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Agroforum 2012 October

By full moon
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Hungarian World Congress VIII: “It’s not me who shouts, the earth rumbles”
(Dr. László Bódis)
Having received a kind invitation, we participated on the second day of the conference titled above and held in the House of Hungarians on 17 August. The event was focusing on the earth, water and food. Our correspondent gives an overview of the lectures delivered in the agricultural session of the meeting as a kind of “theatre critic”.

FOCUSING ON SOIL CULTIVATION

Cultivation techniques for mitigating drought damages
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The author recalls and evaluates her experience obtained in the dry season of 2012. Based on her investigations, she points out the prospects for conserving soil moisture from March till late summer. She publishes data recorded about the moisture conditions prevailed as a result of tillage operations in summer. Finally, she outlines the techniques that will be useful when planning and carrying out soil cultivation in autumn.

Book review. Márta Birkás: Soil – Schools. What do we learn from soils, what to teach about soils?
In the past 20 years the cultivated area in Hungary has unfortunately decreased by 500 000 hectares. Therefore, it is very important for the future to carry out soil management, keeping in mind the criteria of sustainable agriculture. This requires more and more well-prepared professionals. If such preparation is assisted by lecturers totally engaged in soil cultivation such as professor Márta Birkás, future generations need not be afraid of food supply problems. This book is a guarantee for that, because it is technically correct and readable, and at the same time, it is unique and non-conventional. It is extremely informative and a kind of compass for the future, both for university students and professionals interested in crop production and soil cultivation.

How to choose? (18) Driven cultivator (Rotary tillers)
(Dr. István J. Jóri)
Our series on soil cultivation has published – hopefully useful – information material for selecting, purchasing and using ploughs, disks, mid-deep subsoilers, seedbed preparators, cultivators for tillage between the rows and machines for soil levelling and packing. Now the author makes some recommendations for choosing and using driven tillage implements (rotary tillers, rotary harrows). Among them, this article gives an account of the functions, structure, equipment and the overall performance of rotary tillers.

Big Tillage Show – 2012
(Dr. József Hajdú)
This year the Big Tillage Show presenting field machines was organised for the third time at two sites, Cegléd and Pusztamiske. While in the previous times only up-to-date soil cultivation machines (ploughs, disk harrows and field cultivators) were displayed, now the range of the machines shown there was enlarged by drills and sprayers. The article lets us have an insight into the coupled machines driven by MF tractors in operation.

Väderstad – Massey Ferguson “Roadshow”. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
Väderstad Kft., together with Austro Diesel GmbH distributing Massey Ferguson tractors in Hungary and AGRO.bio Hungary Kft. trading in soil bacterium products, organised an already traditional road show, this year at five sites (Ádánd, Szigetvár, Hódmezővásárhely, Tiszagyulaháza and Dömsöd). Participants could see both known, as well as new and renewed machines of Väderstad and the most common tractors in the range of 120-370 LE from Massey Ferguson, in operation. An integral part of the “Roadshow” was the presentation of a bacterium product, decomposing straw cellulose, BactoFil from AGRO.bio Hungary Kft. and the machine for its application.

In practice not even simple machines set limits to the good tillage approach. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We asked Péter Kiss, a grower managing his farm in Bölcske, 8 km from Dunaföldvár in the northern part of county Tolna, what kind of experience they have gathered in the rainy 2010 and the subsequent, extremely dry seasons of 2011 and 2012. We were also interested in how all these have affected the soil cultivation practice followed in their family farm.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Precision crop growing – looking back to the beginning and reaching out for the future
(Dr. Péter Reisinger, Dr. Rezső Schmidt)
The authors draw the attention to the importance of innovation, in particular precision farming and the recent results achieved by applying such technique.

Portrait. “Do not be shy to ask, and do not be ashamed to learn” Interview with László Farkas
(Dr. László Bódis)
The apropos of our conversation with László Farkas is that, as the topic of the month, two of our authors, professors Dr. Rezső Schmidt and Dr. Péter Reisinger give an account of their innovation work done at Farkas Kft. It is in place here that we make speak the owner of the company as well.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

There is no integrated plant protection without shelter belts
(Ágoston Tóth)
The author underlines the importance of the role of shelter belts in integrated pest management. He draws the attention to the benefits of afforestation in agricultural lands and at the same time, deals with their actual and presumed disadvantages. The areas suitable for afforestation in agricultural lands are also mentioned.

Dangerous plant diseases (I/12) Tomato spotted wilt virus
(Dr. András Péter Takács, Gábor Bese, Dr. József Horváth, Dr. Richard Gáborjányi)
The current part of the series presenting the dangerous plant diseases focuses on tomato spotted wilt virus, its characteristics and the options for controlling the disease.

Basis and superstructure: Memories and reflections on the forty-year anniversary of the Keszthely Georgikon Plant Protection Institute (2)
(Dr. József Horváth)
Pannon University, Faculty Georgikon, Plant Protection Institute celebrated the 40th anniversary of its existence in Keszthely on 17 July. On the occasion of this special anniversary, the editors of Agrofórum greet the famous institute by publishing the entire far-reaching lecture titled “Basis and superstructure” delivered by Dr. József Horváth, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Celebrating the 90 years old Imre Dimény. Report
(Dr. László Bódis, Dr. György Demes)
The ceremonial hall of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences was the venue of the special session in honour of the 90-year-old Imre Dimény, member of the Academy, on 12 September 2012. Secretary-general Tamás Németh congratulated to the one-time minister and welcomed the members of the family and all participants of the event. In addition to highlighting the life and the scientific activity of the person in focus, the speakers of the session outlined the agri-economic achievements of the “Dimény-era”.

