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Agroforum 2013 August

In August
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Water management in agriculture – constraints and prospects
(Dr. Márton Jolánkai, Dr. Ferenc Ligetvári, Dr. Ottó Veisz)
The future prospects of crop production will be likely expanded or restricted by the level of adaptation to climatic changes. Adaptation actually forces the ecologically more efficient use of available water. In relation to this topic, the authors outline the limits of water management in agriculture. Furthermore, they point out the necessary measures that can prevent or mitigate the adverse impacts arising from climate change.

FOCUSING ON RAPES

An up-to-date model of rape growing or what has changed in rape production during the last 12 years?
(Dr. Erzsébet Kiss)
Looking back over the last 12 years, perhaps the management programme has not changed as much for any other crop as for rapes. The author gives an analysis of these changes beginning with the biological bases and following with the complete crop management process, indicating the cornerstones.

Mikro-Vital proves also in autumn (x)
A soil conditioner product from Bio-Nat Kft. is presented under this heading.

Sultan Top: Not a cost factor, rather an investment! (x)
(Dr. Domonkos Lukács)
Get to know the new herbicide from Makhteshim Agan, which provides an efficient solution for rape growers.

Novelties in the rape management programme. Talk with Miklós Légrádi
(Dr. László Bódis)
It is not necessary to introduce Miklós Légrádi to our readers. First, he was interviewed in 2008 as “rape king”. It was the outstanding yield of 7.19 t/ha that he obtained this title for. Since then he has not gone below 4-6 t/ha. However, is not easy to go beyond a certain level of production. Special innovation in the crop management programme is needed to achieve this goal. We asked the recognised grower about such innovations he applies in Lengyeltóti.

Everything about us (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

The first step for successful harvesting is safe overwintering! (x)
(Margit Nagy)
Fertilia Kft. offers an efficient solution among the range of micro-granulated fertilizers effective around the seeds with its crop-specific products.

Safer weed control in rapes with more care for the crop (x)
(Tamás Fehér)
The professional from Kwizda Agro draws the attention of rape growers to certain useful elements of the crop management programme.

Thoughts in connection with basic fertilizer application for rapes (x)
(Rita Hoyer)
Get to know the products for the basic fertilizer application for rapes, distributed by L.A.T

Rape sowing – important differences in the details (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
This is RAPOOL’s hybrid offer for rape growers.

Rape season is starting (x)
(Kálmán Gyuris)
This is what Yara Hungary Kft. recommends in nutrient supply for rapes.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Seed dressing products for cereals from Bayer – protection from the first day (x)
(László Farády)
Bayer recommends its seed treatment products for the winter cereal season of 2013.

Wheat seed treatment
(Dr. István Mihály Petróczi)
Seed dressing products have been studied for three decades in the Cereal Research Non-Profit Kft. in order to be used in the best way possible. Their effects on germination, its capacity, the dry matter accumulation in the 3-4 leaf-stage plants (root and shoot), emergence in the field and grain yield are observed. The author evaluates the results of these studies conducted in the past three years.

Results of trials with winter barley varieties for testing performance against diseases in terms of economic values
(Bernát Poós, Zsuzsanna Birta Vas)
The Directorate of Crop Production and Horticulture of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH) carries out trials with winter barley varieties declared for inclusion into the national list in order to determine their economic value compared to the already listed varieties. The studies cover also the examination of the resistance of the variety candidates against the barley diseases of economic importance. This article summarises the experience obtained in 2013.

Saaten-Union: Higher yields, better safety also in growing winter cereals (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
The winter cereal varieties and hybrids recommended by SAATEN-UNION Hungary Kft. can be read below this heading.

Stubble management with ROUNDUP MEGA (x)
The advantages of using the herbicide ROUNDUP MEGA for managing stubbles are outlined here.

Ragweed – 2013
(Dr. Róbert Novák et al.)
The article summarises the experiences of controlling ragweed. The authors give a countrywide overview of ragweed infestation in winter and spring cereals, rapes, row and small crops.

