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Agroforum 2012 September

“The God Particle”
(Dr. László Bódis)

THE TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Agriculture and public employment
(Károly Papp)
The more and more successful Gödöllő Farming Days have offered a rich technical programme also this year. Being there early summer we could listen to several lectures, before visiting the field shows, about the agricultural situation, innovation, education – and why we mention this – about public employment and the options related also to agriculture. Károly Papp, that time secretary of state responsible for public employment in the Ministry of Interior (currently ministerial commissioner of re-structuring police-force) outlined the trends in public employment policy of the Government where agriculture would have a significant role with financial support via local governments. We publish the lecture about the remarkable initiative in a structured form, considering that its agricultural relations could affect your everyday work.

FOCUSING ON CEREALS

Experience and results of growing cereals in 2011-2012
(József Lukács)
The author from the Agricultural Directorate of National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH) gives an overview of cereal harvest in the country.

For more profitable crops with hybrid wheat. Report with Gyula Soltész
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We were talking with Gyula Soltész, president of Nak Agricultural Zrt. about why and how the idea of hybrid wheat growing has been shaped at Nak and the experience and results achieved there up to now.

Quick report about winter cereal seeds
(Zoltán Benke)
The author the Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH) outlines the expected volumes of the produced and certified winter cereal seeds in the light of weather conditions and the preliminary data.

New Saaten-Union varieties and hybrids, daring novelties in breeding at the DLG exposition (x)
The range of new varieties and hybrids in cereals of Saaten-Union can be found in the article.

Everything about us (x)
This is the regular brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Winter wheat is competitive! (x)
(Kálmán Gyuris)
Yara’s recommendation on nutrient supply for winter wheat is under this heading.

Legato Plus – cereal weed control in autumn without restrictions (x)
(Dr. Domonkos Lukács)
Get to know Legato Plus, the wide spectrum winter herbicide with long-term effect until spring, from Makhteshim Agan.

The importance of phosphorous fertilizer application in winter wheat (x)
(Rita Hoyer)
This is what LINZER AGRO TRADE Hungary Kft. recommends for the basic fertilizer application of winter wheat.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Seed dressing
(Mátyás Kleofász)

Guideline for the responsible sowing of treated seeds
(Csaba Csorba)
The history of the companies involved in the research and development of seed treatment products and techniques dates back almost a century. These articles give an overview of the history of seed dressing and the related investigations, describe the characteristics of seed treatment products and outline the seed treatment techniques. The authors also present the principles, worked out by seed companies using seed treatment products and manufacturers of seed dressing products in order to eliminate uncontrolled environmental load. They need to be applied and observed by growers during sowing.

Seed treatment: environmentally friendly protection at the early development of plants (x)
(Attila Valovics)
Get to know the seed dressing solutions offered by Chemtura.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Base and superstructure: Memories and thoughts at the 40th anniversary of the Plant Protection Institute of Georgikon Faculty, Keszthely (1)
(Dr. József Horváth)
The Plant Protection Institute of Georgikon Faculty celebrated the 40th anniversary of its founding in Keszthely on 17 July. The editorial board of Agrofórum congratulates to the acknowledged Institute and its one-time and current professors by publishing the whole content of the far-reaching lecture titled “From the base to the superstructure”, delivered by dr. József Horváth, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Rape management programme in autumn – striving for completion (x)
Have a look at the recommendation by BASF for pest management in winter rapes.

Irregular portrait. Treasure finders under Promontor
(Dr. László Bódis)
We were talking with Imre Békési, director of Budafok ‘Wine City’ and his colleagues about the uses in the modern era of the almost hundred kilometre-long zigzag cellar system, running beneath the ground in Budafok, the southern gate of Buda.

RAPOOL rapes on DLG field show
Visitors could get acquainted with the rich choice of rape varieties and hybrids of RAPOOL, a major rape breeding company of the world and the leading one in Europe, at the field show organised at Bernburg on 19-21 June.

Farming course (6) Soil nutrient supply, applying organic manure
(József Kovács)
We sow about 15-20 kg maize seeds on a hectare field and harvest, from the same territory 7-8000 kg grains and around the equal amount of maize stalks. This is more than hundred times of the original mass. How can it be? Where does this huge amount of material come from? How can we repeat this amazing increase year by year in a sustainable way? We are seeking the answer to these and similar questions in the current and the next part of the ‘Farming course’.

Prevent in autumn disking out rapes next spring! (x)
Timac Agro recommends FERTIACTYL® Starter, a liquid complex of various biostimulators and macroelements for rape growers.

Rapes are good if harvested – Toprex for crop safety (x)
(János Tóth)
Syngenta offers it plant growth regulator for rape growers.

Let the Hungarian grower get ahead firstly! Report
(Dezső Kőhalmi)
In spite of the peak of harvesting, about two hundred partner suppliers were interested in the sunflower show and professional day organised by NT Food Production and Marketing Kft. and other companies at Kiskunfélegyháza on 11 July, held for the fourth time this year.

Small garden all year around. Jobs in September
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)
The varying weather conditions in September offer diverse jobs in the garden – we can prune, sow and plant as well. It is not too late for making preserves and pickles. Let’s prepare cellar and pantry for receiving produce.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(VE)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place at the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (26) Risks imposed by transgenic (GM) varieties to crop production (1)
(Dr. László Heszky)
The scientific and professional discussions related to the growing of GM crops in Hungary are mainly about food safety, i.e. the harmfulness or harmlessness of their consumption. The real problem for growers, however are the risk factors related to production. This is why, in the present and the next part of the series, we give an account of the risks affecting crop safety during production.

