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Agroforum 2013 May

Meadows in May
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

Trends in Hungarian variety testing and seed growing
(National Food Chain Safety Office, NÉBIH)
The article compiled by the Directorate of Plant Production and Horticulture of the National Food Chain Safety Office provides comprehensive information about the Hungarian variety trials and seed quality controls carried out in the major field crops, as well as about the variety candidates according to the results obtained in the past 5 years.

FOCUSING ON WATER MANAGEMENT

Water!? (bl)
Launching the water management topic, in this number of the journal, we publish some “aquatic” papers in order to raise interest. We wish to open this “sluice-gate” also for our readers, inviting as many proposals and ideas as possible for exploiting our existing water reserves just sufficient today.

The role of water supply in field crop growing
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
Based on several-decade-long studies, the author draws the attention to the adverse agro-ecological effects on field crops. In addition to breeding and appropriately selecting genotypes to grow, optimized cultural operations can contribute to mitigate such negative effects. Among them, crop rotation, tillage, nutrient supply and irrigation play important part in particular.

Everything about us (x)
This is a brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

 “Sustainable agriculture” Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The scientific conference organised at the University of Debrecen, Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences dealt with up-to-date topics related to sustainable agriculture and profitable maize growing. Among them, scientists and professionals discussed the challenges of climate change, water reserves and water use, irrigation and precision techniques.

Options for establishing and using an irrigation monitoring system
(Dr. Attila Csaba Dobos et al.)
This article lets us have an insight into the R+D programme launched jointly by the University of Debrecen, Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences, KITE Agricultural Trading and Service Providing Zrt and Research Institute of Soil Sciences and Agrochemistry of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences with the aim of supporting the development of farming under irrigationd.

Problems of irrigation
(Dr. Ferenc Ligetvári)
The share of irrigated fields in Hungary is rather poor compared to the potentials in Hungary. The article discusses the reasons why this happens.

Leading developments in irrigation at Dalmand… Report with Ferenc Gyenei
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We talked with Ferenc Gyenei, the production manager of Dalmand Agricultural Zrt. about their irrigation investments implemented in the frame of their development programme in water-saving irrigation and fishing. They were awarded with the Environmental Innovation Prize in 2012.

Our past and future is water. Report
(Dr. László Bódis )
Press representatives were invited to the Ministry of Rural Development to a meeting on 5 April 2013 to be informed about the details and objectives of the campaign launched for the protection of our waters.

I might be wrong
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Soil damages caused by standing water
(Dr. Márta Birkás)
The author highlights the differences between damages caused by standing water of natural and management origins. She also gives guidance for improving soils suffered water damage and draws the attention to maintaining appropriate soil conditions by works to be done in stubbles and during the autumn tillage season.

Cereal fungicides from Bayer: two years – two new products (x)
(László Farády)
Get to know the new elements of Bayer’s cereal protection programme.

Fungi and toxins
(Dr. Pál Békési)
The article summarises the knowledge on fungi producing mycotoxins in cereals. The author also draws the attention to what we can count on in connection with such pathogens.

Products with lasting efficacy for good yields (x)
(A. Gy.)
Practical experience with DuPont fungicides in sunflowers can be read under this heading.

Soil insect pests affecting maize
(Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi)
The article gives an overview of the main characteristics of soil insects, also indicating the options for their control. The described species may affect maize during the whole season, but their severe damages can be observed in particular in the early stages of crop development.

Thoughts about weed control in cereals under and after the water… (x)
(Roland Szabó)
Sumiagro’s weed control solutions for cereals are outlined.

A new insect imposes risk to Hungarian fruit growing: spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii)
(Dr. Erzsébet Voigt et al.)
European fruit growing faces a new challenge of a harmful pest causing severe losses in crop quality and quantity, i.e. spotted wing drosophila. The fear is not in vain, because this pest appears within a short time with unexpectedly high population densities, in particular on soft and stone fruit species with thin fruit skin. This is why it is worth giving an overview of this pest, discussing its geographic distribution, biology, host plants and the options for observing and controlling it.

Stress management in maize (x)
(Péter Raj)
Get to know the recommendation of Timac Agro Hungária Kft. for nutrient supply of maize to manage stress situations.

Generative reproductive organs of weed species in cereals V.
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
Generative reproductive organs of weed species in maize VI.
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
Readers can see excellent photos for the third time in our recent series. The photographer, acknowledged in international projects and a retired university teacher, produced macro-images by using special technique, while the text was prepared by a recognised expert in this field in order to improve our knowledge about weed seeds.

