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Agroforum 2013 June

Let’s do our job!
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Hungarian agriculture performed better in 2012 than expected (1)
(Zsolt Andrási, Gábor Valkó)
The authors from the Department of Rural Development, Agriculture and Environment Statistics of the Central Statistical Office outline and analyze the role of agriculture and food industry in the national economy. They also summarize, for 2012, the main characteristics of crop production and animal husbandry (land use, cropping structure, cereals, industrial crops, livestock, production of slaughter animals and animal products), as well as the trends in producers’ and input prices.

Starting the year in the light of foreign trade processes in agriculture for 2012
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
The author provides an analysis of the performance of foreign trade in agriculture foreseen for the current year, based on last year’s results.

FOCUSING ON ALTERNATIVE CROPS

Karcag cultivars in commercial growing. Millet, canary grass, foxtail and perennial ryegrass
(János Jóvér, Dr. László Czirák, Imre Bosnyák)
The group of alternative crops includes a number of species that sometimes represent unique values. The Karcag Research Institute gives priority to the breeding and maintaining of varieties, among them of millet, canary grass, foxtail and perennial ryegrass. The authors report on their recent results in this paper.

Karcag cultivars in commercial growing. Sorghums
(János Jóvér, Dr. László Czirák, Imre Bosnyák)
Alternative crops account for only a small part of the cropping structure in Hungary. Nevertheless, it is important to reconsider, from time to time, the potential role of this group of plants in domestic agriculture. University of Debrecen, Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences (AGTC), Research Institutes and Study Farm (KIT), Karcag Research Institute performs an active plant breeding and variety maintenance work, in addition to cereals in alternative crops, in particular sorghums. The authors publish their related achievements obtained in breeding at the institute.

Everything about us (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

The future of growing protein crops in France
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article guides readers to a conference organised by the French Federation of Oil and Protein Crops, PROLEA on 27 February. The event was seeking the answer to the question what kind of agricultural policy is needed in the future in order to achieve more success by the sectors behind PROLEA.

The new organisation of (soybean) producers is in formation with teamwork. Report
(Dr. István Oláh)
The professionals, representing various operational areas – soybean producers, processors, integrators, officials working in public administration and authorities – came together at Bak Agro Centrum Kft. in Bak, county Zala on 10 April 2013. The participants of the meeting have already done much in order to reduce our dependence in domestic protein supply having existed for several decades. The main aim is to increase the production area of soybean, the primary source of protein in short- and mid-term, to 100 thousand hectares. To this end, it is reasonable and urgent to found a civil, professional organisation, association that brings together and harmonises the interests of growers, processors (even consumers), as well as protects and represents the interests of soybean growers in order to support the development of soybean growing (e.g. agri-environmental regulations; easing the restrictions of crop rotation).

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Before harvesting: Control of storage pests
(Péter Hertelendy)
Before harvesting, it is worth to think over the loading-in of this season’s crop and the ways to achieve the lowest storage and crop disinfestation costs possible. This article does the same by taking into account the most important steps of preparations (cleaning of the storage facilities, removal of surplus materials and machines, elimination of leaks, insulation, and disinfestation of storage facilities). Such operations would allow that the very expensive fumigation of the produce could be omitted or at least the number of treatments and the volume of the treated crop could be partially reduced.

How to select … (20) Grain store (storage technology)
(Gyula Komka)
It is very important to protect the quality of grains produced by substantial inputs and minimize the losses during storage that can be ensured only in equipment of appropriate technical level and by applying storage technology tailored for the purpose. The article assists this by presenting the storage facilities grouped according to different criteria and key technical characteristics.

Survey for the internal Fusarium infection of Hungarian winter wheat seed lots in 2012
(Ágnes Halász, Tamás Hochbaum)
The authors from the National Food Chain Safety Office, Directorate of Plant Protection, Soil Conservation and Agri-environment publish the summarised results for 2012 of laboratory trials to determine the internal infection level of winter wheat seeds by Fusarium species. They also outline the basis of the successful control of Fusarium disease.

