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Agroforum 2013 November

Between the Sky and the Earth
(Dr. László Bódis)


Illegal trade and counterfeit pesticides
(Ágoston Tóth)
The author, being a member of our Editorial Board, firstly describes the circumstances of the phenomenon of counterfeit pesticides. He also wishes to provide guidance in using terms such as chemicals / pesticides / plant protection products.


Plant models, model plants
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
Among the challenges mankind is facing, in addition to many others, it is especially important to provide the Earth’s rapidly growing population with food and other products of plant origin. All this requires new crop management programmes and models that do not adversely affect environmental conditions. The paper gives an overview of the issue and presents the environmental and agro-ecological conditions to be taken into consideration when creating such crop production models.

Improving access to surety credit under better conditions (x)
The Rural Credit Guarantee Foundation has become a key player in the financing of agriculture and rural areas.

Everything about us (x)
This is the brief set of news about Dow AgroSciences.


Dangerous plant diseases II (12/4) Powdery mildew of peppers
(Dr. Tünde Jankovics, Dr. Levente Kiss)
The current part of the series of “Dangerous plant diseases” takes powdery mildew of peppers under the magnifying glass. The paper outlines the geographic distribution and host range of the pathogen, the economic importance of the disease, its symptoms and the role of environmental factors in the epidemiology, as well as the options for control.

“It’s good to keep fit both in body and mind” Talk with Péter Simon
(Dr. László Bódis)
The talk is with the manager of the company FERTILIA, Péter Simon.


Trends in Hungarian variety testing and seed growing (2)
(National Food Chain Safety Office, NÉBIH)
The paper prepared by the Directorate for Plant Production and Horticulture of NÉBIH gives an overall view of the quality control and producing the planting materials for the varieties of the major horticultural, forestry and energy crops.

Café corner (x)
(Dr. László Bódis)
AGROcafé – it is for professionals in agriculture.

FAO expands activity in Hungary. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has appointed Hungary – as a country hosting the Subregional Office for Central and Eastern Europe – to further expand its Shared Services Center. The article reports on the event celebrating the fifth anniversary of opening the Shared Services Centre.

Genezis spraying experiments – questions and conclusions (x)
The advantages of compacted Genezis NPK fertilizers over the physically mixed NPK fertilizers are addressed here.

BASF international press conference – Reporting from Limburgerhof
(Attila Kosztolányi)
The crop protection division of BASF possessing 100 years of experience in agriculture held an international press conference at Limburgerhof Agricultural Centre on 2 October 2013. The event provided a good opportunity to journalists from all over the world to learn about BASF’s offers for integrated production, R & D activities, as well as the new “Functional Crop Care” and the company’s commitment to contributing to future food supply

Starting from zero or not? Footnotes to a soya bean meeting. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
Our correspondent, not hiding his opinion, reports on a conference organised at the National Agriculture and Food Industry Exhibition (OMÉK). The event was announced under the title “National Protein Programme, in particular to increase GMO-free soybean production in Hungary”.

Efficacy, safety, Granstar® SuperStar (x)
(A. Gy.)
Experience in weed control based on DuPont management programme.

Generative reproductive organs of minor weed species in row crops III-IV.
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
The macro-images prepared by a special technique are completed with descriptions by an acknowledged expert of the field to improve our knowledge about minor weed seeds in row crops.

From the factory to the field – with safety for an efficient fertilizer use (x)
(Szilveszter Benedek)
This is Yara’s offer for the safe storage of fertilizers.

Small garden all year round. Jobs in November
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)
In the environment preparing for winter, the gardener welcomes the sunny, windless periods and plants trees and shrubs, splits firewood, digs in the vegetable garden and applies fertilizers. If it is needed to withdraw under shelter, he tries to imagine this winter operations and draws up plans.


The new AXION 800 tractor models and many other novelties from CLAAS (3)
(Dr. György Demes)
In the previous (September and October) parts of the series on CLAAS tractors, AXION 800 models were introduced in connection with the international meeting of technical journalists organised in the Metz (France) factory of the company on 1-2 July 2013. The development programme, carried out in that factory manufacturing balers, were also dealt with. This part reports on the novelties in the mechanisation of handling and harvesting green forage and roughage presented for the first time for the professional public.

“We have had no pest management problems in vineyards for eight years, since we have been using this machine”
(Dr. György Demes)
Practical experience with the vineyard sprayer Berthoud SUPAIR can be found under this title.

New and even newer machines from HORSCH (1)
(Dr. György Demes)
Preparing for the Hannover AGRITECHNIKA exposition, the author presents the new and renewing solutions for stubble management and one-pass soil cultivation and fertilizer application by HORSCH.

