)
(György Salamon)
Nufarm Hungary Kft. recommends its Sumi Alfa 5 EW for controlling insect pests in cereals.

Yellow nutsedge and the methods for its control
(Zsuzsanna Hoffmann Path)
Yellow nutsedge was first found in Hungary in 1993. That time it was only thought that this sub-cosmopolitan tropical-subtropical species could cause severe problems also in our country. Unfortunately, this assumption has become a reality by now. This is why we believe it would be worthwhile to summarize the information available about this weed plant and, last but not least, the options for its chemical control.

They play chess with weeds and products (x)
(A. Gy.)
Weed control experience with DuPont products can be found under this title.

Weeds in poppy fields and the applied weed management programmes
(Kálmán Tóth et al.)
The aim of the article is to fill the gap in this issue and provide a comprehensive view of the weeds in Hungarian poppy fields and the options for their control.

A new star in the control of cereal weeds! (x)
(Balázs Tóth)
A new product is available for weed control in cereals from Cheminova Hungary Kft.

Growing poppies – own experience
(Péter Tamási)
Growers speak about their experience in growing poppies.

We asked users also in 2011 (V) (x)
Users speak about their experience with soil insecticide Santana 1G.

Launching MKK season – at an unconventional site. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The Hungarian Maize Club held its event to launch the coming season on 16 February 2012 at an unconventional site, the Botanical Garden of Eötvos Loránd University (ELTE). The meeting focused on Top20 Variety trials and the Maize Yield Competition, the prospects for its extension, and also deals with the development and review of its evaluation and financial supporting scheme.

Spirit – you can only win by that! (x)
(Dr. Domonkos Lukács )
Get to know SPIRIT, the new maize herbicide from Makhteshim Agan!

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Farming course (2) Protecting soil and plants from adverse weather conditions
(József Kovács)
Under unfavourable weather conditions it is enough if we achieve harvesting without a major yield loss. Fortunately there are experiences available to reduce damages. The current article gives an overview of such techniques.

Sharda India presents itself (x)
Get to know Sharda Hungary Kft., founded to organise, launch and ensure the continuous growth of distributing Sharda India pesticides in Hungary.

“Beekeeping and plant protection – our common goal”. Report
(Zoltán Molnár)
The meeting, organised on 29 February 2012 by the Chamber of Plant Protection Professionals and Plant Doctors and held at the Government Office of County Fejér, Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil Conservation, targeted on the issues discussed for decades among growers, bee-keepers and the official body responsible for plant protection.

BAYER is 10 years old. Challenges for Bayer CropScience in 2012
(Dr. György Demes)
The meeting, organised to celebrate the 10 years’ anniversary of founding Bayer CropScience and to launch the season, focused on the evaluation of the past season of 2011 and the business policy planned for this year.

XVIII Scientific Days of Plant Breeding. Report
(B. L.)
The headquarters of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences was the venue again of the event held on 6 March 2012. An overview of the meeting is provided in this report.

Is intensive nutrient supply worth in sunflowers? (x)
This is Yara’s offer for nutrient supply in sunflowers.

Merging of Syngenta’s two business divisions
(Dr. György Demes)
The merging of Syngenta’s two business divisions, announced in February 2011, has been concluded. The seed and plant protection branches of company, used to be two individual enterprises in Hungary, have managed to appear together in the Hungarian market in the agricultural season of 2012, jointly recommending their products and services to growers.

Uprising of the straw bales. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The conference, qualified for a scientific meeting as well, was held on 8 March 2012. The Agricultural Chamber of County Baranya waited for the interested in straw and its industrial and agricultural uses.

I might be wrong
(Dr. László Bódis)

Let’s look at the label and ask for invoice (x)
(A. Gy.)
Tibor Sipos, director of the Directorate of the Government Office of County Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg was asked about pesticide fraud issues.

Study on the efficacy of soil amendment by applying lime (1)
(Dr. Jenő Horváth)
The author presents the necessity of soil amendment by applying lime, based on a trial carried out in a large-scale farm. The beneficial effects on soil conditions and yields are also outlined.

