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Agroforum 2013 April

“Motherland is there where your mind is enchained”
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The prospects of our agribusiness
(Dr. László Gazdag)
The agricultural sector, producing raw materials, has a low capacity to raise earnings, cannot follow the changes in the volume of supply and demand, and therefore responds with prices. Employment problems need to be solved at higher levels of the food chain, and a part of the income should be re-directed into the production of raw materials by creating vertical integration. Only the holdings of appropriate size, possessing enough capital and managed with due professional skills are able to fulfill the requirements of both economic and ecological efficiency and to continuously supply products in the needed quantity and adequate quality. In our country these conditions can be provided by cooperation including production and creating both external and internal integration. Food industry and trade shall be given to the possession of producers (their cooperatives and associations), assisted by government support – this is the idea of the author about the prospects of our food economy.

FOCUSING ON SOYA BEANS

Protein programme – 2013
(bl)
The Agricultural Department of the Ministry of Rural Development finally decided to launch the long-expected protein programme with the main aim of solving the domestic protein supply to replace imported soya grits. The article contains recommendations to support the implementation of the programme.

The time of action… Report
(Dr. István Oláh)
This article reports on the meeting organised to launch the new protein programme. Its main goals are to increase the safety of domestic protein supply, to ensure GMO-free basic material not only by increasing soya bean production and processing but also by involving the new alternative protein plants in production.

Soya bean market overview. The potentials of the Danube region have not been exploited
(Dr. Norbert Potori)
2012 was a hard year for global soya bean growing. The drastic falling back of production was a shock for markets. This is why there is an increasing demand from the European countries depending on imports to meet a significantly higher amount of their requirements by own supply.

The results of comparative trials with soya bean varieties, 2012
(Gábor Szekrényes)
The article informs on the results for 2012 of the small-plot comparative trials carried out with soya bean varieties included in the national list and the candidates to that list, for yields and quality traits according to the particular ripening groups.

Experiences of weed control in soya beans
(Dr. Veronika Dobszai-Tóth)
The author from the Government Office of County Baranya, Directorate of Plant Protection and Soil conservation takes into account the major weed species infesting soya beans. She outlines the most important conditions and requirements of keeping soya bean fields weed-free, furthermore, provides the lists of active substances registered for use in the crop.

Reliable Japanese solutions for weed control in soya beans (x)
(Dr. László Magyar)
This is what Sumi Agro Hungary Kft. recommends in plant protection for the successful growing of soya beans.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Everything about us (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Sowing sunflowers and response to diseases
(Dr. Pál Békési)
It is not difficult to realize the high importance of the first step of the production process, i.e. sowing in successful sunflower growing. The most common goal related to sowing is to achieve the highest yield possible. Sometimes we forget about the fact that considering the consequences of such decisions to crop diseases serves this purpose as well. This article undertakes to sum up the issues related to sowing and the consequences involved in the decisions.

Amalgerol – for the future of our soils (x)
(Tibor Rácz)
Get to know the advantages of using Amalgerol!

The most important diseases of sugarbeet and the prospects of integrated protection
(Dr. László Gergely)
Under the Hungarian ecological and production conditions, sugarbeet has diseases that may considerably influence the success of growing and by that, the incentive for growing the crop. The article gives an account of the sugarbeet diseases most important from economic point of view, therefore the potentials for their integrated control needs to be taken into consideration.

The role of substances enhancing efficacy in UMG MICRO plant specific fertilizers (x)
(Margit Nagy)
Get to know the microgranulated UMG MICRO starter products from Fertilia Kft.

Microscopic fungi occurring on lentil seeds
(Dr. Géza Fischl)
We have relatively little experience of specific studies and knowledge on the fungal species occurring on lentil seeds, their share and the possible consequences of their damages. This is why this paper is filling a gap in this field by letting readers have an insight into the results of phytopathological experiments carried out with lentil lots obtained from various institutions and the trade.

Foliar fertilizer application from Yara’s point of view (x)
(Kálmán Gyuris)
This is Yara’s recommendation for foliar application of fertilizers in the major field crops.

The effect of temperature and warming up on the biology of and damage by pests
(Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi, Zsolt Lövényi)
This paper discusses the effects of temperature and its increase on pests, aiming at to explore the background of the provoked higher damage. The authors strive to explain these phenomena to professionals working in the practice in a clearly understandable way.