“Expecting high quality and output, I have decided to buy four HORSCH machines at a time” (x)
(Dr. György Demes)
The article outlines the advantages of using HORSCH implements based on practical experience and operation data.

Air pollution by tractor engines (4) Diesel particulate filters
(Dr. Vilmos Varga)
The operator of the tractor, the worker present at the site and the rural population shall also be protected from the diesel particles released by tractor engines. This is why the current part of the series dealing with air pollution by tractor engines presents the most efficient technique, i.e. diesel particle filtering (DPF). Certain procedures suited to the agricultural operation of tractor engines are described.

Massey Ferguson pre-order promotion for 2014 (x)
Make sure the successful harvest in the forthcoming year by taking advantage of the financing promotion for Austro Diesel Massey Fergusons.

Väderstad AWARD 2013 – Introducing the most innovative young Hungarian farmers
(Dr. György Demes)
Väderstad launched a call on 30 March 2013 called “Väderstad Award 2013” with the slogan “Young farmers raise the standard”. The results were announced and the awards handed over in the ceremony taken place in Hotel Magyar Király on 27 September 2013. The competition was initiated for several countries by the Swedish parent company Väderstad-Verken AB with the aim of seeking young growers, raise awareness and encourage those young ones who are not only interested in, but also practically apply the new innovative farming methods that improve the efficiency, quality and outcome of management.


A Forum for the Agreement of Hungarian Farmers in the Carpathian Basin. Report
(Dr. László Bódis)
The recent National Agriculture and Food Industry Exhibition (OMÉK) offered a rich programme for visitors. As a new feature, the Ministry of Rural Development gave an opportunity for farmers’ organisations over the border to introduce themselves in the pavilion of the ministry. It was a great success. Among the various programmes, Forum for the Agreement of Hungarian Farmers in the Carpathian Basin was an outstanding event. The article lets us have an insight into the most important topics raised there.


Sunflower market outlook
(Dr. Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place on the global produce markets of sunflowers, the trends in prices and crop volumes


“Let’s learn gene technology” (39) Cry-gene based insect-resistant gene structures globally and in the EU (38)
(Dr. László Heszky)
The previous part described the life cycle of the insect killing bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis and the way this tiny prokaryote kills insects. Gene technologists have learnt the tricks of the bacterium and used its genes for producing insect resistant GM varieties.


Vegetable growing – as a strategic sector of rural development
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi)
The mainly annual vegetables with quick return of capital and producing high values, capable for employing and sustaining many people, may have a decisive role in social employment organized under the frame of rural development. The author from the University of Debrecen, Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences (AGTC), Institute of Research and Development wishes to raise interest for the issue.


Exchangeable cations in the soil
(Dr. László Szalay, Egyed Világi, Dr. Károly Magyar) 
The nutrient supply capacity and the amount of the particular elements easily available for our fruit trees can be determined based on the examination of the exchangeable cations. We thought it worthwhile to draw the attention of fruit growers to the importance of the issue.


The position and spreading of grapevine roots in the soil
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
Crop quality and quantity are affected by parts of the vine both above and below soil surface. A field visit can easily give a view of the above-ground parts of the vines, but the location and extent of the roots are hidden from the eye. Though this article could not allow us to detect hidden things, the mysteries of the underground world of vineyards could become clearer.


The final of the national ploughing competition – and what is behind it …
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The article reports on the French national ploughing competition organised in the county Ain on 20-22 September. In addition to ensure the main role for ploughs, government announcements were also made for supporting the French young farmers a ensuring the conditions for the shift of farmer’ generations.

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Interesting articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed below this heading.


Note for growers … about a controversial EU decision
(Miklós Kurucz)
According to the current EU requirements, by 2020, biofuels shall reach at least a 10% share in the total use of fuels. This obligation is or may involve a further development of the new industry because we have not come up to this level. Therefore, the recent decision of the European Parliament is surprising, wishing to limit such use to 6%. In relation to this topic, the current note outlines the Hungarian position, too.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Gyula Szakátsy (1897-1958)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Gyula Szakátsy in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Contribution to the “Outstanding persons of our agricultural past”
(Dr. Géza Fischl)
Miklós Kurucz commemorated in Agroforum about Gusztáv Moesz, the excellent botanist and mycologist on the 140th anniversary of his birth. The author of this article wishes to give a modest contribution to that appreciation in order to highlight, as a former academic engaged in phytopathology and in particular, mycology, the most important achievements of the work of Gusztáv Moesz.

Written anno
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)