Small garden all year around. Jobs in April
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)
Wherever we look, we can see the promising sight of the emerging vegetation. April is one of the months giving the biggest amounts of work in the garden. A careful gardener almost never takes off working-clothes.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(PP–VE)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (21) The situation of growing GM varieties in the European Union
(Dr. László Heszky)
In the previous part (20) of the series we presented the experience of the long-term (15 years) growing of GM crops in the United States where the share of GM varieties of maize, soya bean and cotton has reached 65-94 %. In Europe, transgenic crops cover only 0.05 % of the cropping areas. In this part we deal with the reasons of the opposite trends taken place in the USA and the EU, laying emphasis on the European special characteristics.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

Experience in nutrient supply of energy crops in Nyírség region
(Dr. László Simon)
Management programmes for energy crops are investigated at various research facilities, among them in nutrient supply with fertilizers and bio-wastes. Such experiments are carried out also at the University College of Nyíregyháza. Their first experience is published in this article.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Synergists or antagonists? (Do potassium and magnesium assist or prevent each other’s uptake?)
(Dr. István Terbe)
The introduction of integrated programmes into vegetable growing with key elements such as nutrient supply involved developmental disorders in crops as a consequence of increasing nutrient rates and using up-to-date techniques (e.g. applying nutrient solutions and retarded fertilizers). Such problems could be observed in the past very rarely, in particular in fertilizer application experiments. In spite of the fact that in our days the phenomena themselves are known and do not occur rarely, we are not really aware of the reasons of such disturbances of growth, the factors that can cause them. This article wishes to change this situation by examining the relationship of magnesium and potassium.

FRUIT GROWING

The situation of walnut growing in Hungary
(Teréz Radócz Kocsis)
The cropping area of walnuts has been increasing in Hungary since the early 2000s. In contrast to the other fruit species, walnut can be considered a success crop that can be attributed to the balanced operation of the sector in breeding, growing, packing and trade. The most profitable part is the sales of big-size units of walnut in the shell abroad, allowed, in addition to the excellent quality of the Hungarian varieties, to their early ripening time. The biggest Hungarian exporter believes the export trade of this product could be increased by about 1000-1500 tons.

Pruning of walnut trees
(Dr. Géza Bujdosó)
In contrast to various misbelieves, walnuts can be successfully grown only with implementing appropriate crop management and protection programmes. Therefore one of the key elements of the walnut management programme is pruning. Its most important criteria are summarised in the article.

Arysta meeting on fruit growing – to prevent gaps in the shield! Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
Arysta LifeScience Hungary Kft. held its traditional meeting in Danubius Health Spa Resort, Margaret Island on 24 February 2012. The event about pest management in fruit crops focused on the specific options of improving fruit quality.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Grape trellis systems
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Grape trellis systems are created in a high range of forms. Their other functions, such as
ensuring shadow, protecting the building and providing a nice look, are at least as important as bringing fruits. Now the article provides an overview of the finest examples of the diverse forms of vines, i.e. trellis systems, describing its different versions.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters …(26) Wood cutters in the field
From this part of the series presenting harvesters you may get acquainted with the one and two-pass-technology of woody energy crops with short cutting intervals, obtaining a description of the mechanical background.

“Operating this machine with economical fertilizer use promises even extra yields” (x)
Professionals express their views about the fertilizer spreader Sulky X36 WPB Stop and Go supplied by Axiál Kft.

“The economic advantage of DPA application system, proportional to velocity, is not questionable” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Practical experience is outlined with using Berthoud Racer DPA sprayer.

MANAGE RIGHTFULLY

A new scheme for managing natural risks affecting agricultural production
(Dr. Zoltán Mucsányi, Dr. Attila Ótós)
The new act 168 of 2011 on establishing a new, two-pillar scheme for managing agricultural risks entered into force in January 1, 2012. The article briefly presents the key characteristics of the new regulation. We also deal with the legal and technical obstacles that, by all means are worthy of taking into consideration during the utilization of the loss-mitigation benefit.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals)
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is the regular review of interesting articles published in foreign journals.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Sándor Guba (1927-1984)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Sándor Guba in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

In memoriam Ede Petró
(Gábor Nechay)

Note (not only) for growers. Mitigation of damages in agriculture (2)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This part of the series also deals with the mitigation of damages in agriculture, drawing the attention to the fact that the sum available for the mitigation of losses is one of but not the only means that can be used for managing weather risks. That is to say, there are other favourable conditions provided by the state to support sector-based insurance.

Written anno …
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)