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Agroforum 2012 December

A star is born
(Dr. László Bódis)

FOCUSING ON WINE

Recent trends on the global market of wine
(Dr. Diána Sidlovits, Dr. Zoltán Kator, Dávid Brazsil)
At the beginning of the third millennium, wine continues to have an important economic role, not only in Europe, but in the emerging markets of the New World and Asia as well. We thought it would worth giving an overview of the most recent trends in the global market, from the point of view of the vine-growing potentials, the global wine production, consumption and trade, as they are decisive also for the Hungarian wine sector.

Travelling in the wine glass (1)
(Dr. Annamária Leskó)
It is relatively easy for the Hungarian wine consumers to get to know our wines and wine regions. But what about foreign wines? In addition to European wines, the products of overseas wine regions – those of South America, South Africa and Australia – have also become easily available in our country. Therefore, we can get to know the wines, we might like them as well, but do not know anything about the wine-region where they come from. The present article invites readers for a quick visit to the important wine-regions of the world in order to change this situation.

Portrait. “Family traditions need to be respected and forwarded. Talking with the vine-grower and winemaker Pál Mészáros
(Dr. László Bódis)
Our correspondent asked the managing director of Mészáros Winery Kft., Pál Mészáros for a talk on the occasion of having been awarded by the title “Winery of the year” in 2012.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Everything about us (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Plant-drought relations (2) Scientific prospects in producing drought resistant plant varieties
(Dr. László Heszky)
In the first part of his article published in the previous, November number of our journal, the author gave the answer to the question why we do not have a drought tolerant variety, included in the national list, among the field crops at the moment. The second part of the paper outlines the prospects of the research carried out to produce drought tolerant varieties.

Reliable partnership in a changing environment (x)
(Gergő Boros)
Financial solutions offered for the agricultural sector by Concorde Asset Management Company.

Critical aspects of labelling, distributing and using plant protection products and yield enhancing substances (2)
(Ágoston Tóth)
The author gives an overview of the primary information source for users about agrochemicals, i.e. labelling. In particular, he deals with the frequently occurring problems and their possible solutions for the structure and the most important data of labels.

2012-2013. Yara’s situation analysis and future prospects (x)
(Kálmán Gyuris)
The article outlines year 2012 for Yara Hungary. You may get acquainted with the fertilizer situation in Hungary, future prospects and the market.

Looking back to sunflower diseases in 2012
(Dr. Pál Békési)
While briefly it is undoubtedly right that in 2012, our sunflowers were significantly healthier than in most of the seasons, we thought it is worthy to examine in more detail, to what extent it is true for the major diseases.

High yields and crop safety in sunflower growing (x)
(Dr. Sándor Nagy)
Have a look at the strengths of Euralis sunflower hybrids.

Cooperation in rural development with Hungarians over the border. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
Looking back to the round table discussions with non-governmental organizations in Transylvania, Vojvodina, one-time Upper Hungary (now in Slovakia) and Transcarpathia

Saaten-Union – Higher volume of production and crop safety (x)
This is Saaten-Union’s offer of sunflower hybrids for growers in 2013.

Michel Seed or is there any place in the Sun for family enterprises in seed production?
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
Today around the world we can see that the seed market (among others) has been more and more concentrated. Market leaders, by acquiring smaller companies, are seeking a greater share in order to increase their influence, while the smaller, often family-run seed companies increasingly become unfeasible. In France, this process is no different either; therefore the enterprise presented in this article is very rare even in the French vegetable seed market.

Our surprise is tranquillity: Sunflower and maize seeds from Limagrain (x)
(Renáta Nedvesi, Péter Mórocz)
This is what Limagrain recommends in seeds for sunflower and maize growers.

Report on the assembly of Szekszárd Plantr Zrt. (x)

Duo System® – a special solution for weed control in maize (x)
Have a look at the weed management programme of BASF. It consists of two parts: a maize hybrid, resistant to Focus Ultra and the super-selective grass herbicide, Focus Ultra.

Book review. Imre Kádár et al.: Lessons learnt from the 50-year-long studies with rye and other fertilizer trials
(Dr. Péter Ragályi)
The book provides basic information on sand soils. It also discusses the formation and distribution in Hungary of such soils, discusses their fertility and the key characteristics influencing crop management followed on these lands. It provides an overview of the results obtained during the improvement and fertilization of such soils. It also makes certain recommendations for simple and environmentally friendly procedures suitable for preserving fertility.

Falcon Pro agricultura Hungariae (x)
(László Farády)
Get to know the new universal fungicide from Bayer recommended for use in cereals.

