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Agroforum 2014 January

The month of the hope, the hope of the month
(Dr. László Bódis)

TOPIC OF THE MONTH

The results of the agricultural sector in the light of the other EU member states
(Dr. Lajos Gockler)
Agriculture and rural development is the first ranking chapter in the plan of the EU Commission for the period of 2014-2020, counting with the largest budget. With this in mind, it is worth having an overview to the competitivity of Hungarian agriculture compared to that of the other member states and the things to be done in order to make up the shortfall suffered in the last two decades.

Comprehensive solutions for commercial growers (x)
(Péter Heicz)
Get to know Contivot™, Syngenta’s new advisory system.

FOCUSING ON VEGETABLES

Strategy for the vegetable and fruit sector, 2014-2020. Abstract of the presentation by György Czerván
It has become a tradition in the past few years to take vegetable growing as focus point in the January number of our journal. This is the case now as well. To begin with, we highlight certain details of the strategy for horticultural development presented in late November by György Czerván, deputy secretary of state for agricultural economy at an event organised in “Darányi Ignác” hall of the Ministry of Rural Development.

Portrait. “With heart and soul for the job”. Talk with Dr. János Bittsánszky
(Dr. László Bódis)
The talk was carried on with general director Dr. János Bittsánszky, president of the Hungarian Horticultural Council.

Thoughts about horticultural higher education
(Dr. Katalin Ertsey Peregi)
The author summarises the results and objectives of the work carried out at the Department of Vegetable and Mushroom Growing in the Faculty of Horticultural Sciences, Budapest Corvinus University. Her aim is to raise interest for technical cooperation and present the fields mostly studied by the students after graduation.

The cost-benefit analysis of tomatoes, peppers and cabbage
(Géza Fekete, György Kiss, Magdolna Kolozsvári Csontos)
In their previous article published in the July number of Agrofórum, the authors from the Agricultural Economics Research Institute gave an overview of the situation of two processing vegetables, i.e. green peas and sweetcorn. Now they summarise the economy, cost and benefit data of tomatoes, sweet peppers and cabbages.

Diverse shapes – diversity of problems?
(László Csambalik)
The author describes the symptoms, caused by abiotic factors, characteristic of landraces and heritage cultivars presented in the June number of Agrofórum. They are long-forgotten by large-scale, intensive tomato growers and recalling them the dark old times. The possible causes of such problems and the solutions are also outlined.

Vinasse, one of the best soil amendment substances (x)
Read the article to learn about vinasse, the soil amendment substance from MOTRIX 2000 Kft. .

Thought-out development for more profitable pepper growing. Interview with Dániel Bakó
(Attila Kosztolányi)
We asked the youngest member of a three-generation family, managing a holding in Szentes, to present their greenhouse growing of vegetables. He used the case of sweet pepper to outline their practice based on thermal water, soil-free crop management programme, biological control and new techniques recently applied in their premises.

WORTHY OF ATTENTION

Dangerous plant diseases II (12/6) Brown rot (Monilinia)
(Dr. Marietta Petróczy, Anna Lantos, Dr. László Palkovics)
The current part of the series “Dangerous plant diseases” takes brown rot of fruit crops caused by Monilinia, describing the biology, epidemiology, symptoms of the diseases and last but not least, the options for their control.

Café corner
(Dr. László Bódis)
AGROcafé – is a café for professionals in agriculture.

Agricultural foreign trade in eight months
(Dr. Jenő Szabó)
The author gives an analysis of the performance of Hungary’s foreign trade in agriculture in the first eight months of year 2013.

Kwizda is twenty years old. “We are striving for sustainable growth”. Report
(Dr. László Bódis, Dr. György Demes)
Our readers can regularly see the products distributed by Kwizda, therefore it is not needed to introduce them. They might less know the background, the company itself, so we asked the managers about it on the occasion of the jubilee.

Experience of growing malting barley in Hernádkércs
(József Kovács)
Get to know the malting barley management programme applied in the holding located in the valley of river Hernád and the hills around Szerencs in north-eastern Hungary. The conclusions obtained in 2013 are also mentioned, taking into consideration that the importance of the crop has increased due to the changes in beer consumption habits.

Cereal product range – getting fresher (x)
(László Farády)
Have a look at the crop management programme recommended by Bayer CropScience for cereals.

VIIIth Day of Plant Medicine – 2013
(István Bakonyi)
The Hungarian Chamber of Plant Protection Professionals and Doctors of Plant Medicine held the most important event in crop protection for its members for the eights time.

The new, 4-dimension herbicide of cereals: Biathlon® 4D (x)
BASF presents an herbicide that can be a reliable and efficient partner with its wide spectrum and flexibility with application in cereals.

Generative reproductive organs of weed species in grasslands, meadows and forests I-II.
(Dr. Gabriella Kazinczi, Dr. Csaba Pintér)
The macro-images prepared by a special technique are completed with descriptions by an acknowledged expert of the field to improve our knowledge about weed seeds in grasslands, meadows and forests.

Flexibility in application, efficiency in weed control (x)
(A. Gy.)
Experience of weed control in maize based on DuPont management programme is shared under this heading.

