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Agroforum 2012 June

The glory of light
(Dr. László Bódis)


Common Agricultural Policy 2014-2020. The new scheme recommended for direct payments in Hungary
(Dr. Norbert Potori, Máté Kovács)
The SAPS subsidy system, originally announced to be only temporary, will be terminated at the end of 2013. From 2014, the beginning of the new EU budget period, the same direct subsidy scheme will be applied. This article outlines the basis of the system laid down in the draft legislation from the point of view of Hungary.


Acquisition of land somewhere in Europe
(Dr. Zoltán Mucsányi, Dr. Attila Ótós)

Land policy and agricultural land in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
As more and more attention is drawn to property and rent of land, passing through the boundaries, the authors present the practice of certain European countries. They inform on the land prices, rent schemes, the rules of purchasing land by foreigners. The article also presents the measures taken in France to prevent green field investments in order to protect agricultural land.


Pheromones, fifty years in service of agriculture
(Dr. Miklós Tóth)
The scientific community dealing with the investigation of pheromones has recently celebrated the 50th anniversary of pheromones. The article summarises the currently known most important applications of pheromones and similar compounds.

Situation of aerial plant protection in the light of changing legislation
(László Szentey)
The article outlines the history of aerial plant protection up to the date, summarising the advantages of the currently indispensible means of control, as well as the legal background, becoming stricter and stricter for the protection of the environment.

Up-to-date plant protection forecasting (4) Methods of forecasting plum pests (2)
(Dr. Pál Benedek)
In this part of the series on plant protection forecasting, the author deals with the methods (long and short-term ones) available for plum pests (winter moths, mottled umber plum sawflies, aphids, spider mites, as well as plum fruit moth, oriental fruit moth and San José scale). Furthermore, he gives useful information for decision making in control.

Trials with sunflower varieties for susceptibility to white rot
(Dr. László Gergely, Bernát Poós)
Stem and head white rot is one of the major diseases of sunflowers. The Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH) carries out variety trials to study the susceptibility of varieties and variety candidates to the diseases. In 2011, 65 genotypes were involved in the trials, among them hybrids included in the national list of varieties, as standards and hybrids present on the EU list and without earlier experience in testing. The authors publish the most important conclusions drawn from the trial results.

One and a half decades with alerting in Cibakháza (x)
(A. Gy.)
Growers’ experience is published under this heading about foliar application based on the DuPont management programme in sunflowers.

Innovation could be the key to success
Quattro Bt. and the Plant Protection Institute of Szent István University have jointly established Plasmoprotect Kft., providing services and performing R+D activities. The university has experience in studying and testing of sunflower varieties and lines for Plasmopara infection and resistance with the special technique they had developed that will be the basis of the company’s activities as well.

YaraVitaTM has proved also in sunflowers! (x)
(Dr. Erik Czinege)
Get to know the effect of Yara foliar fertilizers on the yields and crop quality of sunflowers.


Portrait. “The main point is to demand quality in our own work …” Talk with József Pájtli
(Dr. László Bódis)
The grower József Pájtli is talking about his life, the wide range of experience in soil and plant nutrient management, as well as crop production practice.

Protection from the first day with seed dressing products from Bayer (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer CropScience recommends its seed treatment products for cereal growers.

Farming course (4) The chemical and biological properties of soil
(József Kovács)
In the previous part of the series we got acquainted with the most important soil physical properties. In the current part we give an account of the chemical and biological characteristics of soils and their effect on productivity

Every seed of rapes is precious! (x)
(Attila Galankó)
Have a look at the joint rape offer of Saatbau Linz Hungária Kft. and Lajtamag Kft.

Field Crop Section of the Quality Control Committee held its meeting
(József Csapó)
Nine sugarbeet, 2 sunflower, 4 soybean, 3 spring barley, 1 sorghum, 1 potato, 30 maize and 26 maize varieties and 26 single hybrids as hybrid components have been included in the national list of varieties on the recent meeting of the Field Crop Section of the Quality Control Committee. Their most important data are tabulated.

Consulting growers. Focusing on enhancing of ripening and desiccation
(Gabriella Demes)
Chemtura AgroSolutions and BASF Hungary Kft. organized a meeting again in order to inform growers about their novelties at Fenyőharaszt in the castle hotel surrounded by the centuries-old trees of the 13-hectare natural park.

Small garden all year around. Jobs in June
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)
June is the jolly month of the longest days, the most colourful flowers and the first fresh fruits of the season. Small gardens switch to “summer mode of operation”: jobs are preferably done in the early morning and evening hours.