In the land of Cherokees, Cherokee in the fields (x)
(János Bíró)
Syngenta recommends an overall leaf and ear protection against fungal diseases.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

“I am optimistic about the future” Talk with László Jordán, deputy president of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH)
(Zoltán Molnár)

Generative reproductive organs of weed species in maize fields II-III.
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
The macro-images produced by using special technique are completed with texts prepared by a recognised expert in this field in order to improve our knowledge about weed seeds dangerous in maize.

The Bayer Bee Care Program and Center
(Dr. György Demes)
Bayer Hungary Kft. held its annual press conference titled “Present and future 2013” on 8 May 2013. The meeting was opened by Dr. Gerhard Waltl, managing director of Bayer Hungary Kft. followed by Dariusz Przeradzki, division manager of Bayer CropScience. József Sipos of Bayer CropScience informed participants about the Bayer Bee Care programme. The article gives an account of the objectives and results of the Bayer Bee Care programme.

Serfdom is over!  Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The ones, considering the abolition of serfdom, a thousand year-old, inhumane institution by the “April Articles” an outstanding achievement of the Revolution of 1848, met at “Vértanúk tere” on 24 April to commemorate the 165th anniversary of the abolition of serfdom in the Carpathian Basin.

High yields, easy harvest (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
Get to know the advantages of Rapool hybrid rapes.

Breakthrough points in the agricultural sector. Report
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The title of this report was the slogan of the conference “Hungarian Agriculture 2013” organised by the business and financial daily “Napi Gazdaság” on 30 April at Courtyard by Marriott Budapest City Center.

The role of Limagrain hybrids in reducing the risks of rape growing (x)
(Péter Mórocz)
This is the range of hybrids recommended by Limagrain for rape growers.

Recruiting for the challenges in the maize season of 2013
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The Hungarian Maize Club opened its “recruiting office” at Aranybulla Zrt. in Székesfehérvár-Kisfalud on 15 May 2013 and on the territory of Debrecen University on 16 May. By that, maize growers of the Carpathian basin were invited, already for the fifth time, to meet the challenges of growing the crop.

Ceremonial meeting of the Innovation Council of Variety Trials, 14 May 2013
(Dr. László Bódis)
The Grain Producers’ Association (GOSz) and Hungarian Seed Association (VSZT) celebrated the fifth anniversary of establishing post-registration variety trials in a joint meeting at Szárítópuszta near Gödöllő. The event provided a good opportunity for giving an overview of launching the post-registration trial scheme and its history, now shared with readers.

Farming course (15) Irrigation
(József Kovács)
In Hungary, the appropriate development of the crops is the most frequently prevented by water shortage. Though the average annual precipitation is about 550-650 mm in our country, its hectic distribution does not provide a steady supply of water to plants. Yields and yield stability can be significantly increased by irrigation. That is why the current part of this series looks at the opportunities to manage water supply.

ROUNDUP® MEGA for a more successful rape harvesting (x)
(Mihány Czepó)
Have a look at the advantages of applying ROUNDUP® MEGA.

Small garden all year round. Jobs in June
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)

The first YaraGeneration has grown up (x)
(Rita Koronczai) (x)
Get to know the results obtained in the first year of YaraGeneration Programme.

WITHOUT FRONTIERS

Agrofórum has been enriched by a new heading with the aim of providing a forum for Hungarians outside the borders and of regularly reporting on related events taking place in Hungary. Anyone is invited to present a paper who wishes to share thoughts with fellow compatriots. Let us enrich each other so that all of us get rich by it!

A forum for the agreement of Hungarian Farmers in the Carpathian Basin. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)

IIIrd Agri Innovation Forum of the Székely Land. Small holdings in fight for survival
(Levente Domján)
Seeking for cooperation, the leaders of the growers’ organizations, local government officials of counties Harghita and Covasna and representatives of the Hungarian Ministry of Rural Development outlined the agriculture programs and initiatives started in Transylvania. At the same time, the IIIrd Agri Innovation Forum of the Székely Land held in Illyefalva on April 27 offered a good opportunity also for taking stock of the progress achieved so far.

