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Agroforum 2012 July

As an unbound sheaf
(Dr. László Bódis)

THE TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The basis of up-to-date agriculture is science
(Dr. László Gazdag)
Hungary, during the agricultural changes after the political transformation, was proceeding against the global trends. We have paid a big price for that (i.e. de-concentration, decrease in farm-size, splitting of processing lines). We need to face the problems existing even today – this is what the author draws the attention to in the paper, stressing, at the same time that the key point of competitiveness is the technical and technological development also in agriculture.

FOCUSING ON: OUR AGRICULTURE IN FIGURES

Agriculture had a successful year in 2011 (1)
(Zsolt Andrási, Gábor Valkó)
The authors from the Hungarian Statistical Office give an account of the role of agriculture and food industry in the national economy, looking back to several years. They also summarise the main characteristics of crop production and animal husbandry in 2011 in terms of land use, cropping structure, growing of cereals and industrial crops, livestock breeding and producing goods of animal origin. Furthermore they outline the relation of production costs and output prices.

Thriving food exports (1)
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
The article describes the foreign trade aspects of agribusiness, indicating the volumes intended for exports and market prices, the structure of Hungarian imports and exports, as well as the demand of our foreign markets.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Trends on the global and Hungarian wheat market
(Dr. Zoltán Lakatos)
The author from the Hungarian Grain and Feed Association gives an overview of the main trends observed on global and Hungarian wheat markets, related to prices and product volumes.

Things to be done in the granary before harvesting
(Dr. Sándor Bárány)
The author outlines the storage facilities suitable for cereals and the jobs to be done before loading in the crop. He also summarises the criteria to be taken into consideration in order to maintain the product in good quality and health during storage.

Disinfestation in empty storage places + preventive produce control = K-Obiol 25 EC (x)
Bayer CropScience offers its solution for the disinfestation of empty storage places and for the preventive protection of produce.

KYLEO – a total herbicide for “weed fields” (x)
(György Salamon)
Tips for stubble management from Nufarm Hungary Kft.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Rules of agricultural lease in the European Union
(Dr. Zoltán Mucsányi, Dr. Attila Ótós)

Legislation background of the French land renting system
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
Similarly to buying agricultural land – as it was introduced in the June issue of our journal – special provisions apply also to agricultural lease in the member states of the European Union. They limit the scope for action of the contracting parties, among them in terms of leasing fees, contracting period and other factors. Such constraints are outlined and wish to present the differences of models used in certain member states. The legal background of the French land renting system is discussed in details.

Portrait. “When one reaches retirement age…” Talk with dr. Dénes Szieberth
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is a talk with dr. Dénes Szieberth, president of the Hungarian Maize Club.

Profit producing LG rapes (x)
(Péter Mórocz)
Get to know the hybrid rapes from LG.

Visiting Mikó farm. Report
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The well-known phytopathologist of our editorial board invites readers to visit the fields of one of the model growers in Hungary. Ferenc Mikó gives an account of his experiences related to soil cultivation and also to crop production and crop protection.

High yields and crop safety (x)
(Dr. Sándor Nagy)
Successful rape production with using EURALIS hybrids can be read under this heading.

A new competitor on the Hungarian pesticide market (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
This is a talk with József Fekete, regional director responsible for Eastern and Central Europe of Rotam.

Farming course (5) Soil classification, soil improvement
(József Kovács)
The first part of the article discusses the favourable and adverse characteristics of the particular soil types. The second one presents certain methods allowing us to solve soil problems reducing our yields.

Selecting the winter rape hybrids to grow based on experience and consistently (x)
(Gábor Varga)
Get to know the hybrid rape portfolio of RAPOOL Hungary Kft.

Syngenta Product-Show in Enying. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
This was the 11th time this year for Syngenta to organise its Product Shows at Enying and Hajdúböszörmény. The events again focussed on the recent pest management programmes and presented the company’s winter rape and winter wheat varieties. In addition to the well-known Syngenta products, visitors could get acquainted with certain new techniques and programmes that will be available for partners only from next year.

Rapes in a profitable way by using Yara programme (x)
(Dr. Erik Czinege)
This is what Yara recommends for rape growers in nutrient supply.

Memories of the hardest job in summer
(Dezső Kaszás, István Kimmel)

Drawn for a moment…A new president leading the Association of Hungarian Farmers! Report
(Dr. István Oláh)
The article gives an account of the annual meeting of the Association of Hungarian Farmers and the election of its leaders. The event of the association, having acted for 23 years, took place at Szeged Cereal Research Company on 10 May 2012.

Genezis fertilizer, the best investment (x)
This article is about crop-specific fertilizer application by using Genezis Management Programme.

Election at MAÉT (Hungarian association for representing agricultural and forestry interests). Report
(B. L.)
The Hungarian association for representing agricultural and forestry interests held its general meeting for election of its officials in Budapest at the council-hall of HANGYA, Partnership of the Hungarian Producers’ Sales and Service Organizations and Cooperatives on 21 May.

