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Agroforum 2013 September

“Now is the time, uncle Gede!”
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The conditions and prospects of innovation in the current Hungarian agriculture
(Dr. István Husti)
The article wishes to stimulate further thinking and action in order to speed up innovation in agriculture

FOCUSING ON CEREALS

CUTTING and COUNTING/MEASURING, or COUNTING/MEASURING and CUTTING? (x)
(Kálmán Gyuris, Ferenc Éri)
The title refers to alternatives for nutrient supply in cereals from Yara Hungary Kft.

Data on harvesting cereals and winter rapes in 2013
(National Food Chain Safety Office, NÉBiH)
The authors from the Agricultural Directorate of NÉBiH give an overall view of harvesting cereals and winter rapes.

Experience and conclusions after wheat harvest
(Dr. László Bódis)
‘Produce round-table’ (abbreviated in Hungarian as TERKA) is a kind of civil organisation whose activity was outlined in our journal once or twice. Acknowledged growers of twenty or twenty-five get together monthly to exchange production experience and market information useful to help each other. Now we asked the professionals’ opinion about the recent wheat season, the experience they have gained and lessons learnt from them.

Everything about us (x)
This is the brief set of news from Dow AgroSciences.

Achievements of the Club of the 500s − Dénes Dombóvári, Diósjenő (x)
The benefits of fertilizer application programme ‘Genezis’ are outlined according to the results of trials carried out by the Club of the 500s.

Wheat varieties bred in Martonvásár: after harvesting, before sowing
(Dr. László Láng, Zoltán Bognár, Dr. Zoltán Bedő)
The authors present the yield data and performance in 2013 of the wheat varieties bred at Martonvásár and recently included in the national list. The aim of the breeding centre is to introduce varieties with competitive yields and excellent processing quality in Hungarian commercial growing.

Evaluation after harvest from the point of view of the Cereal Research Kft. (Szeged)
(Dr. Béla Beke)
The investigator of the Cereal Research Nonprofit Kft. evaluates the performance of varieties bred at their company. He also discusses the trends prevalent for wheat and in a broader sense, in cereals.

Small cereals – medicinal cereals!
(Dr. Lajos Bóna, Mrs. P. Ács dr., Dr. András Palágyi)
The authors from the Cereal Research Nonprofit Kft. present the most important varieties of their other cereal crops (rye, triticale, oats and barley), grown in smaller areas, in the light of the results of 2013-trials.

The aspects of basic fertilizer application in winter cereals (x)
Be familiar with the benefits of the seed fertilizer PRIMSEED.

After harvesting, before sowing about wheat varieties bred in Karcag
(Zoltán Győri et al.)
The investigators of the University of Debrecen, Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences (AGTC), Research Institutes and Study Farm (KIT), Karcag Research Institute describe the characteristics of growing winter wheat, winter barley and winter triticale.

Situation of winter cereal seeds
(Zoltán Benke)
The author from the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH), Directorate of Plant Production and Horticulture publishes information on the data of cereal seed growing areas in 2013 and the volumes of certified winter cereal seeds in the light of preliminary data.

The success of the new fertilizer application programme in winter wheat (x)
(Margit Nagy)
Get to know the results of farm-trials with starter fertilizer application for winter wheat carried out by Fertilia Kft. in 2012.

The characteristics of spelt and certain issues of its growing
(Dr. Ferenc Kajdi)
It is almost two decades that spelt was involved in commercial growing again in our country. Unfortunately, during the time since then, a part of the information has adversely affected the more widespread use of spelt. In order to change this, we present the history of cultivating this crop, taxonomy, conditions of growing, as well as the characteristics of the varieties involved in commercial growing in Hungary and their requirements for production. The latest results and knowledge were provided by the Project Implemented in the frame of the recently finished Cross-Border Cooperation Programme between Hungary and the Slovak Republic for the period 2007-13.

Looking back to the situation regarding the diseases of winter and spring barley …
(Péter Hertelendy)

Looking back to the situation regarding the diseases of winter wheat
(Péter Hertelendy)
The author discusses the pathogen situation affecting winter and spring barley, as well as winter wheat in the crops in 2013, forecasting the occurrence of the diseases in the forthcoming autumn in the light of the previous season.

Karis 10 CS, a new microencapsulated insecticide (x)
(Attila Valovics)
Chemtura informs readers on its new microencapsulated insecticide with the active substance of lambda-cyhalothrin.