Agricultural policy in Vojvodina in the mirror of communication
(Compiled by: Hédi Kovács)
A roundtable meeting was held at Bácsfeketehegy in Vojvodina in late April, organised by the local Growers’ Circle and the Association of Agricultural Societies in Vojvodina. The meeting was attended by the representatives of more than thirty growers’ organisations. The aim of the event titled “Agricultural policy in Vojvodina in the mirror of communication” was to summarise the demands of the grower society and transmit them to the responsible bodies.

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place on the global produce markets of the major field crop – wheat, maize, sunflowers, rapes – and soybean – prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (35) Breeding and growing glufosinate tolerant transgenic (GM) varieties
(Dr. László Heszky)
This part of the series presents the development and practical use of tolerance to the non-selective glufosinate (Bayer) herbicides.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Landraces, heritage cultivars – all the same tomatoes?
(László Csambalik)
The ones interested in tomato varieties for home gardens, surfing on the internet, more and more frequently may come across “American land races” distributed by dedicated small companies. The question arises whether “American land race” is identical to the similar term used but scientifically challenged in Hungary. The article wishes to give the answer to this question in order to support household growers in choosing varieties.

FRUIT GROWING

Careful pruning and fruit thinning to avoid alternate bearing
(Dr. László Szalay, Veronika Hajnal, Imre Gergő Gyökös)
Alternate or periodical bearing means that in one year fruit trees produce a lot of fruits while in other seasons they give much less or even nothing. There are two things in the physiological background of this phenomenon: on the one hand, there is an overlap in time between the development and growth of fruits and the differentiation of flower buds and on the other hand, the hormonal effects may enhance alternate bearing. After all, what can we do to prevent this phenomenon? The article summarises such operations targeting the species most at risk by alternate bearing, i.e. apples and apricots.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Clones of Chardonnay and Pinot noir selected in France
(Szabolcs Villangó)
The article describes the term ‘clone’, the importance and purpose of clonal selection, as well as the brief history of the clonal selection in France. The author gives an overview of the main characteristics of the Chardonnay and Pinot noir clones included in the national list of France. He also deals with the criteria that are worth to take into consideration before planting the vines of the particular clones.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters…(35) Curiosity
(Dr. László Bense, István Nagy)
In our series presenting the operation of harvesting machines, this time we invite readers for a virtual journey to get acquainted with rare harvesting technologies (picking up walnuts with cages, fruit harvesting with fishnets, etc.).

 “The ones seeking a reliable implement for stubble management will not be disappointed with this machine” (x)
(Dr. Demes György)
The article publishes practical experience with using Hungarian ‘Fradisc 6000’ heavy disc distributed by AXIÁL.

A 5-beam heavy-duty cultivator from VOGEL&NOOT (x)
The field cultivator offered by VOGEL&NOOT is an ideal implement for large-scale farms.

Machine museums – museum-worthy collections of machines (11) One of the largest collections of Hofherr tractors …
(Dr. Béla Szekeres)
In this part of the series presenting the collections of agricultural machines readers may get acquainted with one of the largest collections of Hofherr-tractors in the country (or perhaps in the world) and its proud owner.

Pronto has set a high standard (x)
(Zoltán Szász)
You may get acquainted with a really precise, universal drill from Horsch GmbH, that can be used for the sowing of even the smallest seeds, such as poppies or dill.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter PolgárBalogh)
Certain articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed here.

International show of agricultural machines in Paris (2)
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The second part of the article presenting the international exhibition and fair of agricultural machines and livestock breeding held for the 75th time shows readers around the event organised by several professional bodies and research institutes. The exhibition about the agricultural machines and equipments of the future focused on the question how these implements can support green growth.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note for growers.… Completing a biography
(Miklós Kurucz)

Dr. Olivér Nechay was born a hundred years ago, in 1913
(Dr. István Oláh)

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past Béla Páter (1860-1938)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may be acquainted with the life and work of Béla Páter in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy) …