Spring cleaning is continued… (x)
(Lajos Nagy)
Bayer CropScience offers two products (Laudis and Monsoon active) for the success of in-crop fungicide treatments carried out under difficult conditions in maize.

The four –fifth part of growers plans to develop their holdings. Press release
(Agrostratéga)
Have a look at the results of a survey conducted by AgroStratéga about the habits of professional growers in obtaining information and their ideas for the future!

Nic-It and its mixtures are safe partners in the post-emergence weed control in maize! (x)
(Dr. Zsolt Varga)
Why is it worthy deciding to use Nic-It for weed control in maize recommended by Cheminova Hungary Kft.?

The use of fermented organic manure from ecological farms
(Zoltán Hajdu)
In our days, it is necessary also in agriculture to apply novel solutions that allow the recycling of materials and energy resources entering the system and the coupling of the material and energy resources of crop production and animal husbandry. The article presents INEMAD project with the proposal for the input by a third pillar in addition to the above-mentioned ones, i.e. fermented organic manure produced during the processing of manures.

Spring of 2013– fungicides in testing (x)
Have a look at the offer from Kwizda Agro in cereal fungicides.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

The Field Crop Section of the Quality Control Committee held its meeting
(József Csapó)
The Field Crop Section of the Quality Control Committee held its autumn and spring meetings on 6 December 2012 and 12 March 2013, respectively. The autumn session included 8 winter wheat, 4 winter barley and 1 triticale variety in the national list, while the spring meeting decided to do the same with the varieties of the following crops: winter rapes (22), maize (17), sugarbeet (10), soya bean (1), spring barley (2), hemp (2), oil radish (1), sorghum (4), potato (1) and chickpea (1). The most important data are published in a tabulated form.

Rapool hybrid rapes – perfectness also in the details (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
RAPOOL further improved its hybrid rape-breeding programme!

The general assembly for creating the Association of Hungarian Growers and Entrepreneurs of Mura region. Report (x)
The report gives an account of the ceremonial meeting for founding the Association of Hungarian Growers and Entrepreneurs of Mura region (MMGVE) in the first week of March.

ZAMIR – developed to meet new challenges (x)
(Dr. Domonkos Lukács)
From this season on, Makhteshim is at the disposal of sunflower growers with a new fungicide ZAMIR.

Believing in the future …
(Dr. István Oláh)
The article reports about the national meeting of Hungarian plant breeders, the XIXth Plant Breeding Day, jointly organised by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Department of Agricultural Sciences, Scientific Plant Breeding Committee and the Association of Hungarian Plant Breeders in Keszthely.

After the deadline. Results and plans
(bl)
This is a report about the annual evaluating assembly of the Association of Hungarian Plant Breeders, held in Szeged on 11 April and hosted by the Cereal Research Nonprofit Kft.

Farming course (14) Plant protection
(József Kovács)
In the previous part of the series, plant protection was mentioned as well among the elements of the crop management programme. However, the issue is to be discussed in details, considering the high importance of this field. Now we briefly outline all the related activities in a system.

After the deadline. Under establishment
(bl)
After the meeting on 21 February in the Ministry of Agriculture, the “soybean people” decided to organise themselves and carry out their ideas. The initiators presented a ready plan. The civil initiation, not existing legally, undertook to launch a movement that, as a registered organisation, will be ready to represent the interests of soybean growers and other players of the sector.

Book review. Imre Kádár: The lessons learnt from the first decade of long-term experiments with fertilizer application in Mezőföld 1984-2000.
(Dr. Tamás Németh)

Do you know already who would be your successor?
Although the agricultural sector suffered the crisis less than the others, the future of the sector may be affected on the long run by more uncertainties. Lászlo Tömör, agricultural expert of Budapest Bank drew attention to the problems regarding succession on the conference of Deloitte and the Hungarian Association of Wheat Growers (GOSZ) organised in late February. The recent review of the issue by the bank revealed that the situation regarding the generation shift is of high concern.

Manage rightly. Do we actually need to keep our powder dry in the procedures of public administration?
(Dr. Zoltán Mucsányi, Dr. Attila Ótós)
This part of the series deals with the legal risks involved in the judicial review of decisions issued in public administration. The authors examine the procedures started upon request where, in addition to the applicant, opposing parties are involved. They article presents the powers that the opposing party possesses, the extent they can influence the outcome of the procedure and the possibilities for the applicant to manage these risks.

Small garden all year round. Jobs in May
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi).