Farming course (9) Tillage systems
(József Kovács)
In this paper, we are seeking the answer to the questions which tillage techniques we need to apply and in which order to crops sown at the particular sowing times. It is useful to know how circumstances, such as the time of removing the preceding crop, crop residues, weather or soil conditions influence the established tillage system.

High yields, drought tolerance and crop safety in maize growing (x)
(Dr. Sándor Nagy)
Have a look at the strengths of Euralis maize hybrids.

Bee-keepers and agronomists. Report
(Dezső Kőhalmi)
We are asking Peter Tóth, adviser of the National Hungarian Bee-keeping Association (OMME) in county Veszprém, about the problem between the agricultural sector and beekeeping. Year by year, he is an active participant of Monitoring Environmental Exposure within the frame of the Hungarian Bee-Keeping National Programme carried out by budget years, from 2007 to the present day.

UMG MICRO micro-granulated starter fertilizers – from the idea to the implementation (x)
(T. K.)
Fertilia Kft. publishes its results obtained in the development of UMG Micro starter fertilizers.

Manage rightly. Production energy
(Dr. Zoltán Mucsányi, Dr. Attila Ótós)
At EU level, by 2020 the share of energy from renewable sources will have to reach 20%. The mandatory share to be reached in our country is 13%. Biomass as a renewable energy source may play a prominent role in achieving the domestic commitments, because our country possesses perfect agro-ecological conditions for its production. Therefore, biomass power plants (including the ones using woody and herbaceous biomass, as well as biogas) provide considerable potentials to agricultural stakeholders. This is why we wish to present readers these opportunities and the legal and business challenges emerging during their exploitation.

Small garden all year around. Jobs in December
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)
Daytime begins to increase after 21 December and serious cold weather arrives. This month the most important task is to provide protection against frost damage in the winter garden.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (29) Economic and social risks imposed by transgenic (GM) varieties
(Dr. László Heszky)
From July 2012, each number of Agrofórum publishes the risks deriving from growing and consuming GM varieties and hybrids. Now we finish this chapter of the series “Let’s learn gene technology” by describing the economic and social risks.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Vegetables in nutrition, food consumption, production and their appearance among special produces
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi)
Nowadays, more and more people try to eat healthier food and switch over from the conventional to controlled food consumption. In connection with this, there has been an increasing interest for vegetables all over the world. It is therefore justified to review and evaluate the domestic situation, too.

FRUIT GROWING

Why do apricot trees die?
(Dr. László Szalay)
This year, many conferences, events and articles have dealt with the question put in the title, indicating that it is a serious problem. Therefore, in addition to dealing with the phytopathological reasons of apricot tree dying, in connection with this big and complex issue, this paper also deals with key criteria of selecting the rootstock and production site.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

The kinds of our grapevine varieties in the first decade of the third millennium (2) Changes in the range of white wine varieties
(Dr. András Lőrincz, Dr. István Fazekas, Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
When preparing their series, the authors undertook to provide an overview of the share of varieties in our vineyards according to the overall grapevine cadastre of year 2001 and the database of the National Council of Vine-growing Communities (2005, 2011). At the same time, they summarize the changes in the white wine varieties.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters (32) Harvesting
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
This part of the series presenting harvesters, our readers my get acquainted with the history, structure and operating principle of machines working in vineyards.

An MF combine harvester offering special performance and practical usability: Activa S (x)
Have a look at the most important characteristics of combine harvesters Activa S by Massey Ferguson.

Unveiling the memorial of Dr. Imre Rázsó in the Department of Machine and Product Design of Budapest Technical University
(Dr. György Demes)
The Department of Machine and Product Design of Budapest Technical University invited its former students, among them the most outstanding persons of education, research, design and operation of agricultural machines acting in the past 50 years, to a very special event. They came together to be present when the newly-created bust of Dr. Imre Rázsó was unveiled. He was the last remarkable head of the university department, the predecessor of the current one. At the same time, they report from the event, illustrating it by photos taken there.

Machine museums – museum-worthy collections of machines (8). A collection of agricultural implements and tools in Vecsés
(Dr. Béla Szektioneres)
In this part of the series presenting museum-worthy collections of machines, you may have a close view to the collection of Ferenc Varga, consisting of stable engines in Vecsés.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is a set of brief reviews of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note (not only) for growers. About the problems of technical journalism
(Miklós Kurucz)
A community, should it be a closed one or more open with several informal relations, very rarely lets out its internal affairs and problems. The situation might be different with journalists by the fact that readers can be duly interested in the non-private situation of the ones making journals. That is the case also with the authors working for technical journals. This is the reason why the current ‘Notes’ has been produced.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Sándor Herke (1882-1970)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get to know the life and work of Sándor Herke in the frame of the series about the remarkable personalities of Hungary’s agriculture

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)