ROUNDUP MEGA against early weed infestation (x)
This is the herbicide offer from Monsanto to control weed infestation early in the season.

Generative reproductive organs of weed species in cereals III-IV.
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
Have a look at the generative reproductive organs of certain weed species occurring in cereals, in a way that you have surely not seen so far.

Elumis Peak – Weed control in maize in a practical and reliable way (x)
(Szilvia Tóth Csantavéri)
Get to know Syngenta’s recommendation for weed control in maize.

Efficacy trials with game repellents Vadóc K and Vadóc V
(Dr. András Molnár, Dr. Erzsébet Nádasy Ihárosi, András Palóc)
Games have recently caused more severe problems and conflicts with their damages in the fields, orchards and vineyards. This is why this paper may command high interest. The authors publish the results of biological efficacy trials carried out in winter wheat with the recently registered products of the game repellent ‘Vadóc’, proved for several decades in preventing and reducing game damage.

Growers around the Carpathian basin in the European Union
(József Horváth)
A safe solution against weeds (x)
(A. Gy.)
A well proved weed management programme in maize by using DuPont products.

The Agricultural Association of Northern Vojvodina in Magyarkanizsa
(compiled by.: Valéria Szalkai Nemes)

Nufarm Hungary Kft. is five years old
(AF)
Nufarm Hungary Kft., celebrating its fifth birthday, presented the results achieved so far and the future plans to the high number of traders in agricultural basic materials. In addition to providing recent information about the company and the new products, the new business of Nufarm and a current challenge in the agricultural sector, i.e. generation changing were also dealt with.

Tested and proved weed control methods in maize (x)
(Ádám Farkas)
Have a look at the maize herbicide offer of Nufarm Hungary Kft.

A conference with information and conclusions
(Miklós Kurucz)
Grain Producer’s Association-Hungary organised a meeting titled “Critical issues” in the frame of the agro-industry conference. The aim of the event was to raise interest for improving the efficacy of the sector. Though it was targeted to cereal growers, the recommendations are worthy for consideration by a wider scope of stakeholders.

The revival of herbicide sprays in Sharda’s portfolio (x)
(Dr. László Kondár)
Have a look at the herbicide offer of Sharda Hungary Kft. for various crops.

Farming course (13) Cultural operations in the field
(József Kovács)
This part of the series is about the cultural operations to be done in order to keep the emerged young plants healthy, let them appropriately grow and produce high yields.

After a hard but successful year. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
János Véglesi, the head of the Hungarian branch of Chemtura Europe Ltd. gives an account of Chemtura’s product range and the achievements of the company in the past year.

Manage rightly. Trust
(Dr. Zoltán Mucsányi, Dr. Attila Ótós)
The Hungarian legal system is to be enriched with various new legal institutions from 15 March 2014. Among them, an important one and giving rise to several debates even today, is the institution of trust regulated by the new Civil Code. The authors of our legal column give a closer view to this.

Bayer’s cereal fungicides: two years – two new products (x)
(László Farády)
Get to know the new products in the cereal pest management programme of Bayer.

Achievements in 2012 and expectations for 2013 at BAYER. Report
(Dr. György Demes)
The new director of the Hungarian company of Bayer CropScience, Dariusz Przeradzki introduced himself at the meeting with trading partners. He arrived from Poland to become the leader of the Hungarian company. Dezső Majsa, sales director of the company outlined the past year’s achievements, while marketing director István Matyasovszki gave an account of the recent results of development and the renewed portfolio.

Spring cleaning is coming … (x)
(Lajos Nagy)
Bayer is at the disposal of growers preferring early-season weed control with two products for use in maize.

Small garden year around. Jobs in April
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)
April Fools’ Day, according to the old Hungarian agricultural practices, is not suitable for sowing because doing that would bring poor harvest. Whether we believe superstition or not, this year the sprinkling custom of Easter Monday falls on this day, too. The month starts with this special coincidence and can be characterized by conspicuous extremities of temperature and humidity, and, based on the data of the last five years, by abundant rainfall as well.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place on the global produce markets of the major field crop (wheat, maize, sunflowers and rapes) prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Let’s learn gene technology (33) The strategies of transgenic herbicide tolerance, its technical and economic importance
(Dr. László Heszky)
Almost two-third of the global area of transgenic (GM) crops is planted with GM varieties and hybrids tolerant to herbicides. This is why we begin the chapter “Transgenic plant protection” with presenting the scientific and economic importance of transgenic herbicide tolerance.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Integrated approach in the nutrient supply for vegetable young plants
(Ákos Király, Dr. Zoltán Pap)
There have been experiments for several years at the Department of Vegetable and Mushroom Growing of Budapest Corvinus University to study the nutrient supply with organic matters for young plants. Among them, readers may have an insight into the results of the trial whose target is to grow lettuce young plants by applying only granulated fertilizers of organic origin. The authors evaluated the efficacy of using certain microbiological products together with such organic fertilizers.