The national professional competitions have been accomplished
(Miklós Kurucz)
The professional competitions for secondary education were held again in spring. The organising Hungarian Chamber of Agriculture prepared the competition call, selected the involved schools and compiled the evaluating committees, requesting acknowledged specialists to support their work.


Summary of the produce market
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.


“Let’s learn gene technology” (23) Technical terms IV
(Dr. László Heszky)
In the previous part of the series (articles No. 18-22) we discussed the scientific and economic importance of growing transgenic crop varieties, as well as the experience and conditions of production (global, USA, EU and Hungary). Similarly to the previous chapters I-III, this one has also been finished with the presentation of the terms.


Crop production by-products: do we feed soils or power stations?
(Dr. Csaba Gyuricza, Gergő Péter Kovács, István Balla)
Can the use of plant residues in energy production be justified under conditions of the continually decreasing livestock? Can the field by-products be partially used for energy production, with sound compromise, to mitigate Hungarian dependence on energy? These are questions triggering big debates, the authors wish to find the answers in connection with the investment of a major power station in the country.


The importance of hygiene in mushroom growing
(András Geösel)
Common mushroom production is a special sector of vegetable growing. The special characteristics of basic material and the crop management programme, as well as the intensity of production require a particular attention to reach a high quality product. Mushroom growing is a process needing an increased level of hygiene and a system approach. The present paper summarises the main factors that determine the level of hygiene and by that, the success and profitability of production.

Without pesticide residues in vegetable growing: chemicals-free solutions from Biocont Kft. (x)
(Gyula László)
Biocont Hungary Kft. recommends growers NATURALIS-L, its new biological insecticide for vegetable growers.


Crop management and technical considerations of installing anti-hail nets (1)
(Dr. Ferenc Apáti)
In the first part of the paper, in connection with the increasing number of anti-hail nets in Hungary, the author discusses their effects on the vegetative processes of trees, their yields and crop quality as well as on the particular operations in the crop management programme.

The place with two harvests a year
(Dr. László Szalay)
The article guides readers to Uganda, a country in the middle of the African continent along the Equator. There in the production sites at more than 1800 m above sea level, temperature is suitable for accomplishing the whole cycle of vegetation of temperate fruit species (apples, pears and plums). Furthermore due to the intensive insolation, the cycle takes place quickly, allowing two harvests in apple orchards within a year.


Canopy management in new plantations
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Cultural operations in non-bearing vineyards – besides the quality of the planting material and the preparation of the land – significantly determine the future performance and health status of the plants. In the first years young vines require not only almost “parental” care, the mistakes made in the formation of the plants can be rectified only with much difficulty. Training of the vines cannot be restricted to pruning; it is worth beginning the procedure with shoots.

A new quality in plant conditioners for grapes and vegetables: ALGINURE® (x)
(Gyula László)
Get to know ALGINURE, a new product from Biocont for using in plant conditioning of grapes and vegetables.

VINCARE® – you may rely on it! (x)
(Dr. Domonkos Lukács)
Makhteshim Agan recommends VINCARE (folpet + benthiavalicarb-isopropyl) to control downy mildew in vineyards.


Let’s learn about harvesters …(28) The true story of the “four-hour rule”
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
From this part of the series on harvesting machines, readers may get acquainted with the machinery background of harvesting peas, the structure and operation principle of harvesters.

AXIÁL-FENDT cooperation is 10 years old. Report
(Dr. Demes György)
The 10th anniversary of signing the cooperation agreement between Axiál and Fendt gave an opportunity for a ceremonial meeting of the management of the two companies. The event was organised at the place of signing the agreement 10 years ago, the Gödöllő Royal Palace, on 25 April 2012.

“The beneficial effect of soil loosening to the increase of pore volume and water capacity is out of question” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Practical experience can be found under this heading in connection with the particular soil preparation implements manufactured by a Hungarian company, Framest Kft..

Machine museums – museum-worthy collections of machines (5) A collection presenting the history of machines in Kétegyháza
This part of the series presenting museum-worthy collections of machines guides readers to Kétegyháza, to the history of tools and machines used in cereal production.

Massey Ferguson – a world premier in Brno! (x)
Get to know the four most recent models of the series 7600 of Massey Ferguson.


Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgárné Balogh)
This is the regular review of interesting articles published in foreign journals.


Note (not only) for growers. About the failed structural change
(Miklós Kurucz)
This Note wishes to give some ideas in connection with the structural change in agriculture.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Zoltán Kárpáti (1909-1972)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Zoltán Kárpáti in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)