Let us fight against ragweed together!
(NÉBIH NTAI)
The Directorate of Plant Protection, Soil Conservation and Agri-environment of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH) call the attention to the need of using all means to suppress ragweed that poses risks to public health and causes agricultural damage.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Portrait „…wishing to cooperate with all farmers’ organisations …” Talk with Balázs Győrffy
(Dr. László Bódis)
This is an interview with the president of the National Agricultural Chamber (NAK).

Dangerous plant diseases II (12/1) Potato viruses Y (PVY)
(Dr. András Takács, Dr. József Horváth)
In the past few years, we published relevant information on the 12 plant diseases considered the most important in the series of “Dangerous diseases”. Now we continue the series with the next 12 dangerous plant diseases, among them, firstly with potato virus Y.

„…tasks are a challenge for me …” Talk with Gábor Szalkai
(Zoltán Molnár)
Back in June, we could get acquainted through a conversation with one of the young leaders of the public administration of plant protection and soil conservation, vice president Lászlo Jordán. Now the outline of the tasks, plans and achievements is continued with interviewing the other top leader of the field, i.e. deputy head of the department in the Ministry of Rural Development.

LGAN silage maize proved again … (x)
(Péter Perczel)
Recent results are published about the silage maize programme of LG with highly digestible hybrids.

Briefly about soil degradation: Recognition and means of control
(András Szabó)
The author wishes to describe briefly the soil degradation processes causing common problems in field crops in the largest areas. He also presents the methods that can help recognizing the particular deterioration processes. Furthermore, the article also deals with jobs to do in the event of encountering a degradation case in his field.

Picnic in the potato field. Report
(b.l.)
The article gives an account of what was seen and heard on the XIth National Meeting and Demonstration of Potato Protection.

Pesticides of biological origin in increasing use
(Dr. András Kádár)
The secretary of the Hungarian Crop Protection Association highlights the reasons why pesticides of biological origin have come to the forefront in our days. He also reveals the relationship of such products and the strategy of the leading pesticide producing companies

Desiccation with Glyfos Dakar! (x)
(Tibor Rácz)
Be informed of the promotion of desiccation launched by Cheminova Hungary Kft.

Generative reproductive organs of weed species in maize IV-V
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
Readers can see excellent photos of weed seeds again in our series presenting generative reproductive organs of weed species in maize. The texts prepared for the macro-images are suitable to improve our knowledge about weed seeds

Enhancing ripening with Arysta products (x)
(Ferenc Somos)
Arysta recommends this product range for the desiccation of crops.

Farming course (10) Varieties, hybrids and criteria for selecting varieties
(József Kovács)
We undertake to give the answer to certain key questions to finish the series: How can we significantly increase yields without changing inputs? When is it worth growing varieties? When is it better to grow hybrids? Which are the criteria of choosing the variety or hybrid best suited to our purpose of growing?

Situational report from the Club of the 500s (x)
It was the first time when the Club of the 500s Field Demonstration was organised by Genezis Partnership network.

A new concept in the development of the environmental strategy of River Tisza Area (“Tiszatér”)
(Dr. Oláh István)
The Hungarian Academy of Sciences was the venue of full-day scientific symposium jointly organised by various national and foreign professional or scientific bodies, held on 18 June 2013. The event was followed with special attention. The importance of the meeting was emphasised by the fact that the Strategic Development Plan, worthy of attention and government support and basing on international co-operation, focused on one or more disciplines, such as sociology, agro-meteorology, water management, environment protection and nature conservation that can be not or only rarely observed in the Hungarian practise of development.

Programmable, fast, lossless and cost-efficient desiccation (x)
(Attila Valovics)
Chemtura Agrosolutions recommends various options to ensure waste-less harvest.

Small garden all year round. Jobs in August
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)


WITHOUT FRONTIERS

The procedure of the Forum for the Agreement of Hungarian Farmers in the Carpathian Basin
It was mentioned in the introduction to the heading “Without frontiers” launched in the journal last month that in the future we would like to regularly report on the relation of Hungarian farmers’ organisations over the border and in Hungary, as well as of the events of public interest affecting Hungarian growers both within and beyond the borders. Accordingly, we reported on the consultation forum held on 3 May in Orosháza. Due to the constraints in space of our journal, we could not give an account of the document signed there. This article is to do that.