PRODUCE MARKET

Summary of the produce market
(Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place on the global produce markets of the major field crop – wheat, maize, sunflowers, rapes – and soybean – prices and crop volumes are summed up.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (32) Breeding and growing glyphosate tolerant transgenic (GM) varieties
(Dr. László Heszky)
The previous part of the series outlined the transgenic herbicide strategy and briefly presented the situation of producing GM crops tolerant to glyphosate, glufosinate, sulfonylurea, imidazolinon and bromoxynil. Among them, only the transgenic varieties tolerant to the non-selective herbicides glyphosate and glufosinate are in commercial growing and trade. This is why we present these products in the current and the next parts.

VEGETABLE GROWING

Boron deficiency in horticultural crops
(Dr. István Terbe)
The article gives an account of the role of boron in the physiological processes of plants. The author provides guidance for recognising the symptoms of boron deficiency in the major horticultural crops, discusses the possible causes of boron deficiency and also deals with the options and conditions for boron supply and boron fertilizer application.

Vegetable growing in an efficient and profitable way (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Get acquainted with KITE’ portable frame system that the company recommends together with a complete crop management programme including irrigation, mechanisation and input materials of production for vegetable growers.

The new host plants, the importance and foreseen spreading of turnip mosaic virus (TMV) in Hungary
(Andrea Marianna Kopp et al.)
The paper draws the attention of readers to the importance in Hungary of one of the five major vegetable viruses of the world, i.e. turnip mosaic virus. It presents the currently known host range and the most important symptoms, vectors taking part in transmitting the virus and the options of indirect control.

Products that you cannot miss in horticultural hydroponics (x)
This is Yara’s offer for nutrient supply in horticultural crops.

FRUIT GROWING

Cherry trees under cover
(Dr. László Szalay)
A critical point of cherry growing all over the world is the splitting of the fruits provoked by rainfall during ripening. There are several methods in testing suitability to manage the problem. Now we present the safest way to prevent fruit splitting, i.e. fruit tree covering and the different kinds of covering systems.

Hungarian walnut is of the highest quality in the world!
The press release about the “Walnut conference” organised by the State Fruit Growing Research Institute declares that Hungarian walnuts are better in internal quality and earlier in ripening than the leading global varieties. The article also indicates that last year three new diseases appeared in Hungarian walnut orchards.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Leaf thinning in flowering
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Leaf thinning is a widely used canopy operation in quality grapevine growing. Leaves are generally removed at the beginning of ripening, eventually earlier, at the pea-stage of the berries. Recently there have been more and more records on leaf thinning at or before flowering. Actually why? What are the benefits and drawbacks of removing the freshly developed leaves? How to carry out leaf thinning? The answers to these and still other questions related to the topic can be obtained from the article.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Let’s learn about harvesters …(34) Using artificial sight in agriculture
(Dr. László Bense, Attila Lágymányosi)
This part of the series, presenting harvesters, their structure and operation, deals with the application of digital image processing in the agricultural production.

 “The magnificence of this machine lies in its simplicity and versatility” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
Practical experience and opinions are outlined about Monosem SC, a cultivator for operation between the rows, offered by Axiál Kft.

Air pollution of tractor engines (2) Reducing the emission of harmful materials of tractor engines
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
This part of the series launched for the information of agricultural entrepreneurs wishes to provide an overview of the history of tractor engines and about the technical developmental works to reduce air pollution from such sources.

Väderstad Award 2013. Recognising the most innovative young growers
(Dr. György Demes)
Väderstad founded an award with the slogan “Young farmers raise the standard”. The project called “Väderstad Award 2013” aims to seek young growers, raise awareness and encourage those young ones who are not only interested in, but also practically apply the new innovative farming methods that improve the efficiency, quality and outcome of management. The call was announced in Velence on 30 March 2013. In addition to representatives of the professional public, certain young growers were invited who are likely to be interested in the competition.

Award winning tractor models in the range of engine output of 140-255 LE with three kinds of gears
(x)
The models of the MF 7600 series offer excellent performance for both the road and the fieldwork in a very wide range of output of 140-255 hp.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter PolgárBalogh
Certain articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed here.

International show of agricultural machines in Paris (1)
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The author gives a guided tour to readers about the 50th Paris International Agri-Business Show (SIA) and the 75th edition of the international exhibition and fair of agricultural machines and livestock breeding (SIMA- SIMAGENA).

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note for growers. … Experience of compensation in the agricultural sector
(Miklós Kurucz)
The key points of the act on agricultural compensation were outlined in the “Notes” published the March and April numbers of our journal. It is difficult to draw conclusions in this topic, though it is worthwhile to do so. In particular, by considering that year 2012 was a very difficult one full of natural disasters.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Elemér Székács (1870-1938)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may be acquainted with the life and work of Elemér Székács in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary

Written anno…
(Dr. Péter Inczédy )