FRUIT GROWING

Apple varieties grown in Hungary and the trends of changing (2)
(Dr. István Gonda, Imre Fülep)
In the second part of their paper, the authors, without striving for completeness, deal with the varieties that are in commercial growing in Europe with a higher or lower share, and have or can have a role, too in the near future in Hungary.

Flower thinning with machines
(Dr. László Szalay, Dr. Szilvia Kovács)
Too much flowers on the tree, producing too much fruits have an adverse effect, because the fruits cannot grow to a required size to give first quality product. Thinning is needed to avoid this happen. One of the options is mechanical thinning. What role can this method have in the orchards in the future? The article is about this issue.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

The kinds of our grapevine varieties in the first decade of the third millennium (5) Evaluating the share of varieties according to wine regions and ripening times
(Dr. András Lőrincz, Dr. István Fazekas, Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
In the final part of our series, the authors deal with the share of varieties and hybrids produced by the particular breeding sites.

Ecological methods and their role in up-to-date, environmentally friendly vine growing (2) Report
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The lecturers of the Vth Biocont training, among them, dealt with the recent methods of observing the seasonal flight of grape moths. They summarised the importance covering the soil with a diversity of plants, as well as the advantage of inoculating grapevine roots before planting.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Foreseen costs of operating machines in 2013
(Lajos Gockler)
The Hungarian Institute of Agricultural Engineering (MGI) follows with attention the performance and costs of operating agricultural machines in the pilot holdings. Year by year, they forecast costs by using the above data and the results of machine tests. The present paper gives an account of this.

Air pollution by tractor engines (1) Air pollution effect of tractor engines
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
The operation of tractor engines involves air pollution. It is necessary to reduce air pollution in order to protect the atmosphere both locally and globally. We launch a series of articles now to inform agricultural entrepreneurs about the air pollution effect of tractor engines. Furthermore, the author wishes to present the official American and EU requirements, the alternatives available for meeting the current requirements and the future trends of engine development. The present article is about the air pollution effect of tractor engines.

Focusing on Horsch technology (x)
(Zoltán Szász)
The article summarises the experience by using the tillage and drilling machines of Horsch.

Machine museums – museum-worthy collections of machines (10) Stable machine collections
(Dr. Béla Szekeres)
Among the various private collections of stable engines scattered throughout the country, one of the richest and most professionally and nicely renewed one is owned by Dr. Zoltán Papp at Dunaszeg in Szigetköz (north-western Hungary). To tell the truth, officially it is not a museum, but several institutions could become envious of it! Get to know it now!

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign technical journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Certain articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed here.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Awarding ceremony on the 59th Scientific Plant Protection Days
(Compiled by Dr. János Molnár)
On the Plenary Session of the 59th Scientific Plant Protection Days held on 19 February 2013, similarly to previous years’ practice, ministerial and professional awards were handed over to recognize outstanding achievements. Now Agrofórum publishes the appreciations delivered in the event, together with the brief CVs of the persons concerned.

Contribution to the school creating activity of Béla Győrffy
(Dr. István Oláh)
Celebrating Dr. Miklós Ujvárosi, born a hundred years ago
(Dr. István Petrányi)
In the recent number of “Weed Plants, Weed Control” published by the Foundation for Weed-free Environment”, the students of Dr. Miklós Ujvárosi also commemorated the scientist born a hundred years ago by describing the stories, experienced in different ways. The opening article about the event, in an edited form, can be read now in our journal.

Note for growers …The Hungarian aspects of the new EU budget
(Miklós Kurucz)
The current “Notes” undertakes to sum up, using bruxinfo, the facts related to Hungarian agriculture in connection with the Brussels summit approving the EU budget.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Ödön Mauthner. (1848-1934)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Ödön Mauthner in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)