Founding Farmers’ Civil Association
(Iván Farkas)
The Farmers Civil Association held its inaugural session at Szimő (Érsekújvár district) that was completed with a professional meeting. The participants also visited the exemplary holding of Imre Asztalos, where the cucumbers are cultivated at high standards.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place on the global produce markets of the major field crop – wheat, maize, sunflowers, rapes – and soybean – prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (36) Breeding and growing imidazolinone-tolerant non-transgenic (!) varieties
(Dr. László Heszky)
The previous parts of the series outlined the creation and the experience of growing transgenic plants tolerant to herbicides glyphosate (Monsanto) and glufosinate (Bayer). We continue the series with the traditional breeding and practical use of crop tolerance to imidazolinon and sulfonylurea herbicides (Clearfield technology).

VEGETABLE GROWING

Calcium deficiency and sunburnt: the problems of greenhouse growing of peppers also this summer
(Dr. Ferenc Lantos)
The author outlines the processes being in the background of “blossom end rot” caused by calcium deficiency, occurring more and more frequently on pepper fruit in summer in greenhouse growing of the crop and the injuries caused by sunburnt. At the same time, the author presents the prospects of an appropriate crop management programme

FRUIT GROWING

Irrigation of almond trees under regulated water deficiency
(István Skola)
Almonds are considered by many as a drought-tolerant fruit species. However, it is important to know that the tree responses to water deficiency by several undesirable symptoms. Furthermore, by now the development of the sustainable irrigation strategy of almond trees has become a new field of research. One of the options for implementation could be irrigation under regulated water deficiency, by applying volumes of irrigation water below the total water demand of the plant. The author undertakes to summarise the results of the experiments having carried out and experienced abroad so far.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

UTA
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The article describes UTA, i.e. untypical ripening aroma, a characteristic off-flavour of white wines. In addition to the season and the variety, the applied cultural operations have a role in the development of the wine fault.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Air pollution by tractor engines (3) Operating SCR technique in tractor engines
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
This part of the series launched for the information of agricultural entrepreneurs wishes to give an overview of structure and operation of the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system of tractor engines. SCR technique carries out the continuous catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides from the exhaust emissions of internal combustion engines. The paper presents both the advantages and disadvantages of applying this technology.

Machine museums – museum-worthy collections of machines (12) A farmer’s machine collection in Mélykút
(Dr. Béla Szekeres)
Among the several private stable engine collections, scattered at various places of the country, this part of the series presents the museum of Csaba Brandschott. We paid special attention to the unique pieces ready for operation and as such, can be found only there.

Spraying technique – CEREALS 2013, Lincolnshire
(Jenő Huszár, Erzsébet Huszár Szilágyi, Hajnalka Móczár-Rétháti)
Twenty-three sprayer manufacturers and the major distributors of nozzles and other key parts of sprayers displayed the results of their recent development in the CEREALS field machine show at Boothby Graffoe in Lincolnshire on 12 and 13 June 2013. The article gives an account of the most interesting novelties seen there.

News about the activity of the Hungarian Chamber of Doctors of Plant Medicin, County Fejér. Report
(István Bakonyi)

LOOKOUT

Ambitious French plans to increase the volume of organic growing
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article presents the French ambitions and plans for future organic growing in connection with the press conference of the organic programme “Ambition bio 2017”.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter PolgárBalogh)
Certain articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed here.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

In memoriam Ubul Pál Kralovánszky
(Dr. István Oláh)

Note for growers … Making agriculture popular
(Miklós Kurucz)
Certain initiatives launched in the past few years separately that, together draw the attention of the public again to agriculture. Without striving for completeness, this part of the Notes contains some of such methods.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Miklós Békésy
(1903-1980)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Miklós Békésy. in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)