Saaten-Union: More yields, higher safety also in growing winter cereals (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
This is Saaten-Union’s recommendation for growers on winter cereal varieties.

Results of trials with winter wheat varieties included in the national list for testing performance against diseases in post-registration trials carried out in 2013
(Bernát Poós, Zsuzsanna Birta Vas)
The post-registration trials with wheat varieties included in the national list are important for growing the crop. The results of varietal response to diseases recorded in 2013 are summarised in the article.

Provide for the success of harvest in autumn! (x)
(Péter Raj)
Timac Agro recommends soil-specific fertilizers for wheat growers.

Ascochyta leaf spot
(Dr. Zsolt Varga)
This brief summary wishes to draw the attention to a pathogenic genus playing a role in winter wheat leaf spot syndrome. This group has been already among the ones provoking cereal diseases, but has not received the importance to be attributed due to the caused economic losses.

Generative reproductive organs of minor weed species in cereals VI-VII.
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
The macro-images prepared by a special technique are completed with descriptions by an acknowledged expert of the field to improve our knowledge about weed seeds in cereals.

A safe solution for the problem of spreading of loose silky bent (Apera spica-venti) – Pledge (x)
(András Gellén)
SumiAgro recommends its herbicide to control loose silky bent in cereals.

TOPICALLY, UP-TO-DATE

Seed treatment with insecticides shall be restricted
(Dr. Gábor Tőkés)
After hot debates and differing opinions of member states, the European Commission, at its own discretion, has passed a regulation on the significant restriction for three active substances of insecticides with primary importance for agricultural production. In relation to this important issue, the author outlines the background of the new restrictions, Hungary’s position, and discusses the changes done in the authorisation document.

Using the by-products of biofuel-production in feeding. Report
(bl)
The room of the Ministry of Rural Development named after Ignác Darányi was almost full on 8 July 2013 with the ones interested in using by-products of biofuel production for feeding. This brief presentation reports on what was heard on the event.

Finding a solution after 20 years… (x)
(Lajos Csanádi)
Growers’ experiences about treating cereal seeds with CelestTop can be read below this heading.

Basic knowledge about functional foods
(Dr. Sándor Hodossi)
This paper guides readers in the world of functional foods. The author gives an account of the rapidly growing global market of such products, at the same time highlighting the attention to the potentials of producing natural functional foods (soft fruits, apples, broccoli, (red) sweet pepper at its biological maturity, etc.)

Small details for the highest yields (x)
(Zoltán Blum)
The author from RAPOOL Hungary Kft. draws the attention to the importance of microelements for successful rape growing.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

(Dangerous plant diseases II. 12/2) Rust diseases of wheat
(Ms. L. Csősz dr., Ms. S. Manninger dr., Dr. László Purnhauser)
The current part of the series of “Dangerous plant diseases” focuses on wheat rust diseases, showing the symptoms of rust fungi, their alternate hosts, host range and environmental requirements, the magnitude of yield losses and the options for their agronomic and chemical control.

The advantages of using Caramba® Turbo in autumn and spring (x)
(Szabolcs Molnár)
BASF recommends rape growers an important element of successful growing and intensive cropping.

The flora, crop production and grassland management of Iceland
(Dr. Richárd Hoffmann, Dr. Sándor Keszthelyi, Dr. Ferenc Pál-Fám)
Get acquainted with the natural and crop production values of a remote, seemingly mysterious island! The characteristics of the vegetation, as well as crop production and grassland management followed there are also outlined.

Achievements of the Club of the 500s– B and L Bt., Tápiószentmárton (x)
Genezis programme for higher rape yields is outlined under this heading.

Small garden all year round. Jobs in September
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

The new AXION 800 tractor models and many other novelties from CLAAS (1)
(Dr. György Demes)
Among the CLAAS novelties, at first we present the four tractor models of the new AXION 800. They, with their engine power, perfectly fit in the output of 145-410 HP ranging from the smaller capacity of ARION 500/600 to the biggest one of AXION 900 tractors.

Horsch Terrano FM – a universal field cultivator (x)
(Zoltán Szász)
Horsch GmbH recommends growers the recent model of Terrano implements, i.e. field cultivator Horsch Terrano FM.