Small garden allyearround. Jobs in July
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)
From July we can enjoy the incomparable taste of self-grown tomatoes also in private gardens exposed to the north, less likely to warm up. And if rows have been cleaned up after growing peas and early carrots, it’s time for thinking of a second crop.

Farmers’ days again in Bábolna (x)
International Farmers’ Days will be waiting for visitors at Bábolna also this year, between 5 and 8 September.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(TIE–VE)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (24) The key point of risks and their main groups
(Dr. László Heszky)
Before dealing, in details, with the particular risks of growing GM varieties, we inform readers on the most important terms in this introductory part. Furthermore, the main groups of risks are presented and the sources and causes of risks are referred to.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

VI. RENEXPO Central Europe – An exposition in the spirit of renewing energy. Report
(István Balla, Gergő Péter Kovács
The annual energy trade fair of Hungary, RENEXPO Central Europe was organised for the sixth time in May. This international fair and conference is a leading event in the field of renewable energy and energy efficiency. This year, in addition to renewing energy sources, the meeting focussed also on sustainable and decentralised production, storage and distribution of energy.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Experience of intensive growing of kapia peppers under portable frames
(Sándor Kobzos, Dr. László Dudás)
Processing industry (canning and freezing) buys up kapia peppers, similarly to tomato shape peppers in large quantities. In addition, sales of the crop on the fresh market are also significant. The success of agricultural production, thus also of kapia growing is basically determined by environmental factors, the implemented crop management programme and the economic environment. The current article presents the role of these three factors and, taking a particular example, informs on the monthly jobs to be done in intensive kapia pepper growing under portable frames.

Dedicating the memorial plaque of Dr. István Túri. Report
(Zoltán Molnár)
A memorial plaque was dedicated in honour of an outstanding representative of greenhouse vegetable growing, Dr. István Túri in the Experimental Farm of Budapest Corvinus University at Soroksár. The editor-in-chief of our journal lets us have an insight into the professional legacy of Dr. Isván Túri, outlined for the participants of the event by the one-time colleagues.

Potassium fertilizer application in autumn for field crops and vegetables
(Dr. István Terbe)
This article deals with a major plant nutrient, i.e. potassium applied to soils in autumn. This element has a fairly multiple effect by increasing the tolerance of plants to cold and drought and improving crop quality. Certain field and horticultural crops are particularly demanding for potassium supply.

FRUIT GROWING

Apricot production in Hungary
(Teréz Rádocz Kocsis)
The author from the Agricultural Research Institute analyses Hungarian apricot growing and presents the use and sales of the crop in the country, the grown varieties and their characteristics. She points out that Hungarian apricot production and sales are prospective, with potentials in exports, in particular sales, in the hypermarket chains. However, increase of exports require involving into growing of intensive new varieties that are suitable for mechanical grading, transporting, storage, take colour easily and have a long shelf-life.

Cost-efficiency of apricot growing
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
The author gives a cost-benefit analysis and profitability of a semi-intensive apricot orchard managed at high professional level and kept in good conditions.

Crop management and technical considerations of installing anti-hail nets (2)
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
The second part of the study deals with the technical issues of establishing anti-hailing nets in connection with their increasing number in Hungary. The paper discusses general conclusions of investments and proposals that can be implemented also in Hungary.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Leaves can take up liquid nutrients as well, in addition to their basic functions (assimilation, respiration and transpiration). However, the basic goal of applying foliar fertilizers through the leaves is not overall nutrient supply to plants but to add the missing elements and provide for temporary management of metabolic disturbances. The article informs on the options of nutrient uptake through epidermis and stomata, as well as on the timing of applying foliar fertilizers, formulations and aspects of mixing products.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Over thirty machines and machine combinations in Beled
(Dr. György Demes)
AXIÁL Kft. invited its prospective buyers to ‘Előre Agricultural Cooperative’ at Beled, in particular to its animal husbandry site and the surrounding fields. Visitors could have a close look at the machines and machine combinations related to animal husbandry and offered by Axiál company.

A remarkable promotion scheme at Massey Ferguson (x)
(Barna Lőwi)
Massey Ferguson has been recommending its financing proposal, considered to be unique in the market, since summer of 2010.

Machine museums – museum-worthy collections of machines (6) The meeting of devotion to machines and respect for traditions in a house in Pilis
(Dr. Béla Szekeres)
This is a talk with István Felvinczi, a collector of old-time machines.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgárné Balogh)
The article published in a foreign technical journal informs on 40 years’ experience in American soil cultivation.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Sándor Fejes (1907-1977)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Sándor Fejes in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Note (not only) for growers. A topic about closing the series
(Miklós Kurucz)
Agronomy is a composition of “pure” crop management processes independent from the political and economic systems. However, there are several options that can be effective only under the conditions of market economy. Among them, some topics were launched under this heading last year in order to stimulate discussion. This series – as it always happens – has finished. This article wishes to have an overview of the addressed topics, briefly presenting their prospects and key aspects.

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)