RENEWING ENERGY RESOURCES

The agricultural uses of bio-fertilizers released from biogas works
(Dr. Zoltán Hajdu)
INEMAD (Improved Nutrient and Energy Management through Anaerobic Digestion), a project, implemented by the cooperation of 8 European countries, undertakes to use biofertilizer (fermented material) released by biogas works, in order to decrease the amount of agricultural input materials.

VEGETABLE GROWING

The results of experiments with heat management in growing facilities
(Dr. Attila Ombódi)
The consortium called “EUPHOROS” has been created in the frame of an FP7 project from 7 countries in order to conduct studies on sustainable greenhouse growing. The key objective of the project is to develop new materials, tools, techniques and software to allow growers to reduce the consumption of energy, water, fertilizer, pesticide and growing media. This article summarises the most important results related to the heat management of the research institutes EEFC and IRTA from Almería and Catalonia, respectively, as well as the heat management of growing facilities based on the works of investigators at Wageningen University.

FRUIT GROWING

Cherry growing in Hungary
(Teréz Radócz Kocsis)
The author outlines the situation of cherry growing in Hungary, the future prospects and tasks by presenting data on the cropping area and volumes, use, sales and describing the characteristics of cherry varieties grown in the county. He also gives an account of global cherry production and sales.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Grapes are ripening
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The seasons are rather extreme in our country. Therefore sugar content of grapes is very low in certain years while it is significantly high in other ones. As a consequence of climate change, it is presumed that temperature during the time of ripening will increase, ripening begins earlier and by this, sugar content of grapes will more and more frequently be higher resulting in heavy wines. We believe it is worth having an overview of the process of sugar accumulation and the impact of the season, production site, grown varieties and crop management.

Insight into the experience of grapevine protection in the season 2011/12
(Ágnes Kun)
The weather conditions unfavourable for pathogens allow professionals to reduce the number of chemical treatments and by that, to lower the pesticide load to the environment and increase the profitability of growing. In order to achieve that, it is essential that growers be aware of the environmental and pathological factors eventually affecting the basic plant protection situation. This is why the author from the Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Directorate of the Government Office of County Baranya highlights the most important conclusions having been drawn this year from pest management in vineyards.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters…(30) Roots
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
In this part of our series on harvesters, you may get acquainted with the top-lifting and digging models of the quite rare root vegetable harvesters, their structure and the principles of the operation.

A road show with a brand new MF Activa 7347 S combine harvester. Report (x)
Get to know the experience obtained from using MF Activa 7347 S combine harvester.

“In addition to a wide range of uses, it is also suitable to replace ploughing” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Practical experience is shared about the reasons why Gregoire Besson heavy-duty disc harrow has been selected for use by an agricultural holding.

CLAAS developments, 2012
(Dr. Demes György)
“Harvesting at optimum level” – that could be the slogan of the international press conference organised by CLAAS in Hungary this year, obtaining the appreciation of technical journalists, coming from various countries, with the displayed models of their recent programme. Most the developmental work for either widening the range of products or improving the performance of the existing machines, similarly to the previous years, related mainly to cereal and green fodder harvesting and baling. Taking into account the crop in focus of the current number of our journal, we present here the renewed cereal combine harvesters and balers seen at the event.

Machine museums – museum-worthy collections of machines (7) A collection of agricultural implements and tools at Szentkirály
(Dr. Béla Szekeres)
This part of the series presenting the museum-worthy collections of machines shows you around the homestead of Imre Varga in Szentkirály. In Hungary, this might be the biggest and most valuable collection of agricultural implements and tools, a part of which has already been repaired and can be operated and displayed, but the majority is still waiting for “revival”.

MANAGE LEGALLY

Briefly about the regulations for bills
(Dr. Zoltán Mucsányi, Dr. Attila Ótós)
In the legal column, this time you can read about promissory note or bill of exchange, a negotiable instrument bearing commitment to pay or a demand note that is bound to strict formal requirements. The kinds of promissory notes and the legal prerequisites are also dealt with.

LOOKOUT

Everything is in change…
(Dr. Somogyi Norbert)
The world has gone through incredible changes in the past two or three decades. For the time being they are not likely to stop, perhaps continues even faster in the forthcoming years. Nobody can get out of this process, of course farmers cannot do it either, should they live and work anywhere in the world. This article presents the example of the French Raoul couple.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Famous agricultural scientists on banknotes
(Barna Páll-Gergely)
The appreciation of the society for a person might be best expressed by the fact that his or hers portrait appears also on the daily used currency. On a world scale hardly more than a hundred investigators are shown on certain banknotes of countries. Among them nearly 20 ones are related to botany, and there are only three persons who have done lasting contribution to agricultural sciences.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Frigyes Rovara (1852-1912)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Frigyes Rovara in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Note (not only) for growers. About the draft of the new act on land (1)
(Miklós Kurucz)
The draft of the new act on land reflects various new items, an approach different from the previous concept. It contains terms not used in official documents, whose interpretation is necessary for understanding legislative objectives. They are presented in the current “Note” for the readers.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)