WITHOUT FRONTIERS

Cross-border prospects in agriculture
(Ministry of Rural Development, Press Office)

PRODUCE MARKET

Wheat market outlook
(Dr. Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
You may have an overview of the processes taken place on the global produce markets of wheat, the trends in prices and crop volumes

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (37) Breeding and growing imidazolinone-tolerant transgenic varieties
(Dr. László Heszky)
Considering the fast spreading of ALS/AHAS-inhibiting herbicides and the conventional varieties tolerant to them, we believed it important to present their creation and the experience of their growing in the August number 2013 of Agrofórum. The article titled “Breeding and growing imidazolinone-tolerant non-transgenic varieties” was actually an odd one out in the series “Let’s learn gene technology”. Of course, a biotechnology-based approach also exists, the current paper is written to show this.

GMO-situation in France: is there a conflict of reason and emotion?
(Dr. Norbert Somogyi)
The debate on GMOs seemed to have slightly calmed down recently in France. However, the summer “lay-off season” was thoroughly shaken up by two news items, provoking the revival of the discussions between tense-GMO advocates, and those opponents, politicians and professionals.

VEGETABLE GROWING

The situation of Hungarian onion growing, challenges and novelties
(Dr. Mária Takács Hájos)
The article focuses on a vegetable crop of major importance in the domestic kitchen, i.e. onions due to its value as a spice and a source of vitamin-C. The author presents the results of experiments carried out at the University of Debrecen with the aim of studying six salad onion varieties under field conditions. We wish to assist selecting a crop management programme and varieties for the growing of early salad onions.

Growing oyster mushroom
(Dr. Balázs Vajna)
The article gives an overall view of the main characteristics of the popular oyster mushrooms becoming more and more widespread, the most common methods of cultivation, but the role of bacteria and microscopic fungi in the raw material industry is also dealt with.

FRUIT GROWING

Autumn raspberries
(Dr. László Szalay)
Just like for other fruits, it is true also for raspberries that we can gain a competitive advantage and achieve higher sales prices by putting a special product on the market when there are only few products thereon instead of doing that when it is dumping. For raspberries, early trading is facilitated by the greenhouse growing of the crop, while supplying for the late market is allowed by growing of autumn raspberry varieties. The article is a brief account of the latter option.

Apricot conference in Cegléd. Report
(Dezső Kőhalmi)
The Fruit Research Institute of Cegléd, the Fruit Growing Sub-committee of the Horticultural Committee of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Hungarian Interprofessional Organisation for Fruit and Vegetable (FruitVeb) invited investigators and those interested in the topic to an apricot workshop and variety demonstration to Cegléd for 16 July. This report lets readers to have an insight into the presentations delivered there.

The fifth annual national exhibition of apple growing in Kecskemét. Report
(Zsuzsanna Györök)
The apple-growing exhibition organised in Kecskemét on July, 17 by Biocont Hungary Ltd. and Oleum 2000 Ltd. aroused a lively interest. Visitors could get acquainted with Alginure, an alga-based product presented to be successfully used for the prevention of apple scab. The options for controlling codling moth were also outlined. Participants could listen to presentations on the botanical insecticide extracted from the seed of the Indian neem-tree, i.e. NeemAzal-T/S; and a versatile foliar fertilizer, i.e. PREV-B2 is available to be applied, too.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Harlequin ladybird in the vineyard
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The word harlequin means clown, someone raising a laugh. However, winemakers do not feel like laughing when finding a harlequin ladybird in the vineyard. But why is this little, diligent aphid-killer so unpopular among vine-growers and winemakers? The article wishes to answer the question.

 “Grapevine pest management in 2013” Report
(Zsuzsanna Györök)
This article begins with reportsing on the meeting organised by Syngenta, FitoHorm Ltd., Agrolánc Ltd. and Font Family Winery about grapevine protection in 2013. The author follows with recommendations on foliar fertilizer application for grapes and also describes the options to obtain financial support for machines to be used in horticulture, a programme launched in the middle of August.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Interesting articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed here.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Note for growers … The history of the agricultural trade and exhibition
(Miklós Kurucz)
It is the 76th time this September that the National Agriculture and Food Exhibition is organised. On this occasion, the current note goes through the history of this agricultural trade and exposition.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Gyula Róth (1873-1961)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Gyula Róth in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary.

Written anno …
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)