In memoriam Ernő Kurnik (1913-2008), member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
(Dr. József Horváth)

Limagrain renewed, soil to be renewed (x)
Have a look at the diversity of seed range of LG sunflowers and maize!

Decades dedicated to insects. Congratulating to the 70-year-old Dr. Pál Benedek
(Zoltán Molnár)
The University of West Hungary Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences organised a scientific meeting titled “Insects, agriculture, plant protection” inviting professionals and friends to celebrate the 70-year-old professor Dr. Pál Benedek in Mosonmagyaróvár on 14 November 2013.

Appreciation speech delivered at the 70th birthday ceremony of Dr. István Oláh
 (Dr. János Matuz)

GENIUS WG (x)
This is a wide-spectrum herbicide from Dow AgroSciences to control broadleaf and grass weeds in winter wheat, rye and triticale.

Comments on the book by Zoltán Berzsenyi titled “Crop production – Environmental, growth and yield responses”
(Dr. Péter Pepó)
This gap-filling work is recommended, by all means, for the ones who wish to efficiently perform research, education, advisory service and follow a practice of new-concept crop management.

Small garden all year round. Jobs in January
(Franciska Tóth Bogdányi)

Recent achievements of the 90-year-old Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. (x)
(Gabriella Virág Pintér)
Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. appears with novelties on the market in spring 2014, too both in including varieties in the national lists and development of crop management programmes.

MECHANISATION, MACHINES

Compost furnace
(Dr. Zoltán Bense)
We believe a furnace without flue emission is suitable for raising the interest of all persons and organisations engaged in environment protection. This is why we present compost furnace, the idea and operation of heat exchanger installed in a compost heap.

New ARION 600/500 models with continuously variable transmission
(Dr. György Demes)
Among the product range of CLAAS, this article deals with CMATIC models of ARION 600/500 that, similarly to other CLAAS CMATIC models, are operated with continuously variable transmission instead of a mechanical one.

Metal-Carbon Kereskedelmi Kft, manufacturing structural metal products, now in agriculture (x)
(Dr. László Szirtes)
Get to know the trading company Metal-Carbon Kereskedelmi Kft.

Cost reduction with EnviroxTM (x)
The new nanotechnology diesel additive could be a remedy for the users of diesel and biodiesel fuels.

WITHOUT FRONTIERS

“Let 2014 be the year of action” IInd Forum for the Agreement of Hungarian Farmers in the Carpathian Basin. Report
(bl)
The Ministry of Rural Development organised the IInd Forum for the Agreement of Hungarian Farmers in the Carpathian Basin for the second time. The event, reported from the Darányi Ignác hall of the ministry, was deliberately scheduled to 5 December.

PRODUCE MARKET

Wheat – sowing overview
(Dr. Ildikó Edit Tikász, Edina Varga)
Have an overview of the first forecasts of the year for winter wheat from the world. Sowing time will soon be over on the northern hemisphere. In Hungary, this operation was taken place under favourable conditions. Higher volumes were sown in EU-28, USA and China than a year ago.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

“Let’s learn gene technology” (40) Insect resistant GM varieties, the benefits and risks of their growing
(Dr. László Heszky)
This part of the series presents the GM varieties resistant to European corn grower, western corn rootworm, cotton bollworm and Colorado beetle, taking an example for each pest. The global production of such varieties is also outlined.

FRUIT GROWING

Trained trees in Wisley Gardens
(Dr. László Szalay)
Trained trees evoke a bygone era, when it was not the point that fruit trees produce high yields and a lot of first-class fruits for the market. It is worth remembering them, because the intensively grown small trees of today’s modern commercial orchards would not exist without trained trees.

VINE GROWING AND WINEMAKING

Liquid glass and grapes
(Dr. Gábor Zanathy)
The ecological vine-growers recommend water solution of potassium silicate, in other name potassium liquid glass, primarily to prevent powdery mildew and mitigation of the incidence of grey mould. However, according to literature potassium liquid glass can be also applied as a means of plant protection after hail, reducing population density of grape leaf rust mites and even for loosening bunches. This undoubtedly sounds great, but is liquid glass that versatile? What is its mode of action and what are the advantages and disadvantages, risks associated with its application? We try to give the answers to these questions.

LOOKOUT

Browsing in foreign journals
(Compiled and translated by: Eszter Polgár Balogh)
Interesting articles published in foreign technical journals are reviewed below this heading.

OTHER COMMUNICATIONS

Is it the end of the World?
(Sarolta Tomcsányi Szemere)
Though a bit humorous but still thought-provoking vision of what happens to us, the human race, if we keep on exploiting the Earth.

Note (not only) for growers …. About festive cheer
(Miklós Kurucz)
It is an excellent habit of Agrofórum to release the first number of the new year, even in the last days of the old one. The author of the note, similarly to last year, used this opportunity to tell readers some stories related to our profession that could make us smile.

Outstanding persons of our agricultural past. Ákos Karkovány (1875-1939)
(Miklós Kurucz)
This month readers may get acquainted with the life and work of Ákos Karkovány in the frame of our series presenting the great persons contributing to agricultural development in Hungary

Written anno …
(Dr. Péter Inczédy)