Tradition and raising values in Kecskemét... Report
(Dr. István Oláh)
It was already the ninth time this August that the “Conference and show on bread, grapes and wine in the Great Plain” was held. The article summarises what was seen and heard there.

Farming course (7) Soil nutrient supply, organic manure application
(József Kovács)
In the previous part of the farming course we solved the problem of soil nutrient supply with various organic materials. The best way to ensure a readily available nutrient source for our plants is to supply nutrients in inorganic form. This is why in this part we present the advantages of using fertilizers, the various groups of fertilizers and the criteria of determining fertilizer rates.

YaraMila also for wheat! (x)
Get to know the benefits of using YaraMilaTM fertilizers in wheat.

Sowing rape is necessary, and weeds emerge in our fields! (x)
(Mihály Weszp)
Chemtura offers its solution for weed control in rapes in autumn and the problem of wheat volunteers in the crop.

The first experience in harvesting during the fourth Maize Yield Competition
(Hungarian Maize Club, MKK)
Having seen the first results of the Maize Yield Competition, in spite of the big yield losses to be encountered throughout the country, we may have hopes regarding harvest. We can be even sure that the ones who prepared for the competition with special care, at the same time contributed to mitigate the problems caused by the drought.

Earliness proved itself also in drought! (x)
(N. A.)
The managing director of Agricultural Service Providing Farmers’ Cooperative “Őszidő”, Kiskunfélegyháza talks about his experience about how well Dow Seeds’ early-hybrid concept has worked.

Small garden all year around. Jobs in October
(Franciska Tóthn Bogdányi)
In certain years October surprises gardeners with sunny and mild weather, while in other times winter arrives earlier, with short-term frosts and eventual snowing. Weather is generally suitable for hard manual labour: let’s dig, build fireplace, oven and garden way. Let’s deal with composting!

Manage rightly. Responsibilities of the management team and executive officers
(Dr. Zoltán Mucsányi, Dr. Attila Ótós)
An unexpected legal situation involving serious responsibility relations may occur if the creditors of an enterprise unable to pay claims against the insolvent company addressing the persons of the management. The article wishes to present the conditions under which this exceptional situation may take place and what these managers need to do and take into consideration in order to avoid such cases.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (27) Risks imposed by transgenic (GM) varieties to crop production (1)
(Dr. László Heszky)
Among all risks related to GM varieties, including food safety, the risks affecting crop safety are the most dangerous both for the country and the growers if they wish to preserve GMO-free status. The previous part dealt with crop safety risks such as gene flow, gene escape and coexistence problems. In the current paper you find further risk factors affecting certain phases of production, such as breeding, growing seeds and crops for consumption, storing and processing).

VEGETABLE GROWING

Hand-harvested sugar pea in pods, a special vegetable product
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi, Dr. László Dudás)
Green pea in pods is a crop of high profitability and employment capacity. This is why the authors, in addition to providing general information on the crop (origin, taxonomy, morphology and environmental requirements), publish basic crop production information and profitability data.

FRUIT GROWING

The roots of apple trees
(Dr. László Szalay)
It is more difficult to study the roots of the trees than the shoots above the ground but it is important for fruit growers to know how root system is placed and functions in the soil, as several operations, tillage, nutrient supply and irrigation need to be adjusted accordingly. The author gives an overview of this topic, presenting the effect of soil nutrient content and air demand of roots to the development of the root system. He also outlines the role of rootstock use and soil type in the development of the root system.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Thoughts about the water-conservation tillage of vineyard soils
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Climate change requires reviewing tillage system. Climate, becoming drier and drier, justifies the application of water conservation methods. The extreme weather phenomena going along with climate change, at the same time require more flexibility in the implementation of the crop management programme in practice. The author wishes to help this by presenting solutions that contribute to both the increase of humus content and the improvement of soil structure.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign technical journals
(Compiled and translated by Eszter Polgár Balogh)
This is a set of brief reviews of certain interesting articles published in foreign journals.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Béla Augustin (1877-1954)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get to know the life and work of Béla Augustin in the frame of the series about the remarkable personalities of Hungary’s agriculture.

Note for farmers. About the draft of the new Land Law (2)
(Miklós Kurucz)
The most important part of the regulation of lands is the right to ownership. However, further rights are closely related to this (according to the new draft, obligations as well) that will also be a part of the land law. The previous month’s Note presented the main ideas in connection with obtaining property; the current paper contains the related topics.

Thoughts about farm size
(Katalin Béládi, Róbert Kertész)
The August number of 2012 of Agrofórum presented an article about farm size under the heading of “Notes” to arise interest. The paper was based on the data obtained from tests performed in the pilot farms of the Agricultural Research Institute (AKI). This time the authors from that institute wish to complete and give more precise details about the topic.

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)